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2011 svir isocarp wuhan def


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2011 svir isocarp wuhan def

  1. 1. National Spatial Planning in The Netherlands: New Directions 47th ISOCARP Congress, Wuhan, China, 2011 Arjen J. van der Burg,Ministry of Infrastructure and The Environment, The Hague
  2. 2. Overview1. Introduction: country and history2. Why new policies?3. 2011: National Policy Strategy for Infrastructure and Spatial Planning4. Conclusion: planning reverts to basics
  3. 3. (1) The Netherlands in NW Europe Randstad North Wing – Amsterdam-Utrecht regionRandstad South Wing –Rotterdam-The Hague region Eindhoven region Germany, Ruhr gebietBelgium, Vlaanderen
  4. 4. A planning history of 70 years 1960 2010 Mainports: Port of RotterdamRandstad + Green Heart Urban renewal + Schiphol Airport
  5. 5. Planning historyNew Town Houten Vinex covenants • National Spatial Planning driven by post-war expansion and renewal (housing, industry, infrastructure, nature, agriculture) • Urban expansion lost momentum in most regions • National spatial planning has to offer its expertise to other land uses
  6. 6. (2) Why new policies?1. Economic crisis and budget cuts2. New political priorities3. Unpleasant realities (lessons for planners)4. “New” land uses
  7. 7. National Policy Strategy Infrastructure & Spatial Planning Ambition 2040 Competetive, accessible, liveable & safe “Decentralisation and simplification”7
  8. 8. (3) National Interests1. Outstanding business 8. Improving environmental climate in urban regions quality2. Energy network and 9. Adaptation to climate transition change3. Pipeline network 10. Preservation of unique4. Use of subsurface cultural heritage5. Robust rail, road and 11. Network for wildlife waterway network habitats6. Better use of existing 12. Military sites network capacity 13. Careful and transparent7. Maintenance of existing planning decisions transport networks
  9. 9. National Interest 1: Business Climate• Better business climate in urban regions with economic top-sectors around mainports, brainport and greenports• Support for infrastructure and development projects
  10. 10. National Interest 5: Robust rail, road and waterway network .• Space and budget reserved for expansion of highways, railways and canals• Putting users first: new multimodal Mobility Indicator
  11. 11. National Interest 10: Preservation of unique cultural heritage National Landscapes
  12. 12. National Interest 13: Careful and transparent planning decisions• Radical simplification of “environmental” laws• Binding rules in a bye-law• Planning help for municipalities and provinces through state architects, design, research facilities• Spatial information universally available digitally12
  13. 13. National Policy Strategy on one map13 22 november 2011
  14. 14. (4) “Decentralisation and simplification”
  15. 15. Former national interestsWhat used to be the urban policy:• National urban networks and •Urbanisation Package Dealsgrowth boundaries
  16. 16. Former national interests The Hague – Wassenaar - LeidenBuffer zones between major cities
  17. 17. (5) Conclusion: National planning must revert to basics• Reduction of national spatial planning for the occupation layer to major urban nodes in Randstad Holland• Growing importance of subsurface and network layers creates new fields of action for national spatial planning in conjunction with national network planning