Soci441mtg2

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Soci441mtg2

  1. 1. Week 2 — Humans an Objects <ul><li>SOCI/ANTH 441 Material Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Alexandre Enkerli </li></ul><ul><li>September 16, 2010 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Today <ul><li>Dant </li></ul><ul><li>Latour </li></ul><ul><li>Project </li></ul><ul><li>Material Culture </li></ul>
  3. 3. Online Content <ul><li>Readings </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle site </li></ul><ul><li>BuddyPress </li></ul><ul><li>Audio recordings </li></ul><ul><li>Slides </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dant
  5. 5. Material Culture <ul><li>Empirical sociology </li></ul><ul><li>Object itself </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete </li></ul><ul><li>Daily experience </li></ul>
  6. 6. History of MCu (Theory Lipservice) <ul><li>(Commodities) </li></ul><ul><li>(Barthes/semiotics) </li></ul><ul><li>(Valence) </li></ul><ul><li>Affordance </li></ul><ul><li>(SST) </li></ul><ul><li>(SCOT) </li></ul><ul><li>ANT </li></ul><ul><li>Phenomenology </li></ul>
  7. 7. Humanness <ul><li>Intention (some built-in) </li></ul><ul><li>Mediation </li></ul><ul><li>Embodiment (Merleau-Ponty) </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory experience </li></ul>
  8. 8. Partly Human <ul><li>Non-human/human </li></ul><ul><li>“ Assemblage” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hybrid” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cyborg” </li></ul><ul><li>Object-ivity </li></ul><ul><li>Co-dependency </li></ul><ul><li>Co-evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Social being </li></ul>
  9. 9. Dant Notes <ul><li>What it means to be human </li></ul><ul><li>Object/subject </li></ul><ul><li>Intention </li></ul><ul><li>Critical perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Core object/dominance </li></ul><ul><li>-scapes </li></ul><ul><li>Agent/actor </li></ul><ul><li>Failed tech </li></ul><ul><li>Blackbox until needed </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity </li></ul>
  10. 10. System <ul><li>Function together </li></ul><ul><li>More than sum of parts </li></ul><ul><li>Synergy </li></ul><ul><li>Cybernetics </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity of components </li></ul>
  11. 11. Car in Sociology <ul><li>Contrast to pedestrianism </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Car as tool </li></ul>
  12. 12. Latour
  13. 13. Nonhuman <ul><li>Fighting dualism </li></ul><ul><li>Blur boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Making social </li></ul>
  14. 14. Social Issues <ul><li>Labour </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination (Winner) </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul><ul><li>Gatekeeping </li></ul><ul><li>Morality </li></ul>
  15. 15. Project Style <ul><li>Ingeniosity </li></ul><ul><li>Banality </li></ul><ul><li>Taken for granted </li></ul><ul><li>Nonhuman rights </li></ul>
  16. 16. ANT <ul><li>Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Identify actors (stakeholders) </li></ul><ul><li>Scenes </li></ul><ul><li>Inscription, delegation... </li></ul><ul><li>Network of relations </li></ul><ul><li>Tech focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tasks/functions </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>The Sociology and Anthropology of a &quot;Thing&quot; </li></ul>
  18. 18. Three parts <ul><li>Description of a Thing (20%, due October 7) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum 4000 words (about 8 pages) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Presentation (30%, November 11—December 2) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentation lasting 20 minutes, outline of maximum 1500 words (about 3 pages) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final Paper (40%, Due December 10) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum 10000 words (about 20 pages) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Thing <ul><li>Open Choice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs to be a physical object </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-human </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discrete (can point to it) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferably human-made </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferably durable, unique </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Number of words <ul><li>Don’t think in length </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t fill up </li></ul><ul><li>Approximate maximum </li></ul><ul><li>“ Lorem Ipsum” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.lipsum.com/ </li></ul>
  21. 21. Marks <ul><li>IF : Insightful ( goal ) </li></ul><ul><li>OC : Original and Creative </li></ul><ul><li>HP : Honest and Personal </li></ul><ul><li>TR : Thoughtful and Reflexive ( standard ) </li></ul><ul><li>EX : Appropriate Examples </li></ul><ul><li>ED : Elaborate and Detailed </li></ul><ul><li>CSF : Concise and Straightforward ( decent ) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Part I: Description of a “Thing” <ul><li>Due October 1 </li></ul><ul><li>20% of the final grade </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum 4000 words (about 8 pages) </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe thing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Justify” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embed in social study </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan work </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. What the “thing” is <ul><li>Object type (What kind of an object is it?) </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory (What does it look/feel/smell like?) </li></ul><ul><li>Construction (What is it made of?) </li></ul><ul><li>Function (What does it do? What is it used for?) </li></ul><ul><li>History/genealogy/origin (Where did it come from?) </li></ul><ul><li>Ecology/situatedness (How does it relate to people and other objects?) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Contexts </li></ul>
  24. 24. Significance <ul><li>Anthropological/Sociological </li></ul><ul><li>Is it important? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is it important for? (Individuals, groups, societies) </li></ul><ul><li>What does it mean? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Making sense <ul><li>Course material </li></ul><ul><li>Approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Literature </li></ul>
  26. 26. Plan <ul><li>How will you study it? </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Primary sources </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary sources </li></ul><ul><li>Research methods </li></ul>
  27. 27. Giving You Ideas <ul><li>Dant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New way to think about common object </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human/non-human </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extension of self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical summary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Latour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thorough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Playful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Banal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tech </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Material Culture
  29. 29. Material <ul><li>Materia: matter </li></ul><ul><li>Physical object </li></ul><ul><li>Physics/chemistry/biology </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial dimensions, weight </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sensible” (can be touched, smelled, seen…) </li></ul><ul><li>Distinct form </li></ul>
  30. 30. Material to Material Culture <ul><li>Natural or human-made (trees to tables) </li></ul><ul><li>Real or imagined (trees and tables vs. designs) </li></ul><ul><li>Matter turned into things through culture </li></ul><ul><li>“ Material culture is that segment of man’s physical environment which is purposely shaped by him according to a culturally dictated plan” (Deetz, James. 1977.  In Small Things Forgotten . Anchor Press/Doubleday.) </li></ul>
  31. 31. Culture <ul><li>(Dant on) </li></ul><ul><li>Human specificity </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Sophistication </li></ul><ul><li>Designed vs. natural </li></ul>
  32. 32. Wood <ul><li>Substance </li></ul><ul><li>Piece of wood </li></ul><ul><li>Object made of wood </li></ul><ul><li>“ Wood in popular culture” </li></ul><ul><li>http://xkcd.com/446/ </li></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Things (Generic) </li></ul><ul><li>Stuff (Unspecific) </li></ul><ul><li>Artefact (Made) </li></ul><ul><li>Goods/Commodities/Gifts (Exchange) </li></ul><ul><li>Icons (Symbolism) </li></ul><ul><li>Heirlooms (Transmission) </li></ul><ul><li>Trash/Garbage/Refuse (Useless) </li></ul>Terms
  34. 34. Distinctions <ul><li>Objects (subjects) </li></ul><ul><li>Products (processes) </li></ul><ul><li>Goods (services) </li></ul><ul><li>Commodities (luxury goods) </li></ul><ul><li>Belongings (self) </li></ul><ul><li>Earthly possessions (essence) </li></ul>
  35. 35. Is It a Thing? <ul><li>Money </li></ul><ul><li>The subject of a painting </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Starship Enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>GMO </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Humans </li></ul>

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