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an introduction to English Drama

Published in: Education
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  1. 1. Pagan originsFertility rites mainly based on nature cycles: i.e. seasons MAY POLE
  2. 2. Interest of the Church in pagan celebrationsFrom celebrations of spring to celebration of Easter
  3. 3. Liturgical dramaSung dialogue between the celebrantsto commemorate great Christian events in the nave of churches
  4. 4. From the nave to the church square From latin to vernacular No more priests as actors
  5. 5. 13th 14th 15th cent. Mystery or Miracle PlaysActors: members of Trade Guilds Stage: pageants
  6. 6. Morality PlaysCharacters not from Bible, butpersonifications of Vices and Virtues Everyman, after 1485 Main characters: Everyman, Death, Fellowship, Beauty, Strength, Worldly Goods, Kindred, Good Deeds
  7. 7. End of 15th cent. InterludesCombination of serious elements with more comic ones Vice as a dramatic character his dialogues rich with puns
  8. 8. Folk tales re-telling old stories, i.e. Robin Hood Actors used to travel from town to town performing for their audiences in return for money and hospitality. Authorities against actors, because beyond controlActors classified as “vagabonds andbeggars,” in a 1572 Act of Parliament
  9. 9. timeline 1492 America, Leonardo’s Last Supper1508, Michelangelo Sistine Chapel 1509-1547 Reign of Henry VIII 1534, Act of Supremacy 1558-1603 Reign of Elizabeth I 1564-1616 W. Shakespeare 1576, The Theatre 1599, The Globe
  10. 10. SOUTHWARK
  11. 11. The Globe James Burbage Lord Chamberlain’s Men W. ShakespeareThe RosePhilip HensloweAdmiral’s MenC. Marlowe
  12. 12. The Swan
  13. 13. Elizabethan AdvertisingFlags were erected on the day ofthe performance which sometimes displayed a pictureadvertising the next play to be performed.Colour coding was also used a black flag meant a tragedy white a comedy and red a history.
  14. 14. Hell under stage