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U13: Monitoring the patient
 

U13: Monitoring the patient

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Nursing 1, U13: Monitoring the patient - G9/2nd Term/1432

Nursing 1, U13: Monitoring the patient - G9/2nd Term/1432

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    U13: Monitoring the patient U13: Monitoring the patient Presentation Transcript

    • Monitoring The Patient
    • The best known tests that medics use to make a diagnosis are :
      readings of the four standards:
      1-Temperature
      2- The heart rate(PULS)
      3-Blood pressure.
      4-Respiratory rate.
    • There are 6 types for assessing the patient's health and making a diagnosis:
    • 1-Monitoring of body functions:
      includes :
      vital signs, bowel , bladder habits, growth, movement, responsiveness  and the electric  activity  of the heart and brain.
    • 2- Analysis of body fluids
      such as :
      blood, urine, spinal and brain fluid.
    • 3- Imaging
      Generally:
      getting pictures of what is going on inside the body, as  x-rays, Ultrasound, radioisotope scans, computed tomography (CT) scans, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),  Position emission tomography (PET) scan.
    • 4-Endoscopy
      the use of a flexible viewing tube (endoscope) to look inside the body. An endoscope has a light and a camera, and sometimes a tool to cut and remove tissue
    • 5-Biopsy
      The removal of tissue samples for examination. Tissues that are commonly examined include : skin, breast, lung, liver, kidney and bone.
    • 6-Analysis of genetic material
      In cells from skin, blood .bone narrow to look for abnormalities of chromosomes and genes.
    • bpm:
      Breathe per minute
      or
      beat per minute
      New Vocabulary
    • Varies:
      different from one to another
    • Traumatic: shock make a brain damage
    • ICU: department in hospital to take careofcoma , and trauma patients
    • lack of :no sign of
    • Slurred: talking without separating the words
    • Irrational:not logical , not make any sense
    • Shivering:shaking
    • Rigid:hard , solid
    • Pale:discoloured
    • Appendectomy :operation to take out the appendix
    • Co-ordination :make a group of people or things together
    • Insert:Admission , entrance
    • Wound:injury
    • Electroencephalogram:lines on papers show the activity of the brain
    • Ventilator: breathing using machine
    • Oximeter:to give the oxidation a number
    • Stethoscope :instrument used to listen  to the heart, lung
    • Pressure cuff: it’s a measurement tool for blood pressure (bp)
    • Diastolic:
      when the heart relaxes and fills with blood between beats
      Systolic pressure :
      when the heart contracts and forces out blood
    • The normal temperature
      36.5-37.2
    • Bp(Blood pressure): 90/60- 140/90
      (The normal)
      The heart rate :
      60-100
      beats per miunte
    • The respiration rate:1-12-20 breaths per minute 2-the maximum heart rate when exercising should be  (220 - your age)
    • Thanks for
      Your
      attention
    • ::Done by
      1- EbtehalOmar Bassaif.
      2- KhadeejaAziz AL-Rahman