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3D Printing - A 2014 Horizonwatching Trend Summary Report

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ABOUT 3D PRINTING: Also called Additive Manufacturing, 3D printing has been hailed as a transformative manufacturing technology, 3D printing involves fabrication of physical objects by depositing a …

ABOUT 3D PRINTING: Also called Additive Manufacturing, 3D printing has been hailed as a transformative manufacturing technology, 3D printing involves fabrication of physical objects by depositing a material using a nozzle, print head, or any another printer technology. Though initially used for prototyping of products, 3D printing has evolved and is currently capable of customized short-run manufacturing of industrial products, dental implants, and medical devices.

ABOUT THIS TREND REPORT: This report provide information about the 3D Printing trend along with links to additional resources.

Table of Contents
1.Introduction to 3D Printing
2.Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications
3.Materials & Technologies
4.Vendor Ecosystem
5.Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch
6.Summary / Recommendations
7.Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding

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  • 1. © 2013 IBM Corporation Contact: Bill Chamberlin, Principal Client Research Analyst / HorizonWatching Community Leader 09May2013 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 2. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights About This Trend Report  Objective: Improve our understanding of this emerging trend. Provide a reference document that Community Members can come back to and refer to over and over again during their ongoing strategy/planning activities.  Content: Summary information about this emerging trend is provided along with many links to additional resources. The slides are meant to be read/studied and the links are there for you to continue your learning. You may want to view the slides in slideshow mode so you can easily follow the links 2 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013
  • 3. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 3 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013
  • 4. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 4 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013
  • 5. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing, also known as Additive Manufacturing, is an emerging manufacturing technology that will disrupt many industries 5 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 “Additive 3D printers deposit resin, plastic or another material, layer by layer, to build up a physical model. Inkjet 3D printers image successive layers of plastic powder, hardening each layer on contact, to build up the piece. The size of the part varies with the specific manufacturer’s printer and whether support structures are required.” – Gartner (link) Video: TED Talk: Lisa Harouni: A primer on 3D printing “Like an office printer that puts 2D digital files on a piece of paper, a 3D printer creates components by depositing thin layers of material one after another using a digital blueprint until the exact component required has been created” – Whitehouse.gov (link) “Additive manufacturing or 3D printing is a process of making a three-dimensional solid object of virtually any shape from a digital model. 3D printing is achieved using an additive process, where successive layers of material are laid down in different shapes.” – Wikipedia (link)
  • 6. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing: Related Terminology and Keywords  Additive Manufacturing  Subtractive Manufacturing  Additive Fabrication  Digital Manufacturing  Digital Supply Chain  Rapid Prototyping  Digital Fabrication  Edge Manufacturing  Bio Printing 6 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 “3D-printing has the potential to transform science and technology creating bespoke, low-cost appliances which have previously required dedicated facilities.” – Cronin Group (link)
  • 7. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights The History of 3D Printing 7 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 “The inception of 3D printing can be traced back to 1976, when the inkjet printer was invented.” – T.Rowe Price (Infographic) T.Rowe Price - A Brief History of 3D Printing “March 11, 1983 - Charles Hull, later the co- founder of 3D Systems, invents stereolithography, a printing process that enables a tangible 3D object to be created from digital data.” – 3D PrinterPrices.net: History of 3D Printing Selected Articles • 3ders.org: The History of 3D Printing • 3D PrinterPrices.net: History of 3D Printing • T.Rowe Price - A Brief History of 3D Printing • How Stuff Works – history of 3-D Printing “The earliest development of 3-D printing technologies happened at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and at a company called 3D Systems. In the early 1990s, MIT developed a procedure it trademarked with the name 3-D Printing, which it officially abbreviated as 3DP.” – How Stuff Works (link)
  • 8. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Traditional Manufacturing processes creates objects by taking away material. Additive Manufacturing recreates an object layer-by-layer from scratch by adding materials. 3D Print Head Printed Material Layers 3D printing is considered distinct from traditional machining techniques, which mostly rely on the removal of material by methods such as cutting or drilling (subtractive processes).” – Wikipedia (link) Subtractive Manufacturing Additive Manufacturing Raw MaterialsProducing a part by removing raw material via: turning, boring, drilling, milling, broaching, sawing, shaping, planing, reaming, and tapping. A block of metal …. Becomes this part 09May20138 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 9. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing Process 3D Printing begins with a CAD 3D Design Model, which is then used to send specific instructions to the printer about the amount, location and type of material to use. Using a 3D digital CAD model as the “blueprint,” successive layers of material are precisely deposited or fused by a computer controlled “print head” into the desired 3 dimensional shape. No machining of the part is required, thus no raw material is wasted. Image sourced from Atlantic Council Report “Could 3D Printing Change the World?” 09May20139 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 10. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing enables the manufacturing of complex shapes and designs enabling structures that are lightweight, but stronger 10 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 All images sourced from www.shapeways.com “[With 3D printing,] we can actually create structures that are more intricate than any other manufacturing technology — or, in fact, are impossible to build in any other way. – Lisa Harouni: A primer on 3D printing
  • 11. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing is not just for sculptures, jewelry, and toys. The technology is already producing real finished parts & products Source: Technology Review Hinges for a jet-engine cover: The part in the background is the old machined part. The parts in the foreground are the ones designed and printed on a 3D printer. The new parts are stronger and lighter in weight. Source: Ponoko 09May201311 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 12. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 12 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013
  • 13. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Analysts are predicting growth and opportunity for 3D Printing 13 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 “The global market for 3D Printing is projected to reach US$2.99 billion by the year 2018, driven by the advent of newer technologies, approaches, and applications. Expanding use of the technology in manufacturing final products, declining cost of printers, and increasing use of 3D printing technology in newer areas bodes well for market growth.” – GIA (link) “By 2015, Wohlers Associates believes that the sale of AM products and services will reach $3.7 billion worldwide, and by 2019, surpass the $6.5 billion mark.” – Wohler’s Associates (link) “We project that 3D printing will be an $8.4 billion market in 2025 led by automotive, medical, and aerospace applications. In the longer term, it has potential to reshape the manufacturing ecosystem, but it will have the most impact in the near term for products that are made in small volumes, require high customization, and are more cost-tolerant.” – Lux Research (link) Wohlers Associates 2012 report (link) “The AM industry has grown in the double digits for 15 of its 24 years.” – Wohler’s Associates (link)
  • 14. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Source: 2012 Wohler’s Report. Obtained from http://www.slideshare.net/patrickseaman/3d-printing-edge-manufacturing-white-paper on April 16, 2013 While traditional manufacturing industries will benefit, there are many other industries that will employ 3D printers “The technology is used for both prototyping and distributed manufacturing in jewelry, footwear, industrial design, architecture, engineering and construction (AEC), automotive, aerospace, dental and medical industries, education, geographic information systems, civil engineering, and many other fields..” – Wikipedia (link) 09May201314 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 15. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights For all Manufacturers…and users… of 3D objects, 3D Printing will change what we make, how we make it, and how we acquire it. Typical Manufacturing Applications • A prototype for a new product • A highly customized or complex part or product • A product with complex features or geometries traditional manufacturing cannot make • A small run of an existing part / product • Quick replacement of no-longer-being- made parts for an older legacy products • Need for a one-off object fast and can’t wait for the longer traditional manufacturing cycle, shipping, customs or other delays 3D Printing: Make anything you want 09May201315 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 16. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Example Medical Applications: Designing and printing artificial limbs and implants 16 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 “Within medical applications, we see the greatest opportunity in orthopedic implants,” Right now, I think the main thing in medical is that 3-D printing has shown that it can produce medical devices and parts that will function, but they have not yet shown that they are superior to traditional devices. Nor have they shown that they’re cheaper, so it’s not likely that government or insurers will pay for them.” – Lux Research (link) Cranial ImplantsJaw ImplantsDental Implants “As 3D scanning technologies, printers, and materials fall in price, there will be rapid and widespread adoption for medical applications. The market – still in its infancy and worth a mere $11 million in 2012 – will grow to $1.9 billion in 2025” – Lux Research (link)
  • 17. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D bioprinting will allow for the printing of cells placed in predetermined patterns to replicate human tissues, organs, and blood vessels 17 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 “Scientists are working on extending the principles of 3D printing to constructing organs and tissues using bioprinters.” – Gentic Engineering & Biotechnology News (link) Video: Bioprinting overview at Economist Ideas (link) “The NovoGen MMX Bioprinter™ is a novel hardware and software platform at the forefront of bioprinting research and development. The platform takes primary or other human cells and shapes them into 3D tissue, with tremendous cellular viability and biology that is superior to even an animal model.” – Organovo (link) Example Implications: • May potentially eliminate the need for organ donors. New organs printed using cells harvested from patient. • May provide doctors and surgeons with on-demand human tissue
  • 18. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 18 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013
  • 19. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Today’s 3D Printing technologies make use of a wide variety of materials including plastics, metals, ceramics and even biological materials. 19 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 • Plastics • Polymers • Sand & Glue Mixes • Wax • Ceramics • Plaster • Concrete Video: 3D Printer With 107 Materials! (link) Some companies are experimenting with composite materials such as combining plastic and cellulose for a wood-like result. By using multiple print heads, different materials can be fused or deposited at different stages, changing the characteristics of the object. • Metals • Paper • Rubber materials • Food • Biological Tissue • Fabric • … others Some 3D printers are capable of printing with over 100 different materials (see video).
  • 20. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printers employ different types of methods in order to layer materials and build an object 20 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Method used to layer material Description Material extrusion Material is selectively dispensed through a nozzle or orifice Material jetting Droplets of build material are selectively deposited Binder jetting Liquid bonding agent is selectively deposited to join powder materials Sheet lamination Sheets of material are bonded to form an object Vat hotopolymerization Liquid photopolymer in a vat is selectively cured by light- activated polymerization Powder bed fusion Thermal energy selectively fuses regions of a powder bed Directed energy deposition Focused thermal energy is used to fuse materials by melting as the material is being deposited. For more on terminology see ASTM International Standard Terminology for Additive Manufacturing Technologies,
  • 21. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printers Vendors use different technologies based on the type of material and the method of used to deliver the material 21 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Material Method Technology Example Materials Extrusion Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) Thermoplastics, eutectic metals, edible materials Extrusion Bio Printing Biological tissues Extrusion Liquid Extrusion Food (Cheese, Chocolate, etc.) , Concrete Wire Electron Beam Freeform Fabrication Almost any Metal Alloy Granular Electron beam melting EBM Titanium alloys Granular Selective laser sintering (SLS) Thermoplastics, metals powders, ceramic powders Granular Direct metal laser sintering Almost any alloy metal Granular Powder bed and inkjet head 3d printing Plaster Granular Candyfab Sugar Laminated Laminated object manufacturing (LOM) Paper, metal foil, plastic film Light Stereolithography Photopolymers Light Digital Light Processing Photopolymers For more, see ASTM International Standard Terminology for Additive Manufacturing Technologies,
  • 22. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Example: Stereolithography technology uses a vat of liquid ultraviolet curable photopolymer "resin" and an ultraviolet laser. For each layer, the laser beam traces a cross-section of the part pattern on the surface of the liquid resin. Exposure to the ultraviolet laser light cures and solidifies the pattern traced on the resin and joins it to the layer below. Note: “stereolithography” was coined in 1986 by Charles (Chuck) W. Hull VIDEO: The process of Stereolithography (SLA) Source: Wikipedia Commons 09May201322 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 23. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Source: Wikipedia Commons Example: Laser Sintering Laser sintering uses a high power laser(s) to fuse small particles of plastic, metal, ceramic, or glass powders into the desired three-dimensional shape. VIDEO: How To Print A 3-D Object With Laser Sintering 09May201323 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 24. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Source: Wikipedia Commons Example: Fused Deposition Modeling 3D printers that run on FDM Technology build parts layer-by-layer by heating thermoplastic material to a semi-liquid state and extruding it via nozzle (1). The nozzle lays the material down in layers (2) as a build platform (3) moves according to computer-controlled paths VIDEO: Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) 09May201324 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 25. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 25 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013
  • 26. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Major 3D Printer System Vendors 26 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Company Geo Primary Technology Materials 3D-Systems US, AUS, NED, ITA Binder jetting, material jetting, vat photopolymerization, powder bed fusion, material extrusion Metal, polymer Arcam SVE Powder bed fusion Metal (titanium) DM3D Technology US Directed energy deposition Metal Envisiontec GER, US Vat photopolymerization Polymer EOS GER Powder bed fusion Ceramic, Metal, Polymer ExOne US, GER, JPN Binder jetting Ceramic, Metal, Polymer Fabrisonic US Sheet lamination Metal MakerBot US, Europe, AP Material extrusion Polymer Optomec US Directed energy deposition Metal Phenix Systems FRA Powder bed fusion Ceramic, metal RepRap UK Material extrusion Polymer Stratasys US, GER, IND, AP Material extrusion, material jetting Polymer, Metals, Ceramics Voxelijet GER Binder jetting Ceramic, Metal, Polymer
  • 27. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Social Media Sites of Major 3D Printer Vendors 27 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Company Twitter FaceBook YouTube Google+ LinkedIn 3D-Systems 3dsystemscorp 3dsystemscorp rapidprotovideo 3D-Systems 3D-Systems Arcam ArcamAB ArcamAB Arcam DM3D Technology Envisiontec EnvisionTEC EnvisionTEC Envisiontec Envisiontec Envisiontec EOS EOSGmbH EOS ExOne ExOneCo Ex-One ExOne3D Fabrisonic MakerBot makerbot makerbot makerbot MakerBot MakerBot Optomec optomec Optomec Phenix Systems phenixsystemsriom Phenix Systems RepRap reprap RepRapChannel RepRap Stratys Stratasys stratasys objetgeometries Stratys Stratys Voxelijet voxeljet voxeljet Voxelijet
  • 28. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printer Marketplace – Printers Segmented by Price 28 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013
  • 29. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Other 3D Printer Companies  Afinia http://www.afinia.com/3d-printers  Asiga https://www.asiga.com/  Bits from Bytes http://www.bitsfrombytes.com/  DesktopFab (Layered Labs) http://new.desktopfab.com/  Fabricator http://www.fablicator.com/  FormLabs http://formlabs.com/  Hewlett-Packard http://www.hp3dprinting.co.uk/  LeapFrog http://www.lpfrg.com/product/creatr/  Purple Platypus http://www.purpleplatypus.com/  ReprapCentral http://www.reprapcentral.com  Solidscape, Inc. http://www.solid-scape.com/  Voxeljet http://www.voxeljet.de/en/  Ulitmaker http://www.ultimaker.com/  Zcorp http://www.zcorp.com/en/home.aspx 29 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 See more at http://wohlersassociates.com/manufacturers-and- developers.html Ulitmaker: http://www.ultimaker.com
  • 30. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Selected 3D Software Companies  Alibre http://www.alibre.com/  AutoDesk 123D http://www.123dapp.com/  Carrara8 http://www.daz3d.com/products/carrara  Blender http://www.blender.org/  Cimatron Limited http://www.cimatron.com/  Dassault Systemes http://www.3ds.com/  Geomagic http://www.geomagic.com/en/  Poser Pro http://poser.smithmicro.com/poser.html  Rhino3D http://www.rhino3d.com/  Sandboxr http://www.sandboxr.com/  Scenect (Faro Technologies) http://www.faro.com/en-US/scenect  TurboCad http://www.turbocad.com/ 30 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 See more at http://wohlersassociates.com/software.html AutoDesk 123D: http://www.123dapp.com/
  • 31. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Selected 3D Design, Content & Printing Services  3Dvia http://www.3dvia.com/  3D Studio http://www.the3dstudio.com/  Digital Forming http://www.digitalforming.com/  Freedom of Creation http://www.freedomofcreation.com  i.materialise http://i.materialise.com/  Kraftwurx http://www.kraftwurx.com/  Ponoko https://www.ponoko.com/  RepRapPro http://reprappro.com/  Sculpteo http://www.sculpteo.com/en/  Shapeways http://www.shapeways.com/  Thingverse http://www.thingiverse.com/  Digimorph http://digimorph.org/resources/3dprinting.phtml 31 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 See more at http://wohlersassociates.com/service-providers.html Shapeways: http://www.shapeways.com
  • 32. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Vendor Industry Case Studies & Applications 32 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Company Case Studies & Application Descriptions 3D-Systems Success Stories, Transportation, Energy, Consumer Products, Recreation, Healthcare, Education Arcam Aerospace, Orthopedic Implants Envisiontec Aerospace, Architecture, Automotive, Consumer Packaged Goods, Dental, Education, Electronics, Hearing Aids, Jewelry, Manufacturing, Medical, Sporting Goods, Toys EOS Aerospace, Automotive, Industry, Lifestyle Products, Medical ExOne Aerospace, Energy/Oil/Gas/Pumps, Automotive, Medical/Biomedical Morris Technologies Medical, Engineering, Aerospace (note: (Morris Technologies is now part of GE Aviation)) Optomec Alternative Energy, 3D Printed Electronics, Metal Components Solidscape Jewelry, Manufacturing, Dental, Orthodontics, Education Stratasys Aerospace, Architecture, Automotive, Commercial Products, Consumer Goods, Defense, Dental, Education, Entertainment, Medical Voxelijet References
  • 33. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing Services vendors will print an object using your 3D Design and then mail the object to you. Company Location Target Market Materials Supported Max Object Size Adv. Delivery 3DProparts* USA (SC, TN,WA) Industry, Engineers 18 36”x24”x36” 5-10 days Core USA (WI) Industry, Engineers, Inventors 4 24”x20”x24” 4-10 days Imaterialise Belgium Artists, Designers 13 24”x20”x24” 5-15 days InTech Industries USA (MN) Industry, Engineers 15 25.6”x29.5”x21.65” 5-15 days Ponoko USA, Germ, Italy, NZ, UK Hobbyists, Designers 11 19”x19”x19” 14-21 days Redeye* USA (MN), Belgium, AUS Industry, Engineers 20 36”x24”x36” 3-5 days Sculpteo France Hobbyists, Designers 35 27”x25”x22” 1-3 days Shapeways USA (TX) Hobbyists, Designers 12 28”x15”x23” 10-21 days ZoomRP* USA (CA) Industry, Engineers 6 19.3”x15.4”x7.8” 1-7 days 33 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Source: 3DPrinter Hub, Bill Chamberlin Example Vendors * 3DProparts is owned by 3D Systems. Redeye is owned by Stratasys, ZoomRP is owned by Solid Concepts
  • 34. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Sculpteo advertises their “3D Printing Cloud Engine” 34 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 http://www.sculpteo.com/en/cloud/ “Sculpteo is an cloud based 3D-printing solution that enables you to create and manage your own on-demand manufacturing service wherever you are. List your designs, choose customization options and materials... Within 4 hours, you integrate and benefit of the amazing technology of 3D-printing!.” - Sculpteo (link)
  • 35. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪ ✪✪ ✪✪ ✪ 110+ Smart Grid™ production facilities worldwide Kraftwurx’s cloud-based 3D printing solution is called “Digital Factory™” “In 2004, we set out to build a platform that empowers everyone to create, showcase, buy and sell personalized products with 3D Printing. We envision a world where the power to create and manufacture new products is placed into the hands of everyday people”. Kraftwurx (link) “Digital Factory™ is a patented & patent-pending scalable cloud-based platform for on- demand 3D-Printing. We've combined a powerful e-commerce solution with Enterprise Resource Planning technology and powerful tools that empowers consumers to customize their own products, into one seamless solution.”. Kraftwurx (link) 09May201335 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 36. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Shapeways is a 3D Printing marketplace and community 36 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 “On Shapeways, individuals can make, buy and sell their own products. By providing a platform for our community members to share ideas and gain access to cutting edge technology, we're bringing personalized production to everyone, whether you're already designing in 3D or are looking to find something just right. We 3D Print everything on- demand, which means that every order is customized and personalized.” Shapeways (link) VIDEO Shapeways 3D Printing & the Culture of Creativity
  • 37. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing Services are active on Social Media platforms Company Twitter Facebook LinkedIn Blog YouTube Google+ 3DProparts* 3dsystemscorp 3dsystemscorp 3d-systems 3dsystems rapidprotovideo 3dsystems Core COREengineers COREConsultingL LC core-consulting-llc core-usa Imaterialise imaterialise i.materialise i.materialise imaterialise imaterialise InTech Industries InTechRP InTechIndustriesIn corporated InTechIndustries InTech Industries Ponoko ponoko Ponoko Ponoko Ponoko Ponoko Redeye* 3d_printers RedEye-On- Demand and stratasys Stratasys stratasys ObjetGeometries Stratasys Sculpteo sculpteo sculpteo sculpteo Sculpteo Sculpteo Shapeways shapeways shapeways Shapeways Shapeways Shapeways ZoomRP* solidconcepts solidconcepts solid-concepts-inc solidconcepts solid-concepts- inc 37 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 * 3DProparts is owned by 3D Systems. Redeye is owned by Stratasys, ZoomRP is owned by Solid Concepts Example Vendors
  • 38. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Segmentation: 3D Printer Vendors are developing products and services for four different user segments  Designers – Artists, sculptors, architects, and creators who use 3D printers to reduce the time and effort it takes to create prototypes and finished products.  Professionals – Engineers, machinists, industrial designers are using 3D printers to improve the product development process, lower the time to market, and reduce costs.  Consumers – Home owners / consumers who use 3D printer services or have 3D printers.  Hobbyists – Early adopters, called ‘makers’, who love to tinker with the technology in their Garages and Basements. They make tools, kids toys, jewelry, and also serious breakthrough products. 38 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Example: 3D Systems Product Segmentation http://www.3dsystems.com/ Units shipped: Personal 3D Printers Source: 2012 Wohler’s Report. Obtained from The Economist April 12, 2012
  • 39. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and industry Applications 3. Materials &Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 39 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013
  • 40. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Drivers and Challenges 40 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Key Drivers • Print when & where you need it • Lower costs: R&D, Materials, Production, Inventory, Supply Chain • Design Flexibility = New innovative objects, mass customization • Product Development = Rapid Prototyping, Accelerated Time to Market, New Materials, Better Products, Customization • Hype drives interest Challenges • Designs: IP / legal issues • Materials performance • Printer throughput • Market Immaturity • Piece part economics • Object size limitations • Tolerances / accuracy • Standards “Due to fragmented coordination of the AM community, there is a need to engage all stakeholders–including individuals from government, academia, and industry– at a workshop to discuss common issues of importance that span all organizations and markets”.. – Institute for Defense Analysis: Additive Manufacturing: Status and Opportunities “Printing custom 3D objects has tremendous potential in the prototyping, modeling and consumer markets, but it needs to find a cost-effective approach to gain critical mass. ” – Gartner (link) “The primary challenge for 3D printing at the industrial scale is not that it is limited or ineffective. 3D printing’s biggest bugbears: simplicity, quantity and speed” – innovation Investment Journal (link)
  • 41. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Implications: Improved product development process yields more efficient designs, design changes, and more effective experimentation which results in superior products 41 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 New Product Designs: • Designs that cannot be built using ANY other manufacturing process • Custom surface coatings & textures, • Stronger materials only where you need them • Embedding secondary functional materials (optical / electrical). Co-Creation: Customers actively participate in the design of the products they will buy. Increasingly, they will design their own products Better Products: Products have superior characteristics (highly complex geometries, materials) and are customized for the end users. Rapid Prototyping • Reduces the need for tooling, machining, and handcrafting prototypes • No long lead times for castings, forgings, molds, etc. • No need to maintain inventories of castings, forgings, molds, etc. • Experimentation is faster, easier VIDEO: Shapeways 3D Printing & the Culture of Creativity “The ability to produce highly complex designs with powerful computer software and turn them into real objects with 3D printing is creating a new design language.” – Economist (link)
  • 42. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Implications: Manufacturing & Production 42 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 • Optimizing the production of custom single units and low volume production runs • Reduced capital investment & component/sub-assembly inventories • Reduce the need to maintain an inventory of physical molds. • Reduces the need for tooling (molds / drills / cutters) and the skilled labor necessary to run those different types of machines • Enables printing on demand without build- up of inventories • Sustainability: Up to 90% less material used / Up to 90% less energy used. • Reduced material consumption • Efficient supply chains • Optimized product efficiency • Lighter weights components • Reduced lifecycle burden The Economist: The third industrial revolution HBR: 3-D printing will change the world
  • 43. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Implications: Supply Chains 43 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 • Production moves closer to end user • Shipping of designs instead of products • Bring a portion of manufacturing back to home country • Outsourcing production in large volumes to offshore facilities is less cost effective. • New lean yet agile supply chain • Distributed manufacture • Manufacture and the point of consumption • Demand pull business models • Stockless supply chains • Chainless supply chains (home manufacture) • Post Office, UPS, FedEx? “Designs, not products, would move around the world as digital files to be printed anywhere by any printer that can meet the design parameters. The Internet first eliminated distance as a factor in moving information and now AM eliminates it for the material world.” – Atlantic Council (link) “Assembly lines and supply chains can be reduced or eliminated for many products. The final product—or large pieces of a final product like a car—can be produced by AM in one process unlike conventional manufacturing in which hundreds or thousands of parts are assembled. ” – Atlantic Council (link)
  • 44. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Implications: New Business Opportunities 44 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 • Lowers Barriers to entry for new businesses • Less Capital: No tooling, going directly from computer file to part • Everyone can be a designer, manufacturer and retailer of 3D objects • New distribution channels for 3D designs • New distribution channels for 3D objects • Raw Materials - New distribution channels, packaging, and pricing for raw materials • New startups • Cloud based 3D printing / Additive Manufacturing systems and services • 3D Scanners & Scanning services “Given the relatively low cost of 3D printers, consider purchasing and experimenting with these devices to explore potential uses in your industry — for example, to create parts (in manufacturing), promotional materials (for retailers or consumer goods firms) or scale models (for architecture, engineering or construction firms).” – Gartner (link) “AM is not only a disruptive technology that has the potential to replace many conventional manufacturing processes, but also an enabling technology allowing new business models, new products and new supply chains to flourish.” – Econolyst (link)
  • 45. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Implications: New Business Opportunity Example Scenario Scenario: A design shop in Michigan, USA, posts a 3D CAD design for part for a1965 Italian car on the Internet A customer in Italy searching for the part, finds the 3D Design file on the internet, purchase the rights to print one copy, and contracts with a Italian local 3D printer services firm to print the part. Result: While the design for the item originates in the USA, the item is manufactured in Italy, so there are no USA sales taxes, international shipping, or import/customs duties. Suddenly, the US auto parts company is competitive in Italy. 09May201345 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 46. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Implications: Nanoscale 3D microfabrication 46 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 “Printing microstructures with features a few hundred nanometers in size could be useful for making heart stents, microneedles for painless shots, gecko adhesives, parts for microfluidics chips, and scaffolds for growing cells and tissue. Another important application could be in the electronics industry, where patterning nanoscale features on chips currently involves slow, expensive techniques.” – MIT Technology Review (link) 285 µm racecar. Source: Vienna University (link) “Nanoscribe's technology for the fabrication of three-dimensional micro- and nanostructures of photo-sensitive materials is based on "direct laser writing", i.e., a non-linear two-photon absorption process.” – Nanoscribe (link) Video: TEDxVienna - Klaus Stadlmann - The world's smallest 3D Printer (link) Source: Nanoscribe (link)
  • 47. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Implications: Electronics 47 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 “Printing these electronic components directly on or inside the physical device eliminates the need for separate printed circuit boards, cabling and wiring thereby reducing weight and size while also simplifying the assembly process.” – Optomec (link) Guardian: How 3D printing could revolutionise the solar energy industry (link) Shapeways: Are You Ready to 3D Print Electronics on to Your 3D Printed Designs? (link) WIRED: 3-D Printers Will Build Circuit Boards ‘In 2 Years’ (link) 3ders.org: Progress on 3D printed circuit board (link)
  • 48. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Implications: Chemistry & Life Sciences 48 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 TED Video: Lee Cronin: Print your own medicine (link)“Chemist Lee Cronin is working on a 3D printer that, instead of objects, is able to print molecules. An exciting potential long-term application: printing your own medicine using chemical inks.” – TEDTalks (link) “An attractive but unexplored application is using the 3D-printer to initiate chemical reactions by printing the reagents directly into the 3D-reactionware matrix, putting reactionware design, construction and operation under digital control.” – Cronin Group (link) (link)
  • 49. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Implications: Food Industry 49 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Solve for X: Andras Forgacs on sustainable, scalable meat (link) “Food is the next frontier. We’re already printing in chocolate, so a lot of these things will be possible in the next few years.” – Janne Kyattanen, 3D Systems (link) “Modern Meadow applies the latest advances in tissue engineering to develop novel biomaterials to address some of our most pressing global challenges. We develop cultured leather and meat products which require no animal slaughter and much lower inputs of land, water, energy and chemicals.” – Modern Meadow (link)
  • 50. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights CopyWright, Patent, Trademark and Design IP Issues 3ders.org Blog: Progress on 3D Printed Circuit Board (link) “Before you know it, we’ll be building circuit boards with 3-D printers. In other words, 3- D printers will help us manufacture PCs. Or even, other 3-D printers.” – WIRED (link) “Printing these electronic components directly on or inside the physical device eliminates the need for separate printed circuit boards, cabling and wiring thereby reducing weight and size while also simplifying the assembly process.” – Optomec (link) 09May201350 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report Wired: 3-D Printers Will Build Circuit Boards ‘In 2 Years’ (link)
  • 51. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Trends to Watch For 51 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 • Materials: Advances in metals and other materials. • Industrial Strength 3D/AM Systems (speed, quality, size, etc) • Clouds: 3D cloud-based design software & services. Mobile Cloud versions too. • Legal: IP, Trademark, Copywright issues, Expiration of Key Patents, • New Business Models, New startups • Impact on Education, Food, and Healthcare/Medical Industries • Inventories. Application of AM to finished goods • Consumer Marketplace: Low cost personal 3D printers and scanners drives consumer adoption • Future Scenarios • 3D printer service in the local strip mall / shopping center. • 3D printers mounted on Military Vehicles, Space Station, Oil Rigs, and deployed on the Moon/Mars. • Large 3D printers that build buildings • 3D printers that make meals • 4D printing = self assembly CNET: Future of 3D printing is bright, says SXSW panel (link)
  • 52. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and industry Applications 3. Materials &Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 52 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013
  • 53. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Summary Thoughts/Observations • 3D Printed parts can be made to be as strong, or stronger, than parts made via traditional manufacturing methods • Parts can be made in hours or days, compared to weeks or even months with traditional methods, with cost savings up to 10x or more • The finished 3D Printed product, such as aviation components, can be up to 60% lighter, compared to traditionally machined part • Can be complete one-piece item, without need for welds or fasteners • 3D Printing does not require the tooling, setup and experienced and skilled labor that traditional manufacturing methods require • Can build new classes of items with complex geometries that are not possible with traditional methods • The time to take a digital design from concept to production is dropping, with some estimates it will drop another 50%-80% 09May201353 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report
  • 54. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights Table of Contents 1. Introduction to 3D Printing 2. Marketplace Opportunities and Industry Applications 3. Materials & Technologies 4. Vendor Ecosystem 5. Drivers, Challenges, Implications, Trends to Watch 6. Summary / Recommendations 7. Appendix: Resources for further reading & understanding 54 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013
  • 55. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Analyst Resources 55 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 • Econolyst - Document Archive • Institute for Defense Analysis: Additive Manufacturing: Status and Opportunities • Gartner 3D Photo Booth Will Help Drive Awareness and Momentum for 3D Printing • Gartner Emerging Technology Analysis: 3D Printing • Gartner: Gartner Says Early Adopters of 3D Printing Technology Could Gain an Innovation Advantage Over Rivals • Gartner: How 3D Printing Disrupts Business and Creates New Opportunities • Global Industry Analysts - 3D Printing: A Global Strategic Business Report • Global Industry Analysts: Global 3D Printing Market to Reach US$2.99 Billion by 2018 • Lux Research: Building the Future: Assessing 3D Printing’s Opportunities and Challenges • Wohlers Associates: The Future of Additive Manufacturing and Recent Trends in Additive Manufacturing “Additive manufacturing is having a significant impact on the way some companies manufacture products. These organizations — some very small — are successfully applying the technology to the production of finished goods.. It could very well have a greater breadth of impact on manufacturing than any other technology in recent history.” – Wohlers Associates (link) “Printing custom 3D objects has tremendous potential in the prototyping, modeling and consumer markets, but it needs to find a cost-effective approach to gain critical mass. Technology and service providers can use this analysis to determine the best growth opportunities in the 3D printing market.” – Gartner (link)
  • 56. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Additional Information and Resources 56 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 • Atlantic Council: Could 3D Printing Change the World? • Econolyst: 3D Printing & Additive Manufacturing (presentation) • Economist: Solid Print • Electronics.CA - Global 3D Printing Market to Reach US$2.99 Billion by 2018 • Forbes: 3D Printing Industry Will Reach $3.1 Billion Worldwide by 2016 • Institute for Defense Analysis: Additive Manufacturing: Status and Opportunities • MoJo 3D Printing A New Mindset in Product Design • National Additive Manufacturing Institute • Stratasys Products • T. Rowe Price: 3D Printing • US Government: Report to the President on Capturing Domestic Competitive advantage in Advanced Manufacturing • Wikipedia: 3D Printing • Wohlers Associates: The Future of Additive Manufacturing Economist: Solid Print
  • 57. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Videos (page 1/2)  16x9 On Global: 3D Printing: Make anything you want, 28Jan2013, 14 min.  3D Systems: Cube 3D Printer, Jan2013, 1 min.  Griffith University: Amazing 3D Printing, Feb2013, 3 min.  Andras Forgacs: Bioprinting overview at Economist Ideas, 18June2012, 5 min.  ARC Advisory Group: Additive Manufacturing Systems - 3D Printing, 01Mar2013, 6 min.  CBS News Online: Is 3D printing the future of manufacturing? 02Mar2013, 4 min.  CNET: The Future of 3D Printing, 23Jan2013, 18 min.  Explaining The Future: The 3D Printing Revolution, 05Apr2012, 6 min.  ExOne: 3D Metal Printing, 13Dec2010, 5 min.  Ignite: Why I love my 3D Printer, by Schuyler St. Leger, April2013, 5 min.  PBS: Will 3D Printing Change the World? 28Feb2013, 7 min.  Penn State: How 3D Metal Printing May Change Manufacturing, 10Jan2013, 3 min.  Singularity University: Scott Summit, The Future of 3D Printing, 02Aug2010, 50 min.  Steve Hawking's A Brave New World: Additive Manufacturing, 21Sept2012, 8 min. 57 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Video: How 3D Metal Printing May Change Manufacturing
  • 58. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Videos (page 2/2)  Stratasys: 3D Printer a Game Changer for Architecture Design, 05Mar 2012, 5 min.,  Stratasys: 3D Printed Snake, Gears, Art, Wrench and more, 05Apr 2012, 8 min.,  Stratasys: Additive Manufacturing 101 - Changing the Future of Product Development and Manufacturing, 12 Feb 2013, 35 min.  Stratasys: Digital Orthodontics with Stratasys 3D Printing!, 12Mar2013, 3 min.  TED Talks: Lisa Harouni: A primer on 3D printing, Nov 2011, 15 min.  TED Talks: Skylar Tibbits: The emergence of 4D printing April 2013, 8 min.  TEDxTalks: 3D printing and its applications: Wilfried Vancraen, 28Apr 2012, 17 min.  TEDxSalzburg: State of the Art in 3D printing - Siavash Mahdavi, 28Oct 2012, 15 min.  TheCreators Project: Leaders Of The 3D Printing Revolution 14Jan 2013, 7 min.  University Sheffield: Additive Manufacturing, 18Dec 2012, 7 min.  Virgina Tech: Creating the Next-Gen Designers / Manufacturing Via additive Manufacturing, (Registration required), 19March2013, 55 min. 58 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 VIDEO: Skylar Tibbits: The emergence of "4D printing" TED Blog: 7 talks on the wonder of 3D printing
  • 59. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Videos on Metal Applications  3TRPD - Metal 3D Printing and 3T's Metal 3D Printing Process and Metal part being built using Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing)  ARCAM - Direct Manufacturing Electron Beam Melting  CSIRO Titanium additive manufacturing layer by layer  Design World Video: Morris Technologies at the Rapid Conference & Exposition  Discovery Channel: How It's Made 3D Metal Printing  ExOne: ExOne Metal Printing Process  GPI Prototype: Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) Overview  Morris Technologies: DMLS  NASA: Space Launch System Using Futuristic Tech to Build Rockets  RPM Associates: Laser Deposition Technology 59 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 VIDEO: GPI Prototype: Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) Overview
  • 60. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Reports & White Papers (page 1/2)  Disney Research - Printed Optics: 3D Printing of Embedded Optical Elements for Interactive Devices, 10 pages, Jul2012  Educause - 7 Things You Should Know About 3D Printing, 2 pages, Jul2012  Gilmore & Company - Three Dimensional Thinking, 2 pages, Dec2012  Institute for Emerging Innovation - What's the Deal with Copywright and 3D Printing? by Michael Weinberg, 23 pages, Jan2013  Envision, Inc. - 3D Printing Makes the Impossible Possible, 2 pages, Oct2011  Institute for National Strategic Studies - Toward the Printed World: Additive Manufacturing and Implications for National Security, by McNulty, Arnas, and Campbell, Sept2012  Nixon Peabody, LLP - 3D printing: new “disruptive technology” raises serious, intellectual property questions, By John A. Chatowski, 2 pages, Dec2012  Science and Technology Policy Institute - Additive Manufacturing: Status and Opportunities, by Justin Scott, et al., 2012  T Rowe Price - A Brief History of 3D Printing, 2 pages, May2012  Technology Strategy Board - Inspiring new design freedoms in additive manufacturing/3D printing, Competition for Collaborative R&D Funding, Oct2012 60 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Institute for National Strategic Studies Toward the Printed World: Additive Manufacturing and Implications for National Security
  • 61. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Reports & White Papers (page 2/2)  Technology Strategy Board - Shaping our National Competency in Additive Manufacturing, by the Additive Manufacturing Special Interest Group, 36 pages, Nov2012  The Center for Climate and Security - The 3D Printing Revolution, Climate Change and National Security: An Opportunity for U.S. Leadership, by Werrell and Femia, Dec2012, 11 pages  The Economist - Additive manufacturing - Solid Print, Making things with a 3D printer changes the rules of manufacturing, Apr2012  The Work Foundation (Lancaster University) - Why Britain needs a policy framework for 3D printing, by Sissons and Thompson, 38 pages, Oct2012  University College London - 3D-Printing of Non- Assembly, Articulated Models, 8 pages, Sept2012  US DOE - Additive Manufacturing: Pursuing the Promise, 2 pages, Aug2012  Wyse Institute - Jennifer A. Lewis, pioneer in 3D printing and bioinspired materials, joins Harvard faculty, 2 pages, Jan2013 61 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Technology Strategy Board - Shaping our National Competency in Additive Manufacturing, by the Additive Manufacturing Special Interest Group
  • 62. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Articles (page 1/2)  3D Printing Industry.com: 3D Printing has Reached the Upper Echelons of US Politics — 2013 State of the Union Address, By Rachel Park, February 13, 2013,  3ders.org: Top 100 websites 2012 in 3D Printing Industry, 9Dec2012  Ceramic Industry - Introduction to Additive Manufacturing, By Cheyne Hoag, Holly Shulman Ph.D., and Drew Spradling December 3, 2012  CNCKing.com Blog: 3D Printer Additive Technology Overview, May 2012  ComputerWeekly.com - How 3D printing impacts manufacturing, by Kathleen Hall, February 2013  DesignNews.com - 3D Printing Flies High, by Ann R. Thryft, Senior Technical Editor, Materials & Assembly, October, 15, 2012  ExplainingTheFuture.com - 3D Printing  Forbes - How HP Could Reinvent 3D Printing...and Itself, Steve Faktor, Contributor, October 2012  Forbes: Manufacturing The Future: 10 Trends To Come In 3D Printing, 07 Dec 2012  Harvard Business Review, 3-D Printing Will Change the World, by Richard A. D'Aveni, Bakala Professor of Strategy at Dartmouth’s Tuck School of Business, March 2013  IEEE Spectrum: A 3-D Printer for Human Embryonic Stem Cells, 2 Apr 2013 62 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 ComputerWeekly.com - How 3D printing impacts manufacturing, by Kathleen Hall, February 2013
  • 63. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Articles (page 2/2)  Inc. Magazine: 3D Printing: Everything You Need to Know 14Feb2013  Industry Week - Additive Manufacturing in the Spotlight, by Travis Hessman, September 2012  Inventing the Future: Intellectual Property and 3D Printing, by Matthew Rimmer, October 18, 2012  iPurchase - 7 Ways that Additive Manufacturing is Changing How and What We Design, By Joan Lockhart, VP of Marketing, Geomagic, September 2012  Machine Design - The changing face of 3D printing, Leslie Gordon, Senior Editor, February 2013,  NPR: From Guns To Chocolate: The Possibilities Of 3-D Printing, 21 FEB 2013  PHYSorg.com: Building a lunar base with 3D printing, 31 Jan 2013  Plastics News: Additive manufacturing market hits $1.7 billion, By: Bill Bregar, June 6, 2012  Seeking Alpha: 3D Printing's Intersection Of Promise And Reality: An Interview With Terry Wohlers, 26Feb2013  TCT Manufacturing, The 3D printing reality distortion field, by Joris Peels, February 26, 2013,  Wired: Why 3-D Printing Won’t Turn Your Home Into a Factory 21Mar2013, 63 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Inc. Magazine: 3D Printing: Everything You Need to Know 14Feb2013
  • 64. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Articles & Websites for Metal Applications  3D Systems: Direct Metal SLM  Additive3D: Direct Additive Fabrication of Metal Parts and Injection Molds  Business Insider: GE Is So Stoked About 3D Printing, They're Using It To Make Parts For Jet Engines  Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin: Selective Laser Sintering, Birth of an Industry  ExtremeTech: NASA 3D prints rocket parts — with steel, not plastic  GE Oil & Gas: Additive Manufacturing: the roots of a revolution  GPI Prototype & Manufacturing Services: DMLS - Direct Metal Laser Sintering  Machinery: Not fast enough  MIT Technology Review: Additive Manufacturing - GE, the world's largest manufacturer is on the verge of using 3-D printing to make jet parts  Morris Technologies (now part of GE Aviation): DMLS : Additive Metal Manufacturing and EBM  CRP Technology: Selective Laser Melting and Electronic Beam Melting  PomGroup: DM3D Technology  Rapid Ready Technology: Articles tagged "Electron Beam Melting (EBM)”  Sandia National Laboraties: Laser Engineered Net Shaping  Sandvik Materials Technology: Metal powder for all additive manufacturing techniques  Wikipedia: Electron beam melting and Selective laser melting and Selective laser sintering and Direct metal laser sintering and Laser engineered net shaping 64 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 MIT Technology Review: Additive Manufacturing - GE, the world's largest manufacturer is on the verge of using 3-D printing to make jet parts
  • 65. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Slide Decks & Presentations (page 1/2)  3D Printing, Design Intuition by Katie Hatch, 6 slides, Jan2012  3D Printing & Additive Manufacturing, “Extending your printing capability in true 3D”, by Dr Phil Reeves, Econolyst Ltd, UK, June2012, 66 slides  3D Printing: A New Disruptive Technology? Legal Challenges and Questions, Eckert Seamans, 77 slides, May2012  3D Printers, bio-printers and physibles, by Stephen Larroque, Univ. Pierre-and-Marie Curie of Paris, 53 pages, Dec2012  3D Printing: Edge Manufacturing , by Patrick Seaman and Chris Norman, Pepperwood, 32 slides, Mar2013  3D Printing - from bits to atoms, by Massimo Menichinelli, 86 pages, Oct2012  3D Printing Is Just the Beginning: The Future of Makerspaces within Academic Libraries, by Lisa Kurt and Tod Colegrove, Univ. of Nevada, Reno , 63 slides, Nov2012  3D Printing Overview, by Schuyler St. Leger and Jim St. Leger, 21 slides, April2011  3D Printing/Scanning - from atoms to bits and back, by Massimo Menichinelli, 110 pages, May2012  Additive Manufacturing / 3D Printing and CAD, by Yudhi Ariadi, 42 slides, Jan2013  Additive Manufacturing (3D printing Technology), by Qi (Kevin) Ge, Univ. of Colorado, 12 slides, Jan2013 65 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Eckert Seamans 3D Printing: A New Disruptive Technology? Legal Challenges and Questions,
  • 66. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Slide Decks & Presentations (page 2/2)  Additive Manufacturing, by Chad Duty, Ph.D., Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US DOE, 21 slides, Mar2013  Applications of 3D Printing (PI), by Wood & Gibbons, WMG Innovative Solutions, 27 slides, Oct2012  History of Additive Manufacturing, by Peter Troxler, 13 slides, Sept2012  How 3D printing will revolutionize the world and the retail industry, by Emmanuel Vivier, 51 slides, Mar2013  How 3D Printers are Used for Design and Manufacturing, Stratasys, 22 slides, Oct2012  Putting 3D Printing into your value stream: opportunities for new business models, by Dr Phil Reeves, Econolyst Ltd, UK, 60 slides, Oct2012  Rapid prototyping, by Arvind Deshpande, 27 slides, Apr2012  The Business Case for 3D Printing - How to profit from 3D printing technology, by Don Carli, Nima Hunter Inc., 26 slides, Dec2012  The Future of 3D Printing, by Jeff Nevi, Apr2012, 10 slides  The Impact of 3D on Retail, by Alan Thys, FutureLab, 32 Slides, Mar2013  Trends and visions in 3D printing community, by Jarkko Moilanen, WANT3D, 25 slides, Jun2012 66 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Econolyst Ltd Putting 3D Printing into your value stream: opportunities for new business models
  • 67. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Other Websites, Portals, and Organizations (page 1/2)  3D Printing Industry  3D Printing Reviews  3Ders.org  Additive Manufacturing  Additive Manufacturing Consortium  Additive Manufacturing Users Group  American Council of Independent Laboratories  American National Standards Institute  American Society of Mechanical Engineers  American Society of Engineering & Education  American Society of Testing Materials  Association for Manufacturing Technology  ASTM International  Design News 67 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 3Ders.org
  • 68. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Other Websites, Portals, and Organizations (page 2/2)  Engineering.com  Mashable  Materials Information Society  National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Institute  National Center for Manufacturing Sciences  National Tooling & Machining Association  On 3D Printing  Rapid Prototyping  RapidTech  Science Daily  Society of Manufacturing Engineers  Society of Women Engineers  Wired 68 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Institute
  • 69. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Industry Events  April 9-10 Rapid Prototyping Conference, Movenpick Hotel, Amsterdam  April 14-18 Additive Manufacturing Users Group Conference, Jacksonville, FL  April 22-23 Inside 3D Printing Conference & Expo, Javits Convention Center, New York City  May 8-9 NCDMM Summit 2013, Blairsville, PA  May 14 - Rapid.Tech 2013, Erfurt, Germany  June 10-13 RAPID, David Lawrence Convention Center, Pittsburgh, PA  June 12-13 Amerimold, Donald E. Stephens Center, Rosemont, IL  July 9-10 Additive Manufacturing & 3D Printing International Conference, Nottingham, UK  September 25-26 TCT Show + Personalize, Birmingham, UK  November 2012 3D Print Show, London (November 7-9), Paris (November 15-16), New York (2014)  Calendar of other events http://www.additive3d.com/conf.htm 69 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 June 10-13 RAPID, David Lawrence Convention Center, Pittsburgh, PA
  • 70. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Books  3D CAD with Autodesk 123D: Designing for 3D Printing, Laser Cutting, and Personal Fabrication, by Jesse Harrington Au, Published by MAKE, June 22, 2013  3D Printing: The Next Industrial Revolution, by Christopher Barnatt, May2013  3D Printing: The Next Technology Gold Rush - Future Factories and How to Capitalize on Distributed Manufacturing, by Christopher Winnan, Jan 2013  Additive Manufacturing Technologies: Rapid Prototyping to Direct Digital Manufacturing, by Ian Gibson (Author), David W. Rosen (Author), Brent Stucker Published by Springer, New York, December 2009  Fabricated: The New World of 3D Printing, by Melba Kuman and Hod Lipson, Published by Wiley, Publication Date: February 11, 2013  From Bits to Pieces: The Business Innovation Opportunities of 3D Printing, by Peter Keen, Jan 2013 70 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 3D Printing: The Next Industrial Revolution
  • 71. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Books  Getting Started with MakerBot, by Pettis, France, and Shergill, Published by O'Reilly Media, Dec2012  Make: Ultimate Guide to 3D Printing, Published by the Editors of MAKE, Dec2012  Makers: The New Industrial Revolution, by Chris Anderson, Published by Crown Business, Oct2012  The New Industrial Revolution: Consumers, Globalization and the End of Mass Production, by Peter Marsh, Published by Yale University Press, Jul2012  Practical 3D Printers: The Science and Art of 3D Printing, by Brian Evans, Published by Apress, Aug2012  Printing in Plastic: Build Your Own 3D Printer, by Patrick Hood-Daniel and James Floyd Kelly, Published by Apress, Jun2011  Understanding Additive Manufacturing : Rapid Prototyping, Rapid Tooling, Rapid Manufacturing, by Andreas Gebhardt, Published by Hanser Gardner, Jan2012 71 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Practical 3D Printers: The Science and Art of 3D Printing, by Brian Evans
  • 72. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – Selected Industry Influencers 72 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013 Source: The TCT Magazine Top 20 Most Influential People in Rapid Technologies and Bill Chamberlin, iBM Name Company Wikipedia Twitter Nadra Angerman Angerman Communications Nadra Angerman Adrian Bowyer Bath University & RepRap Adrian_Bowyer Adrianbowyer Scott Crump Stratasys S._Scott_Crump S._Scott_Crump Andras Forgacs Organovo and Modern Meadow atforgacs Ping Fu Geomagic Ping_Fu pfugeomagic Todd Grimm T.A. Grimm and Associates Lisa Harouni Digital Forming LisaHarouni Neil Hopkinson The University of Sheffield Chuck Hull 3D Systems Chuck_Hull Dan Johns Bloudhound SSC Hans Langer EOS Bre Pettis MakerBot Bre_Pettis Bre Jeremy Pullin Renishaw Jezpullin Gary Rabinovitz Reebok & AMUG Avi Reichental 3D Systems David Reis Object Alice Taylor MakieLab Alice_Taylor Graham Tromans G.P. Tromans Associates Wilfried Vancraen Materialise Peter Weijmarshausen Shapeways weijmarshausen Terry Wohlers Wohlers Associates
  • 73. © 2013 IBM Corporation IBM Market Development & Insights 3D Printing – LinkedIn  LinkedIn Groups: – 3D Printing – 6647 members – Additive Manufacturing (AM) Rapid Prototyping (RP) – 2935 Members – 3D Rapid Prototyping 3DRP – 1711 Members – 3D Printing Guild – 1711 Members – TCT + Personalize - 3D Printing & Additive Manufacturing Network – 1401 Members – ACG - 3D Imaging, 3D Printing, Rapid Prototyping & Additive Manufacturing - 1503 Members – 3D Printing for Architects – 860 Members – Medical Additive Manufacturing & Rapid Prototyping – 566 Members – Additive Manufacturing Users Group (AMUG) – 413 Members – National Additive Manufacturing Innovation Institute (NAMII) - 251 Members  LinkedIn Skills search: 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing  People Keyword Search: – “3D Printing” – 11,783 Results – “Additive Manufacturing” – 2,239 Results  People Title Search Search: – “3D Printing” – 99 Results – “Additive Manufacturing” – 81 Results 73 3D Printing / Additive Manufacturing: A HorizonWatching Emerging Trend Report09May2013

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