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Vienna - Affordable and Inclusive Greatness

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Vienna webinar slides for Simon Fraser University's webinar series "Beyond the Anglosphere" on transportation and urban development best practices

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Vienna - Affordable and Inclusive Greatness

  1. 1. Vienna - Affordable and Inclusive Greatness Andreas Lindinger SFU Next-Generation Transportation Webinar Series “Beyond the Anglosphere” 26 April 2017
  2. 2. Introduction Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  3. 3. About me • Smart Urban Management Consultant at sustainability consultancy Denkstatt • Urbanist and Blogger: Vienncouver.com and AndreasLindinger.at as well as social media (@lindinger, @Vienncouver) • Jane’s Walk Vienna City Organizer • Living in Vienna since 2004 • One-year stay in Vancouver in 2012/13 • Graduate of SFU Next-Generation Transportation Certificate Program Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  4. 4. About Vienna • Austrian capital, situated in the heart of Europe • 1.84m inhabitants • Mid-rise, mixed use, high density (4,326 people/km2 ) • 20 universities with 187,200 students • 125,000 businesses • Rich cultural & architectural heritage and lots of inter- national organisations Source: City of Vienna (MA41)
  5. 5. The most liveable city • Vienna topped Mercer’s Quality of Living Ranking as the world’s most liveable city for 8th time in a row in 2017 • Ranked 2nd in The Economist’s Global Liveability Ranking 2016 and 3rd in Monocle’s 2016 Quality of Life Survey • Also ranked 1st in Roland Berger’s Smart City Index 2017 and 4th in Arcadis Sustainable Cities Index 2016 • Liveability is more than rankings and statistics and those rankings pose a danger to Vienna to rest on its laurels Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  6. 6. A rapidly growing city • Vienna is the fastest growing German- speaking city (+188k people in 10 years) • Vienna expected to grow from 1.8m people in 2014 to 2m people in 2030 (same as at beginning of 20th century) • Metropolitan Region expected to grow by 400,000 people to more than 3m in 2030 • Vienna has become Austria’s youngest province and a more vibrant and diverse city due to immigration and a baby boom • Growth creates social, technological and ecological challenges Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  7. 7. Accessible and Sustainable Mobility Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  8. 8. A comprehensive+growing network, frequent+reliable service and continuous infrastructure investments Photo-/Imagecredits: Wiener Linien, Andreas Lindinger
  9. 9. Aiming for >80% sustainable mobility • Vienna is a walkable city with world-class public transit as its transportation backbone • Today, 73% of trips are made by sustainable modes (transit, walking & cycling) • Vienna aims to reduce the share of car traffic to 20% by 2025, 15% by 2030 and less than 15% by 2050 Source: Wiener Stadtwerke A shift towards sustainable mobility 199320002016 0 % 25 % 50 % 75 % 100 % 7 % 4 % 3 % 27 % 26 % 28 % 27 % 37 % 40 % 39 % 33 % 29 % Public Transit Cars Walking Cycling
  10. 10. World-class transit for €1 per day • In 2011, the price of the annual transit pass was reduced to €365 (€1/day) • Number of annual transit pass holders doubled within five years and surpassed registered cars in 2015 • Transit trips (954m in 2016) continue to grow steadily • Number of registered cars is constant despite population growth by 137,000 people (+8%) in the last five years Sources: Wiener Linien, Statistik Austria Making transit affordable Transitpassesvs.registeredcars 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 Transittrips(m) 0 250 500 750 1000 2005 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Transit trips (m) Transit passes Registered cars
  11. 11. Urban Mobility Plan • Paradigm change from transport planning as a technical-logistic task to mobility as an interdisciplinary challenge for society • Prioritising sustainable modes with an 80:20 modal split target for 2025 • Ensuring mobility for all, irrespective of income, social position and life situation • Focus on sharing concepts, intermodal solutions and coordinated approaches • Need for compact urban development • Chapter on regional mobility solutions
  12. 12. Six goals and nine fields of action for mobility in Vienna • Based on SUMP methodology • Incorporating three principles • Traffic safety (Vision Zero) • Universal access • Gender main- streaming and diversity Source: City of Vienna
  13. 13. Public transit • 5 subway, 29 tram and 127 bus lines and 6th largest tram network (175 km) • 24-hour subway on weekends • Extending U1 and U2 lines, building new U5 line and modernising U4 and U6 lines • New tram models (Flexity) and lines (focus on feeder services and cross-city links) • New buses (larger, more environmentally friendly) and additional electric buses • Principle of developing public transit in new neighbourhoods in a timely manner Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  14. 14. Commuter rail and regional transport solutions • Regional mobility is a challenge: 79% of more than 500,000 commuters use cars • Joint project by Vienna and Lower Austria to upgrade the rapid transit network: New trains, increased frequency, station upgrades • Regional mobility partnerships along the main corridors • Coordinated marketing & cross-boundary multi-modal traffic information system • Aligning spatial planning and regional development with transport planning Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  15. 15. Active transportation • Closing the gaps in the cycling network by building new bike lanes and opening more one-way streets for two-way cycling • Making cycling and walking safer and more attractive • Shorter waits and fewer traffic lights • Further development of bike sharing • Developing high-quality long-distance cycling routes and strolling promenades Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  16. 16. Fostering active transportation by providing higher quality walking and cycling infrastructure Source: City of Vienna (MA18) Strolling promenadesLong-distance cycling routes
  17. 17. Parking Space Management • Main tool to reduce car traffic and to distribute scarce parking space • First short-term parking zones introduced in 1959 and parking fees since 1975 • Revenues are earmarked for public transit • Two major expansions in 1993-99 (inner districts) and in 2012/13 (outer districts) • Reduction in parking spaces occupancy rates, unauthorised parking, car traffic, parked cars not from Vienna, pollution • Challenge to avoid rebound effects Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  18. 18. Calming traffic and re- distributing space to people • More than 65% of street surface is used for motorised traffic and parking even though only 28% of trips are made by car • Introduction of more shared spaces and pedestrian zones • Temporary opening of streets for active mobility (e.g. play streets, festivals) • (Temporary) No-vehicle or traffic-calmed zones in front of schools and nurseries • Repurposing traffic lanes for lingering, walking, public transport and cycling Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  19. 19. Case: Mariahilferstrasse - Transforming a street for cars into a space for people Photocredits: Andreas Lindinger
  20. 20. Redistributing road space to give pedestrians priority Photocredits: GuentherZ / Wikimedia, Andreas Lindinger AfterBefore
  21. 21. Giving scarce space to people instead of wasting it for moving and parking cars Photocredits: R Arno / Wikimedia, Andreas Lindinger AfterBefore
  22. 22. Empowering pedestrians and cyclists through a shared space approach and slowing down cars Photocredits: Douglas Sprott / Flickr, Andreas Lindinger AfterBefore
  23. 23. More best practices: Mobility Agency Vienna • Fostering active transportation through campaigns, awareness raising, service, events, trainings and innovative projects • Campaigns for cycling (“Fahrrad Wien”) and walking (“Wien zu Fuß”) • Main contact point for citizens to raise complaints and give suggestions, in particular on infrastructure issues • Intermediary between citizens, politics and city administration • Annual Streetlife festival to celebrate streets as public spaces Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  24. 24. More best practices: Vienna Mobility Card • Multimodal mobility card for just €12 extra cost to the annual transit pass • Car sharing membership • Bike sharing access card • Cash-free taxi payments • Parking garages access card & discount • E-mobility charging card & discount • Further discounts (City Airport Train…) Photocredit: Wiener Stadtwerke
  25. 25. More best practices: Sustainable Mobility Fund • Fund for active and sustainable mobility solutions in new urban development areas • Administered by the City of Vienna • €1m per year, financed by real estate developers, investors and other partners • Objective to develop neighbourhood mobility solutions covering multiple sites or buildings • Exemplar projects: Mobility points, car sharing, e-cargobike sharing, small-scale logistics, carpooling initiatives Photocredit: MO.Point GmbH
  26. 26. Affordable and Inclusive Housing Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  27. 27. Social housing in the 1920s… (municipal housing complexes Sandleiten and Reumannhof) Photocredits: Andreas Lindinger
  28. 28. …in the 1970s… (Wohnpark Alterlaa with rooftop+indoor pools, sauna, shops, community spaces…) Photocredits: Thomas Ledl
  29. 29. …and now. (Wohnzimmer project with pool, sauna, gym, cinema, library, youth space, common rooms…) Photocredits: WohnzimmerWien (Sebastian Philipp, studiovlay/Jakob Winkler, PhotoDisc, PID)
  30. 30. A long standing tradition of social housing • Municipal housing booms in the 1920s and 1950s-1980s, funded by Housing Tax • High standard and communal facilities • Subsidised housing construction is done by non-profit housing associations and cooperatives since 2004 • Today, one in four Viennese citizens lives in municipal housing (2,000 complexes with around 220,000 rental apartments) • In total, social housing has ca. 400,000 dwellings distributed all over the city Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  31. 31. A mixed system of demand and supply side subsidies • €600m per year in housing subsidies • Direct assistance for low-income groups • Investments in new housing and the refurbishment of existing building stock • Around 6,500 dwellings p.a. built by non- profit associations with public funding • Housing developers competitions with four principles: architectural, environmental, social and economic decision criteria ensure that housing is sustainable and affordable Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  32. 32. But: Housing costs are major challenge for a growing city! • Policies ensure good social mix, afford- ability and high quality of housing • Private landlords compete with social housing and cannot afford to inflate rents • However, given the city’s recent growth, rents and prices for apartments have increased significantly more than people’s incomes Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  33. 33. Liveable and Green City Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  34. 34. Smart City Wien Framework Strategy • Mid-term (2030) and long-term (2050) • Resources, quality of living & innovation • Best quality of living for all people in the city - combined with maximum resource preservation which is brought about by comprehensive innovation • Social inclusion: All economic, structural and technological change processes must take account of the needs of all groups (promoting diversity, equal opportunities) • Cooperation: Supportive and structuring principle for all documents and plans
  35. 35. STEP 2025 Urban Development Plan • Refining strategies and instruments for the needs of a rapidly growing city • Urban development as a collective task for policymakers, businesses & the public • Governance (public and private sectors as partners), cooperation with districts and within region, and public participation • Three sections with eight key topics • The built city, Space for urban growth, Centers and underused areas • Business/Science/Research, Metropolitan region • Open spaces (green & urban), Diversified Mobility, Social Infrastructure
  36. 36. Striving for high-quality mixed and vibrant quarters • Further developing existing urban quarters and creating new qualities • Developing new urban development zones – such as Aspern Seestadt, former industrial areas or the former railway station areas Nordbahnhof, Nordwest- bahnhof and Sonnwendviertel • Vienna aims for mixed and vibrant urban quarters with high development potential and excellent building culture, with streets and squares as places of encounter and lively ground-floor zones Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  37. 37. Ensuring equal opportunities in a more diverse city • Process-oriented approach to safeguard quality in planning with regards to equal opportunities of different user groups • Introduced in all planning processes: master plans / concepts /visions, land use and development plans, project planning • Focus: Urban structure, space creation, housing quality; Public space and mobility • Exemplary topics: Tightly-knit route network, local centres, social infra- structure, diverse flat layouts/typologies, open spaces, design and distribution of public spaces, sustainable transport
  38. 38. Green spaces across the city (Green Prater, Vineyards) Source: City of Vienna; Photocredits: Andreas Lindinger Half of Vienna’s land is green space
  39. 39. Preserving and creating high- quality green/open spaces • Three new large-scale recreation areas • Open Space Network that connects green and open spaces from the outskirts of the city to densely developed urban areas • Fostering compact types of housing and a city of short distances, with max. 250m distance to the open space network • Securing green and open spaces in urban development competitions, master plans and land use and development plans • Green space interventions (green facades) and citizen projects (urban farming)
  40. 40. Case: Aspern Seestadt • Vienna’s largest development project, constructed in 2010-28 (several phases) • Development agency Wien 3420 • 20,000 people and 20,000 workplaces • U2 subway extension finished one year before first residents moved in (2014) • First managed shopping street ensures diverse mix of shops and amenities • Mobility fund: bike sharing (incl. cargo bikes), car sharing, bike/shopping trailer, mobility access card, project funding Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  41. 41. Aspern Seestadt (now) Photocredits: Andreas Lindinger
  42. 42. Aspern Seestadt (next phase): Seepark quarter, HoHo world’s tallest wooden highrise, university guesthouse Photocredits: schreinerkastler, Kerbler Gruppe, Helen & Hard
  43. 43. Case: Nordbahnhof • One of several former railway station sites as major inner-city development areas • 10,000 apartments for 20,000 residents and 20,000 workplaces by 2025 • 1st part built around major new park with good transit access, education campus and proximity to major recreation areas • Diversity of housing concepts but lack of ground floor spaces and mixed use • 2nd part that is currently developed and built until 2025 has high density at the edges around a 10-hectare green middle Photocredit: Andreas Lindinger
  44. 44. Nordbahnhof (now): Bednar park, urban gardening, education campus Photocredits: Andreas Lindinger
  45. 45. Nordbahnhof (next phase): high density and green middle, education campus, green middle Photocredits: ÖBB / Luftbildservice Redl / Agenceter, Klammer Zeleny, schreinerkastler
  46. 46. A parking lot in the front yard of a school, a bad playground design and a grey public space Photocredits: Andreas Lindinger, Manfred Itzinger But: Too often it’s still not smart.
  47. 47. Low ground floor heights, blank walls and poorly designed home entrances Photocredits: Andreas Lindinger But: Too often it’s still not smart.
  48. 48. Andreas Lindinger andreas@vienncouver.com | +43 699 11834388 vienncouver.com | @vienncouver andreaslindinger.at | @lindinger

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