Chapter 10 Psych 1 Online Stud


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  • Prepared by Michael J. Renner, Ph.D. These slides ©1999 Prentice Hall Psychology Publishing.
  • Chapter 10 Psych 1 Online Stud

    1. 1. Sex and Gender Chapter 10
    2. 2. [Graphic]
    3. 3. Sex and Gender <ul><li>Sex – biological makeup: XX or XY </li></ul><ul><li>Gender – behaviors, characteristics, roles, and physical appearance. Largely related to culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Hermaphrodite </li></ul>
    4. 4. Sex and Gender <ul><li>Early in development, the embryo's gonad (sex gland) can develop into either a testis or an ovary. </li></ul><ul><li>The presence of a Y chromosome directs this undifferentiated gonad to develop into a testis. </li></ul>7-week fetus
    5. 5. Sex and Gender <ul><li>Excessively high levels of androgens during fetal period > adrenogenital syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Androgen insensitivity syndrome > male embryo does not respond to male hormones. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Sexual Response Cycle
    7. 7. Primary/secondary sexual characteristics
    8. 8. Common Sexual Dysfunctions <ul><li>Hypoactive (inhibited) sexual desire </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual aversion </li></ul><ul><li>Inhibited female orgasm </li></ul><ul><li>Premature ejaculation link </li></ul><ul><li>Erectile disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Retarded ejaculation </li></ul><ul><li>Dyspareunia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vaginismus </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Health Issues <ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular gynecological exams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular breast self-examination – MD should teach you on every visit. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mammogram </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Men </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Testicular self-examination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prostate exam </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (Graphic Photos) <ul><li>About 25% of sexually active teens </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Chlamydia </li></ul><ul><li>Genital Warts (human papilloma virus) </li></ul><ul><li>Genital Herpes </li></ul><ul><li>Trichomoniasis </li></ul><ul><li>Gonorrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Syphilis (next) </li></ul>
    11. 11. Gender Roles and Gender Stereotypes <ul><li>Children in all parts of the world learn gender stereotypes rapidly and at an early age. </li></ul><ul><li>The mass media influence the learning of gender stereotypes. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Similarities and Differences Between Males and Females <ul><li>Males perform better in mathematical and spatial abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Females perform better on tests of verbal ability </li></ul>See also P. 440
    13. 13. Similarities and Differences Between Males and Females More differences
    14. 14. Social Issues <ul><li>There are many more dentists in the United States who are men; there are many more dentists in Sweden and Russia who are women. What accounts for the differences? </li></ul>
    15. 15. Social Issues <ul><li>Continued reliance on gender stereotypes can result in sexism-differential treatment of individuals based on their sex. </li></ul>
    16. 16. Social Issues <ul><li>Women earn more undergraduate college/university degrees than men. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Social Issues <ul><li>Sexual harassment has been defined as; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(1) coercion of sexual favors by means of promised rewards or threatened punishments (quid pro quo) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(2) creation of a hostile environment. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hostile Sexism </li></ul><ul><li>Benevolent Sexism </li></ul>
    18. 18. Dual-Earner Couples <ul><li>Close to ¾ of married women with school-aged children work outside the home. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 50% of mothers of 1-year-olds work outside the home. </li></ul><ul><li>In majority of families, both partners work, but wife generally spends more time taking care of the children. </li></ul><ul><li>Husbands do outside chores mostly, and women do the housework, child care, meal preparation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[next] </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Social Issues
    20. 20. Gender and Career Choices: Women’s Work U.S Census Data, 2005