Community Centred Conservation (C3) Community Incentives for Marine Conservation

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Rural communities in low-income countries are among the most vulnerable socio-economic groups, often referred to as the “poorest of the poor”. These communities often rely heavily on natural resources, and those resources are often overexploited since little opportunities exist for livelihood improvement, better management, and empowered governance. The innovative program that we proposer focuses on delivering a service that improves livelihoods via a performance based financial mechanism that incentivizes behavior changes that result in improved environmental management of natural resources that rural communities both have influence over and rely heavily upon. Through the provision of strategic and tangible access to capital in exchange for the long term conservation of natural resources, the proposed project will provide long term means to finance conservation and as such may be widely applicable in developing countries and regions where markets (and payments) for environmental goods are lacking.

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  • Mapping biodiversity – currently mapping sea grass beds around Busuanga in the Philippines as well as landuse and coastal habibtat mapping on Kia Island in Fiji
  • Mapping biodiversity – currently mapping sea grass beds around Busuanga in the Philippines as well as landuse and coastal habibtat mapping on Kia Island in Fiji
  • Values:
    Excellence- achieving excellence in everything we do, not just doing a good job but clearly excelling
    Understanding – the socio-cultural aspects of the work we do and the communities we work in, understanding the views of all stakeholders when it comes to decisiosn regarding their natural resources
    Efficieny – we get results with limited funds being efficient in all aspects of running an organisation. We work at the heart of communties, we have no local partner organisations – means we can direct your money to straight to the people that need it
    Leadership – learding the way for conservation in the 21st centruy, showing that much can be achieved at the grassrootos level, harnessing the abilities of local leaders.
    Ingenuity – not just emulating other conservation organisations but coming up with ingenious solution to conservation problems.
  • Endangered Species – currently running dugong project in philippines,
    Quantifying sea turtle hunting pressure in northeast Madagascar
    Fiji & South Pacific have started the first comprehensive survey of the endangered humphead wrasse (KI surveys at the moment, starting landing site surveys in Jan).
  • Community Centred Conservation (C3) Community Incentives for Marine Conservation

    1. 1. Incentivizing local people for marine conservation Chris Poonian and Patricia Davis Community Centred Conservation (C3)
    2. 2. Casestudy #1 : Busuanga, Palawan, Philippines
    3. 3. One of the most important sites for the dugong in the Philippines
    4. 4. Local threats: •Previously hunted using nets, prong, hook, harpoon, and dynamite and meat sold openly •Nowadays, incidental capture in fishing nets is likely the most significant threat
    5. 5. • Dugong reliant on shallow coastal seagrass and thus shares almost all its habitat with humans • Support and involvement of local communities is therefore key to ensuring the survival of the dugong in the Philippines
    6. 6. Involving fishing communities in dugong research •Key Informant Interviews •Dugong sighting register
    7. 7. Raising awareness •Novel ideas – Dugong ‘ecobag’, Iphone app •Community workshops and school activity days
    8. 8. Casestudy #2 : KIA ISLAND, FIJI
    9. 9. Issues •Great Sea Reef - the third largest barrier reef system in the world •Over 80% of the island relies on fishing as their primary source of income •Locally Managed MPAs – but erratic compliance •Opening of closed areas leads to periodic heavy exploitation
    10. 10. Humphead Wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus) •Largest reef-dwelling teleost (2m) •Vulnerable to fishing pressure •Live reef fish trade •Spawning aggregations •Red List: Endangered; CITES: Appendix II
    11. 11. Humphead Wrasse global distribution (Sadovy et al. 2004)
    12. 12. •Fiji - Eastern edge of the species’ range •Decline in national reported catch -1998:12 tonnes -2002: 3 tonnes •Trade prohibited under Fijian Law (since 2002) - FJ$5,000 or imprisonment ‘Draudrau’
    13. 13. Data collection •Expert fisher interviews (n=21) •Humphead Wrasse landings -aim to record every fish landed in 2012 •Community members involved
    14. 14. In the past Nowadays How many caught annually? ‘300’ ‘200 or 300’ ‘100 or 200’ ‘100’ ’40 or 50’ ’20 or 30’ ‘10’ ‘4’ ‘60 to 80’ Actual catch during 2012 – at least 198 fish!
    15. 15. Monthly catch Jan – mid-Feb MPA open to generate funds for school fees 26 Mar - Funeral 30 May - Turaga-ni-Koro bans capture of Humphead Wrasse
    16. 16. Cultural significance •Feasts, funerals, other community events •Mototeivovo – (hump area) is reserved for high-ranking chiefs •Grade B / C – FJ$4-6 / kg but BIG •Jewelry - upper jaw made into necklaces
    17. 17. Management •Widespread awareness of laws BUT •Lack of enforcement •Ready market – Chinese fish traders •Government fish wardens not trusted
    18. 18. Management •Low community awareness of humphead wrasse life history •Adaptive management and self- enforcement by community -remoteness of site -’luxury fish’ not critical source of livelihood •Improved understanding of population status – in situ surveys
    19. 19. Casestudy #3 : NOSY HARA MARINE PARK, MADAGASCAR
    20. 20. Critical ecosystems and endangered species •Sea turtles •Dugongs •Sharks •Nearshore fisheries •Coral Reefs •Mangroves
    21. 21. Community motivation • Community optimistic, but skeptical due to past issues with Park authorities • Socioeconomic benefits of MPA a key issue • Incursions continue • Our project aims to generate direct benefits for good environmental stewardship
    22. 22. Socioeconomic needs Socioeconomic surveys identified main community needs to be: • Maternal health care (esp. delivery) • Clean water supply • Ecotourism development (external operators focus on islands) • Support for secondary school access
    23. 23. Community service provisions in return for environmental performance Dugong aspects include : -Ban on gill nets in key areas -Reduction of dugong mortality to zero Adaptive performance monitoring system is key – now under development with the community Environmental Stewardship Agreements
    24. 24. Capacity building • 50 + students from University of Antsiranana • 10 National Parks staff trained in : • Habitat mapping & monitoring • Socioeconomic surveys • Endangered species biology and conservation
    25. 25. ‘We have now learned that by protecting our marine environment, we are saving the future of our fisheries…and our own future’ -Village elder in Ampasindava
    26. 26. Thanks! Donors and partners www.c-3.org.uk & Community members

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