Draft/test for ANTH326 Meeting 8
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Draft/test for ANTH326 Meeting 8 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 8, October 29, 2007
  • 2. Business
    • Media Critique (due next Monday)
    • Final Examination: Dec. 7, 14:00-17:00, H433
    • Owusu and Diop Themes (teams)
    • Identity and Ethnography
    • Owusu and Diop Discussion
    • Project Plans
  • 3. Themes
    • Team reporter
    • Explain theme
    • Active reading
    • Links with course
  • 4. Identity
  • 5. Social Identity
    • Core of social sciences
    • Insiders/outsiders
    • Belonging/contrasting
    • “ We-ness” (Sch ü tz) / Distinction(Bourdieu)
  • 6. Nativeness
    • Born on site
    • Indigenous
    • Territory
    • Ancestors
    • Native-speakers
    • As ethnographers
  • 7. “ Is African” / “Is Western”
    • Origins?
    • Representative?
    • Typical?
    • Traditional?
  • 8. Otherness in ethnography
    • Differences and similarities
    • Diversity and universality
    • Constructing wholes
    • Crisis of representation
  • 9. Configuration
    • Fit together
    • Fluidity
    • Other possibilities
    • Appiah at Pop!Tech on “Golden Nugget”
  • 10. Ethnography
  • 11. Ethnographic Disciplines
    • Ethnology
      • Cultural anthropology
      • Social anthropology
    • Folkloristics
    • Linguistic anthropology
    • Ethnomusicology
    • Ethnomethodology (sociology)
  • 12. Ethnographic Methods
    • Review of literature
    • Language learning
    • Preliminary fieldwork
    • Extensive field stay
      • Participant-observation
      • Open-ended interviews
  • 13. Insight
    • Understand
    • Grok
    • “ Got it”
    • Possible predictive value
    • Alexis de Tocqueville on America
  • 14. Cultural Translation
    • Get others to understand
    • “ Spirit/letter of the culture”
    • Implied otherness
  • 15. Building Models
    • Testing models
    • Empiricism
    • Forest, not trees
    • “ Two Crows denies it” (Dorsey's disclaimer)
    • All Grammars Leak (Sapir 1921:39)
    • Dialogue
  • 16. Language in ethnography
    • Fluency
    • No use for interpreter
    • Could translate Proust?
    • Length of stay
  • 17. Ngolo Diarra Enters the Field
    • Ethnomusicology, linguistic anthropology
    • Interest in “griots”
    • Bamanan learning
    • Hunter-musician Madou Diarra
    • Thesis on proper names
    • Preliminary field trip
    • Establishing rapport
  • 18. Owusu
  • 19. Early Ethnographers
    • Foundation African studies
    • “ [H]ectic anthropological activity
    • Then-contemporary ethnography
    • European audience
    • Colonial context
    • Useless as useful
    • Cross-cultural comparisons
    • “ Sacred cows” ( ad hominem )
  • 20. Science
    • Objectivity, bias
    • Informant bias
    • Sampling (opportunistic or random)
    • Accuracy or significance
    • Briggs Learning How to Ask
  • 21. Romanticism
    • Assumed logic
    • (Real/Wise Africa?)
    • American and European anthropologies
    • Hunches as accepted
    • Vogues
    • “ [T]ribal Bible”
    • “ Segmentary societies”
  • 22. Owusu on Language
    • Language, dialects
    • Acculturation, contact languages
    • “ Translation of cultures”
    • “ Separate worlds”
    • Hale on linguistic anthropologists
  • 23. Uses of Ethnography
    • Insight (Tocqueville)
    • Generalisable science
    • Government
    • Dialogue between Africanists
    • (Native-speaking) African ethnographers
  • 24. Post-Owusu Context
    • Post-/Neo-Colonial
    • Post-/Neo-National
    • Rise in African interest (parallel Keim)
    • Crisis of representation ( Writing Culture )
    • Journalists, audiences, responsibility
  • 25. What Now?
    • Self-assurance (“much better now”)?
    • Acknowledge bias
    • Privilege dialogue
    • Reporting discourse
    • “ Snowball” sampling
    • Data cheapness
    • Emic/etic
  • 26. Project Plans
  • 27. Project Plans
    • Focus on improving work
    • Aim at insight
    • Connect with course
    • Learning experience
    • Strong suggestions
    • Similarities between projects
  • 28. Social Groups
  • 29. Beyond Kinship
    • Defining social groups
      • Support systems
      • Solidarity
      • Communitas
    • Ethnicity as super-kinship
    • Kindreds (selected kins)
    • “ Sodalities”
    • Associations
  • 30. Age Sets and Age Grades
    • Age Set as Cohort
      • “ Oldboy”
      • «Promotionneur»
    • Age Grades as Steps
      • Rites of passage (van Gennep)
    • Separate genders
  • 31. Secret societies
    • Initiation societies
    • Muslim brotherhoods (sufism)
      • Tijaniyya
    • Freemasons
  • 32. Voluntary Associations
    • Social networks
    • Urban life
    • Local
    • "Ethnic“
    • Cosmopolitan networks
    • Political parties
  • 33. Media
    • Coming to America
    • Soul Man
    • Videoclips
  • 34. Westernization
    • Cultural Contacts
    • Cultural change
      • Coerced or voluntary
    • Western-like but typically African
      • Networks
      • Manage change
    • Other partners
  • 35. Education
    • School types (Koranic, Missionary, National)
      • Networks
    • Formal education
    • “ Western-style”
    • Obsession with literacy
      • Power of orality
    • Gender
    • Generation gap