presentation comenius: Europe transition from traditional to modern society Presentation Transcript
Comenius 2009-2011 Europe: Transition from Traditional to Modern Society 19th – 20th
V E and IV Bs Liceo Scientifico Statale “ Galileo Galilei” Potenza, Italy Anno scolastico 2010/2011
Italy celebrates the Unity 1861 - 2011
After Napoleonic campaign, the indipendence wars against Austro-Hungarian Empire, Camillo Benso Earl Cavour was the spokesman of middle class and intellectuals who wanted the political, economic and social liberation from foreign powers . Historical Events
Wiener Neustadt – History of an 800-year-old city
Foundation by the Babenberger In 1192 the Babenberger duke Leopold V. decided to found a very fortified city on the plateau of the southwestern Steinfeld. Apart of the ransommoney of the English King Richard the Lionheart could be used for the construction of this new city. By awarding of important privileges the new city flourished excellently. The establishment of the late-Romanesque parish church “Zu unserer lieben Frau” (To our dear woman) was started in 1200. This church is now known as the Wiener Neustädter dome. In the south-eastern part of the city the castle complex with the four towers, the later military academy, was also built during the reign of the Babenberger.
The woman could not to give not to receive money or other valuable things , she could not receive or refuse inheritances without the man's know ledge. According to pensions laws if the mans died before 15 years of marriage the wife together with the children were remaining without pension, so they were in starvation. If the woman asked for divorce, the law didn't permit to leave the husband's home in the period of the litigation however dangerous this staying could be for her. The husband had the right of custody on children, no matter his condition(however down he could be).
Each ethnographic region has a specific brand of dress as recognition of community members, means of assessing the age and social status .
ROMANIA DURING THE 19 TH CENTURY “ I do not think there is another country where all public and private life has changed more quickly and more completely than here, and especially where all remnants of the past have been covered so thoroughly and quickly.” ( Radu Rosetti- great historian)
BUCHAREST Like the entire country, Bucharest experienced a formidable metamorphosis from 1861 , the date when the city officially became the capital of Romania, to the beginning of the 20 th century. The change from an oriental , medieval city, with tight , narrow streets and neighbourhoods invaded by vegetation, to a modern city was realized in one half of a century through considerable financial effort.
In Ottoman Empire, Headgears are more important than clothes. Because the men’s headgears, used to designate their rank and status. Tarboosh was most important of them.
Sultans of Ottoman used to wear fashionable coats. It called ‘kaftan’. Also they used to wear huge headgears and it called ‘kavuk’
Women used to wear baggy trousers, shirts and cardigans. Also they used to wear beauty and long dresses. They called ‘entari’ . At Streets, they used to wear sheets and they used to cover their faces with veils.
GLOBALISATION IN ART
DEMOCRACY & WOMEN RIGHTS
Sabiha Gökçen is the first war pilot as a woman and also step daughter of Atatürk.