05 cluster korea boesso hahn day 3_s3_ecc2012

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05 cluster korea boesso hahn day 3_s3_ecc2012

  1. 1. International Collaboration through Cluster Management OrganisationsOpportunities, Drivers and Barriers – the Case of the Republic of Korea Peter Hahn, VDI/VDE-IT Ivan Boesso, Veneto Innovazione
  2. 2. Agenda1. Cooperation through cluster management organisations – the idea2. The KORANET experience 1. Korean cluster cooperation interest 2. European cluster cooperation interest3. Other experiences with cluster cooperation approaches 1. EPISIS 2. Cluster excellence coop4. Conclusions5. Recommendations: means, methods and practical support to initiate cooperation European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 2
  3. 3. Cooperation support is daily business ofcluster managers, but how exactly… CLUSTER A CLUSTER B Large SME 4 ...depends on Large Enterprise SME 1 EnterpriseSME 1 SME 4 SME 2 SME 3 • The internationalisation SME 2 SME 3 tasks of the cluster organisation Cluster Manager Cluster • The cooperation strategy Manager Research ResearchOrganisation Organisation and needs of the cluster 1 2 members Research Research Organisation Organisation Education • Priority countries 1 2 University Organisation 1 2 • Cooperation subjects Education University Organisation 1 European Commission 2 Enterprise and Industry 3
  4. 4. Potential Cooperation Subjects –Companies CLUSTER A CLUSTER B Large Sales Large SME 4 SME 1 Enterprise EnterpriseSME 1 SME 4 SME 2 SME 2 SME 3 SME 3 Cluster Cluster Manager Manager Research Research Research ResearchOrganisation Organisation OrganisationOrganisation 1 2 1 2 Education Education University Organisation University Organisation 1 2 1 European Commission 4 Enterprise and Industry 2
  5. 5. Potential Cooperation Subjects –Science and Education CLUSTER A CLUSTER B Large Large SME 4 SME 1 Enterprise EnterpriseSME 1 SME 4 SME 2 SME 2 SME 3 SME 3 Cluster Cluster Manager Manager Research Research Research Research KnowledgeOrganisation Organisation OrganisationOrganisation 1 2 Honour 1 2 Education Education University Organisation University Organisation 1 2 1 European Commission 5 Enterprise and Industry 2
  6. 6. Potential Cooperation –through Cluster Management Organisations CLUSTER A CLUSTER B Large Sales Large SME 4 SME 1 Enterprise EnterpriseSME 1 SME 4 SME 2 SME 2 SME 3 SME 3 Cluster Use Cluster Manager Cluster Manager Manager as Multiplier Research Research Research Research KnowledgeOrganisation Organisation OrganisationOrganisation 1 2 Honour 1 2 Education Education University Organisation University Organisation 1 2 1 European Commission 6 Enterprise and Industry 2
  7. 7. The KORANET Experience (I)Insights from a Study Tour• 4 site visits in November 2010  Seoul  Gyeonggi  Daejeon  GumiDifferent approachesInnopolis, Technopark, Technovalley, Industrial Complex Different results! European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 7
  8. 8. The KORANET Experience (I)Insights from a Study Tour • Key ideas  Concerning cluster collaboration, there is still the way to go: more interaction between researchers should be matured beforehand  Establishment of a virtual “system organiser” connecting clusters in Korea and EU regions European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 8
  9. 9. The KORANET Experience (II)Survey on Europ. Cooperation InterestE-mail Survey to 400 CMOs:• Few CMOs do already cooperate with Korean partners• App. 50 interested CMOs Newsletter distribution list for KORANET calls Invitation list for matchmaking seminars European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 9
  10. 10. Overview: Cooperation Interest Korea Austria France Germany Italy Other Korea + EU Europe ICT 1 1 4 4 1 3 a Biotech 1 0 2 4 0 0 a Automotive 2 2 0 1 0 0 a Materials 1 0 0 1 1 0 a Solar Energy 1 1 0 0 0 0 a Shipbuilding 1 0 0 1 0 1 a Nano 0 0 0 4 1 0 (Aero)Space 0 1 1 0 1 0 Construction 0 2 0 0 0 0 Healthcare 0 1 0 1 0 0 Logistics/Transport 0 1 0 0 0 0 Optoelectr. 0 0 1 0 0 1 (Renewable) Energies 0 0 0 3 0 1 Micro electronics 0 0 0 1 0 1 Other 0 0 0 1 0 2 European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 10
  11. 11. Other Experiences (I)• EEN / IPF & EPISIS / ECCPEEN established its own offices in KoreaIPF & EPISIS A study visit to learn from best practices from South-Korean policies and measures in support of SME innovationECCP a MoU European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 11
  12. 12. Other Experiences (II)• TACTICS – ECA Internationalisation HBSeveral major recommendations and policies have articulated the importance of cluster internationalisationThe Handbook and its Internationalisation Journey is a possible answer European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 12
  13. 13. Other Experiences (III)German Bilateral Cluster CooperationFunding• 3 binational cluster collaborations financed in 2010 binationally• 2 Stand alone collaborative research projects• 1 matchmaking workshop (renewable energy) Expectations so far not met European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 13
  14. 14. ConclusionsCMOs in Korea and Europe are different:Character Korean CMOs – Mini-Cluster: Top-down strategy based implementation of innovation support – currently focused on domestic coordination – KICOX Cluster: • Quasi “autonomous”, flexible development foreseen, but • Central contact point for foreign interested parties Use existing contacts to Korean Innovation Area Organisations Use well organised “official“ channels for foreign cooperation European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 14
  15. 15. Contact for the Initiation ofCooperation (I)•KORANET projecthttp://www.koranet.eu/•http://kicox.or.kr/home/eng/info/add.jspE. g. BK SEO sbk@kicox.or.kr•Korridor projecthttp://www.access4.eu/southkorea/887.php European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 15
  16. 16. Contact for the Initiation ofCooperation (II)•EEN Brancheshttp://www.enterprise-europe-etwork.ec.europa.eu/about/branches/KR/ European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 16
  17. 17. Contact for the Initiation ofCooperation (III)•ECCPhttp://www.clustercollaboration.eu/ European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 17
  18. 18. Thank you!Ivan Boesso ivan.boesso@venetoinnovazione.it Peter Hahn peter.hahn@vdivde-it.de European Commission Enterprise and Industry 26.04.2012 18

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