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3D Printing - A 2014 Horizonwatching Trend Summary Report

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ABOUT 3D PRINTING: Also called Additive Manufacturing, 3D printing has been hailed as a transformative manufacturing technology, 3D printing involves fabrication of physical objects by depositing a ...

ABOUT 3D PRINTING: Also called Additive Manufacturing, 3D printing has been hailed as a transformative manufacturing technology, 3D printing involves fabrication of physical objects by depositing a material using a nozzle, print head, or any another printer technology. Though initially used for prototyping of products, 3D printing has evolved and is currently capable of customized short-run manufacturing of industrial products, dental implants, and medical devices.

ABOUT THIS TREND REPORT: This is a pdf summary of more detailed 78 page powerpoint slide deck. This pdf summary report provide information about the 3D Printing trend along with links to additional resources.

Table of Contents
1.Introduction to 3D Printing
2.Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications
3.Materials & Technologies
4.Vendor Ecosystem
5.Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch
6.Summary / Recommendations
7.Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding

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    3D Printing - A 2014 Horizonwatching Trend Summary Report 3D Printing - A 2014 Horizonwatching Trend Summary Report Presentation Transcript

    • Contact: Bill Chamberlin, HorizonWatching Community Leader April 19, 2014 3D Printing A 2014 HorizonWatching Summary Trend Report
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community About This Deliverable 2 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014  Purpose: The slides provide information about the 3D Printing trend in 2014  This is a summary version of a more detailed Trend Report.  The detailed version is a 76 page powerpoint file, which can be downloaded at http://www.billchamberlin.com/reports-books/  Content: Summary information about this emerging trend is provided along with many links to additional resources, including a list of trends and prediction articles about this trend. The slides are meant to be read/studied and the links are there for you to continue your learning. You may want to view the slides in slideshow mode so you can easily follow the links  For more information on Emerging Technology Trends, see the HorizonWatching blog Note: This presentation represents my own personal thoughts and ideas….not those of my employer. - Bill Chamberlin, http://www.billchamberlin.com/
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 3 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 4 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community 3D Printing, also known as Additive Manufacturing, is an emerging manufacturing technology that will disrupt many industries 5 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 “Additive 3D printers deposit resin, plastic or another material, layer by layer, to build up a physical model. Inkjet 3D printers image successive layers of plastic powder, hardening each layer on contact, to build up the piece. The size of the part varies with the specific manufacturer’s printer and whether support structures are required.” – Gartner (link) Video: TED Talk: Lisa Harouni: A primer on 3D printing “Like an office printer that puts 2D digital files on a piece of paper, a 3D printer creates components by depositing thin layers of material one after another using a digital blueprint until the exact component required has been created” – Whitehouse.gov (link) “Additive manufacturing or 3D printing is a process of making a three-dimensional solid object of virtually any shape from a digital model. 3D printing is achieved using an additive process, where successive layers of material are laid down in different shapes.” – Wikipedia (link)
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community 3D Printing: Related Terminology and Keywords  Additive Manufacturing  Subtractive Manufacturing  Additive Fabrication  Digital Manufacturing  Digital Supply Chain  Rapid Prototyping  Digital Fabrication  Edge Manufacturing  Bio Printing 6 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 “3D-printing has the potential to transform science and technology creating bespoke, low-cost appliances which have previously required dedicated facilities.” – Cronin Group (link)
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Traditional Manufacturing processes creates objects by taking away material. Additive Manufacturing recreates an object layer-by-layer from scratch by adding materials. 3D Print Head Printed Material Layers 3D printing is considered distinct from traditional machining techniques, which mostly rely on the removal of material by methods such as cutting or drilling (subtractive processes).” – Wikipedia (link) Subtractive Manufacturing Additive Manufacturing Raw MaterialsProducing a part by removing raw material via: turning, boring, drilling, milling, broaching, sawing, shaping, planing, reaming, and tapping. A block of metal …. Becomes this part 19Apr20147 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community 3D Printing Process 3D Printing begins with a CAD 3D Design Model, which is then used to send specific instructions to the printer about the amount, location and type of material to use. Using a 3D digital CAD model as the “blueprint,” successive layers of material are precisely deposited or fused by a computer controlled “print head” into the desired 3 dimensional shape. No machining of the part is required, thus no raw material is wasted. Image sourced from Atlantic Council Report “Could 3D Printing Change the World?” 19Apr20148 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 9 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Analysts are predicting growth and opportunity for 3D Printing 10 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 “The global market for 3D Printing is projected to reach US$2.99 billion by the year 2018, driven by the advent of newer technologies, approaches, and applications. Expanding use of the technology in manufacturing final products, declining cost of printers, and increasing use of 3D printing technology in newer areas bodes well for market growth.” – GIA (link) “By 2015, Wohlers Associates believes that the sale of AM products and services will reach $3.7 billion worldwide, and by 2019, surpass the $6.5 billion mark.” – Wohler’s Associates (link) “We project that 3D printing will be an $8.4 billion market in 2025 led by automotive, medical, and aerospace applications. In the longer term, it has potential to reshape the manufacturing ecosystem, but it will have the most impact in the near term for products that are made in small volumes, require high customization, and are more cost-tolerant.” – Lux Research (link) Wohlers Associates 2012 report (link) “The AM industry has grown in the double digits for 15 of its 24 years.” – Wohler’s Associates (link)
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 11 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Today’s 3D Printing technologies make use of a wide variety of materials including plastics, metals, ceramics and even biological materials. 12 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 • Plastics • Polymers • Sand & Glue Mixes • Wax • Ceramics • Plaster • Concrete Video: 3D Printer With 107 Materials! (link) Some companies are experimenting with composite materials such as combining plastic and cellulose for a wood-like result. By using multiple print heads, different materials can be fused or deposited at different stages, changing the characteristics of the object. • Metals • Paper • Rubber materials • Food • Biological Tissue • Fabric • … others Some 3D printers are capable of printing with over 100 different materials (see video).
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community 3D Printers employ different types of methods in order to layer materials and build an object 13 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 Method used to layer material Description Material extrusion Material is selectively dispensed through a nozzle or orifice Material jetting Droplets of build material are selectively deposited Binder jetting Liquid bonding agent is selectively deposited to join powder materials Sheet lamination Sheets of material are bonded to form an object Vat hotopolymerization Liquid photopolymer in a vat is selectively cured by light- activated polymerization Powder bed fusion Thermal energy selectively fuses regions of a powder bed Directed energy deposition Focused thermal energy is used to fuse materials by melting as the material is being deposited. For more on terminology see ASTM International Standard Terminology for Additive Manufacturing Technologies,
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 14 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community 3D Printing – Selected Major 3D Printer System Vendors 15 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 Company Geo Primary Technology Materials 3D-Systems US, AUS, NED, ITA Binder jetting, material jetting, vat photopolymerization, powder bed fusion, material extrusion Metal, polymer Arcam SVE Powder bed fusion Metal (titanium) DM3D Technology US Directed energy deposition Metal Envisiontec GER, US Vat photopolymerization Polymer EOS GER Powder bed fusion Ceramic, Metal, Polymer ExOne US, GER, JPN Binder jetting Ceramic, Metal, Polymer Fabrisonic US Sheet lamination Metal MakerBot US, Europe, AP Material extrusion Polymer Optomec US Directed energy deposition Metal Phenix Systems FRA Powder bed fusion Ceramic, metal RepRap UK Material extrusion Polymer Stratasys US, GER, IND, AP Material extrusion, material jetting Polymer, Metals, Ceramics Voxelijet GER Binder jetting Ceramic, Metal, Polymer
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community 3D Printing Services vendors will print an object using your 3D Design and then mail the object to you. Company Location Target Market Materials Supported Max Object Size Adv. Delivery 3DProparts* USA (SC, TN,WA) Industry, Engineers 18 36”x24”x36” 5-10 days Core USA (WI) Industry, Engineers, Inventors 4 24”x20”x24” 4-10 days Imaterialise Belgium Artists, Designers 13 24”x20”x24” 5-15 days InTech Industries USA (MN) Industry, Engineers 15 25.6”x29.5”x21.65” 5-15 days Ponoko USA, Germ, Italy, NZ, UK Hobbyists, Designers 11 19”x19”x19” 14-21 days Redeye* USA (MN), Belgium, AUS Industry, Engineers 20 36”x24”x36” 3-5 days Sculpteo France Hobbyists, Designers 35 27”x25”x22” 1-3 days Shapeways USA (TX) Hobbyists, Designers 12 28”x15”x23” 10-21 days ZoomRP* USA (CA) Industry, Engineers 6 19.3”x15.4”x7.8” 1-7 days 16 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 Source: 3DPrinter Hub, Bill Chamberlin Example Vendors * 3DProparts is owned by 3D Systems. Redeye is owned by Stratasys, ZoomRP is owned by Solid Concepts
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and industry Applications 3. Materials &Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 17 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community 3D Printing – Selected Drivers and Challenges 18 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 Key Drivers • Print when & where you need it • Lower costs: R&D, Materials, Production, Inventory, Supply Chain • Design Flexibility = New innovative objects, mass customization • Product Development = Rapid Prototyping, Accelerated Time to Market, New Materials, Better Products, Customization • Hype drives interest Challenges • Designs: IP / legal issues • Materials performance • Printer throughput • Market Immaturity • Piece part economics • Object size limitations • Tolerances / accuracy • Standards “Due to fragmented coordination of the AM community, there is a need to engage all stakeholders–including individuals from government, academia, and industry– at a workshop to discuss common issues of importance that span all organizations and markets”.. – Institute for Defense Analysis: Additive Manufacturing: Status and Opportunities “Printing custom 3D objects has tremendous potential in the prototyping, modeling and consumer markets, but it needs to find a cost-effective approach to gain critical mass. ” – Gartner (link) “The primary challenge for 3D printing at the industrial scale is not that it is limited or ineffective. 3D printing’s biggest bugbears: simplicity, quantity and speed” – innovation Investment Journal (link)
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Implications: Improved product development process yields more efficient designs, design changes, and more effective experimentation which results in superior products 19 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 New Product Designs: • Designs that cannot be built using ANY other manufacturing process • Custom surface coatings & textures, • Stronger materials only where you need them • Embedding secondary functional materials (optical / electrical). Co-Creation: Customers actively participate in the design of the products they will buy. Increasingly, they will design their own products Better Products: Products have superior characteristics (highly complex geometries, materials) and are customized for the end users. Rapid Prototyping • Reduces the need for tooling, machining, and handcrafting prototypes • No long lead times for castings, forgings, molds, etc. • No need to maintain inventories of castings, forgings, molds, etc. • Experimentation is faster, easier VIDEO: Shapeways 3D Printing & the Culture of Creativity “The ability to produce highly complex designs with powerful computer software and turn them into real objects with 3D printing is creating a new design language.” – Economist (link)
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and industry Applications 3. Materials &Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 20 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Summary Thoughts/Observations • 3D Printed parts can be made to be as strong, or stronger, than parts made via traditional manufacturing methods • Parts can be made in hours or days, compared to weeks or even months with traditional methods, with cost savings up to 10x or more • The finished 3D Printed product, such as aviation components, can be up to 60% lighter, compared to traditionally machined part • Can be complete one-piece item, without need for welds or fasteners • 3D Printing does not require the tooling, setup and experienced and skilled labor that traditional manufacturing methods require • Can build new classes of items with complex geometries that are not possible with traditional methods • The time to take a digital design from concept to production is dropping, with some estimates it will drop another 50%-80% 19Apr201421 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Recommendations  All Client Facing Sales Reps and Consultants: – Take time to learn about 3D printing and understand how it could disrupt your client’s industry.  Manufacturing: Experiment with 3D Printing to understand where your company might be able to utilize the technology to – Redesign our assemblies and finished goods – Lower inventory costs – Reduce raw material costs – Reduce shipping costs – Embedding electronics/sensors into product design  Services Firms: Strategize on new opportunities – Parts & Repair – Make one-off parts for old machines – Consulting – Supply Chain, Strategy & Consulting – Cloud Computing / Infrastructure services – Education – Develop online courses  Software Firms – Collaboration / Social Business – Cloud Computing 22 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 23 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community 3D Printing – Other Websites, Portals, and Organizations (page 1/2)  3D Printing Industry  3D Printing Reviews  3Ders.org  Additive Manufacturing  Additive Manufacturing Consortium  Additive Manufacturing Users Group  American Council of Independent Laboratories  American National Standards Institute  American Society of Mechanical Engineers  American Society of Engineering & Education  American Society of Testing Materials  Association for Manufacturing Technology  ASTM International  Design News 24 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 3Ders.org
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community 3D Printing – Other Websites, Portals, and Organizations (page 2/2)  Engineering.com  Mashable  Materials Information Society  National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Institute  National Center for Manufacturing Sciences  National Tooling & Machining Association  On 3D Printing  Rapid Prototyping  RapidTech  Science Daily  Society of Manufacturing Engineers  Society of Women Engineers  Wired 25 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Institute
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community More emerging trends research and thought leadership articles are available 26 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 Note: This presentation represents my thoughts and ideas….not those of my employer. Follow me for more technology trend information on my public blog - HorizonWatching - Bill Chamberlin Other Content by Bill Chamberlin – Linkedin Profile = www.linkedin.com/in/whchamb/ – Wordpress = Horizonwatching – Thought Leadership Blog – Tumblr = HorizonWatching – Quote Blog – Twitter = HorizonWatching – 140 Character Blog – Slideshare = HorizonWatching - Slide Decks – Facebook = HorizonWatching – Community Page – LinkedIn Group = HorizonWatching – Community Group Access more trend articles, blog posts and information via the Horizonwatching Blog
    • © 2014 HorizonWatching Creative Commons Attribution License HorizonWatching Community Other HorizonWatching Trend Reports are available for download 27 3D Printing: A 2014 HorizonWatching Trend Report (Detail Version)19Apr2014 Available for download at: http://www.billchamberlin.com/reports-books/ – Powerpoint format Example Contents of the Detailed Trend Reports 1. Trends to Watch (Important developments to watch in 2014) 2. Trend Information (Market Opportunty, Growth Drivers, Adoption Challenges, Implications) 3. Quotes: What Analysts and the Media is saying about the trend 4. Lists of Websites and Resources • Analysts • Media • Selected IT vendor and consultant websites and resources • 2014 Trend and Prediction Articles • Social Media Sites & Searches • Selected Online Influencers • Selected white papers and other websites • List of 2014 Trend and Prediction Articles Note: A summary of each of the detailed reports will also available in pdf format via the HorizonWatching account on Slideshare at http://www.slideshare.net/hori zonwatching