Confronting the Fear of Waste<br />How emotions interfere in changing waste practices<br />1<br />Elizabeth O’Connell<br /...
Why look at waste?<br />Modern consumption creates unusable waste<br />Waste is invisible to most consumers<br />Waste dis...
3<br />Imagine an item of great value…<br />
4<br />Imagine it was lostin this…<br />
5<br />“Waste frightens us.” – Kevin Lynch (1990)<br />Waste represents death<br />Waste triggers shame and denial<br />Wa...
6<br />Waste has always been buried<br />1000 years of shells in Maine, USA<br />Modern landfill in Pennsylvania, USA<br />
7<br />Waste has always been burned<br />Household trash being burned<br />Modern incinerator in U.S.<br />
8<br />People bury their dead<br />Ancient Syrian grave site<br />Colombian graveyard<br />Muslim burial painting<br />
9<br />People burn their dead<br />Ancient Greek funeral urn<br />wall painting<br />Hindu funeral pyrein Nepal<br />
10<br />Waste, shame, and denial <br />Waste can signify a failure to find use for an object. (Strasser, 1999)<br />People...
11<br />Waste and social status <br />Trash left out in an Italian slum<br />Trash left out in middle-class area of U.S.<b...
Overcoming the fear of waste<br />Connecting new emotions with waste through:<br />       Art<br />       Music<br />     ...
14<br />Noble & Webster – “Dirty White Trash” (1998)<br />
15<br />Young at Art – Fashion Show (2010)<br />
16<br />Waste Musicians<br />http://web.mac.com/bashthetrash/Wecome/Home_Page.html<br />Donald Knaack<br />Bash the Trash<...
17<br />
18<br />Donald Knack<br />“Utah Uprising” (2003)<br />
19<br />Ritual as a coping mechanism <br />Egyptian burial painting<br />Colombian funeral rites<br />People have used rit...
20<br />Rituals in waste practices<br />Composting can serve as a ritual of renewal.<br />(Windle, 1995)<br />Recycling is...
21<br />Consumer Education<br />As people understand the connection between <br />their consumptive choices and waste gene...
22<br />Waste does not have to be feared<br />As people alter their view of waste practices to<br />preserve resources for...
Ackerman, F. (1997). Why do we recycle?. Washington, D.C.: Island Press. <br />De Graaf, J., Wann, D., Naylor, T. H., & Pr...
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A presentation of the barriers fear presents to engaging people in sustainable waste behaviors

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    1. 1. Confronting the Fear of Waste<br />How emotions interfere in changing waste practices<br />1<br />Elizabeth O’Connell<br />Sustainability Education<br />Ph.D. Candidate<br />Prescott College<br />
    2. 2. Why look at waste?<br />Modern consumption creates unusable waste<br />Waste is invisible to most consumers<br />Waste disposal has hazardous consequences<br />Waste practices such as reusing, recycling, and composting need to become established norms<br />2<br />Ackerman (1997), Why Do We Recycle?; DeGraff et al.(2001), Affluenza; Rathje (1989), Rubbish!<br />Royte (2005), Garbage Land; Strasser (2000), Waste and Want; Williams (2005), Waste Treatment and Disposal<br />
    3. 3. 3<br />Imagine an item of great value…<br />
    4. 4. 4<br />Imagine it was lostin this…<br />
    5. 5. 5<br />“Waste frightens us.” – Kevin Lynch (1990)<br />Waste represents death<br />Waste triggers shame and denial<br />Waste is associated with lower social status<br />Waste can be hazardous<br />ArisPrawaba – “death by the waste”<br />
    6. 6. 6<br />Waste has always been buried<br />1000 years of shells in Maine, USA<br />Modern landfill in Pennsylvania, USA<br />
    7. 7. 7<br />Waste has always been burned<br />Household trash being burned<br />Modern incinerator in U.S.<br />
    8. 8. 8<br />People bury their dead<br />Ancient Syrian grave site<br />Colombian graveyard<br />Muslim burial painting<br />
    9. 9. 9<br />People burn their dead<br />Ancient Greek funeral urn<br />wall painting<br />Hindu funeral pyrein Nepal<br />
    10. 10. 10<br />Waste, shame, and denial <br />Waste can signify a failure to find use for an object. (Strasser, 1999)<br />People who work with waste suffer from negative stigmatization<br />(Gutberlet & Jayme, 2010) <br />Waste is concealed from view. (Hawkins, 2006)<br />
    11. 11. 11<br />Waste and social status <br />Trash left out in an Italian slum<br />Trash left out in middle-class area of U.S.<br /><ul><li>Lower socio-economic peoples live closer to the waste generated by the whole society.</li></ul>(Porter, 2002)<br /><ul><li>Working with waste is often regarded as the least desirable profession (Lynch, 1990)</li></li></ul><li>12<br />Waste can be hazardous<br />Toxic materials can be found in waste.<br /> (Temmagami, 1999)<br />Waste can also be a source of regeneration.<br /> (Douglas, 1966)<br />
    12. 12. Overcoming the fear of waste<br />Connecting new emotions with waste through:<br /> Art<br /> Music<br /> Ritual<br /> Education<br />(Vik Muniz- “Pictures of Garbage – Mother and) child”<br />13<br />
    13. 13. 14<br />Noble & Webster – “Dirty White Trash” (1998)<br />
    14. 14. 15<br />Young at Art – Fashion Show (2010)<br />
    15. 15. 16<br />Waste Musicians<br />http://web.mac.com/bashthetrash/Wecome/Home_Page.html<br />Donald Knaack<br />Bash the Trash<br />http://www.junkmusic.org/index.php<br />http://www.usl.org.uk/<br />Urban Strawberry Lunch<br />
    16. 16. 17<br />
    17. 17. 18<br />Donald Knack<br />“Utah Uprising” (2003)<br />
    18. 18. 19<br />Ritual as a coping mechanism <br />Egyptian burial painting<br />Colombian funeral rites<br />People have used ritual to deal with death and loss for centuries. (Windle,1995) <br />
    19. 19. 20<br />Rituals in waste practices<br />Composting can serve as a ritual of renewal.<br />(Windle, 1995)<br />Recycling is becoming aritual<br />in many social groups. <br />(Hawkins, 2006)<br />
    20. 20. 21<br />Consumer Education<br />As people understand the connection between <br />their consumptive choices and waste generation, <br />they can make more sustainable consumption choices.<br />(DeGraaf et al, 2005)<br />Eliminating confusion and establishing trust around<br />recycling programs improves public participation.<br />(DeFeo & DeGisi, 2010; Fahy, 2005)<br />
    21. 21. 22<br />Waste does not have to be feared<br />As people alter their view of waste practices to<br />preserve resources for future generations, <br />emotional barriers to sustainable waste<br /> management can be overcome.<br />Tom Deininger-“Self-portrait” (2011)<br />
    22. 22. Ackerman, F. (1997). Why do we recycle?. Washington, D.C.: Island Press. <br />De Graaf, J., Wann, D., Naylor, T. H., & Progress, R. (2001). Affluenza: The all consuming epidemic. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler Pub. <br />Douglas, M. (1966). Purity and danger (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge. <br />Gutberlet, J., & Jayme, B. O. (2010). The story of my face: how environmental stewards perceive stigmatization (re)produced by discourse. Sustainability, 2(11), 3339-3353. <br />Hawkins, G. (2006). The ethics of waste: how we relate to rubbish. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Inc.<br />Lynch, K. (1990). Wasting away: An exploration of waste: What it is, how it happens, why we fear it, how to do it well. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books. <br />Rathje, W. L., & Murphy, C. (1992). Rubbish!: The archaeology of garbage. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers. <br />Royte, E. (2005). Garbage land: On the secret trail of trash. New York, NY: Little, Brown and Co. <br />Strasser, S. (2000). Waste and want: A social history of trash. New York, NY: Owl Books. <br />Tammemagi, H. (1999). The waste crisis: Landfills, incinerators, and the search for a sustainable future. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. <br />Williams, P. T. (2005). Waste treatment and disposal. London, UK: Wiley. <br />Windle, P. (1995). The ecology of grief. In T. Roszak, M. E. Gomes & A. D. Kanner (Eds.), Ecopsychology: Restoring the earth, healing the mind (pp. 136-148). San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books. <br />Featured Artists’ websites<br />http://arisprabawa.wordpress.com<br />http://web.mac.com/bashthetrash/Wecome/Home_Page.html<br />http://www.junkmusic.org/index.php<br />http://www.tomdeiningerart.com/works.html<br />http://www.timnobleandsuewebster.com/<br />http://www.usl.org.uk/<br />http://www.vikmuniz.net/<br />References<br />

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