Chapter 7 Psych 1 Online Stud

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  • Prepared by Michael J. Renner, Ph.D. These slides ©1999 Prentice Hall Psychology Publishing.
  • Chapter 7 Psych 1 Online Stud

    1. 1. Memory Chapter 7
    2. 2. Initial Studies <ul><li>Hermann Ebbinghaus – late 1800s </li></ul>
    3. 3. Memory <ul><li>Recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Recall </li></ul>
    4. 4. Traditional Model of Memory <ul><li>There are three types of memory: sensory, short-term, and long-term. </li></ul>And also, Flashbulb memory…
    5. 6. Flashbulb Memory Procedural Memory <ul><li>Memory for how to do things: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ride a bike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skateboard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play an instrument </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Performance of skills is task specific </li></ul><ul><li>Alterations in neural processing structures are most likely the cause of procedural skills </li></ul>
    6. 7. Other Approaches <ul><li>Tip-of-the-tongue (TOT): used to study the network of semantic memories </li></ul><ul><li>The study of flashbulb memories has provided information about episodic memory. </li></ul>
    7. 8. Information-Processing Model <ul><li>A parallel between the computer and human memory. </li></ul>
    8. 9. Other Approaches <ul><li>Craik and Lockhart > only one type of memory. </li></ul><ul><li>The level of processing may determine the permanence of the storage of this memory. </li></ul>Chapter 7 Memory Schemas will help me remember
    9. 10. Memory <ul><li>The number of sessions, distribution of practice, meaningfulness of items, similarity of items, and serial position (latency, recency effects) of items influence human learning. </li></ul>
    10. 11. Forgetting <ul><li>Proactive Interference: old material interferes new. </li></ul><ul><li>Retroactive interference: new material interferes old. </li></ul>
    11. 12. Amnesia <ul><li>Retrograde amnesia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May occur when memories are not allowed to consolidate or set. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anterograde amnesia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New information cannot be stored, although old memories remain intact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can result from damage to hippocampus </li></ul></ul>
    12. 13. Mnemonics <ul><li>Imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Peg-word </li></ul><ul><li>Acronyms </li></ul><ul><li>Acrostics </li></ul><ul><li>The method of loci </li></ul>
    13. 14. Other <ul><li>Encoding specificity > associated with retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>It has been suggested that memories of childhood sexual abuse may be repressed and recalled during adulthood. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often suggestions made by a therapist. </li></ul></ul>

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