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LSP : Copenhagen & Malmo: Ramboll - New urban experiments

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Presentations from Leaders Study Program, Copenhagen & Malmo 2017

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LSP : Copenhagen & Malmo: Ramboll - New urban experiments

  1. 1. CITY MASTERPLANNING SMART LIVEABLE CITIES SOREN HANSEN M.SC. TRANSPORT AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROJECT DIRECTOR SH@RAMBOLL.DK
  2. 2. RAMBOLL IN BRIEF • Independent engineering and design consultancy and provider of management consultancy • Founded 1945 in Denmark • 13,300 experts • Over 300 offices in 35 countries • Significant presence in the Nordics, North & South America, the UK, Continental Europe, Middle East, India, Asia, Australia, and Sub- Saharan Africa • Our Australian presence includes offices in Sydney, Newcastle, Melbourne and Perth. • EUR 1.1 billion revenue • Owned by Ramboll Foundation Services across the markets: - Buildings & Architecture - Transport - Environment & Health - Water - Energy - Oil & Gas - Management Consulting - Planning & Urban Design
  3. 3. RAMBOLL WORLD MAP
  4. 4. ABOUT ME Søren Hansen, M.Sc. Project Director • Urban development strategies; master planning; urban and transportation planning and design; environmental and sustainability assessments; liveable cities. • Studies have included cities, urban district developments, airports, ports, roads, tunnels, facilities for pedestrians and cyclists, and public transportation. Completion of work for a large number of cities, municipalities and states, as well as private development companies.
  5. 5. RAMBOLL ELEVATING TECHNICAL SKILLS TO STRATEGY AND PLANNING LEVEL Sector focus: • Aviation • Arts & culture • Commercial • Social housing • Healthcare • Higher/Further Education • Hotels & leisure • Industrial & Science • Government & Public • Residential • Retail • Schools • Sports BUILDINGS Sector focus: • Airports & aviation • Ports & marine • Rail • Light rail • Public transport • Transportation planning • Roads & motorways • Urban spaces • Master planning • Urban development • Bridges • Tunnels • Geotechnics • Asset management TRANSPORT Sector focus: • Climate change • Urban heat islands • Environmental Due Diligence • Mining • Nature • Urban water • Waste • Waste water • Potable water • Soil pollution • Air pollution • Adaptation and mitigation ENVIRONMENT Sector focus: • FPSOs • LNG – Liquefied Natural Gas • Market and distribution • Offshore pipelines • Offshore platforms • Onshore pipelines • Refineries and gas storage OIL & GAS Sector focus: • Planning • District heating/cooling • Production • Waste-to-energy • Onshore and offshore wind • Thermal power • Biomass • Biogas generation • Solar energy • CHP • Transmission and distribution ENERGY Sector focus: • Central government • Economics • Education and research • Labour market • Life science • Regional and local government • Utilities • Welfare and Social Policy MANAGEMENT CONSULTING PLANNING & URBAN DESIGN
  6. 6. Copenhagen 1950 1995 2010 Beijing 1984 2010 1950 A comparison
  7. 7. 0,6 0,7 0,8 0,9 1 1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5 Gross energy consumption CO2 emissions GDP DE-COUPLING GDP AND CO2 GDP, energy consumption and CO2 emissions in Denmark 1990-2013 Source: Statistics Denmark and the Danish Energy Agency
  8. 8. ACHIEVEMENTS TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS Number of deaths in traffic in 1972: 1762 Number of deaths in traffic in 2012: 167 Injured Deaths Number
  9. 9. COPENHAGEN IN TRANSITION: RECESSION  SUSTAINABLE SMART CITY Copenhagen 1980 Recession Copenhagen 2014 European green capital
  10. 10. THE URBAN DEVELOPMENT VEHICLE IN COPENHAGEN CHANGE OF ZONING ARCHITECTS COMPETITION METRO AND INFRASTRUCTURE SALE OF BUILDING RIGHTS 5 Euro/m2 1,000 Euro/m2 MASTERPLAN DEVELOPMENT COMPANY LAND INTERPOSED
  11. 11. ØRESTAD SOUTH VISION CURRENTLY UNDER CONSTRUCTION
  12. 12. HOLISTIC URBAN PLANNING SMART, SUSTAINABLE AND LIVEABLE Best practice to next practice o Best practice today is sustainability o Not content with best practice o Best practice is retrospective o Cities last for the next 100s of years o Best practices don’t consider autonomous cars, e-trade, 3D printing, social medias, climate changes etc. o Next practice is liveability Liveability is main objective • Prime enablers are: o Sustainability o Smart city o Mobility o Viability o Resiliency o Coherency o Flexibility o And………
  13. 13. MORE MOBILITY – LESS TRAFFIC
  14. 14. NORDHAVN – next practice NOMINATED ‘WORLDS BEST MASTERPLAN’ Sustainable, smart, liveable • 40,000 inhabitants 40,000 workplaces • CO2 neutral and energy plus • Design for passive energy saving • Smart city solutions • Public transport prioritization • Parking strategy • Super bicycle paths • District heating and cooling • High performance building envelopes • Large energy store • Sea wheat for bioethanol and biogas • Intelligent waste handling • Solar systems
  15. 15. LIVEABILITY AND SMART PLANNING IMPROVE MOBILITY - REDUCE TRAFFIC Definition of 5 minute city • The five minute city makes it possible to reach basic shops, institutions, work places and cultural facilities within 5 minutes walk • Or within 5 minutes walk to a public transport mode leading to the destination Why? • To create urban life • Social interconnectedness • Networking • Sustainable behaviour and transportation
  16. 16. HOLISTIC URBAN DEVELOPMENT Yesterday Todays Tomorrow Urban context Urban context Urban context Homogenous Multi-cultural No borders Locally anchored Diversified Global partnerships Physical defined Transboundary No physical dependency Demarcated • Smart cities are created through networks • Public authorities – states, regions, municipalities • Citizens – communication, transparency an ownership • The private sector – investors, innovators, start-ups, industries • Long term strategies • Future trends • Co-creation of physical urban space solutions and technological
  17. 17. COPENHAGEN HARBOUR - AFTER (2014) CLEAN WATER AND NEW RECREATIONAL USE
  18. 18. NEW DEVELOPMENTS AROUND THE HARBOUR HAS DIRECT ACCESS TO THE WATER
  19. 19. CLIMATE CHANGE IS THE BIG GAME CHANGER High end liveability Sustainability, aesthetics, innovation, learning, transparency Intermediate liveability Enhanced infrastructure, safety, supply stability, Diversity in population Basic liveability - survival Place to sleep and shelter (buildings), basic utilities (water, heat, power), basic infrastructure Cities: Singapore, Sydney, Hamburg, Montreal, Copenhagen Etc. Cities: Rio, Sunderland, Gdansk, (the “classic” industrial city) Cities: Manila, Jakarta, Nairobi, Hanoi, (third world cities) Climatechange
  20. 20. • Buildings edges • Clustering of buildings • Orientation of buildings • Old and new developments • Complex layout • Green areas • Influence by environment • Infrastructure MICRO CLIMATE PLANNING TOOL TO MITIGATE AND ADAPT
  21. 21. CLIMATE RESPONSIVE DESIGN PASSIVE STRATEGIES FOR OUTDOOR COMFORT
  22. 22. CLIMATE RESPONSIVE DESIGN PASSIVE STRATEGIES FOR OUTDOOR COMFORT Wind flowKing Abdullah financial district, Riyadh Wind velocity Air ventilation Temperature reduction of 8-10 oC, by passive strategies for outdoor design • Landuse, orientation, design, materials, planting, cooling, exhaust
  23. 23. SMART THINKING IN THE URBAN WATER CYCLE Three challenges, 1. Water scarcity 2. More frequent and heavier rainfall 3. Lack of green urban spaces ABC Design Guidelines, PUB, Singapore 2011 (co-created by Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl)
  24. 24. COPENHAGEN CLOUDBURST PLAN CATALOGUE OF SOLUTIONS 27 ” ” 1. Create interaction between the cloudburst solutions and the upgrading of existing squares, streets and parks 2. The cloudburst solutions shall seek to support the city life – increase liveability – and be cost effective
  25. 25. SAINT JØRGENS LAKE – CENTRAL RETENTION
  26. 26. SØNDER BOULEVARD - CLOUDBURST STREET
  27. 27. SØNDER BOULEVARD - CLOUDBURST STREET
  28. 28. SØNDER BOULEVARD - CLOUDBURST STREET
  29. 29. USING STORED RAINWATER TO COOL URBAN SPACES SMART CITY SOLUTIONS CONTROL WATER USAGE Permeable paving Drain PipesSmart Valve WellGravel Waterproof membrane Sewer CHURCH STFENNELL ST
  30. 30. SANKT ANNÆ PLADS – PRIZE WINNING COPENHAGEN’S FIRST CLOUDBURST STREET
  31. 31. WE MUST BE ABLE TO WORK TOGETHER TO CREATE THE LIVEABLE AND CLIMATE RESPONSIVE CITY 34
  32. 32. URBAN INNOVATION – ROAD TO SUCCESS 1. A strong and guiding political vision • Quality of life (Liveable, clean, safe, diverse, sustainable) • Growth (knowledge, innovation, employment) 2. A holistic approach to planning urban developments/retrofitting • Acknowledgement that investments in physical infrastructure need to be viable and go hand-in-hand with investments in social and cultural infrastructure. 3. Structured approach to dialogue with citizens and investors • Open dialogue with investors on need for municipal “trigger investments”. Transparency in political decision making and trust in the future. • Involvement of citizens. Not only in hearings and formalized engagement processes. But also in structured co-creation processes
  33. 33. 1. Ramboll Head Quarter 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 INSPIRATIONAL TOUR OF COPENHAGEN Architect: Dissing & Veitling Engineer: Ramboll 40.000 m2
  34. 34. 6. Ottetallet – 8-building 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 INSPIRATIONAL TOUR OF COPENHAGEN Architect: BIG - Denmark Total: 62.000 m2 - Mixed use Apartments: 476 Worlds best residential building 2011 (WAF, Barcelona)
  35. 35. 7. VM Mountain 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 INSPIRATIONAL TOUR OF COPENHAGEN Architect: BIG - Denmark Total: 62.000 m2 - Mixed use Apartments: 80 Worlds best residential building 2008 (WAF, Barcelona) Parking: 650 spaces
  36. 36. 8. Tietgen Dormitory 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 INSPIRATIONAL TOUR OF COPENHAGEN Architect: Lundgaard & Tranbaek - Denmark Apartments: 360
  37. 37. 10.Northern Harbour development 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 INSPIRATIONAL TOUR OF COPENHAGEN 10 Design: Ramboll and COBE - Denmark Total: 3.200.000 m2 - Mixed use Residents: 40.000 Jobs: 40.000 CO2 neutral Nominated worlds best masterplan 2009 (WAF, Barcelona)
  38. 38. 4. Harbour swim bath 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 INSPIRATIONAL TOUR OF COPENHAGEN
  39. 39. 5. Sluseholmen 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 INSPIRATIONAL TOUR OF COPENHAGEN
  40. 40. THANK YOU SOREN HANSEN PROJECT DIRECTOR TRANSPORT AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT RAMBOLL DENMARK SH@RAMBOLL.DK

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