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Gender inequality presentation

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Gender Inequality

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Gender inequality presentation

  1. 1. Gender Inequality in Canada & the World Contemporary Social Issues By Tonya DJ
  2. 2. What is Gender Inequality? “Gender inequality refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. It arises from differences in socially constructed gender roles as well as biologically through chromosomes, brain structure, and hormonal differences. Gender inequality stems from distinctions, whether empirically grounded or socially constructed. ” (Wikipedia, 2014).
  3. 3. Sociological Theory The feminist perspective says there should be autonomy and rights for all citizens as everyone has value (the same as race, anti-war, etc..) and triumph over discrimination (Mooney et al, 2013). They recognize that woman are naturally more expressive and nurturing then men, and men are naturally more task orientated, but women should be treated the same as men, and this is a social issue, not a biological issue (Mooney et all, 2013). “It tries to understand the nature of gender inequality, and examines women's social roles, experiences, and interests. While generally providing a critique of social relations, much of feminist theory also focuses on analyzing gender inequality and the promotion of women's interests.” (Boundless Sociology, 2014). It’s having social equality, in opposition to sexism and patriarchy (where males hold primary power). Basically, girls and women should be treated equally as all members of society. Girls and women of all ages have value and discrimination should be overcome, the same as race, etc..
  4. 4. Gender inequality is still a huge issue today, where males are considered superior to females (Mooney et al 2013). Women had to fight to vote, for equal pay, and to have male dominant jobs, but still have lower incomes, fewer prestigious jobs, usually female orientated college degrees, and are more likely to live in poverty than men (Mooney et al, 2013).
  5. 5. Inequality in the Home According to the article “Cooking up Housewives”, in today’s society, the media has taken over labeling behaviors; the media didn’t invent them, but are still reinforcing them. Even though the photograph on the right is a vintage advertisement, the gender roles shown still carry on today. Most ads usually show women cooking or cleaning the house or bathrooms, etc. The article continues to say that the way women are portrayed in the media have now become the norms, “culturally defined rules of conduct, of our society”. We can also mention the “second shift” where women work all day, usually with less pay than their fellow male co-worker and are expected to do everything at home. Still clean the house, make the meals, do all the laundry, etc. Domestic abuse is another issue in the home, many women flee their homes due to this and end up living in poverty, another consequence of inequality (Mooney et al, 2013).
  6. 6. Inequality in the Workplace According to the “Gender Wage Gap” (2014), women make .74 cents to the dollar for every man. MEN WOMEN 0 0.5 1
  7. 7. Why is there Gender Inequality in the Workplace? TAKING CARE OF FAMILY: Wage inequality in Canada is due to women losing seniority and missing out on wage increases from maternity leave, or working less hours taking care of their families (Gender Wage Gap, 2014). STEREOTYPES: More women are hired in the healthcare field (nurses) as they are considered more nurturing then men, or working in childcare, office work (Mooney et all 2013). There is also less unionization, so less protection (Gender Wage Gap, 2014). EDUCATION: In the past women had lower levels of education so were unable to get better jobs, this is changing and more women now are getting post-secondary education (Gender Wage Gap, 2014). GLASS CEILING: The invisible barrier that keeps minorities and women from rising upwards on the corporate ladder, regardless of their qualifications or achievements (Mooney et al, 2013). SEXUAL HARASSMENT: Many women are sexually harassed and belittled at work, and some too afraid to come forward in case it jeopardizes their job. DISCRIMINATION: Some girls/women are only hired if they look a certain way.
  8. 8. Inequality in School Schools are another place gender inequality is evident, from the books students read, the curriculum and how teachers may interact with students (Mooney et al, 2013). This differs from country to country. In some countries girls have no rights are not allowed to go to school. Others have to work or are married young, or live in a rural community where they are unable to get to a school. Poverty usually playing a huge part in most areas not enabling these girls to get an education. A friend of mine runs a volunteer outreach program to help students (especially girls) get the education they need in Honduras. Volunteers come and teach these kids, and the children are provided a hot meal, for most the only meal they will get that day. Some of these little girls will walk up to 2 hours back and forth every day in the dangerous jungle to get an education and a meal! It’s pretty amazing work they do for these kids, giving them a future they wouldn’t be able to get otherwise. They also help with healthcare too. Many churches and organizations also build schools in many countries and offer education to impoverished children and women.
  9. 9. GENDER INEQUALITY CAUSES POVERTY Women are more likely to be living in poverty than men, and can be due to a lack of education, due to single moms that didn’t finish school,(Mooney et al, 2013). Lower pay and gender inequality in comparison to men can also be linked to poverty amongst women (Mooney et al, 2013). The elderly, especially divorced or senior single women are at the highest risk for poverty according to the article “Senior’s living in poverty on the rise in Canada”; due to lower wages, more part-time work and career gaps when they were younger, so they simply couldn’t save enough money. Solutions to the problem would be adjusting the Canada Pension Plan, and Old Age Security however the Federal government is not helping enough with that yet (the Canadian Press, 2013).
  10. 10. NEGATIVE VIEWS OF WOMEN VIA INTERNET “women cannot be trusted” “women shouldn’t vote” “women should stay in the kitchen.” A division of the United Nations that deals with gender equality has revealed a new campaign that used Google's search bar to show shocking negative attitudes toward women. The campaign shows 4 pictures of women with the search results blocking their mouths, giving a powerful statement about gender inequality. They found searches were made for “women should”," "women shouldn't," "women cannot" and "women need to." The eye-opening results include "women shouldn't have rights" and "women need to be put in their place.“ (Taylor, V., 2013).
  11. 11. GENDER INEQUALITY IN MOVIES Girls have less roles in Television than boys. Starting from a young age girls may feel less valuable and insecure due to this. Women are usually also portrayed a certain way, with an idealized physique, giving girls insecurity at a very young age. A Psychology Today survey showed of 3,452 women surveyed, 23% said that movie or television celebrities influenced their body image when they were young, and 22% were influenced by fashion magazine models.
  12. 12. GENDER INEQUALITY CAUSES POOR SELF IMAGE & VICTIMIZATION Girls and women are belittled and de-valued every day. Girls are victims of being forced into the sex trade, as well as being victimized by photographers and even friends on social media. Women are not taken seriously, and this has a lot to do with how our social world and media portrays women (we see this on magazine covers and especially with the sex trade, prostitution, girls turning to strip clubs for income (or being forced into it), pornography and how destructive this is to women (and men distorting their views on women). Media’s Portrayal of how girls and women should look in our culture poses many dangers. It can cause Mental Health Issues and Eating Disorders.
  13. 13. Dove’s Real Beauty Campaign for girls is a great example of loving yourself for who you are. Other companies are following suit as well. More needs to be done in this department with the media, ensuring our children see all girls as beautiful, mind and body and spirit. We can see here how girls should be valued, and at a young age should be taught there are no reasons for girls to feel like they are inferior or have to try to be someone else or fit a certain standard.
  14. 14. Please take a minute to watch the video below about Gendercide, what some call, “The Modern Day Holocaust” : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5JwK0AioGwQ
  15. 15. http://www.vimeo.com/50260404
  16. 16. Did you know Canada has ZERO pre-born human rights? Gendercide is happening in our own country. Many parents choose to abort their babies if female in Canada. Canada (along with China and North Korea) are the only countries that have zero pre-born human rights, and it is legal to abort up till 9 months (weneedalaw.ca).
  17. 17. Solutions to Gendercide would be Up to Date Laws like other countries for equality. Although women’s rights are improving in other areas, there are no women’s rights in the womb in Canada . Much awareness and education needs to be done on this subject, especially in schools. If our country currently has no laws or much awareness about gendercide abortions, will we eventually turn out to be like India or China?
  18. 18. Aboriginal Women - Inequality This year we saw an online campaign for Aboriginal women on Twitter and Facebook directed to Prime Minister Stephen Harper. Aboriginal women posted pictures of themselves with a sign saying “Am I Next?” This was to raise awareness to the almost 1200 missing and murdered Aboriginal girls over Canada. According to “No More Stolen Sisters: Justice for the missing and murdered Indigenous women of Canada”, “Indigenous women are going missing and being murdered at a much higher rate than other women in Canada—a rate so high it constitutes nothing less than a national human rights crisis.”
  19. 19. GENDER INEQUALITY AROUND THE WORLD Millions of women around the world are victims of violence, discrimination and abuse. Genital mutilation is a shocking type of violence against women practiced in different cultures (Mooney et al, 2013). Religious abuse and inequality is seen in Taliban & Afghan communities where women must be covered, are beaten, and are stripped of all rights (Feminist Majority Foundation, 2014). Some countries force little girls into marriage, some die, are not able to go to school, and have premature babies and other health issues (Hedeyat, n. 2011). In Mauritiana, West Africa, young girls are force fed by their parents and given growth hormones to make them more “marriable”, which is not only shocking, it poses major health risks to these girls (Batha, e. 2014). In the Youtube video “Female genital cutting”, a village in Africa is circumcising girls as early as age 2, this violates human rights, not to mention risk of infection, hemorrhage or even death. Lack of education for girls is another example of inequality, every girl and woman has a right to read and write and be an active member of society. Gendercide is rampant in other countries, most notably India & China where women are forced to abort their babies if female. In India for example, babies are slaughtered after birth as well, tossed in the garbage, or in a field, burned, suffocated, choked to death, it’s being called by some, “the modern day holocaust”.
  20. 20. “Why Gender Equality Matters” (Division of Foreign Affairs and Trade) Limited Access to Resources Women are responsible for 60-80% of food production, but have limited access to resources such as land, credit and new technologies. Lack of Education Education and poverty reduction go hand in hand. Progress is being made, but there are still less girls in school or finishing school. This also has to do with living in rural areas. Access to Healthcare Many women die in childbirth in the developing world and is usually completely avoidable if proper healthcare was available. HIV/AIDS can also be diminished with education and reduction of child marriages and women slaves. In the Workplace Still more men than women in paid employment, business and politics. Women work two-thirds of the world’s working hours and earn only 10% of the world’s income. Gender Based Violence Gender-based violence is one of the most socially tolerated abuses of human rights worldwide. It is a contributor to poverty and ill-health and prevents many women, from reaching their potential. GENDER INEQUALITY AROUND THE WORLD
  21. 21. CONCLUSION & SOLUTIONS Much has to be done with our society and media and the injustice of gender inequality. Girls and women struggling for equal pay, positions, title, respect, and still fighting certain communities for the rights over their own bodies. Solutions would be fostering healthy attitudes and ending discrimination for a better social view on women. Teaching our children at a young age to value girls and women and treat them with respect. Abuse in any form for being female is not acceptable and against the moral code and law. Education – Literacy. Every girl and woman has a right to read and write and be an active member of society. Equal Pay - Women can do most work equally the same, if not better (depending on the job) as men, so wages should reflect the job and performance, not if you are male or female. Basic Healthcare, especially in under developed countries. Talking about it, ending stereotypes and discrimination that will benefit our children now, and for a better future. Sponsor a child in another country to ensure they get education, food and a place to live. Education in the workplace about sexual harassment so women know they can come forward to report safely. Volunteers! People willing to give their time to help those in need, especially building schools and teaching abroad. According to Mooney et al (2013) solutions are fostering literacy, leadership skills, social development, better healthcare, and giving women rights to make decisions.
  22. 22. REFERENCES Abuse Photo. [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.answeringmuslims.com/2014/02/does-quran-say-men-can-beat-their-wives.html Batha, E. (2014, January 18). Mauritania must ban deadly force feeding of child brides – activists. Retrieved from http://www.trust.org/item/20140117185616-fl4hq/?source=dpMostPopular BOUNDLESS. (2014, JULY 3). THE FEMINIST PERSPECTIVE. BOUNDLESS SOCIOLOGY. Retrieved from https://www.boundless.com/sociology/textbooks/boundless-sociology-textbook/ gender-stratification-and-inequality-11/the-theoretical-perspectives-on-gender-stratification-87/the-feminist-perspective-506-10213/ Canadian Women’s Foundation. [Image]. The Facts about Women and Poverty. Retrieved from http://www.canadianwomen.org/facts-about-poverty Cooking up Housewives. (2012, May 5). Retrieved from http://introsociology.net/kyliec/2012/05/ Dove Campaign. [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.ladyandtheblog.com/2009/10/23/doves-campaign-for-real-beauty-continues-to-benefit-our-daughters/ Exploring Social Inequality (n.d.). [Image]. Retrieved from http://artandauthorproject.weebly.com/biographies.html Feminist Majority Foundation (2014). Campaign for Afghan Women & Girls Retrieved from http://www.feminist.org/afghan/taliban_women.asp Gender and Occupational Inequality. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://inequalityprojects.wikispaces.com/Gender+and+Occupational+Inequality Glass Ceiling. [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.blurrent.com/article/14-insanely-insane-reasons-the-president-is-the-glass-ceiling- Hedeyat, H. (2011, October 3). What is it Like to Be a Child Bride? Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-15082550 Inequality Pictures. [Images] Retrieved from http://olusolaakinseyestudio.blogspot.ca/2012/07/recent-work-gender-equality-women.html
  23. 23. Man and woman holding money bags picture. [Image]. Retrieved from https://inequalityprojects.wikispaces.com/gender+and+occupational+inequality Mooney et all (2013). Understanding Social Problems. Chapter 7: Gender Equality. Pg.176, 177, 178, 189, 196, Chapter 10: Poverty: National and International Issues. Pg 266,272 NO MORE STOLEN SISTERS: JUSTICE FOR THE MISSING AND MURDERED INDIGENOUS WOMEN OF CANADA. [IMAGES]. Retrieved from http://www.amnesty.ca/our-work/issues/indigenous-peoples/no-more-stolen-sisters pictochart. [image] http://tsuiangelaaaaa.wordpress.com/2013/11/18/infographic-on-the-topic-gender-inequality-3/ Pay Equity Commission. (April 2014). The Gender Age Gap, para 1. Retrieved from http://www.payequity.gov.on.ca/en/about/pubs/genderwage/wagegap.php Racial and Gender Inequality in Entertainment. (2014, October 26). [Image]. Retrieved from http://tokyopop.com/gender-and-racial-inequality-in-entertainment/ Taylor, V. (2013, October 23). POWERFUL UN AD CAMPAIGN USES GOOGLE SEARCHES TO SHOW GENDER INEQUALITY. Retrieved from http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/campaign-google-searches-show-sexism-article-1.1494436 The Canadian Press. (2013, November 26). Seniors living in poverty on the rise in Canada, OECD says. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/seniors-living-in-poverty-on-the-rise-in-canada-oecd-says-1.2440714 Vandenburg, S. (2012, April 2). [image]. Retrieved from https://www.volunteerglobal.com/blogs/sarah-vandenberg/travel-buddy-profile-all-access-volunteers Walker, C. (2014, Sept.5). Indigenous women ask 'am i next?' to raise awareness about missing and murdered. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/aboriginal/indigenous-women-ask- am-i-next-to-raise-awareness-about-missing-and-murdered-1.2757295 Why Gender Equality Matters. (n.d.). Division of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved from https://www.irishaid.ie/what-we-do/our-priority-areas/gender-equality/gender-overview/ Wikipedia. (2014). Gender Inequality. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/gender_inequality

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