John Child and Eliza Newport


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History of
John Child (1797 -1869) &
Eliza Newport (1798 - 1843)

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John Child and Eliza Newport

  1. 1. John Child (1797 -1869) & Eliza Newport (1798 - 1843) Shoreditch is a district in the East End of London, within the London Borough of Hackney, in England. It is a built-up part of the inner city immediately to the north of the City of London, located 2.5 miles (4.0 km) east-northeast of Charing Cross. John Child (1797 -1869) Birth 7 Sep1797, Shoreditch, Middlesex, England Death 19 Feb 1869, Clover, Tooele Co., Utah Marriage: about 1826 London, Middlesex, England Eliza Newport (1798 -1843) Birth 21 Jul 1798, London, London, England Death 15 Aug 1843, Belleville, Illinois
  2. 2. CHILDREN Jemima Elizabeth Child KWVQ-413 Birth 31 March 1827 London, Mddlsx, England Death 14 July 1914 Clover, Utah John Joseph Child jr. KWJ5-FS4 Birth 9 Oct. 1831 Philadelphia,, Penn. Burial Feb 1923 Lehi, Utah Mary Ann Child KVL9-3K5 Birth about 1834 . Philadelphia,, Penn. Death about 1834, Philadelphia James Newport Child M4T4-ZRT Birth 1833-36 Philadelphia, Pa. Death 1837 Illinois George Washington Child KLYZ-XTW Birth 2 JAN 1838 St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri Death 26 Mar 1862 Emma Eliza Child KVP1-8B1 Birth 13 Aug 1841 Belleville, S-Clr, IL Death 14 Dec 1912 Huntington, Emery, UT About 1827 John Child immigrated to America, and about eighteen months later he sent for his wife and small daughter. They lived in Philadelphia, and in other towns and cities of the eastern part of the country. John Child was a shoemaker, farmer and butcher. Jemima Elizabeth Child 1900 U.S. Census show immigration 1829 LONDON, ENGLAND During the 19th century, London was transformed into the world's largest city and capital of the British Empire. Its population expanded from 1 million in 1800 to 6.7 million a century later. During this period, London became a global political, financial, and trading capital. In this position, it was largely unrivalled until the latter part of the century, when Paris and New York began to threaten its dominance. While the city grew wealthy as Britain's holdings expanded, 19th century London was also a city of poverty, where millions lived in overcrowded and unsanitary slums. Life for the poor was immortalized by Charles Dickens in such novels as Oliver Twist. In 1829 the then Home Secretary (and future prime minister) Robert Peel established the Metropolitan Police as a police force covering the entire urban area. The force gained the nickname of "bobbies" or "peelers" named after Robert Peel. Charles Dickens London
  3. 3. Imagine yourself in the London of the early 19th century. The homes of the upper and middle class exist in close proximity to areas of unbelievable poverty and filth. Rich and poor alike are thrown together in the crowded city streets. Street sweepers attempt to keep the streets clean of manure, the result of thousands of horse- drawn vehicles. The city's thousands of chimney pots are belching coal smoke, resulting in soot which seems to settle everywhere. In many parts of the city raw sewage flows in gutters that empty into the Thames. Street vendors hawking their wares add to the cacophony of street noises. Pick-pockets, prostitutes, drunks, beggars, and vagabonds of every description add to the colorful multitude. Personal cleanliness is not a big priority, nor is clean laundry. In close, crowded rooms the smell of unwashed bodies is stifling. It is unbearably hot by the fire, numbingly cold away from it. At night the major streets are lit with feeble gas lamps. Side and secondary streets may not be lit at all and link bearers are hired to guide the traveler to his destination. Inside, a candle or oil lamp struggles against the darkness and blacken the ceilings. In Little Dorrit Charles Dickens describes a London rain storm: In the country, the rain would have developed a thousand fresh scents, and every drop would have had its bright association with some beautiful form of growth or life. In the city, it developed only foul stale smells, and was a sickly, lukewarm, dirt- stained, wretched addition to the gutters. Sanitation and Disease Until the second half of the 19th century London residents were still drinking water from the very same portions of the Thames that the open sewers were discharging into. Several outbreaks of Cholera in the mid 19th century, along with The Great Stink of 1858, when the stench of the Thames caused Parliament to recess, brought a cry for action. Until 1854 it was widely thought that disease was spread through foul air or miasma. It seemed obvious to the Victorians, even the learned ones, that if it stinks, it must be causing disease.
  4. 4. Shoreditch is a district in the East End of London, within the London Borough of Hackney, in England. It is a built-up part of the inner city immediately to the north of the City of London, located 2.5 miles (4.0 km) east-northeast of Charing Cross The medieval parish of Shoreditch (St Leonard's), was once part of the county of Middlesex but became part of the new County of London in 1889. The parish remained the local administrative unit until the creation of the Metropolitan Borough of Shoreditch in 1899. Though now part of Inner London, Shoreditch was previously an extramural suburb of the City of London, centred around Shoreditch Church at the crossroads where Shoreditch High Street and Kingsland Road are intersected by Old Street and Hackney Road. Shoreditch church (dedicated to St Leonard) is of ancient origin and features in the famous line 'when I grow rich say the bells of Shoreditch', from the nursery rhyme “Oranges and Lemons”. 1755 Show's Map of Shoreditch The suburb of Shoreditch was attractive as a location for these early theatres because it was outside the jurisdiction of the somewhat puritanical City fathers. Even so, they drew the wrath of contemporary moralists as did the local: "... base tenements and houses of unlawful and disorderly resort' and the 'great number of dissolute, loose, and insolent people harboured in such and the like noisome and disorderly houses, as namely poor cottages, and habitations of beggars and people without trade, stables, inns, alehouses, taverns, garden- houses converted to dwellings, ordinaries, dicing houses, bowling alleys, and brothel houses." By the 19th century Shoreditch was also the locus of the furniture industry, now commemorated in the Geffrye Museum on Kingsland Road. However the area declined along with both textile and furniture industries and by the end of the 19th Century Shoreditch was a byword for crime, prostitution and poverty.
  5. 5. ----------------------------------------------------------------- Emigtation to U.S.A. FROM “THE HISTORY OF RUSH VALLEY by LUCEY RUSSEL BURROWS About 1827, John Child immigrated to America, and about eighteen months later he sent for his wife and small daughter. They lived in Philadelphia, and in other towns and cities of the eastern part of the country. John Child was a shoemaker, farmer and butcher. In 1800, not L.A., not New York, but Philadelphia was our largest city, a distinction it held until 1830. The top five were Philadelphia, New York, Baltimore, Boston, and Charleston, S.C. But we defy anyone to name the sixth largest American town in 1800. It was Northern Liberties, now part of Philadelphia. And seventh was Southwark, now also part of the present Philadelphia.
  6. 6. They lived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from arrival (1827-1830) until about 1937. John was a Calvinist. The family moved several times and finally settled near Belleville, Ill. The family had a real struggle getting adjusted to this new land of America. They were very poor people. In August of 1843, his wife died, leaving four small children. They were: Jemima Elizabeth, John Joseph, George Washington, Emma Eliza. Two children John Jr., and James Newport had died in infancy. Jemima Stookey wrote regarding the death of her mother: "I, Jemima, was taken down with a severe fever and while I was sick my mother was taken with the same sickness. We hired a quack doctor but the tenth day of her sickness on Sunday morning, 15 Aug 1843 she died. No one in the house but me, lying by her side and my brother, John Joseph, also sick, lying in a bed on the floor. My little sister Emma, two years old, was sick too, but not as bad as we were. I did not know my mother was dying. I was talking to her and she to me. At last she began talking incoherently, just like people do when you to talk them to sleep, so I stopped talking. I don't think she ever struggled or moved. I thought she had gone to sleep. After a while two neighbors came in and as soon as they approached the bed they looked horrified and told me they would lift me out on the floor, as my mother was dead. As there was no one to take care of baby Emma, father took her to a neighbor... Mother Eliza was buried the next day in a field." He married a second time to a Mrs. Smith, but the marriage lasted only a short time and ended in divorce.  St Louis, Missouri 1850s St. Louis/Belleville was a major landing location for LDS members arriving from Europe at New Orleans, LA and taking riverboat northward toward wagon train staging areas in Iowa & Nebraska. Many members stayed in St. Louis to earn money for provisions before continuing their journey toward Salt Lake City. It is PROBABLE the Child family became members of the LDS faith as a result of contact with these LDS member and missionaries. “The History of Rush Valley” Jemima “made the acquaintance of a young Mormon couple by the name of Gregory, and through them she heard the Gospel and determined to become a member of the L.D.S. Church.” Daughter: Jemima Elizabeth Baptism Feburary 1851 Daughter Emma Eliza Child 1 May 1852 Son: John Joseph Child Jr. Baptism 25 April 1853 Other Child family members probably joined the LDS Church around 1851 – 1853 Jemima was instrumental in getting John Child to join the LDS Church
  7. 7. 1850 John Child "United States Census" name: John Child event place: St. Clair county, part of, St. Clair, Illinois, United States gender: Male age: 53 birthplace: England estimated birth year: 1797 Household Gender Age Birthplace John Child M 53 England Jeremiah Child F 23 England Emma Child F 10 Illinois John J Child M 19 Philadelphia George N Child M 12 Missouri It may be a coincidental BUT ancestors Thomas Tanner & Mary Cruse with six children (including Son Joseph Tanner) were among LDS members who left England arrived at New Orleans April 1851. They then arrived at St. Louis 8 May 1851. The Tanner family stayed at St. Louis, to find work and replenish resources, until 1853. During that time wife Mary died, 11 Oct 1851., and Thomas Tanner remarried to Ann Newman 10 Oct. 1853.. The Tanner family continued their journey during the spring of 1853 with the Claudius V. Spencer Company and arrived at Salt Lake City, Utah during Sept 1853 The coincident being, Thomas Tanner’s son, Joseph,, married Enos Stookey’s daughter, Isabel, on 16 Sept 1872 Salt Lake City, Salt Lake Co., Utah. During 1853 John Child Sr. and three (3) children (John Joseph Age 22, George Washington Age 15 and Emma Eliza Age 12) joined the immigration to Salt Lake City, Utah with the Moses Clawson Co. After arriving at Salt Lake City, Utah they settled at English Fort (Now Taylorsville). After daughter Jemima & husband Enos Stookey arrived they all moved to Clover, Rush Valley, Utah. SEE BELOW His daughter Jemima Elizabeth Child Stookey and her husband Enos Stookey married 24 March 1852 at St. Clair Co., Illinois and immigrated to Salt Lake City during 1855 with the John Hindley Company. After arrival they joined the Child family at English Fort (Now Taylorsville) then both family moved to Clover, Rush Valley, Utah. SEE BELOW PIONEERS Moses Clawson Company Departure 16 May1853 Keokuk, Iowa Departed 11th June 1853 Kanesville, Iowa (present day Council Bluffs, Iowa) Arrival 15-20 September 1853 Salt Lake City, Utah Number In Company 301 295 individuals and 56 wagons were in the company when it began its journey from the outfitting post at Keokuk, Iowa. The company was organized at Kanesville, Iowa (present day Council Bluffs, Iowa). Recorded individuals with Moses Clawson Company Name Age Birth Date Child, John 56 7 Sep. 1797 Child, John Joseph 21 9 Oct. 1831 Child, George Washington 15 2 Jan. 1838 Child, Emma Eliza 11 13 Aug. 1841 ==================================================================
  8. 8. Clawson, Moses, to Brigham Young, 7 Aug. 1853, in Brigham Young, Office Files 1832-1878, Fort Laramie August 7th, 1853 To: President B. Young Dear Brother, I now have the pleasure of forwarding you herein enclosed a statement of the persons and teams composing the St. Louis company, over which I was appointed Captain at Keocuck [Keokuk], by brothers Eldridge and Haight. The Co. left Keocuck for Kanesville in small Cos. as they got ready, and I started in company with 20 wagons on the 16th May, and arrived at Kanesville on the 11th June. Notwithstanding that nearly all the teamsters were quite ignorant in the management of cattle, bad roads, and a runaway of 6 teams and wagons, in which many persons escaped with their lives miraculously, we got to Kanesville without accident, the cattle in first rate travelling order and the company enjoying the best of health.
  9. 9. In consequence of the high state of the Missouri river flooding the country around, we did not get across the river before the afternoon of the 29th June, and after organising, started the following morning on our journey. On the 30th July 20 teams and wagons, and on the 3d August 17 teams and wagons ran off at a furious rate, many of the Co. escaping with their lives most miraculously, and to the utmost astonishment of all the Co. Although a number of oxen were run over they escaped. with but a few scratches, and only 7 wagons were injured; which were immediately repaired and the Co. permitted to go ahead with little loss of time. The health of the Co. has exceeded my most sanguine expectations. At "Loup Fort" the destroyer made an attack upon the Co. but was repelled with the loss of two children by the scarlet fever. There was no sickness in camp before nor since. The condition of the cattle is better than I could have expected--all things considered. As for the spirit of the Co. I suppose that it is near a fair average of what may be expected on the Plains in a Co. composed of persons from Michigan, Ill, Ohio, St. Louis and other parts of Mo. On the 22d July we camped with Capt. Merril's Co. en route to Europe, 306 1/4 miles from Winter Quarters. They were all well and in good spirits. We held two meetings at which they were present and addressed the Co. The remarks they made cheered, refreshed, and encouraged our Co. very much. Our Co. have held together with the exception of 3 teams who joined a Co. of six wagons who came up to us yesterday, and have camped on the north side of the river. We have heard of the Cos. behind us, and last accounts there was considerable sickness in Spencer's Co.  Fort Laramie, 1850’s As we have had no blacksmithing done since we left Kanesville, and as we have a number of chains to repair, we intend remaining here for two days and make all things right for another start. We arrived here today. Company well, teams in good condition.
  10. 10. I expect that if all things go as well with us as they have done we shall arrive at Great Salt Lake in about 6 weeks. We thank the Lord always for the blessings He has so abundantly bestowed upon us during our journey thus far. I am Dear Brother Yours in the Covenant Moses Clawson - per David O. Calder Clerk -------------------------------------- History of Joseph Cooper - Moses Clawson Company In the spring of 1853 we started across the plains by ox team. [ … ]. It was quite an exciting time, getting ready for this long journey first we had to divide our company into four groups, ten wagons in each company. This being done so we could find better camp grounds and feed for our animals and to guard against Indians. Our Captain was Bishop Tingey. I remember we were traveling along the La Platt River there was a herd of sixty buffalo swam across the river and stampeded our cattle. There were about three wagons tipped over and three wheels smashed to the ground and a woman got her leg broke in the wreck. This delayed us two or three days. We had a hard time to gather our cattle and also to repair our wagons. I remember while we were camped two Indians killed a buffalo about a mile and a half from our camp. Bishop. Tingey took me out with him to see the buffalo, the Indians wanted to trade the buffalo for me and I struck out for camp being almost scared to death. [ … ] ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ AN INTERESTING ACCOUNT. Armitstead, James, Journals [ca. 1860-1903], fd. 2, 77-87 (letter #1) and 87-92 (letter #2). ============================================================== After arrival at Salt Lake City, Utah September 1853; the Child’s family settled temporarily at English Fort (Now Taylorsville) a town about 10 miles South of Salt Lake City, Utah. 3 September 1855 daughter Jemima and her husband Enos Stookey arrived in Salt Lake City. Son, John Joseph, meet them and escorted them to English Fort (Now Taylorsville). After visiting with local families and inquiring about where to live, they decided to investigate Clover in Rush Valley.
  11. 11. Relocation to Clover, Utah On the west end of the lake, these families (Hickman & Johnson) were established in the fall of 1855, when Enos Stookey and his brother-in-law, John J. Child, rode into the valley, having heard good reports of the grass there. It may have been John Bennion who told them of it, for he and his brother Samuel Bennion were counselors to the bishop at English Fort (later called Taylorsville), where the Child & Stookey families settled temporarily on their arrival in Utah (1853 & 1855). Enos Stookey and John J. Child found the cabins of Johnson and Hickman. "Luke Johnson received them very hospitably", according to Jemima Stookey, Enos's wife: "was anxious for them to come there to live, as it was hardly considered safe for so few to be there alone. Enos and John liked the look of the valley and concluded to move over. John Child with three children (John Joseph, George Washington & Emma Eliza) along with Enos Stookey, wife Jemima and two draughts (Corrine & Isabel) moved to Clover, Utah during 1855 - 56. John Child lived with his son John Joseph Child.
  12. 12. Clover, Utah
  13. 13. John Child was an Elder in the church, and a Black Hawk Indian War veteran. John Child died February 19, 1866 while living with his son John Joseph. He is buried in the old Stookey Field with his son George and 9 other people. FIND A GRAVE John Child Birth 7 Sep1797, Shoreditch, Middlesex, England Death 19 Feb 1869, Clover, Tooele Co., Utah Burial: Saint John Cemetery, Rush Valley, Tooele County, Utah, USA ==============================================================
  14. 14. Author Unknown Your tombstone stands neglected and alone. The name and date are chiseled out on polished, marbled stone. It reaches out to all who care. It is too late to mourn. You did not know that I exist. You died and I was born. Yet each of us are cells of you in flesh, in blood, in bone. Our heart contracts and beats a pulse entirely not our own. Dear Ancestor, the place you filled so many years ago. Spreads out among the ones you left who would have loved you so. I wonder as you lived and loved, I wonder if you knew That someday I would find this spot and come to visit you. West side of Clover, Utah Another cemetery was established on the Child farm, in the middle of the field which now belongs to Nancy Long. A monument now marks the location of this cemetery. Inscribed: "Sacred to the memory of John Child, George W. Child, Sarah C. Garner, and eight others who lie buried here."The "eight others" are mostly all children who died under the age of one year.