Randstad2040

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2011
By Bart vink

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Randstad2040

  1. 1. RANDSTAD 2040Bart Vink – sr. programm manager / dep.director National Spatial PlanningMinistry of Infrastructure and the Environment, The Hague, Netherlands 1
  2. 2. • THE RANDSTAD• LONG TERM TRENDS AND CHALLENGES• THE MAKING OF..STRUCTURAL VISION RANDSTAD 2040• IMPLEMENTATION• ACTUAL CONTEXT 2
  3. 3. RANDSTAD in the WORLD 3
  4. 4. Randstad: historical development1900  1960  2010Spatial planning in NL: • Prevented urban sprawl: kept open spaces open, safeguarding cultural+natural heritages • Planned ‘new towns’ to control urban growth • Supported the compactness of the cities 4
  5. 5. NETHERLANDS vs. VLAANDEREN (FLANDERS)
  6. 6. …THE DUTCH CREATED THE NETHERLANDS…. 1776
  7. 7. IMPORTANCE OF THE RANDSTAD…• a polycentric urban area• 4 ‘large’ cities close to each other• a ´green´ heart• political, administrative, social and cultural heart of NL• most important economic motor of NL (GRP: € 271,2 billion (2007), 51% of the national GDP)• over 7 million inhabitants; 41,5% of the Dutch population on less than 20% of the Dutch territory• one of the most densely populated areas in the OECD 7
  8. 8. Randstad - a polycentric urban areaMONOCENTRICPOLYCENTRIC 8
  9. 9. Not one functional metropolitan areaCommuter patterns: 4 daily urban systems 9
  10. 10. International importanceStrengths:•Ports, airport, international accessibility•Main offices multinationals, financial sector•Creative sector, media, ict, urban tourism•NGO’s and international institutions•Scientific institutes•Greenports•BRP Although Amsterdam is relatively small: itranks high in international surveys,compairible to Milan, Madrid, just afterLondon and Paris 10
  11. 11. Diversified service economy• Financial & business services• Logistics & trade• Creative industries, ICT, Tourism• Life science• HorticultureAmsterdam as its primary city....• Amsterdam: internationally oriented business centre, creative activities , sciences, tourism, ict, media, port, airport• Rotterdam: worldwide logistic junction of Europe• The Hague: seat of organisations for peace and justice• Utrecht: concentration of national business, creative services, sciences 11
  12. 12. NL IN 2040 ?Long termchallenges
  13. 13. Challenges for the future.....• OECD: Diminishing traffic congestion, Improving housing market, governance• Longer term: Economic growth, climate change, energy supply, water safety 13
  14. 14. SPACE FOR LIVING AND WORKING
  15. 15. SPACE FOR SCHIPHOL AIRPORT Tweede Terminal Parallelle Kaagbaan
  16. 16. SPACE FOR WORKING Act / A4 werkstad Port of Amsterdam Zuidas Flower Mainport Aalsmeer
  17. 17. SPACE FOR AGRICULTURE Agricultural land use Greenport Aalsmeer Dairy farming Bulbs
  18. 18. SPACE FOR DWELLINGS 70.000 60.000Challenge for housing Restrictions for housing…..
  19. 19. SPACE FOR ACCESSIBILITY Expected congestion 2040roads Public transport WATER
  20. 20. SPACE FOR WATER STORAGE / CLIMATE CHANGEPossible space for water storage
  21. 21. CULTURAL HERITAGE AND LANDSCAPECultural heritage Diversity landscape
  22. 22. ENERGY 2030Wind turbines Afrikahaven High-voltage pylons (380 kV)
  23. 23. ALL TOGETHER….INTEGRATED PLANNING?VISION?
  24. 24. RANDSTAD 2040 PROCESS…..AND TEAMWORK….. 1. 2. 3. Alliances Research4. Dialogue Design Integrated long term vision Randstad 2040 24
  25. 25. CONCEPTS AS INSPIRATION
  26. 26. RESULTS OF THE DIALOGUE…NRC.Next – February, 8th, 2008 26
  27. 27. DESIGN AS A RESOURCE IN THE PROCESS….STRONG, VIBRANT CITIES, SMART PEOPLE:FOCUS ON ADDED VALUE, SERVICE DRIVENECONOMY, QUALITY OF LIFE….less focus on transport-oriented economyALSO MEANING: SPACE FOR ‘GREEN AND BLUE’
  28. 28. STRUCTURAL VISION 28
  29. 29. IMPLEMENTATION: SPATIAL AGENDA…..
  30. 30. IMPLEMENTATION:…KEY-PROJECTS 30
  31. 31. EUROPEAN ‘TOP’ LOCATION: AMSTERDAM ZUIDAS
  32. 32. ACTUAL POLITICAL CONTEXT• Constraints of the state budget / necessary cuts• Economic challenges• Focus on less state involvement and more ‘realisation power’ ‘Economy first’ Decentralisation of responsibilities Actualisation of state policy: more focus, less involvement Less regulations: ‘faster and better’ realisation ....for a competitive and sustainable future... 32

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