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Study and Memory Skills


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Study and Memory Skills

  1. 1. Study Skills: MemoryLearning to study, comprehend, and remember
  2. 2. Tips for Effective Studying Make studying a part of your daily routine. Manage your study time wisely. Collaborate with others. Make your learning style work for you. Be alert for external distractions. Get enough sleep. Follow a regular exercise program. Get a tutor.
  3. 3. Studying to Understand andRemember Pay attention to what you’re hearing or reading. “Overlearn” the material. Check the Internet. Be sure you have the big picture. Look for connections between your life and what’s going on in your courses. Get organized. Reduce stressors in your life.
  4. 4. Short Term vs. Long TermMemory Short-Term Memory Long-Term MemoryStores information for about 30 Procedural: remembering how to doseconds somethingCan contain from 5 to 9 chunks of Semantic: remembering facts andinformation at one time meaningsInformation either forgotten or moved Episodic: remembering the time andto long-term memory place of events
  5. 5. Information Processing Model How Does Information Get In And Out Of My Memory?
  6. 6. Why Do I Forget? Within one hour you can forget up to 50% of what you have just learned. WHY?  Selective Attention  Pseudo Forgetting  Decay Theory  Interference
  7. 7. What Techniques Do YOU Use to Remember Things?
  8. 8. Notable Notes from PPT  Slides from class  Syllabus as guide  Summarize lecture/lab notes  What are the key points?  Do you ask yourself questions?  Review tips:  Flash cards  Re-write  Note summary  Discuss  Teach – talk it out or explain
  9. 9. Taking Notes in Class What’s YOUR preferred method for note-taking?  Cornell Method
  10. 10. Deep Learning  Goal is to truly understand course material  Involves actively constructing learning experiences  Leads to better memory retention  Deep learners enjoy the process of learning for its own sake  Deep learners use more thinking skills
  11. 11. Memory Myths vs. Reality  Reality: Virtually anyone can Myth: Some people have improve the ability to bad memories remember and recall Myth: Some people have  Reality: Research shows that photographic memories these abilities result more Myth: Memory benefits from often from learned strategies long hours of practice  Reality: The way you practice Myth: Remembering too is more important than how much can clutter your mind long you practice Myth: People use only 10%  Reality: Your storage of their brain power capacity is unlimited. How you organize is more important than the quantity.  Reality: No evidence to prove how much we actually use
  12. 12. Remember THIS!  Elaborative rehearsal  Generation Effect  Dual Coding  State & context  Spacing Effect
  13. 13. Tips for Improving Your Memory Mnemonics  Acronyms – New words created from the first letters of several words.  Acrostics – A verse in which certain letters of each word or line form a message.  Rhymes or songs  Visualization – Use to associate words, concepts, or stories with visual images.
  14. 14. What Mnemonics Do You Use? Never Eat Shredded Wheat
  15. 15. Try a Word Web
  16. 16. More Memory Ideas…  Generation Effect  Define, summary, flash cards, teaching  Spacing  Repeat, repeat, repeat!  Review (cramming = bad)  Dual Coding  Narrative, linking, imagery, loci
  17. 17. Tips for Improving Your Memory  Using Review Sheets, Mind Maps and other tools  Review sheets – Use your notes to make lists of key terms and ideas that you need to remember.  Mind map – Like a review sheet, with a visual element.  Flash cards – Carry them with you everywhere!
  18. 18. Visualize with Mind Maps
  19. 19. Tips for Improving Your Memory Summaries  Predict a test question from your lecture notes.  Read all assignments, marking main ideas as you go.  Analyze and abstract. What is the purpose?  Connect main points and supporting details.  Select, condense, and order.  Write your ideas precisely in a draft.  Review your draft.  Test your memory.  Schedule time to review summaries, and double check your memory before the test.