ANTH326 Meeting 8 (Final)

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ANTH326 Meeting 8 (Final)

  1. 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 8, October 29, 2007
  2. 2. Business <ul><li>Media Critique (due next Monday) </li></ul><ul><li>Journal </li></ul><ul><li>Final Examination: Dec. 7, 14:00-17:00, H433 </li></ul><ul><li>Owusu and Diop Themes (teams) </li></ul><ul><li>Identity and Ethnography </li></ul><ul><li>Owusu and Diop Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Project Plans </li></ul>
  3. 3. Themes <ul><li>Team reporter </li></ul><ul><li>Explain themes </li></ul><ul><li>Insight on texts </li></ul><ul><li>Links with course </li></ul>
  4. 4. Team 1 <ul><li>Insider/outsider </li></ul><ul><li>Language in fieldwork </li></ul><ul><li>Using/speaking language </li></ul><ul><li>Critical history of anthropology </li></ul>
  5. 5. Team 2 <ul><li>Ethnographer bias </li></ul><ul><li>What can relate to </li></ul><ul><li>Fit into structure </li></ul><ul><li>Western, foreign </li></ul><ul><li>Biases, inaccuracies </li></ul><ul><li>Lens/filter </li></ul>
  6. 6. Team 3 <ul><li>Roles of native/colonial language </li></ul><ul><li>Western/native ideologies </li></ul><ul><li>Interpreter/informant biases </li></ul><ul><li>Histrorical division, ahistorical, static, holistic </li></ul><ul><li>Time as underrepresented </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue Native/Western anthropologists </li></ul>
  7. 7. Team 4 <ul><li>Importance of learning local language </li></ul><ul><li>Eurocentric prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences of anthro/ethnography on local </li></ul><ul><li>Framing of ethnography for Western societies </li></ul>
  8. 8. “ Identity” Sameness and Otherness
  9. 9. Social Identity <ul><li>Core of social sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Insiders/outsiders </li></ul><ul><li>Belonging/contrasting </li></ul><ul><li>“ We-ness” (Sch ü tz) / Distinction(Bourdieu) </li></ul>
  10. 10. “ Is African” / “Is Western” <ul><li>Origins? </li></ul><ul><li>Representative? </li></ul><ul><li>Typical? </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Nativeness <ul><li>Born on site </li></ul><ul><li>Indigenous </li></ul><ul><li>Territory </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestors </li></ul><ul><li>Native-speakers </li></ul><ul><li>As ethnographers </li></ul>
  12. 12. Otherness in ethnography <ul><li>Differences and similarities </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity and universality </li></ul><ul><li>Constructing wholes </li></ul><ul><li>Crisis of representation </li></ul>
  13. 13. “ Configuration” <ul><li>Fit together </li></ul><ul><li>Fluidity </li></ul><ul><li>Other possibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Appiah at Pop!Tech on “Golden Nugget” </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ethnography
  15. 15. Ethnographic Disciplines <ul><li>Ethnology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural anthropology (North America) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social anthropology (France, UK) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Folkloristics </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnomusicology </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnomethodology (sociology) </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnohistory </li></ul>
  16. 16. Ethnographic Methods <ul><li>Review of literature </li></ul><ul><li>Language learning </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary fieldwork </li></ul><ul><li>Extensive field stay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participant-observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open-ended interviews </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Insight <ul><li>Understand </li></ul><ul><li>Grok </li></ul><ul><li>“ Got it” </li></ul><ul><li>Possible predictive value </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Alexis de Tocqueville on America </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Cultural Translation <ul><li>Implied otherness </li></ul><ul><li>Get others to understand </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretive anthropology (Geertz) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Spirit/letter of the culture” (of the law) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Building Models <ul><li>Testing models </li></ul><ul><li>Empiricism </li></ul><ul><li>Forest, not trees </li></ul><ul><li>“ Two Crows denies it” (Dorsey's disclaimer) </li></ul><ul><li>All Grammars Leak (Sapir 1921:39) </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue </li></ul>
  20. 20. Ngolo Diarra Enters the Field <ul><li>Ethnomusicology, linguistic anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Interest in “griots” </li></ul><ul><li>Bamanan learning </li></ul><ul><li>Hunter-musician Madou Diarra </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis on proper names </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary field trip (Yoro Sidibe) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing rapport </li></ul>
  21. 21. Readings Owusu
  22. 22. Language <ul><li>Language in fieldwork </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of learning local language </li></ul><ul><li>Using/speaking language </li></ul><ul><li>Roles of native/colonial/trade languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Code-Switching” </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Insider/outsider <ul><li>Western/native ideologies </li></ul><ul><li>Dialogue Native/Western anthropologists </li></ul><ul><li>Eurocentric prejudice </li></ul>
  24. 24. Critical history of anthropology <ul><li>Framing of ethnography for Western societies </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences of anthro/ethnography on local </li></ul><ul><li>Time as underrepresented </li></ul><ul><li>Historical division </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ahistorical, Static, Holistic (synchronic) </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Bias <ul><li>Biases, inaccuracies </li></ul><ul><li>Interpreter/informant biases </li></ul><ul><li>Lens/filter </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnographer bias </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What can relate to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Western, foreign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fit into structure </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Project Plans
  27. 27. Project Plans <ul><li>Focus on improving work </li></ul><ul><li>Learning experience </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions, advice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aim at insight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect with course </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Similarities between projects </li></ul>

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