Chapter 4 Psych 1 Online Stud
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  • 1. CHAPTER 4 Memory 1
  • 2. Initial Studies Hermann Ebbinghaus – late 1800s Pioneering research Nonsense syllables 2
  • 3. Models of Memory Stages of memory • Encoding • Storage • Retrieval
  • 4. Models of Memory Eidetic imagery • Photographic memory • Relatively rare
  • 5. Memory • Recognition • Recall 5
  • 6. Initial Studies Serial learning • Learned material is repeated in order • AKA ordered recall Free recall • Any order Paired-associate Learning • During recall, one member of pair is presented and other is to be recalled
  • 7. Traditional Stage Model of Memory 7
  • 8. Traditional Stage Model of Memory Rehearsal •Maintenance rehearsal •Elaborative rehearsal 8
  • 9. Traditional Stage Model of Memory
  • 10. 10
  • 11. Flashbulb Memory Episodic memory • Memory of personal experiences Flashbulb memories • Detailed memories of situations that are very arousing, surprising, or emotional 11
  • 12. Approaches to the study of memory Semantic memory Tip-of-thetongue (TOT) phenomenon • Storage of general memory • Used to investigate the nature of semantic memory
  • 13. Procedural Memory “Body memory” 13
  • 14. Approaches to Studying Memory Priming or implicit memory • Unconscious memory processing • Prior exposure to stimuli contaminates recall
  • 15. Information-Processing Model • A parallel between the computer and human memory. 15
  • 16. Other Approaches • Craik and Lockhart Chapter 7 Memory Schemas will help me remember 16
  • 17. Memory Processes Semantic networks
  • 18. Serial Position Effect
  • 19. Curve of Forgetting 19
  • 20. Forgetting • Proactive Interference: old material interferes new. • Retroactive interference: new material interferes old. 20
  • 21. Amnesia • Retrograde amnesia • Anterograde amnesia 21
  • 22. • • • • • Imagery The method of loci Peg-word Acronyms Acrostics Mnemonics 22
  • 23. Other stuff • Encoding specificity • Repressed memories 23
  • 24. Other stuff Meaningfulness of material Distribution of study sessions Number of study sessions Similarity of items Serial position 24
  • 25. Other Approaches to Memory State-depend ent learning
  • 26. Other Approaches to Memory Eyewitness reports • May be inaccurate • While in STM, possible to add new infot and then reencode modified memory