CODES AND CONVENTIONS
OF DOCUMENTARIES
Emma Riddiough
Narrative Structure
 Nearly all the documentaries are single stranded
 There are themes that run through the documentary...
Camerawork
 Establishing shots are used to anchor the meaning of the
documentary
 Interviews are filmed in close up, med...
Voice Over
 Anchors meaning
 Offers various facts and figures allowing the audience to
form opinions
 Voice over – gend...
Mise-en-scene
 Use of chromakey makes the background of the
interviews relevant
 Interviews – backgrounds are relevant t...
Sound
 Has to have relevance to the topic
 Used to highten the emotion or to build the narrative
 Music/Background nois...
Graphics
 White text is often used as it stands out
 Title stands out (bold) and is unique, as it helps reflects the
top...
Archive Material
 Can be accompanied by music; e.g. sound bed, under
visuals
 Always relevant to the topic
 Good variet...
Editing
 Cuts are most commonly used
 Dissolves
 Slow and Fast motion aids in emphasising the
atmosphere
 Interviews a...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Codes and conventions of documentaries

456 views
427 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
456
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
323
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Codes and conventions of documentaries

  1. 1. CODES AND CONVENTIONS OF DOCUMENTARIES Emma Riddiough
  2. 2. Narrative Structure  Nearly all the documentaries are single stranded  There are themes that run through the documentary  Voice over holds narrative together but also creates meaning for the audience
  3. 3. Camerawork  Establishing shots are used to anchor the meaning of the documentary  Interviews are filmed in close up, medium close up or sometimes in big close ups; and are framed to the left or right of the screen  Handheld camerawork is used to show actuality footage, adding to the atmosphere of what they’re talking about  Interviews follow the rule of thirds  A variety of camera shots and angles are used  Creative camerawork  Zooms and panning shots used to show still images
  4. 4. Voice Over  Anchors meaning  Offers various facts and figures allowing the audience to form opinions  Voice over – gender /age is relevant to the topic; e.g. it has to appeal to the target audience  Holds the narrative together  Standard English is used; e.g. normally calm and clear
  5. 5. Mise-en-scene  Use of chromakey makes the background of the interviews relevant  Interviews – backgrounds are relevant to either the subject or the person who’s being interviewed  Lighting is creative  Background – needs to be relevant and has to fit in with the subject; e.g. location  The clothing that the interviewee/person who’s being filmed has to have relevance to the topic
  6. 6. Sound  Has to have relevance to the topic  Used to highten the emotion or to build the narrative  Music/Background noise helps to set the scene  Voice over or Narrator is used  Special effects are used in reconstruction  Questions edited out of interviews
  7. 7. Graphics  White text is often used as it stands out  Title stands out (bold) and is unique, as it helps reflects the topic/ subject  Credits scroll up the screen; e.g. pays tribute to the archive footage and material that's been used  Titles used in interviews anchors who they are and the relevance they have to a documentary; e.g. usually shown on the opposite side of the screen  Anchor's time
  8. 8. Archive Material  Can be accompanied by music; e.g. sound bed, under visuals  Always relevant to the topic  Good variety can be used; e.g. films, videos, tv clips, newspapers, photos  Can zoom/pan over archive materials  Voice over anchors the meaning of the documentary together, whilst explaining what it is
  9. 9. Editing  Cuts are most commonly used  Dissolves  Slow and Fast motion aids in emphasising the atmosphere  Interviews are normally one to two minutes at a time  Montage editing  Effect are used; e.g. fade to black/ elliptical editing

×