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The Canary in the Digital Coal            MineWhat can publishing learn from a decade of digital music?               Mila...
Introduction Sascha LazimbatSince 2010    Managing Director              A2 Electronic Publishing2007 - 2010   Managing Di...
Similarities-  Similar traditional value chain-  Similar copyright framework-  Similar operational challenges-  Same new d...
Differences-  Music already became digital with the CD-  Users consume music in a different way-  Songs can „travel“ witho...
What happened to the music industry sincethe turn of the century?-  Global recorded music revenues down > 30%             ...
What happened to the music industry sincethe turn of the century?-  Global recorded music revenues down > 30%-  Out of 5 m...
What happened to the music industry sincethe turn of the century?-  Global recorded music revenues down > 30%-  Out of 5 m...
What happened to the music industry sincethe turn of the century?-  Global recorded music revenues down > 30%-  Out of 5 m...
What happened to the music industry sincethe turn of the century?-  Global recorded music revenues down > 30%-  Out of 5 m...
Timeline of physical / digital music units700,00              Rio and         Napster        iPod 2G         Musicload    ...
Shift in music consumer spending Basis in Mrd. €                                5,10                    5,13   4,48   4,49...
The record companies´response:the 360° model           d2c                  online ads         Synch          Merchandisin...
Physical products are still the musicindustry´s cash-cow in Europe                                 Configuration-         ...
AssumptionsPublishing must...-  support legal alternatives to piracy-  be prepared for decreasing revenues-  look for addi...
Digital Rights Management                            - Apple utilizes     ConsumerAll major labels            Fairplay    ...
Assumptions-  DRM frustrates consumers when it does   not work seamlessly and incompatibilities   arise-  DRM benefits clo...
Digital music retail landscape-  iTunes clear market leader-  Amazon second where the   company operates local stores-  Fe...
Ebook digital retail landscapeWho else?
Assumptions-  Amazon will be here to stay, making it   difficult even for Apple and Google-  Brick´n´mortar booksellers wi...
Turning physical dollars into digital cents
Turning physical dollars into digital cents,Part II
E-Book end consumer prices - a spot check No.               Title                                            Source       ...
E-Book end consumer prices - a spot check No.               Title                                            Source       ...
DIY in the music industry: Long Tail or  Long Fail?-  76,685 albums released in the U.S. in 2011-  88,5% of sales from jus...
DIY: in the future, everybody will be famous for fifteen minutes-  Tila Tequila: most famous person   on MySpace in 2006- ...
DIY: which music artists can do it on theirown?established artists   newcomers withformerly on majors    strong fan base
Self-Publishing: the eBook revolution-  John Locke and Amanda Hocking   enter Kindle million club-  KDP generating substan...
Our own experience with self-published titles-  Short stories by one of   Germany´s most popular   bloggers-  Social media...
„eriginals berlin“ e-book imprint-  No traditional marketing or PR-  Social media marketing-  Digital retail marketing-  #...
Why does self-publishing work better for     ebooks than for music? An assumption...-     Music purchases are triggered by...
Digital music pricing: superstar vs.newcomer
What readers say about 99 cent self-     published books        „For 99 cent it´s                                        „...
What did Steve Jobs say?„I can tell you asone of the largestsellers of contenton the internet todate - price itaggressivel...
Outlook-  More books will be read, but readers will   spend less-  Everybody in the business will have to do   more to kee...
Thank you!     sascha.lazimbat@a2ep.dehttp://www.linkedin.com/pub/sascha-         lazimbat/0/5a6/44b
The Canary in the Digital Coal Mine
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The Canary in the Digital Coal Mine

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Sascha Lazimbat explores lessons to learn from digital music, with a concrete approach.

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Transcript of "The Canary in the Digital Coal Mine"

  1. 1. The Canary in the Digital Coal MineWhat can publishing learn from a decade of digital music? Milan, February 2nd 2012
  2. 2. Introduction Sascha LazimbatSince 2010 Managing Director A2 Electronic Publishing2007 - 2010 Managing Director Business & Corporate Development Warner Music Group C&EE2005 – 2007 Co-Founder, Zebralution Digital Music Distribution2001 - 2005 Head Of Music & Video Vodafone Germany
  3. 3. Similarities-  Similar traditional value chain-  Similar copyright framework-  Similar operational challenges-  Same new digital retailers
  4. 4. Differences-  Music already became digital with the CD-  Users consume music in a different way-  Songs can „travel“ without translation-  It´s 2012 and the world keeps spinning faster!
  5. 5. What happened to the music industry sincethe turn of the century?-  Global recorded music revenues down > 30% German music industry turnover 2001-2010 in million €, source: Bundesverband Musikindustrie
  6. 6. What happened to the music industry sincethe turn of the century?-  Global recorded music revenues down > 30%-  Out of 5 major companies, only 3 survive
  7. 7. What happened to the music industry sincethe turn of the century?-  Global recorded music revenues down > 30%-  Out of 5 major companies, only 3 survivex x
  8. 8. What happened to the music industry sincethe turn of the century?-  Global recorded music revenues down > 30%-  Out of 5 major companies, only 3 survive-  1/3 of jobs in the industry lost Blue line: employees in German music industry 2001-2010, source: Bundesverband Musikindustrie
  9. 9. What happened to the music industry sincethe turn of the century?-  Global recorded music revenues down > 30%-  Out of 5 major companies, only 3 survive-  1/3 of jobs in the industry lost-  At the same time: more music released and consumed than ever before
  10. 10. Timeline of physical / digital music units700,00 Rio and Napster iPod 2G Musicload iTunes YouTube 100 Mill. iPhone in Rapid- iTunes Creative closes, and Store in Launch MySpace EU share #10 DRM- MP3- Kaazaa MySpace EU, Accounts website free,600,00 Player launches Launch Vodafone worldwide Amazon iTunes MP3 MP3 in SW + phones EU iPod500,00400,00300,00200,00100,00 0,00 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 PHYSISCHE TONTRÄGER PHYSICAL SALES DIGITALE VERKÄUFE DIGITAL SALES GEBRANNTE CDs/DVDs BURNED CDs/DVDs ILLEGALE DOWNLOADS ILLEGALAll figures for Germany only in millions of units. Sources: GfK MediaControl Download-Report, Brenner-Studie Bundesverband Musikindustrie
  11. 11. Shift in music consumer spending Basis in Mrd. € 5,10 5,13 4,48 4,49Source: Veranstaltungsstudie 2008 idkV / Musikmarkt/ GfK MediaControl
  12. 12. The record companies´response:the 360° model d2c online ads Synch Merchandising Endorsement fan clubs compass image: Smial, used under http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en
  13. 13. Physical products are still the musicindustry´s cash-cow in Europe Configuration- specific digital market shares for the UK in 2011: - Albums 23,5% - Singles 99,3% Sources: IFPI Digital Music Report 2012, BPI, Trendreport Bundesverband Musikindustrie
  14. 14. AssumptionsPublishing must...-  support legal alternatives to piracy-  be prepared for decreasing revenues-  look for additional revenue streams-  not neglect its physical product
  15. 15. Digital Rights Management - Apple utilizes ConsumerAll major labels Fairplay groupsinsist on DRM - other retailers critize Apple rely on Windows DRMOpenletterFrom SteveJobs, Feb.2007 „EMI drops DRM“ other majors follow in 2008DRM is nowadays only used within subscription conditional downloadservices like Napster, Spotify etc.!
  16. 16. Assumptions-  DRM frustrates consumers when it does not work seamlessly and incompatibilities arise-  DRM benefits closed eco-systems and hurts independent retailers and device makers-  DRM has not saved any media industry, neither will it´s abolishment destroy any industry
  17. 17. Digital music retail landscape-  iTunes clear market leader-  Amazon second where the company operates local stores-  Few serious „á la carte“ competitors-  Subscription services strong in some markets
  18. 18. Ebook digital retail landscapeWho else?
  19. 19. Assumptions-  Amazon will be here to stay, making it difficult even for Apple and Google-  Brick´n´mortar booksellers will struggle to compete with the Internet champions-  There may be niches for specialized retailers and different business models
  20. 20. Turning physical dollars into digital cents
  21. 21. Turning physical dollars into digital cents,Part II
  22. 22. E-Book end consumer prices - a spot check No. Title Source Price 1 Stealing Phoenix For. Publisher €6,45/0,99 2 Entführt Self-Publisher €0,89 3 Grimm´s Märchen For. Publisher €0,99 4 Sonne, Wind und Mond Self-Publisher €0,99 5 Kindle - das inoffizielle Self-Publisher €2,99 Handbuch 6 Der Junge, der Träume Trad. Publisher €8,49 schenkte 7 Holunderküsschen Self-Publisher €2,99 8 Der Beobachter Trad. Publisher €8,99 9 Verblendung Trad. Publisher €8,99 10 Der Hundertjährige, ... Trad. Publisher €11,99German Kindle store charts on randomly picked day in January 2012
  23. 23. E-Book end consumer prices - a spot check No. Title Source Price 1 Stealing Phoenix For. Publisher €6,45/0,99 2 Entführt Self-Publisher €0,89 3 Grimm´s Märchen For. publisher €0,99 4 Sonne, Wind und Mond Self-Publisher €0,99 5 Kindle - das inoffizielle Self-Publisher €2,99 Handbuch 6 Der Junge, der Träume Trad. Publisher €8,49 schenkte 7 Holunderküsschen Self-Publisher €2,99 8 Der Beobachter Trad. Publisher €8,99 9 Verblendung Trad. Publisher €8,99 10 Der Hundertjährige, ... Trad. Publisher €11,99German Kindle store charts on randomly picked day in January 2012
  24. 24. DIY in the music industry: Long Tail or Long Fail?-  76,685 albums released in the U.S. in 2011-  88,5% of sales from just 1,500 titles-  Only 1,215 albums sold more than 10,000 copies-  80% of titles sold less than 100 copies-  DIY service providers like CD baby pay out an average $100 per artist / annum
  25. 25. DIY: in the future, everybody will be famous for fifteen minutes-  Tila Tequila: most famous person on MySpace in 2006-  32 million views of her song-  Releases failed to enter Billboard charts-  Became the star of a now cancelled reality show Photo: Philip Nelson, used under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/deed.de
  26. 26. DIY: which music artists can do it on theirown?established artists newcomers withformerly on majors strong fan base
  27. 27. Self-Publishing: the eBook revolution-  John Locke and Amanda Hocking enter Kindle million club-  KDP generating substantial Kindle sales-  Apple launches iBooks Author-  Self-publishing platforms
  28. 28. Our own experience with self-published titles-  Short stories by one of Germany´s most popular bloggers-  Social media marketing buzz via Twitter-  #1 iBookstore, top 5 Kindle store
  29. 29. „eriginals berlin“ e-book imprint-  No traditional marketing or PR-  Social media marketing-  Digital retail marketing-  #1 & #2 iBookstore releases and seven further top 50 ebooks
  30. 30. Why does self-publishing work better for ebooks than for music? An assumption...-  Music purchases are triggered by a combination of stimuli -  radio, MTV, billboards, reviews, interviews, live shows etc.-  Readers seem to rely much more on trusted recommendations -  social media/social reading/recommendations will be king! BUT: PRICE MAY BE ANOTHER KEY TO SELF-PUBLISHING´S BIG SUCCESS STORY!
  31. 31. Digital music pricing: superstar vs.newcomer
  32. 32. What readers say about 99 cent self- published books „For 99 cent it´s „The book is definitely worth well-written and buying!“ perfect for it´s „Big reading fun price tag“ at xxs-price“ „A great book „Total crap! save for the Would be OK for dialogues!“ free but at 0,99 it ´s too expensive“Source: all quotes from German iBookstorecustomer reviews
  33. 33. What did Steve Jobs say?„I can tell you asone of the largestsellers of contenton the internet todate - price itaggressively andgo for volume.“ Photo: Matt Yohe, used under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/deed.de
  34. 34. Outlook-  More books will be read, but readers will spend less-  Everybody in the business will have to do more to keep afloat-  Only lean organizations will survive-  Self-publishing might be a game-changer
  35. 35. Thank you! sascha.lazimbat@a2ep.dehttp://www.linkedin.com/pub/sascha- lazimbat/0/5a6/44b
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