The Value of Great Streets - Matthew Roe, New York City DOT
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The Value of Great Streets - Matthew Roe, New York City DOT

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Matthew Roe is a Senior Planning and Research Manager for the New York City Department of Transportation. This presentation from August 26, 2013 comes from a seminar on effective street design to ...

Matthew Roe is a Senior Planning and Research Manager for the New York City Department of Transportation. This presentation from August 26, 2013 comes from a seminar on effective street design to improve safety and economic vitality. The seminar was hosted by EMBARQ Turkey at the Istanbul Technical University.

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The Value of Great Streets - Matthew Roe, New York City DOT The Value of Great Streets - Matthew Roe, New York City DOT Presentation Transcript

  • The Value of Great Streets: Safety, Mobility, Vitality Istanbul, 26 August 2013
  • •  plaza •  Bike lane Urbanity Vitality Great Streets – Great Cities Mobility Safety Mobility
  • •  Basic Urban Form + Street Design –  Death & injury are largest cost of automobile transport for most cities – rivaling congestion –  Traffic crashes are a leading cause of death worldwide, esp. young adults –  Dumbaugh & Rae found that traditional urban neighborhoods were safer than suburban areas with large, fast arterial streets –  1 in 5 of Turkey’s road deaths are pedestrians 10.8 3.3 13.4 1.6 0.0   10.0   20.0   US NYC Turkiye Istanbul Traffic Fatality Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants Safety Dense cities are much safer than car- oriented cities and rural areas
  • •  Strong benefit : cost ratio •  Safety projects can outperform pure mobility projects •  Fast implementation with ordinary materials •  Measurable results •  Most cost-effective to implement as a continuing citywide program Safety
  • •  Above: person-capacity per hour of a typical 3.5m lane •  Walking and cycling save space – the scarcest urban resource Graphic: Asian Development Bank Mobility
  • •  In New York City, bicycle commuting rose as bike network expanded from 2008 to 2013 •  Has risen by 300% since 2000. Graphic: NYC Dept. of Transportation Mobility Bicycling  grows  as  bike  networks  are  improved  
  • A Virtuous Cycle •  Walking and biking households spend more locally than drivers •  Presence of local businesses improves attraction of street •  Result: more and safer walking Improved   Street   Design   Improved   Safety   More   Walking/ Biking   Stronger   Local  Retail   Support  for   Street   Design   Economic Vitality
  • •  Projects are not intuitive to all businesses •  Working closely with groups of small retailers or with primary stakeholders can overcome these concerns Economic Vitality
  • Pedestrian  space  and  bike   connec7vity  at  a  transit  hub  and  park   Union Square North, Manhattan Retail vacancies cut in half Travel times unchanged Injury crashes down by 26% Source: NYC Dept. of Transportation
  • Pearl Street Plaza, Brooklyn Retail   Sales  up   172%   Locally-­‐designed  plaza  replaces  empty  asphalt,  providing  focal   point  for  a  neighborhood  in  transi7on  from  industrial  to  mixed-­‐use   Source: NYC Dept. of Transportation
  • 9th Avenue Protected Bike Lanes Retail   Sales  up   49%   Injuries   down   58%   2,200   bikes  per   day   Source: NYC Dept. of Transportation Protected  Bike  Lane  replaces  one  lane  of   mixed  traffic,  adding  pedestrian  refuges   and  greening  the  street.    
  • Palmer Street, Cambridge MA
  • Brighton New Road Pedestrian   volume  up   62%   Car  speeds   down  to  20   kph   “Staying   acQviQes”  up   600%   Source: Gehl Architects Shared  Street  design  allows  deliveries  and  bicycling  on  a  pedestrian-­‐ dominated  retail  street    
  • West Palm Beach, Florida Retail   occupancy   at  80%   Downtown  revitaliza7on  with  safe  street  designs  as  a  centerpiece  
  • Questions Matthew Roe matthewjafferoe@gmail.com