Livable Burbank


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A presentation made by Nicholas de Wolff to Burbank City Council and fellow Sustainability Commissioners, outlining the benefits of Complete Streets, and new ways to consider the role of the streetscape in urban areas.

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Livable Burbank

  1. 1. Livable Streets & Road Diets Part of the “Livable Burbank” Presentation, originally made to Transportation and Urban Design Subcommittee, September 2nd, 2009 Wolff
  2. 2. What is a Complete Street? A Complete Street is safe, comfortable and convenient for travel via automobile, foot, bicycle, and transit.
  3. 3. A Complete Street:  Offers a full range of travel choices  Connects to a network that offers choices  Is fully accessible to all: kids, seniors and people with disabilities  Supports & contributes to life in pleasant, convenient neighborhoods • Serves transit Portland Cyclists Commuting Video
  4. 4. Why do we need to complete the streets?
  5. 5. Americans want to walk and bike more  52% want to bike more than they do now.  55% would rather drive less and walk more “America Bikes” Poll STPP Poll
  6. 6. About a third of Americans don’t drive:  21% of Americans over 65  All children under 16  Many low income Americans cannot afford automobiles
  7. 7. Streets are inadequate: Too narrow to share with bikes No sidewalks No room for bikes or pedestrians
  8. 8. Streets are inadequate: Too dangerous to cross on foot No room for people
  9. 9. Streets are inadequate:  25% of walking trips take place on roads w/o sidewalks or shoulders  Bike lanes are available for only about 5% of bike trips Natl. Survey of Ped & Bicyclist Attitudes & Behaviors, 2003 BTS
  10. 10. Complete Street - Before
  11. 11. Complete Street - After GOOD Magazine Livable Street Web Site
  12. 12. What you'll see when streets are complete Kids going to school or the ice cream shop on their own  Seniors comfortably strolling and safely crossing the street  More bikes used for utility and recreational trips  Fewer accidents and less serious injuries  A more smoothly functioning road network  Higher values for adjoining properties 
  13. 13. Benefits: for safety Designing intersections for pedestrian travel can reduce pedestrian risk by 28% (King/Ewing Report)
  14. 14. Benefits: for older Americans • 50% of Americans will be over 55 in 2030 • More than half of older Americans walk regularly.  21% of Americans over 65 do not drive  More than 50% of nondrivers stay at home on a given day because they lack transportation options.
  15. 15. Benefits: for encouraging healthy activity  Walking & bicycling help prevent obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure & colon cancer.  Residents are 65% more likely to walk in a neighborhood with sidewalks.
  16. 16. Benefits: for people with disabilities  20% of Americans have a disability that limits their daily activities.  Complete Streets have curb cuts and other features for disabled travelers.  Complete Streets reduce isolation and dependence.
  17. 17. Isn’t it expensive? “The cost is incremental or minimal in terms of the overall construction costs for a new facility.”  Whit Clement, Virginia Secretary of Transportation “By fully considering the needs of all non-motorized travelers (pedestrians, bicyclists, & persons with disabilities) early in the life of a project, the costs associated with including facilities for these travelers are minimized.”  Jeff Morales, Former Director, CalTrans
  18. 18. Is this supported in design manuals? The AASHTO “Green Book” “Because of the demands of vehicular traffic in congested areas, it is often extremely difficult to make adequate provisions for pedestrians. Yet this should be done, because pedestrians are the lifeblood of our urban areas..."
  19. 19. Is this supported in design manuals? Most transportation experts agree this road is poorly designed
  20. 20. Won’t this mean wider streets? Many overly wide roads could use a “road diet”
  21. 21. What’s a road diet? Classic road diet shrinks 4 lanes to 3 + bike lanes
  22. 22. What else does a road diet do? An inexpensive tool for retrofitting existing streets Creates room for wider sidewalks
  23. 23. Are street design standards enough? This road meets minimum standards, but is sterile
  24. 24. Putting All The Pieces Together AddStart travelbuildings facebike lane Bring streetstark,add a (infill) median, now plain street Narrow with buildings ina life! Makeasurein more buildingscloserstreet Bring the alanes, hassome texture The the trees and the
  25. 25. “ To reap the economic and environmental benefits of the next influx of residents who will seek to move into or grow up in our cities between now and 2030, we must forge more capacity for growth, especially in transportation. That requires, among other things, new priorities and a more efficient approach to the city’s basic circulatory system – our streets. Streets must be designed to give would-be cyclists a greater sense of safety and belonging. More transportation choices and more reliable travel – and streets that serve as public places in and of themselves – will not only improve our commutes and environment. They also represent a new frontier in efforts to improve the quality of life in our cities”. Janette Sadik-Khan Commissioner, Department of Transportation New York City
  26. 26. Appendix
  27. 27. The many types of Complete Streets Pro: Exclusive allows Pro: “fall zone” if bicyclist ride comfortably Pro: Grass vergelane for soft A street cyclists can is forced off road A commercial arterial with only on side Con:Pro: Differentiating color schemetraffic clearly work bike lanes & sidewalks Single-stripe separation has been proven to identifies zones streets with no auto parking lane, Pro: Buffered from all other of lane or widened for commercial arterials (see next slide). Con: Cobbled lane makes for unnecessary discomfort for bicyclist Con: Only really works on one-way streets or wide boulevards
  28. 28. The Case For Buffered Lanes CLICK HERE TO PLAY VIDEO
  29. 29. The many types of Complete Streets A street school children can safely cross
  30. 30. The many types of Complete Streets A commercial street with lots of activity
  31. 31. Top pedestrian complaints are incomplete streets 2002 Natl. Transportation Availability & Use Survey
  32. 32. Top bicyclist complaints are incomplete streets 2002 Natl. Transportation Availability & Use Survey
  33. 33. Completing the Streets: One Example Boulder, Colorado has built all arterials as multi-modal corridors for auto, pedestrian, bicycle, and transit use.
  34. 34. Completing the Streets: One Example Boulder, Colorado has built all arterials as multi-modal corridors for auto, pedestrian, bicycle, and transit use.
  35. 35. Europe has more bike-ped travel Pucher, AJPH Sept 2003
  36. 36. …And far fewer deaths Pucher, AJPH Sept 2003
  37. 37. Incomplete streets are unsafe. FMIS, NHTS, FARS federal databases
  39. 39. Further resources  Article about Complete Streets (who coined the term; cities developing successful programs, etc)  The Livable Streets Initiative Web Site  Click here to visit the 21st Century Street Design Competition Web Site