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Prepared by Roberto Rocco
Chair Spatial Planning and Strategy, TU Delft
SpatialPlanning
&Strategy
TOWARDS A
COMPETITIVE DE...
Urbanisation in the Netherlands, 2010
A NETWORKED
CITY REGION
The Randstad, 1950SOURCE: RPB, VIA DOMINIC STEAD (OTB)
The Randstad, 2010SOURCE: RPB, VIA DOMINIC STEAD (OTB)
1
2 3
4
5
6
7
8
Trends
1. EXPANSION OF THE PORT OF ROTTERDAM INTO THE NORTH SEA (NEW
LAND)
2. DEVELOPMENT OF A HUGE TECH AGRICULTURAL AREA...
SOURCE: TNO, BASED ON OECD/ EUROSTAT
SOURCE: TNO
SOURCE: TNO, BASED ON OECD/ EUROSTAT
A Metropolis in the
making
BUT DOES IT WORK
AS A COHERENT
URBAN SYSTEM?
IMAGE: MATT SMITH (CHERNOBYLBOB AT FLICKR)
Urban nodes working together?

What unites them?
The Technical
Networks 

Basic
Infrastructure
In order to compete with other
similar European city regions
✤ The internal coherence of the Randstad has to be
reinforced...
Regional Spatial Visions
Source: http://
www.randstadnieuws.nl/24-vastgoed/
121-visie-projectontwikkeling-en-
stedelijk-wo...
ROTTERDAM CENTRAAL
Large Metropolitan
Projects Randstad
UTRECHT STATIONSGEBIED
SOURCE: VROM
DEN HAAG CS KWADRANT
SOURCE: WWW.ROTTERDAMCENTRAAL.NL/
CENTRAL STATION, DEN HAAG
WWW.DENHAAG.NL/.../NEW-RANDSTADRAIL-STATION-AT-CENTRAL-STATION.HTM
Examples Key Projects
CENTRAL STATION, UTRECHT
HTTP://WWW.STATIONSWEB.NL/STATION.ASP?STATION=UTRECHTCS
Examples Key Projects
Amsterdam Zuid-As
Location
of the
Zuidas
SOURCE: WWW.ZUIDAS.NL
SOURCE: WWW.ZUIDAS.NL
SOURCE: WWW.ZUIDAS.NL
Zuidas Dok
http://www.zuidasdok.nl
ZUIDAS, AMSTERDAM
SOURCE: WWW.ZUIDAS.NL
The “inner” ring road
of the Randstad
CORPORATE CLUSTERS IN AMSTERDAM
1 2 3
4 5 6 7
APS HUBS IN AMSTERDAM =
DIFFERENTIATED CORPORATE CENTRALITIES/ DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS
Amsterdam Municipality Institutional Ad The Economist
2004
A Metropolis in the
making
• The commuting patterns between the
various nodes in the network should
be reinforced by impro...
Province
North
Holland
GovernanceMinistry Infra &
Environment
Ministry
Economic
Affairs
Amsterdam
Urban Region
City of
Ams...
Stakeholders
Waternet
Province North
Holland
Rijkwaterstaat
Amsterdam Western
District
Fire Brigade
Amsterdam-
Amstelland
...
Bureau Zuidas
• Current projects: tenders, self-build plots,
decision-making procedures
• Information
• Implementation
• P...
The industrial city
The Post-Industrial City
An open system
An open system
The Post-Industrial City Region
Thanks for watching & listening!
For questions, please contact r.c.rocco@tudelft.nl
And visit our BLOG
www.spatialplanning...
Towards a competitive Delta Metropolis
Towards a competitive Delta Metropolis
Towards a competitive Delta Metropolis
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Towards a competitive Delta Metropolis

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In this presentation, I give an example of spatial strategy in which the Dutch Government seeks to strengthen the cohesion and consequently increase competitiveness of the Randstad (the networked city region in the West of the Netherlands, where the four main Dutch cities are located: Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht).

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Towards a competitive Delta Metropolis

  1. 1. Prepared by Roberto Rocco Chair Spatial Planning and Strategy, TU Delft SpatialPlanning &Strategy TOWARDS A COMPETITIVE DELTA METROPOLIS Delft University of Technology
  2. 2. Urbanisation in the Netherlands, 2010
  3. 3. A NETWORKED CITY REGION
  4. 4. The Randstad, 1950SOURCE: RPB, VIA DOMINIC STEAD (OTB)
  5. 5. The Randstad, 2010SOURCE: RPB, VIA DOMINIC STEAD (OTB) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
  6. 6. Trends 1. EXPANSION OF THE PORT OF ROTTERDAM INTO THE NORTH SEA (NEW LAND) 2. DEVELOPMENT OF A HUGE TECH AGRICULTURAL AREA (WESTLAND) 3. INTENSE SUBURBANISATION OF THE AREA BETWEEN THE HAGUE AND ROTTERDAM (NEW HOUSING) 4. TRANSITION OF ROTTERDAM FROM A PORT CITY TO A ‘CREATIVE CITY WITH A PORT’ 5. LARGE EXPANSION OF UTRECHT AS A TRANSPORT HUB AND A PREFERRED CITY FOR DWELLINGS AND DUTCH COMPANIES 6. EXPANSION OF THE SCHIPHOL AIRPORT 7. EXPANSION OF AMSTERDAM AS THE INTERNATIONAL GATEWAY TO THE NETHERLANDS AND CULTURAL HUB/ HOUSING, CULTURE 8. THE CONSTRUCTION OF A NEW ISLAND (FLEVOLAND) WITH RAPID EXPANSION OF HOUSING AND EMPLOYMENT (NEW CITIES)
  7. 7. SOURCE: TNO, BASED ON OECD/ EUROSTAT
  8. 8. SOURCE: TNO SOURCE: TNO, BASED ON OECD/ EUROSTAT
  9. 9. A Metropolis in the making BUT DOES IT WORK AS A COHERENT URBAN SYSTEM? IMAGE: MATT SMITH (CHERNOBYLBOB AT FLICKR)
  10. 10. Urban nodes working together?
 What unites them?
  11. 11. The Technical Networks 
 Basic Infrastructure
  12. 12. In order to compete with other similar European city regions ✤ The internal coherence of the Randstad has to be reinforced, ✤ New and better spatial infrastructures have to be created or improved ✤ The Randstad needs to be known and identified as metropolis ✤ Or we can change the name of the region to Amsterdam
  13. 13. Regional Spatial Visions Source: http:// www.randstadnieuws.nl/24-vastgoed/ 121-visie-projectontwikkeling-en- stedelijk-wonen/1053-randstad-2040- visie-in-startnotities/ The Randstad 2040 plan
  14. 14. ROTTERDAM CENTRAAL Large Metropolitan Projects Randstad UTRECHT STATIONSGEBIED SOURCE: VROM DEN HAAG CS KWADRANT
  15. 15. SOURCE: WWW.ROTTERDAMCENTRAAL.NL/
  16. 16. CENTRAL STATION, DEN HAAG WWW.DENHAAG.NL/.../NEW-RANDSTADRAIL-STATION-AT-CENTRAL-STATION.HTM Examples Key Projects
  17. 17. CENTRAL STATION, UTRECHT HTTP://WWW.STATIONSWEB.NL/STATION.ASP?STATION=UTRECHTCS Examples Key Projects
  18. 18. Amsterdam Zuid-As
  19. 19. Location of the Zuidas
  20. 20. SOURCE: WWW.ZUIDAS.NL
  21. 21. SOURCE: WWW.ZUIDAS.NL
  22. 22. SOURCE: WWW.ZUIDAS.NL
  23. 23. Zuidas Dok http://www.zuidasdok.nl
  24. 24. ZUIDAS, AMSTERDAM SOURCE: WWW.ZUIDAS.NL
  25. 25. The “inner” ring road of the Randstad
  26. 26. CORPORATE CLUSTERS IN AMSTERDAM
  27. 27. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 APS HUBS IN AMSTERDAM = DIFFERENTIATED CORPORATE CENTRALITIES/ DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS
  28. 28. Amsterdam Municipality Institutional Ad The Economist 2004
  29. 29. A Metropolis in the making • The commuting patterns between the various nodes in the network should be reinforced by improving the connections between them. • The ring is the structuring element. • The station areas are ideal places to promote new kinds of urban centrality. IMAGE: MATT SMITH (CHERNOBYLBOB AT FLICKR)
  30. 30. Province North Holland GovernanceMinistry Infra & Environment Ministry Economic Affairs Amsterdam Urban Region City of Amsterdam PRORAIL City of Amsterdam Directorate- General for Public Works and Water Management (RWS) Bureau Zuidas Citizens associations Housing corporations Inhabitants of Amstelveen KvK Amstelveen
  31. 31. Stakeholders Waternet Province North Holland Rijkwaterstaat Amsterdam Western District Fire Brigade Amsterdam- Amstelland Zuidas Development Office Real Estate Developers People of Amsterdam Other NGOs
  32. 32. Bureau Zuidas • Current projects: tenders, self-build plots, decision-making procedures • Information • Implementation • Projects around Zuidas • Themes such as traffic, green space and sustainability
  33. 33. The industrial city
  34. 34. The Post-Industrial City
  35. 35. An open system
  36. 36. An open system
  37. 37. The Post-Industrial City Region
  38. 38. Thanks for watching & listening! For questions, please contact r.c.rocco@tudelft.nl And visit our BLOG www.spatialplanningtudelft.eu SpatialPlanning &Strategy SPS U URBANISM Delft University of Technology

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