Air traffic management


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Air Traffic Management

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Air traffic management

  1. 1. Air Traffic Management Aerodrome Air Traffic Controller ESSAY 1. Function Of Aerodrome To Organize And Expedite The Flow Of Traffic To Issue To Information And Clearances To Aircraft Under Its Control To Maintain Separation and Prevent Collisions To Provide Information And Other Support For Pilots When Able 2. Service Provided By Aerodrome Unit i. Air Traffic Control Service: divide into 3 parts ; 1) Area Control Service Provide ATC service for controlled flts except those under App control service & AD control service 2) Approach Control Service Provide ATC service for those parts of controlled flts associated with arrival or departure. 3) Aerodrome Control Service Provide ATC service for aerodrome traffic. ii. Flight Infomation Service Provide advice & information useful for the safe & efficient conduct of flts. iii. Alerting Service Provide notification to appropriate organisation regarding aircraft in need of search& rescue aids & assist such organization as required.
  2. 2. Air Traffic Management 3. Runway Inspection Prior to night flying,inspection to ensure all lighting are svc including Approach, Runway, Taxiway, Apron, Obstruction, Lightings, Traffic Light & Beacon. Lighting not obscured by Long Grass or Obstruction. Precision Approach Pattern Indicator( PAPIs ),where installed are working & properly set up. 4. What Is ATower Responsibilities? Provide Aerodrome Control Alerting Service Responsible for the active runway surfaces. Local Control clears aircraft for takeoff or landing, ensuring that prescribed runway separation will exist at all times. If Local Control detects any unsafe condition, a landing aircraft may be told to "go-around" and be re-sequenced into the landing pattern by the approach or terminal area controller. 5. Flight Priorities 1) Emergency. 2) Search And Rescue ( SAR )/MERCY Or Flood Relief. 3) Post Accident / Incident Flight Check. 4) VVIP / VIP Flight Check. 5) Aircraft In Schedule Service. 6) Military Aircraft On Normal Operations Flight. 7) Aircraft Operating Charter Flight. 8) Private And Training Flight. 6. Three Classification Of Aircraft Air Wake Turbulence. i. Heavy More than 136,000 Kg MTOW such as Boeing 747 ii. Medium More than 7,000 Kg less than 136,000 Kgs MTOW such as Airbus 320& Boeing 757. iii. Light Less than 7,000 Kg MTOW such as Cessna 172& Pc 7
  3. 3. Air Traffic Management 7. Light Signal Of Aircraft On The Ground i. Steady Green = Cleared for Take - Off ii. Steady Red iii. Green Flashes =Cleared for taxi iv. Red Flashes v. White Flashes =Return to starting point =Stop =Immediately taxi clear of runway in use 8. State the criteria whenVFR operation at an aerodrome within a control zone shall be suspended. i. 4 / 8 More Below 1500 Feet ii. Visibility Less Than 5 Kilometres 9. Selection Of Runway In Use i. Aircraft Type ii. Wind Velocity iii. Effective Length Of Runway iv. Taxing Distances v. Weather Phenomena ( E.g wake turbulence effect & wind shear ) vi. Availability Of Approach Aids vii. Disposition Of Other Aircraft 10. Obstacles And Limitation Anything that penetrates above the ground level of an aerodrome. Temporary. Permanent. 11. Circuit Pattern
  4. 4. Air Traffic Management 12. Declares Distances i. TORA( Take - Off Run Available ) ii. TODA( Take – Off Distance Available ) iii. ASDA( Accelerate Stop Distance Available ) iv. LDA( Landing Distance Available ) v. EDA ( Emergency Distance Available ) 13. IFR Within Control Area i. Submit Flight Plan ii. Obtain Air Traffic Controller Clearance iii. Two Way Communication iv. IFR Rated Aircraft Equipped Instance 14. StateFive Of Facilities Available At Tower i. Radio ii. Headset&Microphone iii. Transceiver & Speakers iv. Radio & Telephone Selector Panels&Intercom v. Main Power & Back-Up Power. 15.Defined OfMeans Aerodrome  A defined area on land/water intended to be used either wholly / in part for arrival,departure & surface movement of aircraft. Maneuvering Area  That part of an aerodrome to be used for the take-off,landing & taxing of aircraft Excluding Aprons Movement Area  That part of an aerodrome to be used for the take-off,landing& taxing of aircraft Including Maneuvering Area and Aprons. Runway  Rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and take-off of aircraft. Clearway  Clearway is an area beyond the runway which cleared of major obstacles and is suitable for aircraft to fly over .
  5. 5. Air Traffic Management TORA  The length of runway declared available & suitable for the ground run of an aeroplane taking off. TODA  The length of the take-off runway available plus the length of clearway available. ASDA  The length of the Take-Off Run Availableplus the length of stopway available if one is provided.TORA + Runway 16. What Is The Difference Between VFRAnd IFR? VFR  A flight conducted IAW the Visual Flight Rules IFR  A flight conducted IAW the Instrument Flight Rules 17. State The Colour Of The Light For The Following? a) Runway Edge Light = WHITE b) Threshold Light = GREEN c) Runway End Lights = RED d) Taxiway Edge Lights = BLUE 18. What instruction and information need to be passed to an aircraft which requesting Start Up Clearance? Runway in use QNH, Temperature, Time check up and Any other information 19. What action to be taken by controllers at any unservicebility or obstruction observed during airfield inspection? Notices To Airmen ( NOTAMs ) SATCO Advise Log Bookslaids for Air Traffic Controllers Give Pilot Information about what happen an airfield that time.