Chapter 4 Psych 1 Online Stud

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  • Chapter 4 Psych 1 Online Stud

    1. 1. CHAPTER 4 Memory 1
    2. 2. Initial Studies Hermann Ebbinghaus – late 1800s Pioneering research Nonsense syllables 2
    3. 3. Models of Memory Stages of memory • Encoding • Storage • Retrieval
    4. 4. Models of Memory Eidetic imagery • Photographic memory • Relatively rare
    5. 5. Memory • Recognition • Recall 5
    6. 6. Initial Studies Serial learning • Learned material is repeated in order • AKA ordered recall Free recall • Any order Paired-associate Learning • During recall, one member of pair is presented and other is to be recalled
    7. 7. Traditional Stage Model of Memory 7
    8. 8. Traditional Stage Model of Memory Rehearsal •Maintenance rehearsal •Elaborative rehearsal 8
    9. 9. Traditional Stage Model of Memory
    10. 10. 10
    11. 11. Flashbulb Memory Episodic memory • Memory of personal experiences Flashbulb memories • Detailed memories of situations that are very arousing, surprising, or emotional 11
    12. 12. Approaches to the study of memory Semantic memory Tip-of-thetongue (TOT) phenomenon • Storage of general memory • Used to investigate the nature of semantic memory
    13. 13. Procedural Memory “Body memory” 13
    14. 14. Approaches to Studying Memory Priming or implicit memory • Unconscious memory processing • Prior exposure to stimuli contaminates recall
    15. 15. Information-Processing Model • A parallel between the computer and human memory. 15
    16. 16. Other Approaches • Craik and Lockhart Chapter 7 Memory Schemas will help me remember 16
    17. 17. Memory Processes Semantic networks
    18. 18. Serial Position Effect
    19. 19. Curve of Forgetting 19
    20. 20. Forgetting • Proactive Interference: old material interferes new. • Retroactive interference: new material interferes old. 20
    21. 21. Amnesia • Retrograde amnesia • Anterograde amnesia 21
    22. 22. • • • • • Imagery The method of loci Peg-word Acronyms Acrostics Mnemonics 22
    23. 23. Other stuff • Encoding specificity • Repressed memories 23
    24. 24. Other stuff Meaningfulness of material Distribution of study sessions Number of study sessions Similarity of items Serial position 24
    25. 25. Other Approaches to Memory State-depend ent learning
    26. 26. Other Approaches to Memory Eyewitness reports • May be inaccurate • While in STM, possible to add new infot and then reencode modified memory

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