Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
11
Back            1) WHAT DOES THAW MEAN?  WHAT DOES THAW HAVE TO DO WITH THE COLD WAR?When you get frozen meat out of your ...
1       COLD WAR THAWSWhat does Thaw mean?
1       COLD WAR THAWSWhat does Thaw mean?
1       COLD WAR THAWSWhat does Thaw mean?   Warming of relations
Back
Back                 2) WHAT WAS BRINKMANSHIP & DETENTE?         Two words that define the mood of Cold War diplomatic rel...
2Reference Meaning   Term   DefinitionCOLDWARM
2Reference Meaning   Term   DefinitionCOLD       Bad            WARM      Better           
2Reference Meaning   Term   DefinitionCOLD       Bad            WARM      Better           
2Reference Meaning     Term         DefinitionCOLD       Bad      Brinkmanship            WARM      Better     Détente   ...
2Reference Meaning      Term             DefinitionCOLD       Bad      Brinkmanship a) Pushing an enemy to                ...
2Reference Meaning     Term               DefinitionCOLD       Bad      Brinkmanship •    Pushing an enemy to             ...
Back
3                               De-Stalinization                                                  Back                    ...
3    What was De-Stalinization?
3            De-StalinizationAfter Stalin’s death, Khrushchev denounced many ofStalin’s actions as being harmful, wrong an...
Back
USSR Leader                                                          Chinese Leader      Nikita Khrushchev                ...
Chinese Leader                          7 Years later                                            Mao ZeDong               ...
4    What caused the Russian &    Chinese Communist Split?
China & Russia Split  USSR Leader                    Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev                  Mao ZeDong
China & Russia Split                   Hello Comrade  USSR Leader                      Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev     ...
China & Russia Split                      Yes, Hello Comrade  USSR Leader                              Chinese LeaderNikit...
China & Russia Split                   It is good to show the                       world communist                      b...
China & Russia Split                   Yes, and since we                   are communist we                    share every...
China & Russia Split                    Da! Da! Da! We are                   equal partners, unlike                     se...
China & Russia Split                   Since we are equal and                   we share… you will give                   ...
China & Russia Split                     Nyet! I mean… well, We                      will share our nuclear               ...
China & Russia Split                      But we are equals...                       We should share…                   Ar...
China & Russia Split                   How dare you question our                   Communism! You Chinese                 ...
China & Russia Split                   How could they be our                   missiles if you wont give                  ...
China & Russia Split StupidstubbornChinese!                    How could they be our                    missiles if you wo...
China & Russia Split StupidstubbornChinese!                      Our position is clear and                    right… you C...
China & Russia Split                                                  Sneaky                                              ...
China & Russia Split  We Americans should   cause further division  between China and the          USSR                   ...
China & Russia Split                   Nyet                    !  USSR Leader                    Chinese LeaderNikita Khru...
China & Russia Split                            Yes!  USSR Leader                      Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev     ...
China & Russia Split                   Nyet                    !  USSR Leader                    Chinese LeaderNikita Khru...
China & Russia Split  Let’s step in and play the         “China Card”                               Yes!  USSR Leader     ...
SOME YEARS LATER… like 1972
China & Russia Split                Hi Mao, want to hang out?                 Them Russians are treating                  ...
China & Russia Split                 Hi Mao, want to hang out?                 Them Russians are treating you             ...
China & Russia Split                 Hi Mao, want to hang out?                 Them Russians are treating                 ...
China & Russia Split                Yes, now I can apply the idea                 of   _______ to the Cold                ...
H2)     Guess the Term5)4)3)2)1)
H2)               Guess the Term5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4)3)2)1)
H2)                Guess the Term5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4) Not associated with Truman, Eisenhower, JFK an...
H2)                Guess the Term5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4) Not associated with Truman, Eisenhower, JFK an...
H2)                Guess the Term5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4) Not associated with Truman, Eisenhower, JFK an...
H2)                 Guess the Term5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4) Not associated with Truman, Eisenhower, JFK a...
DÉTENTE                           H2)5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4) Not associated with Truman, Eisenhower, JF...
China & Russia Split                Yes, now I can apply the idea                  of DETENTE to the Cold                 ...
4         What caused the Russian &         Chinese Communist Split?a) Mao asked for Russian bomb planssince both are comm...
Back
5-8) What are the USSR Satellites Nations? BackThe USSR Satellites were Eastern European nations behind the Iron Curtain t...
5         USSR Satellite Countries What?Who?Where? Want? USSRReaction?(Brezhnev)
5         USSR Satellite Countries What?       “Independent” eastern European countries really             dominated and c...
6         USSR Satellite Countries What?       “Independent” eastern European countries really             dominated and c...
6         USSR Satellite Countries What?       “Independent” eastern European countries really             dominated and c...
7         USSR Satellite Countries What?       “Independent” eastern European countries really             dominated and c...
7         USSR Satellite Countries What?       “Independent” eastern European countries really             dominated and c...
8         USSR Satellite Countries What?       “Independent” eastern European countries really             dominated and c...
8         USSR Satellite Countries What?       “Independent” eastern European countries really             dominated and c...
8         USSR Satellite Countries What?       “Independent” eastern European countries really             dominated and c...
8         USSR Satellite Countries What?     “Independent” eastern European countries really           dominated and contr...
8         USSR Satellite Countries What?     “Independent” eastern European countries really           dominated and contr...
Back
Who are these 2 guys?
9-10) TWO ANTI-COMMUNIST APPROACHES                                                                    Back   The US presi...
9     Two Anti-Communist Approaches    NIXON           REAGAN    1968 -1974      1980 - 1988    A)              A)    B)  ...
9     Two Anti-Communist Approaches    NIXON                    REAGAN    1968 -1974               1980 - 1988    A) Déten...
Two Anti-Communist ApproachesNIXON                         REAGAN1968 -1974                    1980 - 1988A) Détente = Les...
9     Two Anti-Communist Approaches    NIXON                         REAGAN    1968 -1974                    1980 - 1988  ...
Two Anti-Communist ApproachesNIXON                       REAGAN1968 -1974                  1980 - 1988A) Détente = Less Te...
9     Two Anti-Communist Approaches    NIXON                       REAGAN    1968 -1974                  1980 - 1988    A)...
9     Two Anti-Communist Approaches    NIXON                         REAGAN    1968 -1974                    1980 - 1988  ...
Back
10                                                Back         Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on ___________.B) _____...
10       Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) _____ does the same.C) Make _____ spend $ on ___________.D) USS...
10          Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make _____ spend $ on ___________.D) U...
10       Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has ...
10       Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has ...
10       Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has ...
10        Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has...
10        Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has...
10       Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has ...
10             Reagan’s Theory                                        Back                                                ...
9-10) TWO ANTI-COMMUNIST APPROACHES                                                                    Back   The US presi...
Back
11                                 YOUR OPINION                                  Back1) What is your opinion of the Reagan...
Cold War Thaws
Cold War Thaws
Cold War Thaws
Cold War Thaws
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Cold War Thaws

1,179

Published on

Check out our World History presentations at WorldHistoryPresentations.Blogspot.com

Wh 2011 cw 98 thaws june 1 2011

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,179
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Cold War Thaws"

  1. 1. 11
  2. 2. Back 1) WHAT DOES THAW MEAN? WHAT DOES THAW HAVE TO DO WITH THE COLD WAR?When you get frozen meat out of your refrigerator and put it on the kitchen table, thefrozen meat begins to melt or THAW. When you put an ice cube on a table, it begins toTHAW. It begins to warm up. The Cold War begins to THAW in the 1970s. Thismeans that the relationship between the USSR and the USA begins to warm up. In otherwords, the Cold War relations improve.
  3. 3. 1 COLD WAR THAWSWhat does Thaw mean?
  4. 4. 1 COLD WAR THAWSWhat does Thaw mean?
  5. 5. 1 COLD WAR THAWSWhat does Thaw mean? Warming of relations
  6. 6. Back
  7. 7. Back 2) WHAT WAS BRINKMANSHIP & DETENTE? Two words that define the mood of Cold War diplomatic relations between the two superpowers wereBrinkmanship and Détente. Brinkmanship is an intimidation strategy to push an enemy to the point of a disaster. Thestrategy is to push an enemy to the ‘brink’ or to the edge and by doing so the hope is the enemy will back down to avoid allout disaster. Of course, this strategy runs the risk of all out nuclear war. In other words, two sides using immense pressureto get opposing to back down can lead to one of the sides not backing down but responding militarily and thus triggeringnuclear war on the most tragic of scales. Examples of Brinkmanship are the Cuban Missile Crisis and Berlin Wall Crisis atCheck Point Charlie. Leaders often associated with Brinkmanship are John Kennedy (US) and Nikita Khrushchev (USSR).The policy of Brinkmanship is usually associated with the early part years of the Cold War (1950s – early 60s). Détente is a French word meaning “relaxation” and is another Cold War strategy that developed after Brinkmanship(associated with later 60s and 1970s). It is a very different approach than Brinkmanship. Détente was formed as a result ofthe intense and near disastrous Cuban Missile Crisis and Berlin Wall Crisis. Neither was likely to change the others’ mind.Thus, Détente proposed both superpowers needed to learn how to cooperate and co-exist with each other. It was in theinterest of the 2 superpowers, humanity and the world for such an approach to be taken. Détente is often associated withlongtime Soviet Leader Brezhnev and President Richard Nixon of the late 1960s and early 1970s and Jimmy Carter of thelate 1970s. Détente was intended to warm up relations and hopefully decrease tension between super powers.
  8. 8. 2Reference Meaning Term DefinitionCOLDWARM
  9. 9. 2Reference Meaning Term DefinitionCOLD Bad WARM Better 
  10. 10. 2Reference Meaning Term DefinitionCOLD Bad WARM Better 
  11. 11. 2Reference Meaning Term DefinitionCOLD Bad Brinkmanship WARM Better Détente 
  12. 12. 2Reference Meaning Term DefinitionCOLD Bad Brinkmanship a) Pushing an enemy to the point of disaster WARM Better Détente a) Less tension  b) Flexible to differences c) Realist politics
  13. 13. 2Reference Meaning Term DefinitionCOLD Bad Brinkmanship • Pushing an enemy to the point of disaster  • Create immense pressure until one side backs downWARM Better Détente a) Less tension  b) Flexible to differences c) Realist politics d) French word for relaxation
  14. 14. Back
  15. 15. 3 De-Stalinization Back BackAfter Stalin’s death, Khrushchev denounced many of Stalin’s actions as being harmful, wrong and againstLeninist / communist ideals. He denounced the gulag system under Stalin and allowed for the publishing ofOne Day In The Life of Ivan Denisovich, a classic about the horrors of Stalin’s gulags. Under Khrushchev,the Soviet Union was more open and less censored than under Stalin. By the time Khrushchev left power, theSoviet Union was not the harsh totalitarian state it was under Stalin. However, more hardliner communists likeBrezhnev viewed Khrushchev as a failure that made the Soviet Union weaker. Thus, Brezhnev returned tomore harsh governmental practices. Brezhnev
  16. 16. 3 What was De-Stalinization?
  17. 17. 3 De-StalinizationAfter Stalin’s death, Khrushchev denounced many ofStalin’s actions as being harmful, wrong and againstLeninist / communist ideals.
  18. 18. Back
  19. 19. USSR Leader Chinese Leader Nikita Khrushchev 4 China & Russia Split 4 Mao Zedong 2. Yes, Hello Comrade Back China & Russia Split1. Hello Mao3. It is good to show the world communist 4. Yes, and since we are communist we brothers together! share everything5. Da! Da! Da! We are equal partners, 6. Since we are equal and we share… you unlike selfish capitalists! will give us nuclear weapons, yes?7. Nyet! I mean… well, We will share our 8. But we are equals...We should share… nuclear missiles by protecting you Are you a true communist? from imperialist Americans. 10. How could they be our missiles if you9. How dare you question our Communism! wont give them to us? You Chinese should just follow our lead… our missiles are your missiles 12. No, I think we will go our own way. in that they will protect you. 14. Yes!11. Our position is clear and right… you Chinese should follow it! 16. Yes! 18. Sneaky stubborn Russians13. Nyet!15. Nyet! 19. We Americans should cause 17. Stupid stubborn further division between the Chinese! communists in China and the USSR 7 Years later New leader USA Leader Richard Nixon
  20. 20. Chinese Leader 7 Years later Mao ZeDong New leader 21. Hi, Nixon and America! Yes, let’s hang out. USSR Leader Brezhnev Back22. I no like! Maybe I talk Nixon too, yes! 23. Yes, now I can apply 20. Hi Mao, want to hang out?the idea of DETENTE Them Russians are treating to the Cold War China & Russia Split you wrong. The US won’t! 24. What is DÉTENTE: 1. Associated more with Nixon and Carter 2. Not associated with Truman, Eisenhower, JFK and Reagan 3. “ Warming” of the Cold War 4. Opposite of Brinkmanship 5. General reduction of tension between Soviet Union & USA
  21. 21. 4 What caused the Russian & Chinese Communist Split?
  22. 22. China & Russia Split USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  23. 23. China & Russia Split Hello Comrade USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  24. 24. China & Russia Split Yes, Hello Comrade USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  25. 25. China & Russia Split It is good to show the world communist brothers together! USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  26. 26. China & Russia Split Yes, and since we are communist we share everything USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  27. 27. China & Russia Split Da! Da! Da! We are equal partners, unlike selfish capitalists! USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  28. 28. China & Russia Split Since we are equal and we share… you will give up nuclears weapons, yes? USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  29. 29. China & Russia Split Nyet! I mean… well, We will share our nuclear missiles by protecting you from imperialist Americans. USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  30. 30. China & Russia Split But we are equals... We should share… Are you a true communist? USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  31. 31. China & Russia Split How dare you question our Communism! You Chinese should just follow our lead… our missiles are your missiles in that they will protect you. USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  32. 32. China & Russia Split How could they be our missiles if you wont give them to us? USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  33. 33. China & Russia Split StupidstubbornChinese! How could they be our missiles if you wont give them to us? USSR Leader Chinese Leader Nikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  34. 34. China & Russia Split StupidstubbornChinese! Our position is clear and right… you Chinese should follow it! USSR Leader Chinese Leader Nikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  35. 35. China & Russia Split Sneaky stubborn Russians No, I think we will go our own way. USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  36. 36. China & Russia Split We Americans should cause further division between China and the USSR No, I think we will go our own way. USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  37. 37. China & Russia Split Nyet ! USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  38. 38. China & Russia Split Yes! USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  39. 39. China & Russia Split Nyet ! USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  40. 40. China & Russia Split Let’s step in and play the “China Card” Yes! USSR Leader Chinese LeaderNikita Khruschev Mao ZeDong
  41. 41. SOME YEARS LATER… like 1972
  42. 42. China & Russia Split Hi Mao, want to hang out? Them Russians are treating you wrong. The US won’t!USSR Leader Chinese Leader Brezhnev Mao ZeDong
  43. 43. China & Russia Split Hi Mao, want to hang out? Them Russians are treating you wrong. We, Americans won’t! Hi, Nixon and America! Yes, let’s hang out.USSR Leader Chinese Leader Brezhnev Mao ZeDong
  44. 44. China & Russia Split Hi Mao, want to hang out? Them Russians are treating you wrong. We won’t! I no like! Maybe I talk Nixon too, yes! Hi, Nixon and America! Yes, let’s hang out.USSR Leader Chinese Leader Brezhnev Mao ZeDong
  45. 45. China & Russia Split Yes, now I can apply the idea of _______ to the Cold WarUSSR Leader Chinese Leader Brezhnev Mao ZeDong
  46. 46. H2) Guess the Term5)4)3)2)1)
  47. 47. H2) Guess the Term5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4)3)2)1)
  48. 48. H2) Guess the Term5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4) Not associated with Truman, Eisenhower, JFK and Reagan3)2)1)
  49. 49. H2) Guess the Term5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4) Not associated with Truman, Eisenhower, JFK and Reagan3) “ Warming” of the Cold War2)1)
  50. 50. H2) Guess the Term5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4) Not associated with Truman, Eisenhower, JFK and Reagan3) “ Warming” of the Cold War2) Opposite of Brinkmanship1)
  51. 51. H2) Guess the Term5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4) Not associated with Truman, Eisenhower, JFK and Reagan3) “ Warming” of the Cold War2) Opposite of Brinkmanship1) General reduction of tension between Soviet Union & USA
  52. 52. DÉTENTE H2)5) Associated more with Nixon and Carter4) Not associated with Truman, Eisenhower, JFK and Reagan3) “ Warming” of the Cold War2) Opposite of Brinkmanship Back1) General reduction of tension between Soviet Union and USA
  53. 53. China & Russia Split Yes, now I can apply the idea of DETENTE to the Cold WarUSSR Leader Chinese Leader Brezhnev Mao ZeDong
  54. 54. 4 What caused the Russian & Chinese Communist Split?a) Mao asked for Russian bomb planssince both are communist and theyshould share, even bomb plans.b) Russian said they would protect theirfellow communists and there was noneed for China to have a bomb.
  55. 55. Back
  56. 56. 5-8) What are the USSR Satellites Nations? BackThe USSR Satellites were Eastern European nations behind the Iron Curtain that wereunder the sphere of influence of the USSR. While these nations, also known as theEastern Bloc, did have their own communist governments, they were under directcontrol from Moscow. They nations included Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia,Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria.During the Cold War, populations in these nations did rise up to defy Soviet control.Most noticeably was the Hungarian Revolt of 1956 and the 1968 Czech Uprising. TheHungarians were demanding free elections and Soviet troops out. The Czechs soughtloosen censorship and openness to new ideas. (Ask Mr P about how he was almost killed Budapest in 1996 b/c of the Hungarian Revolt of 1956 but was saved by some Korean )Both movements were severely crushed. Soviet leader Brezhnev ordered tanks to roll inand crush these mass democratic street protests by the native people. Unlike hispredecessor Khrushchev, Brezhnev went back to more Stalinistic treatment of people.Under Brezhnev, nothing will harm communism, revolts will be crushed, human rightswill be violated and free speech will not exist.
  57. 57. 5 USSR Satellite Countries What?Who?Where? Want? USSRReaction?(Brezhnev)
  58. 58. 5 USSR Satellite Countries What? “Independent” eastern European countries really dominated and controlled by Moscow, USSRWho?Where? Want? USSRReaction?(Brezhnev)
  59. 59. 6 USSR Satellite Countries What? “Independent” eastern European countries really dominated and controlled by Moscow, USSRWho? GROUP 6 tell CLASS THE ANSWER TO THIS.Where? USE MAPS ON NEXT FEW SLIDES Want? USSRReaction?(Brezhnev)
  60. 60. 6 USSR Satellite Countries What? “Independent” eastern European countries really dominated and controlled by Moscow, USSRWho? Poland, Hungary, East Germany,Where? Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria Want? Group 7 – Tell class the answers USSRReaction?(Brezhnev)
  61. 61. 7 USSR Satellite Countries What? “Independent” eastern European countries really dominated and controlled by Moscow, USSRWho? Poland, Hungary, East Germany,Where? Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria Want? Hungary – 1956 Czech -1968 USSRReaction?(Brezhnev)
  62. 62. 7 USSR Satellite Countries What? “Independent” eastern European countries really dominated and controlled by Moscow, USSRWho? Poland, Hungary, East Germany,Where? Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria Want? Hungary – 1956 Czech -1968 USSRReaction?(Brezhnev)
  63. 63. 8 USSR Satellite Countries What? “Independent” eastern European countries really dominated and controlled by Moscow, USSRWho? Poland, Hungary, East Germany,Where? Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria Want? Hungary – 1956 Free elections & Soviet troops out Czech -1968 Loosen censorship & openness to new ideas USSRReaction? Group 8 – Tell class the answers(Brezhnev)
  64. 64. 8 USSR Satellite Countries What? “Independent” eastern European countries really dominated and controlled by Moscow, USSR Who? Poland, Hungary, East Germany, Where? Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria Want? Hungary – 1956 Free elections & Soviet troops out Czech -1968 Loosen censorship & openness to new ideas USSR a) crushed revoltsReaction?(Brezhnev)
  65. 65. 8 USSR Satellite Countries What? “Independent” eastern European countries really dominated and controlled by Moscow, USSR Who? Poland, Hungary, East Germany, Where? Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria Want? Hungary – 1956 Free elections & Soviet troops out Czech -1968 Loosen censorship & openness to new ideas USSR a) crushed revoltsReaction? b) violation of basic human rights(Brezhnev)
  66. 66. 8 USSR Satellite Countries What? “Independent” eastern European countries really dominated and controlled by Moscow, USSR Who? Poland, Hungary, East Germany, Where? Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria Want? Hungary – 1956 Free elections & Soviet troops out Czech -1968 Loosen censorship & openness to new ideas USSR a) crushed revoltsReaction? b) violation of basic human rights(Brezhnev) c) no freedom of speech
  67. 67. 8 USSR Satellite Countries What? “Independent” eastern European countries really dominated and controlled by Moscow, USSRWho? Poland, Hungary, East Germany,Where? Czechoslovakia, Romania, Bulgaria Want? Hungary – 1956 Free elections & Soviet troops out Czech -1968 Loosen censorship & openness to new ideas USSR • crushed revolts Reaction • violation of basic human rights ? • no freedom of speech(Brezhnev) • NOTHING will harm communism.
  68. 68. Back
  69. 69. Who are these 2 guys?
  70. 70. 9-10) TWO ANTI-COMMUNIST APPROACHES Back The US presidents did not keep one consistent anti-communist approach throughout the Cold War. Two very outspoken anti-communist Republican Presidents were Richard Nixon (1968 – 1974) and Ronald Reagan (1980-1988).Nixon had become President after the policy of Brinkmanship Originally a Hollywood actor, Reagan portrayed himself as a hardcore anti-saw near nuclear war take place with both the Cuban Missile communist tough leader. Unlike Nixon, Reagan felt peace could be achievedCrisis and Berlin Wall under the leadership of Democratic not through cooperation, but competition with the Soviet Union. This led toPresident Kennedy. In addition, the mood of the nation was more tension and mistrust between the two superpowers. The Reaganvery much turned off by the chaotic conflict in Vietnam. Administration’s Theory proposed if the US spent more money on weapons, then the Soviet Union would do the same. The Soviet Union would have lots ofThus, Détente was developed as a policy to create less tension weapons but even less food and supplies for the economically limited Sovietbetween the US and USSR. Nixon’s Administration people. Thus, do to ever increasing poor conditions of the Soviet people, theconcluded that the two superpowers had to become open to communism system would collapse and the US would be the victors of theeach others’ differences. They had to recognize each other as Cold War.they were and learn how to co-exist together. Furthermore,under Détente Nixon pushed to have peace talks to improve Reagan’s plan was criticized for many reasons. Even if Reagan’s theoryrelations. During this time, SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation worked, it might result in an unstable Russia with lots of nuclear weapons,Talks) were held and the superpowers took steps to lower the which might make the world more dangerous. Another problem with Reagan’samount of missiles aimed at each other. plan was in order to bankrupt the Soviet system the US would have to borrow billions upon billions of dollars for weapons. Thus began the massive debtIt also was during this time, the USSR was showing serious problem the US suffers from today.systematic problems. Its future did not look good. Keeping afriendly relation with USSR while it rotted from within Undoubtedly, it was during the Reagan years that Soviet leader Gorbachevseemed like a good course for the US to take. After Nixon began to negotiate an ending to the Cold War. Whether Reagan’s deficitresigned as President, the policy of Détente continued under spending made the USSR collapse or was collapse coming on its own isDemocratic President Jimmy Carter. The 1970s saw a uncertain. What is certain is that the Cold War headed towards a quick endingmovement towards trust and cooperation take place under the under Gorbachev (USSR) and Reagan (US) which resulted in a Soviet UnionSoviet Invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. no longer in existence and the US debt problems here to stay and middle class American economic life gone for good. Which should make Americans ask: Was all the borrowing? debt? weapons? Was it all worth it to ‘win’ the Cold War?
  71. 71. 9 Two Anti-Communist Approaches NIXON REAGAN 1968 -1974 1980 - 1988 A) A) B) B) C) C)
  72. 72. 9 Two Anti-Communist Approaches NIXON REAGAN 1968 -1974 1980 - 1988 A) Détente = Less Tension A) B) B) C) C)
  73. 73. Two Anti-Communist ApproachesNIXON REAGAN1968 -1974 1980 - 1988A) Détente = Less Tension A)B) Open to USSR differences B)C) C)
  74. 74. 9 Two Anti-Communist Approaches NIXON REAGAN 1968 -1974 1980 - 1988 A) Détente = Less Tension A) B) Open to USSR differences B) C) Peace talks & S.A.L.T. C)
  75. 75. Two Anti-Communist ApproachesNIXON REAGAN1968 -1974 1980 - 1988A) Détente = Less Tension A) Star Wars = More TensionB) Open to USSR differences B)C) Peace talks & S.A.L.T. C)
  76. 76. 9 Two Anti-Communist Approaches NIXON REAGAN 1968 -1974 1980 - 1988 A) Détente = Less Tension A) Star Wars = More Tension B) Open to USSR differences B) Compete with USSR C) Peace talks & S.A.L.T. C)
  77. 77. 9 Two Anti-Communist Approaches NIXON REAGAN 1968 -1974 1980 - 1988 A) Détente = Less Tension A) Star Wars = More Tension B) Open to USSR differences B) Compete with USSR C) Peace = talks & S.A.L.T. C) Peace = Competition
  78. 78. Back
  79. 79. 10 Back Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on ___________.B) _____ does the same.C) Make _____ spend $ on ___________.D) USSR has lots of ___________.E) Lots of Soviet ___________ equals little _____ & ___________ for ____________.F) _____ conditions for _____ people.G) ____________ will end.
  80. 80. 10 Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) _____ does the same.C) Make _____ spend $ on ___________.D) USSR has lots of ___________.E) Lots of Soviet ___________ equals little _____ & ___________ for ____________.F) _____ conditions for _____ people.G) ____________ will end.
  81. 81. 10 Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make _____ spend $ on ___________.D) USSR has lots of ___________.E) Lots of Soviet ___________ equals little _____ & ___________ for ____________.F) _____ conditions for _____ people.G) ____________ will end.
  82. 82. 10 Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has lots of ___________.E) Lots of Soviet ___________ equals little _____ & ___________ for ____________.F) _____ conditions for _____ people.G) ____________ will end.
  83. 83. 10 Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has lots of missiles.E) Lots of Soviet ___________ equals little _____ & ___________ for ____________.F) _____ conditions for _____ people.G) ____________ will end.
  84. 84. 10 Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has lots of missiles.E) Lots of Soviet missiles equals little _____ & ___________ for ____________.F) _____ conditions for _____ people.G) ____________ will end.
  85. 85. 10 Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has lots of missiles.E) Lots of Soviet missiles equals little food & supplies for Soviet people.F) _____ conditions for _____ people.G) ____________ will end.
  86. 86. 10 Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has lots of missiles.E) Lots of Soviet missiles equals little food & supplies for Soviet people.F) Poor conditions for Soviet people.G) ____________ will end.
  87. 87. 10 Reagan’s TheoryA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has lots of missiles.E) Lots of Soviet missiles equals little food & supplies for Soviet people.F) Poor conditions for Soviet people.G) Communism will end.
  88. 88. 10 Reagan’s Theory Back BackA) US = spend more $ on weapons.B) USSR does the same.C) Make USSR spend $ on weapons.D) USSR has lots of missiles.E) Lots of Soviet missiles equals little food & supplies for Soviet people.F) Poor conditions for Soviet people.G) Communism will end. ??????????????????
  89. 89. 9-10) TWO ANTI-COMMUNIST APPROACHES Back The US presidents did not keep one consistent anti-communist approach throughout the Cold War. Two very outspoken anti-communist Republican Presidents were Richard Nixon (1968 – 1974) and Ronald Reagan (1980-1988).Nixon had become President after the policy of Brinkmanship Originally a Hollywood actor, Reagan portrayed himself as a hardcore anti-saw near nuclear war take place with both the Cuban Missile communist tough leader. Unlike Nixon, Reagan felt peace could be achievedCrisis and Berlin Wall under the leadership of Democratic not through cooperation, but competition with the Soviet Union. This led toPresident Kennedy. In addition, the mood of the nation was more tension and mistrust between the two superpowers. The Reaganvery much turned off by the chaotic conflict in Vietnam. Administration’s Theory proposed if the US spent more money on weapons, then the Soviet Union would do the same. The Soviet Union would have lots ofThus, Détente was developed as a policy to create less tension weapons but even less food and supplies for the economically limited Sovietbetween the US and USSR. Nixon’s Administration people. Thus, do to ever increasing poor conditions of the Soviet people, theconcluded that the two superpowers had to become open to communism system would collapse and the US would be the victors of theeach others’ differences. They had to recognize each other as Cold War.they were and learn how to co-exist together. Furthermore,under Détente Nixon pushed to have peace talks to improve Reagan’s plan was criticized for many reasons. Even if Reagan’s theoryrelations. During this time, SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation worked, it might result in an unstable Russia with lots of nuclear weapons,Talks) were held and the superpowers took steps to lower the which might make the world more dangerous. Another problem with Reagan’samount of missiles aimed at each other. plan was in order to bankrupt the Soviet system the US would have to borrow billions upon billions of dollars for weapons. Thus began the massive debtIt also was during this time, the USSR was showing serious problem the US suffers from today.systematic problems. Its future did not look good. Keeping afriendly relation with USSR while it rotted from within Undoubtedly, it was during the Reagan years that Soviet leader Gorbachevseemed like a good course for the US to take. After Nixon began to negotiate an ending to the Cold War. Whether Reagan’s deficitresigned as President, the policy of Détente continued under spending made the USSR collapse or was collapse coming on its own isDemocratic President Jimmy Carter. The 1970s saw a uncertain. What is certain is that the Cold War headed towards a quick endingmovement towards trust and cooperation take place under the under Gorbachev (USSR) and Reagan (US) which resulted in a Soviet UnionSoviet Invasion of Afghanistan in 1979. no longer in existence and the US debt problems here to stay and middle class American economic life gone for good. Which should make Americans ask: Was all the borrowing? debt? weapons? Was it all worth it to ‘win’ the Cold War?
  90. 90. Back
  91. 91. 11 YOUR OPINION Back1) What is your opinion of the Reagan Theory? 2) Pick & Explain the best way to stopIs it the best way to end communism? What are communism. the good and bad aspects of it? A) Reagan B) Nixon c) Your own Fill in the boxes. If you write big, write on a separate piece of paper & attach to this sheet. EXPLAIN YOUR CHOICE (1/2 page)
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×