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  1. 1. Urbanisation in LEDCs <ul><li>Aim: </li></ul><ul><li>What is urbanisation? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the problems of rapid urbanisation in LEDC cities? </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is urbanisation? <ul><li>Urbanisation means the increase in the proportion of the world’s population who live in cities </li></ul>
  3. 4. Attraction to the urban areas <ul><li>People are attracted to urban areas because they think that the opportunities there will be greater than in the country </li></ul><ul><li>For some life is better but many end up in desperate poverty </li></ul><ul><li>There are more services & facilities & people think that they will be able to provide a better quality of life for their children, but their future depends on making money, either in the informal sector or the formal sector </li></ul>
  4. 5. Where do people live? <ul><li>People moving to the city build houses out of anything they can find </li></ul><ul><li>Houses are built on unused land that is not wanted at the time </li></ul><ul><li>Settlements of many small, crowded homes grow quickly in an informal way, with narrow alleyways, gutters for drains, & no running water or power </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Often these shanty towns grow into very densely populated settlements with many thousands of people </li></ul><ul><li>Overtime, the buildings may become more permanent homes built out of concrete or brick </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the shanty towns become established suburbs with water & power supplies </li></ul>
  6. 7. Land use model of a LEDC city
  7. 8. <ul><li>What questions would you ask the children in this picture about their life in a shanty town? </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Social Questions about people and the way they live </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Questions about money </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Questions about the natural environment </li></ul>
  10. 11. WHO? WHAT? WHY? WHEN? WHERE? HOW? <ul><li>Social Questions about people and the way they live </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Questions about money </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Questions about the natural environment </li></ul>
  11. 13. What are the conditions in shanty towns like? <ul><li>A shanty town is an area of self-built housing of very low quality </li></ul><ul><li>In Brazil these are known as favelas </li></ul><ul><li>The biggest & most infamous favela is Rocinha in Rio de Janeiro </li></ul><ul><li>Watch the following images of Rocinha & note down some words to describe what the community is like </li></ul>
  12. 14. Questions Use information from the Video and from WW 82-83 and 86-87
  13. 15. <ul><li>Where is Rio? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the population in 2002? </li></ul><ul><li>Using the following sub headings take notes on the problems with Rio de Janeiro? </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution </li></ul><ul><li>How have residence of Rocinha improved their living conditions? </li></ul><ul><li>City authorities are starting to try and improve conditions within the smaller favelas – how are they attempting to do this. </li></ul>
  14. 43. What is Rocinha like?
  15. 44. <ul><li>There are problems in all large urban areas, in both MEDCs & LEDCs, but the rapid growth of LEDC cities has created some extreme problems for the residents & the city planners </li></ul><ul><li>Use pg.32-33 of Issues & Environments and your notes to annotate the photograph on your sheet </li></ul>