Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Need-based transfers in water management and
disaster recovery workshop
Hosted by the Human Generosity Project and the Dec...
Caveats & Disclaimers – what you need to know…
Infantry Tidball
International Affairs Tidball
Academic Tidball
Trying to hang with the cool kids… my anthro DNA
Source: http://archives.wfpl.org/2008/09/04/religion-practicing-snake-han...
The fascination with symbols and ritual persisted…
Camp Algiers – Relief HQ NOLA Post-Katrina
Trees as Social Objects in
Anthropology
“From its beginnings , anthropology has
concerned itself as much with the ways in
...
Trees and Rebirth:
Resilience, Ritual and Symbol in Community-
based Urban Reforestation Recovery Efforts in
Post-Katrina ...
Tree Symbolism in Anthropology
“…Trees are used symbolically to
make concrete and material the
abstract notion of life [an...
Symbol of Re-birth
http://www.chicagotribune.com/travel/chi-new-orleans-0525_r_lmvmay25,0,4086594,full.story
On Tennessee Street, only trees
...
Tidball, K. G. (2014). "Seeing the forest for the trees: hybridity and social-ecological symbols, rituals and
resilience i...
Resilience is…
• Explanations for the source and role of
change in adaptive systems, particularly
the kinds of change that...
“…there will be social mechanisms behind management practices
based on local ecological knowledge, as evidence of a co-
ev...
Trees Shaped Resilience before and
after Katrina
Before
• Ecosystem service provision
– cooling
– storm water mgmt
– air q...
WHAT INITIATES GREENING?
Urgent Biophilia
Positive Dependency
Memorialization
Mechanism
Social-Ecological
Symbols and Ritu...
Source of Memory & Memorialization
The 2002 "Restore the Oaks" art installation featured
30 local artists, each creating a...
Memorial tree examples are familiar…
Scythe Tree, Waterloo, NY
From a postcard
Survivor tree Nagasaki
Photo by: Meghan Deu...
Memorial tree examples are familiar…
The Oklahoma City bombing “Survivor Tree”
Image from http://www.panoramio.com/photo/1...
Memorial tree examples are familiar…
2001
The New York City 9/11 “Survivor Tree”
Spring 2009
Michael Browne/Parks Departme...
Memorial tree examples are familiar…
Saint Paul’s Chapel, NYC
Tree memorials are “Living Memorials…
Because of the
overwhelming
desire to honor
and memorialize
the tragic losses
that o...
How do others account for greening
activities in disaster and war?
LOCATION RED ZONE TYPE
Afghanistan Ongoing wars in the ...
Joplin/Detroit/NYC Case study
Applied Work
Michael Kirby Smith for The New York Times
Nicole Bengiveno/The New York Times
Acknowledgements
Thank you!
Tidball   need-based giving & disaster 16jan2015
Tidball   need-based giving & disaster 16jan2015
Tidball   need-based giving & disaster 16jan2015
Tidball   need-based giving & disaster 16jan2015
Tidball   need-based giving & disaster 16jan2015
Tidball   need-based giving & disaster 16jan2015
Tidball   need-based giving & disaster 16jan2015
Tidball   need-based giving & disaster 16jan2015
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Tidball need-based giving & disaster 16jan2015

404 views

Published on

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Tidball need-based giving & disaster 16jan2015

  1. 1. Need-based transfers in water management and disaster recovery workshop Hosted by the Human Generosity Project and the Decision Center for a Desert City, Arizona State University Applying need-based transfers to pressing large-scale problems – what can we learn from disasters? Photo by David Kozlowski Keith G. Tidball, Ph.D. Department of Natural Resources Cornell University 16 JAN 2015.
  2. 2. Caveats & Disclaimers – what you need to know… Infantry Tidball International Affairs Tidball Academic Tidball
  3. 3. Trying to hang with the cool kids… my anthro DNA Source: http://archives.wfpl.org/2008/09/04/religion-practicing-snake-handling-comes-under-scrutiny/ Tidball, K. G. and C. P. Toumey (2007). "Serpents, Sainthood, and Celebrity: Symbolic and Ritual Tensions in Appalachian Pentecostal Serpent Handling." Journal of Religion and Popular Culture 17(Fall): http://www.usask.ca/relst/jrpc/art17-serpents-print.html Tidball, K. G. and C. P. Toumey (2003). Signifying Serpents: Hermeneutic Change in Appalachian Pentecostal Serpent Handling. Signifying Serpents and Mardi Gras Runners: Representing Identity in Selected Souths. C. Ray and L. E. Lassiter. Athens, Georgia, University of Georgia Press.
  4. 4. The fascination with symbols and ritual persisted…
  5. 5. Camp Algiers – Relief HQ NOLA Post-Katrina
  6. 6. Trees as Social Objects in Anthropology “From its beginnings , anthropology has concerned itself as much with the ways in which natural processes are conceptualized and the natural world classified, as with the ways in which human societies interact with their natural environments and use natural resources.” Laura Rival- The Social Life of Trees
  7. 7. Trees and Rebirth: Resilience, Ritual and Symbol in Community- based Urban Reforestation Recovery Efforts in Post-Katrina New Orleans Keith G. Tidball Cornell University Department of Natural Resources American Anthropological Association Annual Meeting: Philadelphia, PA USA Dec 2009 Session: THE SOCIAL LIFE OF TREES: COMMUNITY RESILIENCE, COLLECTIVE ACTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIOR “Scrap House” art installation by Sally Heller. Convention Center, NOLA. Photo: Arts Council of New Orleans
  8. 8. Tree Symbolism in Anthropology “…Trees are used symbolically to make concrete and material the abstract notion of life [and are] … ideal supports for such symbolic purpose precisely because their status as living organisms is ambiguous.” Laura Rival- The Social Life of Trees
  9. 9. Symbol of Re-birth
  10. 10. http://www.chicagotribune.com/travel/chi-new-orleans-0525_r_lmvmay25,0,4086594,full.story On Tennessee Street, only trees remained after the storm. Residents now look to the trees as a symbol of their neighborhood’s endurance, and their street bustles with new construction. In fact, Tennessee offers a veritable textbook example of construction methodology. American Apartment Owners Association Newsletter http://www.american-apartment-owners- association.org/blog/2009/02/02/three-years-after- katrina-brad-pitt-still-rallies-in-new-orleans/
  11. 11. Tidball, K. G. (2014). "Seeing the forest for the trees: hybridity and social-ecological symbols, rituals and resilience in post-disaster contexts." Ecology and Society 19(4).
  12. 12. Resilience is… • Explanations for the source and role of change in adaptive systems, particularly the kinds of change that are transforming. • Focused on social-ecological systems – not simply linked or coupled systems of people and nature, people IN nature • Found at multiple scales, from the scale of a farm or village, through communities, regions, and nations to the globe. Resilience - the ability to absorb disturbances, to be changed and then to re-organize and still have the same identity. It includes the ability to learn from the disturbance. Walker, B., C. S. Holling, S. R. Carpenter, and A. Kinzig. 2004. Resilience, adaptability and transformability in social–ecological systems. Ecology and Society 9(2): 5. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol9/iss2/art5
  13. 13. “…there will be social mechanisms behind management practices based on local ecological knowledge, as evidence of a co- evolutionary relationship between local institutions and the ecosystem in which they are located.” Berkes & Folke 1998 “…systems that demonstrate resilience appear to have learned to recognize feedback, and therefore possess mechanisms by which information from the environment can be received, processed, and interpreted.” Berkes & Folke 1998 Explore the means, or social mechanisms, that bring about the conditions needed for adaptation in the face of disturbance (eg. disaster and war) fundamental to social-ecological system resilience.
  14. 14. Trees Shaped Resilience before and after Katrina Before • Ecosystem service provision – cooling – storm water mgmt – air quality – aesthetic & recreational values • Sense of place – Well-being – Social capital – Links to SES resilience After • Actionable restoration target • Symbol of regeneration, rebirth, resilience • Source of memory and memorialization • Basis for emergence of a Community of Practice • Catalyst for re-initiation of virtuous cycles in social- ecological system
  15. 15. WHAT INITIATES GREENING? Urgent Biophilia Positive Dependency Memorialization Mechanism Social-Ecological Symbols and Rituals Tidball, KG. (2012). Urgent Biophilia: Human-Nature Interactions and Biological Attractions in Disaster Resilience. Ecology and Society. 17(2). Tidball, KG & RC Stedman. (2013). Positive Dependency and Virtuous Cycles: From Resource Dependence to Resilience in Urban Social-Ecological Systems. Ecological Economics. 86(0): 292-299. Tidball, KG, ME Krasny, E Svendsen, L Campbell, & K Helphand. (2010). Stewardship, Learning, and Memory in Disaster Resilience. “Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems: the Role of Learning and Education,” Special Issue of Environmental Education Research, 16(5): 341-357. Tidball, KG (2014). Trees and Rebirth: Social-Ecological Symbols, Rituals and Resilience in Post-Katrina New Orleans. In: Tidball and Krasny, Eds., Greening in the Red Zone: Disaster, Resilience, and Community Greening. Springer publishing.
  16. 16. Source of Memory & Memorialization The 2002 "Restore the Oaks" art installation featured 30 local artists, each creating an original mural on the outer freeway columns to memorialize the live oak trees that once stood on either side of Claiborne Avenue. I am going to go further back (than Katrina)…We lost something…we had these big majestic oaks that city planning and everyone else saw fit to uproot. Along with those oaks we had inherited businesses. So that’s the legacy that’s lost. So, these trees (we are planting) might be a reminder of what we lost, so that we don’t ever forget it and don’t let that happen to us again, as well as kind of light a fire under us to ensure that we won’t have to worry about a legacy being lost (due to Katrina) (Treme community member and tree planter, January 19 2009).
  17. 17. Memorial tree examples are familiar… Scythe Tree, Waterloo, NY From a postcard Survivor tree Nagasaki Photo by: Meghan Deutscher
  18. 18. Memorial tree examples are familiar… The Oklahoma City bombing “Survivor Tree” Image from http://www.panoramio.com/photo/14637493
  19. 19. Memorial tree examples are familiar… 2001 The New York City 9/11 “Survivor Tree” Spring 2009 Michael Browne/Parks Department David W. Dunlap/The New York Times
  20. 20. Memorial tree examples are familiar… Saint Paul’s Chapel, NYC
  21. 21. Tree memorials are “Living Memorials… Because of the overwhelming desire to honor and memorialize the tragic losses that occurred on September 11, 2001 (9-11) the United States Congress asked the USDA Forest Service to create the Living Memorials Project (LMP). This initiative invokes the resonating power of trees to bring people together and create lasting, living memorials to the victims of terrorism, their families, communities, and the nation. See USDA Forest Service Living Memorials Project www.livingmemorialsproject.net
  22. 22. How do others account for greening activities in disaster and war? LOCATION RED ZONE TYPE Afghanistan Ongoing wars in the Middle East Berlin, Germany Post-Cold War divisions Charleston, South Carolina 1989 Hurricane Hugo Cameroon and Chad Mid 2000’s civil unrest in Central Africa Cyprus Demarcation between Greek and Turkish Cyprus Europe 1940’s WW II Nazi internment camps Guatemala Ongoing post-conflict insecurity Iraq Ongoing wars in the Middle East Johannesburg, South Africa Early 2000’s Soweto, Post-Apartheid violence Kenya Early 2000’s Resource scarcity conflict Liberia 1989- 2003 civil war Madagascar Costal vulnerability New Orleans, USA 2005 Hurricane Katrina New York City, USA 2001 September 11th terrorist attacks Rotterdam, Netherlands Ongoing urban insecurity Port-au-Prince, Haiti 2010 earthquake Russia Post-Soviet Cold War urban insecurity Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1996 conflict South Korea Demilitarized Zone South Korea 2002 Typhoon and coastal vulnerability Stockholm, Sweden Urban insecurity in times of war Tokyo and Hiroshima, Japan WW II bombings United States WW II involvement United States Violence and prison populations
  23. 23. Joplin/Detroit/NYC Case study
  24. 24. Applied Work
  25. 25. Michael Kirby Smith for The New York Times Nicole Bengiveno/The New York Times
  26. 26. Acknowledgements Thank you!

×