Chosun Dynasty1392-1910 CE
Pre-Yi Dynasty History• Three Kingdoms (A.D. 100-668)  • Koguryo  • Silla  • Paekche• Silla (676-1392)  • With aid of Tang...
Koryo Dynasty (918-1392)   Wang Kon founder.   Aristocrats took back their land as    theirs not bestowed upon them by  ...
Chosun’s Beginnings:   Ming China invades Korea    1392
Chosun’s Beginnings:   Ming China invades Korea    1392   Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack
Chosun’s Beginnings:   Ming China invades Korea    1392   Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack       Conclud...
Chosun’s Beginnings:   Ming China invades Korea    1392   Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack       Conclud...
Chosun’s Beginnings:   Ming China invades Korea    1392   Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack       Conclud...
Chosun’s Beginnings:   Ming China invades Korea    1392   Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack       Conclud...
Chosun’s Beginnings:   Ming China invades Korea    1392   Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack       Conclud...
Chosun’s Beginnings:   Ming China invades Korea    1392   Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack       Conclud...
Chosun’s Beginnings:   Ming China invades Korea    1392   Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack       Conclud...
Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings:
Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings:
Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings:   Buddhism – too influential
Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings:   Buddhism – too influential
Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings:   Buddhism – too influential   Confucianism is the answer
Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings:   Buddhism – too influential   Confucianism is the answer       Focus on Confucian ...
Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings:   Buddhism – too influential   Confucianism is the answer       Focus on Confucian ...
Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings:   Buddhism – too influential   Confucianism is the answer       Focus on Confucian ...
Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings:   Buddhism – too influential   Confucianism is the answer       Focus on Confucian ...
Chosun and Gender
Chosun and Gender   Patrilocal marriage
Chosun and Gender   Patrilocal marriage   Rigid patriarchy
Chosun and Gender   Patrilocal marriage   Rigid patriarchy   Women’s roles
Chosun and Gender   Patrilocal marriage   Rigid patriarchy   Women’s roles       Strict obedience
Chosun and Gender   Patrilocal marriage   Rigid patriarchy   Women’s roles       Strict obedience       Produce a son
Chosun and Gender   Patrilocal marriage   Rigid patriarchy   Women’s roles       Strict obedience       Produce a son...
Chosun and Gender   Patrilocal marriage   Rigid patriarchy   Women’s roles       Strict obedience       Produce a son...
Chosun and Gender   Patrilocal marriage   Rigid patriarchy   Women’s roles       Strict obedience       Produce a son...
Chosun and Gender   Patrilocal marriage   Rigid patriarchy   Women’s roles       Strict obedience       Produce a son...
Religious intolerance
Religious intolerance   Buddhism
Religious intolerance   Buddhism       Persecuted
Religious intolerance   Buddhism       Persecuted       Driven out of cities
Religious intolerance   Buddhism       Persecuted       Driven out of cities       Lands confiscated – hence: Mountain...
Religious intolerance   Buddhism       Persecuted       Driven out of cities       Lands confiscated – hence: Mountain...
Chosun Dynasty
Chosun Dynasty   Censorate system
Chosun Dynasty   Censorate system       Confucian Secret Investigator
Chosun Dynasty   Censorate system       Confucian Secret Investigator
Chosun Dynasty   Censorate system       Confucian Secret Investigator   Focus on Scholarship:
Chosun Dynasty   Censorate system       Confucian Secret Investigator   Focus on Scholarship:       Sungkyunkwan Unive...
Chosun Dynasty   Censorate system       Confucian Secret Investigator   Focus on Scholarship:       Sungkyunkwan Unive...
Chosun Dynasty   Censorate system       Confucian Secret Investigator   Focus on Scholarship:       Sungkyunkwan Unive...
King Sejong:1418-1450
King Sejong:    1418-1450   Patron of Arts and Sciences
King Sejong:    1418-1450   Patron of Arts and Sciences   Printing of Confucian    classics
King Sejong:    1418-1450   Patron of Arts and Sciences   Printing of Confucian    classics       Moveable type used he...
King Sejong:    1418-1450   Patron of Arts and Sciences   Printing of Confucian    classics       Moveable type used he...
King Sejong:    1418-1450   Patron of Arts and Sciences   Printing of Confucian    classics       Moveable type used he...
King Sejong:    1418-1450   Patron of Arts and Sciences   Printing of Confucian    classics       Moveable type used he...
Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592
Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592   Korea occupied,    ransacked
Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592   Korea occupied,    ransacked       National treasures        destroyed
Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592   Korea occupied,    ransacked       National treasures        destroyed       Tremendous anim...
Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592   Korea occupied,    ransacked       National treasures        destroyed       Tremendous anim...
Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592   Korea occupied,    ransacked       National treasures        destroyed       Tremendous anim...
   Turtle ships
   Turtle ships   Korea Liberated
   Turtle ships   Korea Liberated   Reemphasize Confucianism: Korea is the    last bastion of civilization…
   Turtle ships   Korea Liberated   Reemphasize Confucianism: Korea is the    last bastion of civilization…   Korea as...
Catholics Enter Korea: 1784                               Kim Taegon:                              (Andrew Kim),          ...
Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover  Catholicism in China                               Kim Taegon:    ...
Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover  Catholicism in China Convert                               Kim Ta...
Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover  Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books    Kim Ta...
Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover  Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books     Kim T...
Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover  Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books     Kim T...
Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover  Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books     Kim T...
Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover  Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books          ...
Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover  Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books          ...
Catholics In Korea
Catholics In Korea   Silk letter 1801
Catholics In Korea   Silk letter 1801       Smuggled with tribute mission
Catholics In Korea   Silk letter 1801       Smuggled with tribute mission         to China       Discovered
Catholics In Korea   Silk letter 1801       Smuggled with tribute mission         to China       Discovered       Requ...
Catholics In Korea   Silk letter 1801       Smuggled with tribute mission         to China       Discovered       Requ...
Catholics In Korea   Silk letter 1801       Smuggled with tribute mission         to China       Discovered       Requ...
Catholics In Korea   Silk letter 1801       Smuggled with tribute mission         to China       Discovered       Requ...
Catholics In Korea   Silk letter 1801       Smuggled with tribute mission         to China       Discovered       Requ...
Catholics In Korea   Silk letter 1801       Smuggled with tribute mission         to China       Discovered       Requ...
Catholics In Korea   Silk letter 1801       Smuggled with tribute mission         to China       Discovered       Requ...
Catholics In Korea
Catholics In KoreaCatholics (mostly Yangban) retreat from public life
Catholics In KoreaCatholics (mostly Yangban) retreat from  public life Live in small villages
Catholics In KoreaCatholics (mostly Yangban) retreat from  public life Live in small villages Make ceramic pots
Catholics In KoreaCatholics (mostly Yangban) retreat from  public life Live in small villages Make ceramic pots Kimchi ...
Catholics In KoreaCatholics (mostly Yangban) retreat from  public life Live in small villages Make ceramic pots Kimchi ...
Korea and the West
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for Genera...
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for Genera...
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for Genera...
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for Genera...
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for Genera...
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for Genera...
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for Genera...
Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for Genera...
Korea and the West
Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty
Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty “Good offices” clause
Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty “Good offices” clause
Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty “Good offices” clause   Korea sees it as mutual defense
Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty “Good offices” clause   Korea sees it as mutual defense   Protection from the r...
Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty “Good offices” clause   Korea sees it as mutual defense   Protection from the r...
Korea and the WestProtestants
Korea and the West Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen
Korea and the West    Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen   MD to the US Consulate
Korea and the West    Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen MD to the US Consulate Presbyterian Missionary
Korea and the West    Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen MD to the US Consulate Presbyterian Missionary Heals Korean Crow...
Korea and the West    Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen MD to the US Consulate Presbyterian Missionary Heals Korean Crow...
Korea and the West    Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen MD to the US Consulate Presbyterian Missionary Heals Korean Crow...
Korea and the West               Protestants           1884 Dr. Horace Allen            MD to the US Consulate           ...
Protestants in Korea
Protestants in Korea   Enter 1884
Protestants in Korea   Enter 1884   Adopt Nevius Method       Service: education, medical care, etc       Focus on poo...
Protestantsin Korea              “The Board of Bible                 Translation”
Protestantsin KoreaBible (      )is the first major   “The Board of Bible                        Translation”
Protestantsin KoreaBible (      )is the first major   “The Board of Biblework published in       Translation”
Protestantsin KoreaBible (      )is the first major        “The Board of Biblework published in            Translation”han...
Protestantsin KoreaBible (      )is the first major        “The Board of Biblework published in            Translation”han...
Protestants in Korea
Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure
Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”
Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”      Lay leaders play major role: High prestige
Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”      Lay leaders play major role: High prestige      ...
Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”      Lay leaders play major role: High prestige      ...
Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”      Lay leaders play major role: High prestige      ...
Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”       Lay leaders play major role: High prestige     ...
Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”       Lay leaders play major role: High prestige   Yon...
Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”       Lay leaders play major role: High prestige   Yon...
Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”       Lay leaders play major role: High prestige   Yon...
Protestants in Korea
Protestants in Korea   Provide Best education available                                        Ewha Women’s              ...
Protestants in Korea   Provide Best education available                                        Ewha Women’s              ...
Protestants in Korea   Provide Best education available   Become core to nationalist and                                ...
Protestants in Korea   Provide Best education available   Become core to nationalist and                                ...
Protestants in Korea   Provide Best education available   Become core to nationalist and                                ...
Protestants in Korea   Provide Best education available   Become core to nationalist and                                ...
Protestants in Korea   Provide Best education available   Become core to nationalist and                                ...
Protestants in Korea   Provide Best education available   Become core to nationalist and                                ...
Late Chosun Government:Decay and Stagnation
Late Chosun Government:Decay and StagnationGovernment stagnates and tries to avoid  reform or Western interaction as much ...
Late Chosun Government:Decay and StagnationGovernment stagnates and tries to avoid  reform or Western interaction as much ...
Late Chosun Government:                 Decay and Stagnation                 Government stagnates and tries to avoid      ...
Late Chosun Government:                 Decay and Stagnation                 Government stagnates and tries to avoid      ...
Late Chosun Government:                     Decay and Stagnation                     Government stagnates and tries to avo...
Tonghak Rebellion
Tonghak Rebellion   Tonghak Rebellion: 1894   (Eastern Learning)
Tonghak Rebellion   Tonghak Rebellion: 1894       (Eastern Learning)       Nativist movement growing out of the Chundoky...
Tonghak Rebellion   Tonghak Rebellion: 1894       (Eastern Learning)       Nativist movement growing out of the Chundoky...
Tonghak Rebellion   Tonghak Rebellion: 1894      (Eastern Learning)       Nativist movement growing out of the Chundokyo...
Tonghak Rebellion   Tonghak Rebellion: 1894        (Eastern Learning)       Nativist movement growing out of the Chundok...
Tonghak Rebellion   Tonghak Rebellion: 1894        (Eastern Learning)       Nativist movement growing out of the Chundok...
Tonghak Rebellion   Tonghak Rebellion: 1894        (Eastern Learning)       Nativist movement growing out of the Chundok...
Chosun Collapse                    Kyongbok Palace:                  Center of Chosun rule
Chosun Collapse   Chosun Weakened                        Kyongbok Palace:                      Center of Chosun rule
Chosun Collapse   Chosun Weakened   King even seeks protection     Kyongbok Palace:                                 Cent...
Chosun Collapse   Chosun Weakened   King even seeks protection   Kyongbok Palace:                               Center o...
Chosun Collapse   Chosun Weakened   King even seeks protection   Kyongbok Palace:                               Center o...
Chosun Collapse   Chosun Weakened   King even seeks protection   Kyongbok Palace:                               Center o...
Japanese Occupation1910-1945
Japanese Occupation1910-1945   Koreans continue to look to US as potential    savior
Japanese Occupation1910-1945   Koreans continue to look to US as potential    savior   Look to Protestant churches as sp...
Japanese Occupation1910-1945   Koreans continue to look to US as potential    savior   Look to Protestant churches as sp...
Japanese Occupation1910-1945   Koreans continue to look to US as potential    savior   Look to Protestant churches as sp...
Japanese Occupation1910-1945   Koreans continue to look to US as potential    savior   Look to Protestant churches as sp...
Japanese Occupation1910-1945   Koreans continue to look to US as potential    savior   Look to Protestant churches as sp...
18 korea chosun
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  • 18 korea chosun

    1. 1. Chosun Dynasty1392-1910 CE
    2. 2. Pre-Yi Dynasty History• Three Kingdoms (A.D. 100-668) • Koguryo • Silla • Paekche• Silla (676-1392) • With aid of Tang China. • Chinese culture. • Buddhism dominated. • Examination system, but.. • for aristocrats and not all classes. • Aristocratic land came from king. 2
    3. 3. Koryo Dynasty (918-1392) Wang Kon founder. Aristocrats took back their land as theirs not bestowed upon them by ruler... a trend? Buddhism state religion. Power struggles MONGOL CONQUEST 11TH - 12TH CENTURY. 3
    4. 4. Chosun’s Beginnings: Ming China invades Korea 1392
    5. 5. Chosun’s Beginnings: Ming China invades Korea 1392 Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack
    6. 6. Chosun’s Beginnings: Ming China invades Korea 1392 Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack  Concludes he can’t win
    7. 7. Chosun’s Beginnings: Ming China invades Korea 1392 Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack  Concludes he can’t win  Negotiates with invaders
    8. 8. Chosun’s Beginnings: Ming China invades Korea 1392 Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack  Concludes he can’t win  Negotiates with invaders  Returns to Kaesung and takes over city with Ming help
    9. 9. Chosun’s Beginnings: Ming China invades Korea 1392 Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack  Concludes he can’t win  Negotiates with invaders  Returns to Kaesung and takes over city with Ming help Ming alliance
    10. 10. Chosun’s Beginnings: Ming China invades Korea 1392 Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack  Concludes he can’t win  Negotiates with invaders  Returns to Kaesung and takes over city with Ming help Ming alliance New Chosun Dynasty
    11. 11. Chosun’s Beginnings: Ming China invades Korea 1392 Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack  Concludes he can’t win  Negotiates with invaders  Returns to Kaesung and takes over city with Ming help Ming alliance New Chosun Dynasty  Named by Ming Emperor
    12. 12. Chosun’s Beginnings: Ming China invades Korea 1392 Yi Seung-kye is dispatched to repel Ming attack  Concludes he can’t win  Negotiates with invaders  Returns to Kaesung and takes over city with Ming help Ming alliance New Chosun Dynasty  Named by Ming Emperor  -- – “Morning Calm”
    13. 13. Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings:
    14. 14. Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings:
    15. 15. Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings: Buddhism – too influential
    16. 16. Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings: Buddhism – too influential
    17. 17. Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings: Buddhism – too influential Confucianism is the answer
    18. 18. Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings: Buddhism – too influential Confucianism is the answer  Focus on Confucian relationships and virtues
    19. 19. Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings: Buddhism – too influential Confucianism is the answer  Focus on Confucian relationships and virtues  Five Relationships
    20. 20. Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings: Buddhism – too influential Confucianism is the answer  Focus on Confucian relationships and virtues  Five Relationships  Hyo (filial piety) is the core virtue
    21. 21. Yi’s diagnosis of Koryo’s failings: Buddhism – too influential Confucianism is the answer  Focus on Confucian relationships and virtues  Five Relationships  Hyo (filial piety) is the core virtue  Neo-Confucian orthodoxy
    22. 22. Chosun and Gender
    23. 23. Chosun and Gender Patrilocal marriage
    24. 24. Chosun and Gender Patrilocal marriage Rigid patriarchy
    25. 25. Chosun and Gender Patrilocal marriage Rigid patriarchy Women’s roles
    26. 26. Chosun and Gender Patrilocal marriage Rigid patriarchy Women’s roles  Strict obedience
    27. 27. Chosun and Gender Patrilocal marriage Rigid patriarchy Women’s roles  Strict obedience  Produce a son
    28. 28. Chosun and Gender Patrilocal marriage Rigid patriarchy Women’s roles  Strict obedience  Produce a son  Woman’s Three Lords:
    29. 29. Chosun and Gender Patrilocal marriage Rigid patriarchy Women’s roles  Strict obedience  Produce a son  Woman’s Three Lords:  Father … Husband … Son
    30. 30. Chosun and Gender Patrilocal marriage Rigid patriarchy Women’s roles  Strict obedience  Produce a son  Woman’s Three Lords:  Father … Husband … Son  Strict Chastity
    31. 31. Chosun and Gender Patrilocal marriage Rigid patriarchy Women’s roles  Strict obedience  Produce a son  Woman’s Three Lords:  Father … Husband … Son  Strict Chastity  Chosun women’s small dagger
    32. 32. Religious intolerance
    33. 33. Religious intolerance Buddhism
    34. 34. Religious intolerance Buddhism  Persecuted
    35. 35. Religious intolerance Buddhism  Persecuted  Driven out of cities
    36. 36. Religious intolerance Buddhism  Persecuted  Driven out of cities  Lands confiscated – hence: Mountain Temples
    37. 37. Religious intolerance Buddhism  Persecuted  Driven out of cities  Lands confiscated – hence: Mountain Temples  Becomes a religion predominantly of women
    38. 38. Chosun Dynasty
    39. 39. Chosun Dynasty Censorate system
    40. 40. Chosun Dynasty Censorate system  Confucian Secret Investigator
    41. 41. Chosun Dynasty Censorate system  Confucian Secret Investigator
    42. 42. Chosun Dynasty Censorate system  Confucian Secret Investigator Focus on Scholarship:
    43. 43. Chosun Dynasty Censorate system  Confucian Secret Investigator Focus on Scholarship:  Sungkyunkwan University 1400s
    44. 44. Chosun Dynasty Censorate system  Confucian Secret Investigator Focus on Scholarship:  Sungkyunkwan University 1400s  Focused on Confucian Scholarship
    45. 45. Chosun Dynasty Censorate system  Confucian Secret Investigator Focus on Scholarship:  Sungkyunkwan University 1400s  Focused on Confucian Scholarship  Now a major, modern university
    46. 46. King Sejong:1418-1450
    47. 47. King Sejong: 1418-1450 Patron of Arts and Sciences
    48. 48. King Sejong: 1418-1450 Patron of Arts and Sciences Printing of Confucian classics
    49. 49. King Sejong: 1418-1450 Patron of Arts and Sciences Printing of Confucian classics  Moveable type used heavily
    50. 50. King Sejong: 1418-1450 Patron of Arts and Sciences Printing of Confucian classics  Moveable type used heavily Hangul
    51. 51. King Sejong: 1418-1450 Patron of Arts and Sciences Printing of Confucian classics  Moveable type used heavily Hangul  Commissioned Korea’s Phonetic Script
    52. 52. King Sejong: 1418-1450 Patron of Arts and Sciences Printing of Confucian classics  Moveable type used heavily Hangul  Commissioned Korea’s Phonetic Script  His most famous accomplishment
    53. 53. Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592
    54. 54. Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592 Korea occupied, ransacked
    55. 55. Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592 Korea occupied, ransacked  National treasures destroyed
    56. 56. Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592 Korea occupied, ransacked  National treasures destroyed  Tremendous animosity developed
    57. 57. Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592 Korea occupied, ransacked  National treasures destroyed  Tremendous animosity developed
    58. 58. Hideyoshi Invasion: 1592 Korea occupied, ransacked  National treasures destroyed  Tremendous animosity developed Non’gae -- “Patriotic Kisaeng”( , ) “the rock of righteousness”
    59. 59.  Turtle ships
    60. 60.  Turtle ships Korea Liberated
    61. 61.  Turtle ships Korea Liberated Reemphasize Confucianism: Korea is the last bastion of civilization…
    62. 62.  Turtle ships Korea Liberated Reemphasize Confucianism: Korea is the last bastion of civilization… Korea as the Hermit Kingdom
    63. 63. Catholics Enter Korea: 1784 Kim Taegon: (Andrew Kim), Korea’s first native priest. Martyred 1847; Beatified 1925
    64. 64. Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover Catholicism in China Kim Taegon: (Andrew Kim), Korea’s first native priest. Martyred 1847; Beatified 1925
    65. 65. Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover Catholicism in China Convert Kim Taegon: (Andrew Kim), Korea’s first native priest. Martyred 1847; Beatified 1925
    66. 66. Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books Kim Taegon: (Andrew Kim), Korea’s first native priest. Martyred 1847; Beatified 1925
    67. 67. Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books Kim Taegon: (Andrew Kim), Teach Catholicism in Korea Korea’s first native priest. Martyred 1847; Beatified 1925
    68. 68. Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books Kim Taegon: (Andrew Kim), Teach Catholicism in Korea Korea’s first native priest. Martyred 1847; Beatified 1925
    69. 69. Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books Kim Taegon: (Andrew Kim), Teach Catholicism in Korea Korea’s first native priest. Martyred 1847; French priests sneak in Beatified 1925
    70. 70. Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books Kim Taegon: (Andrew Kim), Teach Catholicism in Korea Korea’s first native priest. Martyred 1847; French priests sneak in Beatified 1925  Chesa condemned as “worship”
    71. 71. Catholics Enter Korea: 1784Two Korean Yangban Discover Catholicism in China Convert Bring back Catholic books Kim Taegon: (Andrew Kim), Teach Catholicism in Korea Korea’s first native priest. Martyred 1847; French priests sneak in Beatified 1925  Chesa condemned as “worship”  Catholicism not warmly welcomed by government
    72. 72. Catholics In Korea
    73. 73. Catholics In Korea Silk letter 1801
    74. 74. Catholics In Korea Silk letter 1801  Smuggled with tribute mission
    75. 75. Catholics In Korea Silk letter 1801  Smuggled with tribute mission to China  Discovered
    76. 76. Catholics In Korea Silk letter 1801  Smuggled with tribute mission to China  Discovered  Requested French intervention to ensure Catholic rights in Korea
    77. 77. Catholics In Korea Silk letter 1801  Smuggled with tribute mission to China  Discovered  Requested French intervention to ensure Catholic rights in Korea Chesa Controversy
    78. 78. Catholics In Korea Silk letter 1801  Smuggled with tribute mission to China  Discovered  Requested French intervention to ensure Catholic rights in Korea Chesa Controversy  Catholics forbidden to perform Chesa
    79. 79. Catholics In Korea Silk letter 1801  Smuggled with tribute mission to China  Discovered  Requested French intervention to ensure Catholic rights in Korea Chesa Controversy  Catholics forbidden to perform Chesa  Government declares Catholicism illegal
    80. 80. Catholics In Korea Silk letter 1801  Smuggled with tribute mission to China  Discovered  Requested French intervention to ensure Catholic rights in Korea Chesa Controversy  Catholics forbidden to perform Chesa  Government declares Catholicism illegal Catholic Pogroms: 1860s
    81. 81. Catholics In Korea Silk letter 1801  Smuggled with tribute mission to China  Discovered  Requested French intervention to ensure Catholic rights in Korea Chesa Controversy  Catholics forbidden to perform Chesa  Government declares Catholicism illegal Catholic Pogroms: 1860s  Thousands beheaded
    82. 82. Catholics In Korea Silk letter 1801  Smuggled with tribute mission to China  Discovered  Requested French intervention to ensure Catholic rights in Korea Chesa Controversy  Catholics forbidden to perform Chesa  Government declares Catholicism illegal Catholic Pogroms: 1860s  Thousands beheaded French Respond with brief naval attack
    83. 83. Catholics In Korea
    84. 84. Catholics In KoreaCatholics (mostly Yangban) retreat from public life
    85. 85. Catholics In KoreaCatholics (mostly Yangban) retreat from public life Live in small villages
    86. 86. Catholics In KoreaCatholics (mostly Yangban) retreat from public life Live in small villages Make ceramic pots
    87. 87. Catholics In KoreaCatholics (mostly Yangban) retreat from public life Live in small villages Make ceramic pots Kimchi Pots
    88. 88. Catholics In KoreaCatholics (mostly Yangban) retreat from public life Live in small villages Make ceramic pots Kimchi Pots “Potter” is slang for Catholic
    89. 89. Korea and the West
    90. 90. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866
    91. 91. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship
    92. 92. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned
    93. 93. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned
    94. 94. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for General Sherman
    95. 95. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for General Sherman US sends retaliatory naval strike
    96. 96. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for General Sherman US sends retaliatory naval strike
    97. 97. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for General Sherman US sends retaliatory naval strikePressure from Japan
    98. 98. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for General Sherman US sends retaliatory naval strikePressure from Japan Treaty of Kanghwa 1874: first unequal treaty – Japan
    99. 99. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for General Sherman US sends retaliatory naval strikePressure from Japan Treaty of Kanghwa 1874: first unequal treaty – Japan  Grants Japan special rights in Korea
    100. 100. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for General Sherman US sends retaliatory naval strikePressure from Japan Treaty of Kanghwa 1874: first unequal treaty – Japan  Grants Japan special rights in Korea  Japan may intervene if other nations do
    101. 101. Korea and the WestGeneral Sherman incident 1866 American Merchant Marine Ship Sunk and burned1871 retaliation for General Sherman US sends retaliatory naval strikePressure from Japan Treaty of Kanghwa 1874: first unequal treaty – Japan  Grants Japan special rights in Korea  Japan may intervene if other nations do  Koreans recognize the threat, but are powerless to resist
    102. 102. Korea and the West
    103. 103. Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty
    104. 104. Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty “Good offices” clause
    105. 105. Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty “Good offices” clause
    106. 106. Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty “Good offices” clause Korea sees it as mutual defense
    107. 107. Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty “Good offices” clause Korea sees it as mutual defense Protection from the real threat: Japan
    108. 108. Korea and the West1882: first US Treaty “Good offices” clause Korea sees it as mutual defense Protection from the real threat: Japan West, esp. US, seen as potential savior from the more-threatening Japanese
    109. 109. Korea and the WestProtestants
    110. 110. Korea and the West Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen
    111. 111. Korea and the West Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen MD to the US Consulate
    112. 112. Korea and the West Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen MD to the US Consulate Presbyterian Missionary
    113. 113. Korea and the West Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen MD to the US Consulate Presbyterian Missionary Heals Korean Crown Prince
    114. 114. Korea and the West Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen MD to the US Consulate Presbyterian Missionary Heals Korean Crown Prince Granted one favor
    115. 115. Korea and the West Protestants1884 Dr. Horace Allen MD to the US Consulate Presbyterian Missionary Heals Korean Crown Prince Granted one favor
    116. 116. Korea and the West Protestants 1884 Dr. Horace Allen  MD to the US Consulate  Presbyterian Missionary  Heals Korean Crown Prince  Granted one favor Requests freedom of religion for Korea and missionary rights for Christianity
    117. 117. Protestants in Korea
    118. 118. Protestants in Korea Enter 1884
    119. 119. Protestants in Korea Enter 1884 Adopt Nevius Method  Service: education, medical care, etc  Focus on poor and women  Cultivate local clergy and leadership ASAP  Prepare for local church independence
    120. 120. Protestantsin Korea “The Board of Bible Translation”
    121. 121. Protestantsin KoreaBible ( )is the first major “The Board of Bible Translation”
    122. 122. Protestantsin KoreaBible ( )is the first major “The Board of Biblework published in Translation”
    123. 123. Protestantsin KoreaBible ( )is the first major “The Board of Biblework published in Translation”hangul ( ) – not Chinese
    124. 124. Protestantsin KoreaBible ( )is the first major “The Board of Biblework published in Translation”hangul ( ) – not Chinese  Prompts the beginning of Hangul literature movement
    125. 125. Protestants in Korea
    126. 126. Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure
    127. 127. Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”
    128. 128. Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”  Lay leaders play major role: High prestige
    129. 129. Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”  Lay leaders play major role: High prestige  Democratic, participatory structure
    130. 130. Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”  Lay leaders play major role: High prestige  Democratic, participatory structure  Koreans flock to Presbyterians
    131. 131. Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”  Lay leaders play major role: High prestige  Democratic, participatory structure  Koreans flock to Presbyterians
    132. 132. Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”  Lay leaders play major role: High prestige  Democratic, participatory structure  Koreans flock to Presbyterians Christians seen as connected with America
    133. 133. Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”  Lay leaders play major role: High prestige Yonesi University: Original Hall  Democratic, participatory structure Founded as  Koreans flock to Presbyterians Yonsei school for Boys, 1885 Christians seen as connected with America America seen as the one hope for protection from Japan
    134. 134. Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”  Lay leaders play major role: High prestige Yonesi University: Original Hall  Democratic, participatory structure Founded as  Koreans flock to Presbyterians Yonsei school for Boys, 1885 Christians seen as connected with America America seen as the one hope for protection from Japan Western Education (in Christian Schools) seen as the key to modernizing the nation
    135. 135. Protestants in KoreaPresbyterian Structure Governance by “Elders”  Lay leaders play major role: High prestige Yonesi University: Original Hall  Democratic, participatory structure Founded as  Koreans flock to Presbyterians Yonsei school for Boys, 1885 Christians seen as connected with America America seen as the one hope for protection from Japan Western Education (in Christian Schools) seen as the key to modernizing the nation Non-Christian Korean nationalists flock to Christian schools for modern, Western education
    136. 136. Protestants in Korea
    137. 137. Protestants in Korea Provide Best education available Ewha Women’s University: Founded as Ewha School for Girls, 1885
    138. 138. Protestants in Korea Provide Best education available Ewha Women’s University: Founded as Ewha School for Girls, 1885
    139. 139. Protestants in Korea Provide Best education available Become core to nationalist and Ewha Women’s University: Founded as Ewha School for Girls, 1885
    140. 140. Protestants in Korea Provide Best education available Become core to nationalist and Ewha Women’s modernization movements University: Founded as Ewha School for Girls, 1885
    141. 141. Protestants in Korea Provide Best education available Become core to nationalist and Ewha Women’s modernization movements University: Founded as Ewha School for Girls, 1885
    142. 142. Protestants in Korea Provide Best education available Become core to nationalist and Ewha Women’s modernization movements University: Founded as Ewha School for Girls, Grow and develop rapidly 1885
    143. 143. Protestants in Korea Provide Best education available Become core to nationalist and Ewha Women’s modernization movements University: Founded as Ewha School for Girls, Grow and develop rapidly 1885
    144. 144. Protestants in Korea Provide Best education available Become core to nationalist and Ewha Women’s modernization movements University: Founded as Ewha School for Girls, Grow and develop rapidly 1885 Develop a strong national network of hundreds of churches and many thousands of members by 1900
    145. 145. Late Chosun Government:Decay and Stagnation
    146. 146. Late Chosun Government:Decay and StagnationGovernment stagnates and tries to avoid reform or Western interaction as much as possible
    147. 147. Late Chosun Government:Decay and StagnationGovernment stagnates and tries to avoid reform or Western interaction as much as possible Dominated by Conservative Queen Min
    148. 148. Late Chosun Government: Decay and Stagnation Government stagnates and tries to avoid reform or Western interaction as much as possible  Dominated by Conservative Queen Min Queen Min, like China’s Empress Dowager, was a traditionalist
    149. 149. Late Chosun Government: Decay and Stagnation Government stagnates and tries to avoid reform or Western interaction as much as possible  Dominated by Conservative Queen Min Queen Min, like China’s Empress Dowager, was a traditionalist Kabo Reforms: Attempt to modernize after Queen Min’s death
    150. 150. Late Chosun Government: Decay and Stagnation Government stagnates and tries to avoid reform or Western interaction as much as possible  Dominated by Conservative Queen Min Queen Min, like China’s Empress Dowager, was a traditionalist Kabo Reforms: Attempt to modernize after Queen Min’s death  Modernization effort, but too little, too late
    151. 151. Tonghak Rebellion
    152. 152. Tonghak Rebellion Tonghak Rebellion: 1894 (Eastern Learning)
    153. 153. Tonghak Rebellion Tonghak Rebellion: 1894 (Eastern Learning)  Nativist movement growing out of the Chundokyo Religion (a native Korean religion borrowing both from Daoism and Christianity)
    154. 154. Tonghak Rebellion Tonghak Rebellion: 1894 (Eastern Learning)  Nativist movement growing out of the Chundokyo Religion (a native Korean religion borrowing both from Daoism and Christianity)  Deeply Anti foreign
    155. 155. Tonghak Rebellion Tonghak Rebellion: 1894 (Eastern Learning)  Nativist movement growing out of the Chundokyo Religion (a native Korean religion borrowing both from Daoism and Christianity)  Deeply Anti foreign  Chosun Government could not repress the Tonghaks
    156. 156. Tonghak Rebellion Tonghak Rebellion: 1894 (Eastern Learning)  Nativist movement growing out of the Chundokyo Religion (a native Korean religion borrowing both from Daoism and Christianity)  Deeply Anti foreign  Chosun Government could not repress the Tonghaks  Calls in China and Japan asserts 1874 treaty to follow
    157. 157. Tonghak Rebellion Tonghak Rebellion: 1894 (Eastern Learning)  Nativist movement growing out of the Chundokyo Religion (a native Korean religion borrowing both from Daoism and Christianity)  Deeply Anti foreign  Chosun Government could not repress the Tonghaks  Calls in China and Japan asserts 1874 treaty to follow
    158. 158. Tonghak Rebellion Tonghak Rebellion: 1894 (Eastern Learning)  Nativist movement growing out of the Chundokyo Religion (a native Korean religion borrowing both from Daoism and Christianity)  Deeply Anti foreign  Chosun Government could not repress the Tonghaks  Calls in China and Japan asserts 1874 treaty to follow Sino-Japanese War 1894-95
    159. 159. Chosun Collapse Kyongbok Palace: Center of Chosun rule
    160. 160. Chosun Collapse Chosun Weakened Kyongbok Palace: Center of Chosun rule
    161. 161. Chosun Collapse Chosun Weakened King even seeks protection Kyongbok Palace: Center of Chosun rule in Russian Embassy
    162. 162. Chosun Collapse Chosun Weakened King even seeks protection Kyongbok Palace: Center of Chosun rule in Russian Embassy Russo-Japanese War 1904-05
    163. 163. Chosun Collapse Chosun Weakened King even seeks protection Kyongbok Palace: Center of Chosun rule in Russian Embassy Russo-Japanese War 1904-05  Russia forced to leave
    164. 164. Chosun Collapse Chosun Weakened King even seeks protection Kyongbok Palace: Center of Chosun rule in Russian Embassy Russo-Japanese War 1904-05  Russia forced to leave Korea becomes a Japanese protectorate  Meaning Japan “protects” (dominates) Korea
    165. 165. Japanese Occupation1910-1945
    166. 166. Japanese Occupation1910-1945 Koreans continue to look to US as potential savior
    167. 167. Japanese Occupation1910-1945 Koreans continue to look to US as potential savior Look to Protestant churches as special connection to America
    168. 168. Japanese Occupation1910-1945 Koreans continue to look to US as potential savior Look to Protestant churches as special connection to America Japan annexes Korea 1910
    169. 169. Japanese Occupation1910-1945 Koreans continue to look to US as potential savior Look to Protestant churches as special connection to America Japan annexes Korea 1910  Taft-Katsura Agreement
    170. 170. Japanese Occupation1910-1945 Koreans continue to look to US as potential savior Look to Protestant churches as special connection to America Japan annexes Korea 1910  Taft-Katsura Agreement  US concurs secretly that Japan should lead to modernize and develop Korea
    171. 171. Japanese Occupation1910-1945 Koreans continue to look to US as potential savior Look to Protestant churches as special connection to America Japan annexes Korea 1910  Taft-Katsura Agreement  US concurs secretly that Japan should lead to modernize and develop Korea Protestant Missionaries agree:  Japan is the one modern Asian Nation  Korean’s need Japanese tutelage  Koreans today see this as a major betrayal
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