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  • 1. ENSURING SAFETY AND EMPOWERMENT FOR WOMEN WALK TO EQUALITY TEAM DETAILS: TEAM NAME: ADAVYA TEAM CO-ORDINATOR- SHALINI RANJAN MEMBER 1- RASHMI DEOLI MEMBER 2 - SAMINA BEGUM MEMBER 3 - SHAHZAAD ALI MEMBER 4- DEEPENDRA YADAV
  • 2. What is “EMPOWERMENT AND SAFETY” ?????? ● Safety is the state of being protected against physical, social, spiritual, financial, political, emotional, occupational, psychological, educational or other types of consequences of any other event which could be considered non-desirable. ● Empowerment refers to increasing the spiritual, political, social or economic strength of individual and communities . Women empowerment is a major issue which is to be discussed on high level . In INDIA women’s status regarding every aspect of life is very much lower than the male’s. Today we are in 21st century and our constitution says that all men and women have equal rights but somehow it is not getting applied in our society . We people are modern by clothes, food, Resources, technology, but not by thinking…………………………………………………………………. The status of women in India has been subjected to many great changes over the past few years: • DOMESTIC VIOLENCE EDUCATION LACK OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS • LACK OF JOB OPPOURTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
  • 3. ● 65.46 percent of indian women are literate while the men literacy is about 84 percent . women receive little schooling and also suffer biased inheritance . ● females are exploited in the working places by unfair employment practices and then is also exploitation of women in the labor market. They are not paid the wages they deserve. ● Equal access to health care, quality of education at all levels, human rights and fundamental freedom are given to women but just for the sake of name , they are not availing these. ● There is also a measure problem regarding women safety “domestic violence”. “Practicing dowry “ has resulted to many unwanted consequences like dowry death , broken marriages , causing physical and psychological agony to a woman. ● And in all these cases whatever the situation or condition is the person has to suffer a lot is the only “WOMEN”. ● “RAPE” is a social evil against women . now-a-days the most prominent problem which is to discussed is “rape”. This is a evil which is crushing women just like a glass and the dark side is that the broken pieces of glasses are to kept with the women throughout her life.
  • 4. Large network to manage and preserve women’s rights , to bring the advancement , development and empowerment of women. GOAL AND THEIR IMPLEMENTATION : WOMEN AND ECONOMY SAFETY ● Women’s contribution to the socioeconomic development should be recognised . ● Appropriate conditions must be drawn up . ● Microcredit - Microcredit is the extension of every small loans to those in poverty designed to spur entrepreneurship. ● Special measures must be taken to eradicate illiteracy and improve quality of education . ● Special focus should be on girls and women.EDUCATION ● All forms of violence against a women either physical or mental should be treated as a offense and highly punishable. ● It should be strongly dealt through effective measures so as to eliminate these.
  • 5. Within the framework of a democratic polity, our laws, development polices, plans and programs have aimed at women’s advancement in different spheres. The National commission for women was set up by an Act of Parliament in 1990 to safeguard the right s and legal entitlements of women. The 73rd and 74th Amendments(1993) to the constitution of India have provided for reservation of seats in the local bodies of panchayat and municipalities for women, laying a strong foundation for their participation in decision making at the local levels. From the Fifth year plan (1974—78) onwards has been a marked shift in the approach to women’s issues from welfare to development . In recent years , the empowerment of women has been recognized as the central issue in determining the status of women. India has also ratified various international conventions and human rights instruments committing to secure equal rights of women. Key among them is the ratification of the convention on Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1993.
  • 6. ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN ● MICRO –CREDIT - Microcredit is the extension of very small loans (microloans) to those in poverty designed to spur entrepreneurship. Thus establishing of new and strengthening of the existing microcredit mechanisms and micro-finance institutions for women particularly for those below the poverty line need to be done to enhance production and consumption. It has successfully enabled extremely impoverished people to engage in self-employment projects that allow them to generate an income and in many cases , begin to build wealth and exit poverty. ● Women and economy:- Women’s contribution to the socioeconomic development as a producer and worker should be recognized in the formal and informal sectors including home based works. Appropriate policies relating to employment and working conditions must be drawn up. ● Women and agriculture :- As producers, the programs for training in soil conservation , social forestry , dairy development and other occupation related to the agriculture like horticulture, livestock like animal husbandry, poultry, fisheries must be expanded to benefit them . ● Women and industry :- women in various fields like IT, electronics, textiles, agro based food processing industries should be given comprehensive support in terms of legislation, security, support services like transportation, child care facilities, crèches at work places, educational institutions homes for aged and disabled so as to enhance the participation of the women in their development. ● Poverty eradication programs:- Offering a range of economic and social options for women particularly poor should be initiated.
  • 7. SOCIAL EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN ● Education:- Special measures should be taken to eliminate discrimination and universalize education , eradicate illiteracy, create a gender sensitive education curricula, increase enrolment and retention rates of the girls, improve quality of education for lifelong learning's as well as development of occupation/vocational/technical skills of women. Serial focus on the girls and women particularly of the weaker section of the society should be given. ● Health:- National demographic goals for IMR and MMR are set out in NPP 2000. They should have equal access to comprehensive affordable and quality healthcare . Reproductive rights of the women should be ensured to enable them to exercise informed choices, their vulnerability to sexual and other health problems including endemic, infectious, communicable and non-communicable diseases. Have safe, effective, and affordable method of family planning of their choices. The needs to address the issue of early marriages and spacing in the children, compulsory registration of marriage and elimination of child marriages should be the main agenda. ● Nutrition:- Special efforts to tackle the problems of macro and micro nutrient deficiencies specially amongst the pregnant and lactating women should be undertaken to avoid the diseases and disabilities in them. Appropriate strategy like nutritional education should be sought to the end intra household discrimination to nutritional matter ● Drinking water and sanitation :- women’s participation should ensured in the planning , delivering and maintenance of the services like safe drinking water , sewage disposal , toilet facilities and sanitation in the accessible reach of the household , specially in the rural areas and urban slums. ● Housing and shelter:- Special attention should be given for providing safe and adequate housing and accommodation for women including single women, head of household, working women, students, apprentices and trainees. ● Environment:- Vast majority of rural women still depend on locally available noncommercial source of energy such as animal dung ,crop waste and fuel wood.
  • 8. To ensure the use of resources in the environment friendly manner women can be involved in spreading the use of solar energy, biogas , smokeless chulhas and other rural applications : ● Science and technology:- Providing girls for higher education and training them in IT and comm., ensuring their involvement in the development projects would help them to ameliorate the present condition . ● Women in different circumstances:- Like that in extreme poverty, destitute women, natural calamities ,widows, elderly women, single women in difficult situation, migrants, violence affected, deserted women, CSWs should be special attention. ● Violence against women:- All forms of violence against a women either physical or mental at domestic or societal level including those arising from customs, tradition or accepted practices should be strongly dealt with through effective measures so as to eliminate its incidences. ● Right of a girl child:- Strict enforcement of laws against parental sex determination and selection, practice of female feticide, female infanticide, child marriage, child abuse and child prostitution etc.. Removal of discrimination in the treatment of girl child within the family and outside. Projection of a positive image of the girl child should be actively fostered. ● Mass media:- Should be used to portray image consistent with human dignity of girls and women. The policy should be specifically strived to remote demeaning , degrading, and negative conventional stereotypical image of women and violence against women in media.
  • 9. INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS ● National and state council will be formed to ensure implementation of the policy on regular basis.. The national council will be headed by PM and state council by CM. In order to protect the constitutional rights of women , the government has enacted many specific and women related legislation………. ● MTP Act in , 1971 and rules and regulations 2003:- This law has liberalized women to seek abortion and doctors to do it. The women can opt for abortion in conditions of therapeutic importance, when continuation of the pregnancy endangers the life of a women. ● The maternity benefit:- This act is to protect and empower women as a worker. According to this act every women is entitled to the maternity benefit the rate of average daily wage for the period of six weeks including the day of her delivery and six weeks following that day.. In case of miscarriage or MTP if produced proof, a women is entitled to the leave with wage for a period of six weeks . Other provisions are leave with wages for tubectomy for a period of 2 weeks ●The family court act 1984 provides for establishment of family courts by the state government to promote reconciliation and secure speedy settlement of the disputes relating to the marriage and family affairs. ●The dowry prohibition act 1961:- under this act any person who gives or takes or abets the giving and taking of dowry shall be punishable with imprisonment for a team not less than five years and fine not less than rs. 15000/- or the amount of the value of such dowry whichever is more. any person who keeps or manages, or acts or assists in keeping or management of the Bothell (any house, room, or place used for purpose of sexual exploitation) shall be punishable at 1st conviction rigorous imprisonment 1-3 years + fine up to Rs.2000/- and second conviction rigorous imprisonment 2-5 years + fine up to Rs. 2000/-.
  • 10. “ THE ORIGIN OF A CHILD IS A MOTHER, A WOMAN……… SHE KNOWS A MAN WHAT SHARING , CARING, AND LOVING IS ALL ABOUT. THAT IS THE ESSENCE OF A WOMAN.” BUT THIS IS JUST THE BEGINNING……………….. SALUTE TO WOMAN POWER “THANKING YOU”