THE CASE STUDY ON ----------------------------------------------------------------------------THE ‘GOLL’ OF FANDANE VILLAGE SENEGAL
THE‘GOLL’ OFFANDANE VILLAGE GROUP MEMBERS SENEGAL
THE Introduction‘GOLL’ conflicts between the communities OF Conflict due to external influence Rules of GovernanceFANDANE External Threat CONTENTS VILLAGE Conflict resolution and setting of co management system SENEGAL Strategies of Alliance Governing rules for the alliance Conclusion
THE SENEGAL AREA is a country in western Africa. Senegal is externally‘GOLL’ bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Mauritania to the OF north, Mali to the east, and Guinea and Guinea-Bissau to the south. Senegal covers a land area of almost 197,000 squareFANDANE kilometres , and has an estimated population of about 13 million. The VILLAGE climate is tropical with two seasons: the dry season and the rainy season.SENEGAL FANDANE is a small village in Senegal about 7 km from Thiès. It is inhabited by the Serer people. The population of the village is 5000.
THE Fandene is situated in the western groundnut growing basin of Senegal.‘GOLL’ There is a pastoral enclave called “Goll” within the lands of Fandene village. OF The land ownership was with serere community (Farmers) but theyFANDANE abandoned that place because of harsh climatic condition, and VILLAGE INTRODUCTION unfertile soil. The Herders moved in about 30 years ago into this enclave. Having SENEGAL been left uncultivated for decades, it was gradually taken over by herders for pastoral purposes. There were two Peuhl settlements , Mbayene Peuhl and Fouta Goll in this Zone.
THE Peuhl were encouraged to settle by the Serere community.‘GOLL’ Peuhl stayed only during the rainy season, moving on to richer areas of OF pasture in the dry season. Later a few families settled down permanentlyFANDANE Peuhl became involved in small scale market gardening through the well. VILLAGE CONT… There was a problem of physical demarcation of the pastural area. However the longterm occupation by the herders gave them a sense of SENEGAL belonging to the area There was no formal contract.
THE‘GOLL’ OFFANDANE Map of fandane village VILLAGE SENEGAL
THE‘GOLL’ OFFANDANE Map of goll VILLAGE SENEGAL
THE Some low intensity conflicts:‘GOLL’ 1. Conflict between the farmer and the herder due to straying of livestock into the fields of wolof. OF Conflict resolutionFANDANE *To avoid this kind ofBETWEENtheand allowed to season,to Goll only after CONFLICT conflict during driven towards a large forest “ Kagne”, onset of rainy THE COMMUNITIES return the animals are VILLAGE harvest. SENEGAL 2. Commercial exploitation of the Kinkeliba shrub by Serere and Wolof women often causes conflict with Peuhl.
THE A proposal of the Government for the construction of‘GOLL’ the canal through middle of the Goll changed the situation. OF This arose interest of among the people regarding theFANDANE CONFLICT DUE TO land, as it creates the prospect of ownership and use of EXTERNAL INFLUENCE VILLAGE irrigation means market gardening. SENEGAL Both serere and peuhl would like to assert their rights now. And this created conflict among them.
THE Serere can lose their lands , as under the law the‘GOLL’ fact of non cultivation for decades would cast OF doubts on the validity of their claimsFANDANE Peuhl can also be evicted from the Goll because it VILLAGE was doubtful OF GOVERNANCE their RULES that the law may not support SENEGAL claims of “active pastoral exploitation”.
THE Rural councils ( it administers 20 -30‘GOLL’ villages and have the power to allocate or OF withdraw the lands.FANDANE VILLAGE TheEXTERNAL THEREAT acted in rural council have not always SENEGAL the interest of the local people, and may favour outside who seek land
THE‘GOLL’ • Serere and Wolofs, and Peuhls, have put together an allaince for the management of the Goll. OF • They had an assumption that it is more important toFANDANE oppose expropriation of Goll by outside interests. CONFLICT RESOLUTION & SETTING OF VILLAGE • This leads to settling of internal conflicts through MANAGEMENT SENEGAL Dialogue.
THE Gaining entry to and control over the rural council‘GOLL’ Alliances with influential people (the strategy has been OF followed by Peuhl who look after the animals ofFANDANE important people and officials based in the cities) STRATEGIES OF ALLIANCE VILLAGE Staying ahead by law by demonstrating occupation for SENEGAL instance through planting a belt of trees around the goal to signify a physical boundary
THE Clearly defined Boundaries- Through planting a belt of‘GOLL’ trees around the goal to signify a physical boundary. OF Alliance was designed by the local communities. TheFANDANE various aims was designed through a the alliance proposed informal VILLAGE Goll management committee. foR Governing principles SENEGAL Conflict resolution mechanism-The internal Alliance aims at keeping out the Rural council and seeking a sort out differences between the herders and farmers.
THE THE EXPERIENCE OF FANDENE HAS SHOWS THAT THE RATIONAL‘GOLL’ AND SUSTAINABLE LOCAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IS POSSIBLEWITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF COMMUNITY OF OWNERSHIP OF THE RESOURCES.FANDANE ALL THAT IS NEEDED IS THAT THE RIGHTS OF THE LOCAL VILLAGE conclusion PEOPLE IN RESPECT OF THOSE RESOURCES SHOULD BE EXPLICITIY RECOGNISED AND THAT THEY SHOULD BE SENEGAL RESPONSIBLE FOR DEFINING MANAGEMENT MECHANISIM AND RULES.