ANALYSIS OF SUDAN BY AWAIS AHMAD CIIT/FA09-MBA-027/LHR
LOCATION AND GEOGRAPHY:
TRADE: <ul><li>Port Sudan in the North </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War </li></ul>
IMPORT-EXPORT: <ul><li>EXPORTS: </li></ul><ul><li>COTTON – The major Export </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Products – Textil...
MARKET CONDITION: <ul><li>Major Markets – China, Japan, Indonesia, Egypt, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, South Korea </li></...
LAWS RELATED TO TRADE: <ul><li>Exports $8.464 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Imports $6.823 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Trade dep...
POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC INSTABILITY:  <ul><li>Civil War – 1955 – 1972 (2 billion deaths) </li></ul><ul><li>British failure ...
POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC INSTABILITY: <ul><li>Low Literacy Rate – 48% (58% Men, 36% women) </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and Irr...
MAJOR POLITIACAL PARITES & THEIR LEADERS: UP (The Umma Party) Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi P. Minister: 1966 – 1967, P. Minister: 198...
CURRENT GOVERNMENT: <ul><li>Provisional Government established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in Januar...
RELATIONS WITH NEIGHBOURS: <ul><li>Libya – Announcement in 1994 but not implemented </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt – Good till 19...
BIZ CULTURE: <ul><li>Lack of interest by New Businessmen within the region </li></ul><ul><li>Political and Economic Instab...
EFFECTS ON WTO: <ul><li>In the process of accession (Expected Changes, Should build links with LDCs (Least Developed Count...
ECONOMIC CYCLE: <ul><li>Economy is based on Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Products are exported </li></ul><ul...
SWOT ANALYSIS: <ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Largest country of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>2. A major exporter of ...
SWOT ANALYSIS: <ul><li>Weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><li>1.  One of the 25 poorest countries </li></ul><ul><li>2. Civil War </...
SWOT ANALYSIS: <ul><li>Opportunities: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Attracting Foreign Investment </li></ul><ul><li>2. Tourism (Red...
SWOT ANALYSIS: <ul><li>Threats: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Increase in the price of food items in world market  as it is the maj...
<ul><li>ANY QUERIES? </li></ul>
GOOD LUCK
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Presentation on Sudan

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An analysis of the Economy and Politics of Sudan

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Presentation on Sudan

  1. 1. ANALYSIS OF SUDAN BY AWAIS AHMAD CIIT/FA09-MBA-027/LHR
  2. 2. LOCATION AND GEOGRAPHY:
  3. 3. TRADE: <ul><li>Port Sudan in the North </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War </li></ul>
  4. 4. IMPORT-EXPORT: <ul><li>EXPORTS: </li></ul><ul><li>COTTON – The major Export </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Products – Textiles and Cement </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Products </li></ul><ul><li>IMPORTS: </li></ul><ul><li>Food Stuff </li></ul><ul><li>Petroleum Products </li></ul><ul><li>Textiles </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Iron </li></ul><ul><li>Steel </li></ul>
  5. 5. MARKET CONDITION: <ul><li>Major Markets – China, Japan, Indonesia, Egypt, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Major Suppliers - European Union, China, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, and India </li></ul><ul><li>Market Condition is weak </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict between Tribes and Government </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>A high Export of Agricultural Products </li></ul><ul><li>One of the 25 poorest countries in the world </li></ul>
  6. 6. LAWS RELATED TO TRADE: <ul><li>Exports $8.464 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Imports $6.823 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Trade depends on production </li></ul><ul><li>Production depends on the rainfall which is rare </li></ul><ul><li>International Trade passes through Port Sudan – the North </li></ul>
  7. 7. POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC INSTABILITY: <ul><li>Civil War – 1955 – 1972 (2 billion deaths) </li></ul><ul><li>British failure to ensure equity for both North and South </li></ul><ul><li>Independent South Sudan movement by South </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate Infrastructure and limited source of Investment Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Darfur Conflict (Representation of Non-Arab agrarian farmers in Politics by SLM/A VS JEM ) </li></ul><ul><li>Bribery in Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Classes and Caste System </li></ul><ul><li>Division in almost 25 states </li></ul><ul><li>Gender-based discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of property to elder son </li></ul>
  8. 8. POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC INSTABILITY: <ul><li>Low Literacy Rate – 48% (58% Men, 36% women) </li></ul><ul><li>Drought and Irrigation problem </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of interest towards Industrial and Govt. sectors </li></ul><ul><li>(80% agricultural, 10% industrial, 6% Govt labour force, 4% unemployed) </li></ul><ul><li>Darfur Conflict - Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) VS Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) </li></ul><ul><li>High crime rate due to political instability </li></ul><ul><li>Military – 92000 (Army 90000, Navy 1700, Air force 300) </li></ul><ul><li>Free medical facilities but inaccessible by the people </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Health Care and lack of contribution by Govt towards Medical Facilities </li></ul>
  9. 9. MAJOR POLITIACAL PARITES & THEIR LEADERS: UP (The Umma Party) Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi P. Minister: 1966 – 1967, P. Minister: 1986 - 1989 DUP (The Democratic Unionist Party) Ahmed Ali Al-Mirahani President, 1986 - 1989 NIF (The National Islamic Front) Omer Hassan Abdullah Al-Turabi President, 1989 SPLM (Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement) RB (The Republication Brothers) SCP (The Sudanese Communist Paries) BP (The Bath Party)
  10. 10. CURRENT GOVERNMENT: <ul><li>Provisional Government established by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in January 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>President – Umar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Vice President - Salva Kiir Mayardit </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President - Ali Osman Taha </li></ul><ul><li>Governor Central Bank of Sudan - Muhammad Al-Hasan Sabir </li></ul><ul><li>Minister of Foreign Trade - James Kok Rew </li></ul><ul><li>Minister of Agriculture - Zubeir Beshir Taha </li></ul>
  11. 11. RELATIONS WITH NEIGHBOURS: <ul><li>Libya – Announcement in 1994 but not implemented </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt – Good till 1986, but worsen after refuse of Arab combination against Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Chad – affected by Civil War and Darfur Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Saudi Arabia – Good till 1974, but worsened after the defeat of Iraq </li></ul>
  12. 12. BIZ CULTURE: <ul><li>Lack of interest by New Businessmen within the region </li></ul><ul><li>Political and Economic Instability discourage them </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Market Condition </li></ul><ul><li>Less Production </li></ul>
  13. 13. EFFECTS ON WTO: <ul><li>In the process of accession (Expected Changes, Should build links with LDCs (Least Developed Countries), also include: </li></ul><ul><li>Afghanistan </li></ul><ul><li>Bhutan </li></ul><ul><li>Cape Verde </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>Laos </li></ul><ul><li>Samoa </li></ul><ul><li>Sao Tome & Principe </li></ul><ul><li>Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>Vanuatu and Yemen </li></ul>
  14. 14. ECONOMIC CYCLE: <ul><li>Economy is based on Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural Products are exported </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery, Steel, Iron and food items are imported </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial sector deals with soap distilling, textiles and cement </li></ul>
  15. 15. SWOT ANALYSIS: <ul><li>Strengths: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Largest country of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>2. A major exporter of Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>3. Takes part in International Trade </li></ul><ul><li>4. Port Sudan – most of international trade passes </li></ul><ul><li>5. Cheap Labour </li></ul><ul><li>6. Oil producing country </li></ul><ul><li>7. Unique Geographical Location </li></ul>
  16. 16. SWOT ANALYSIS: <ul><li>Weaknesses: </li></ul><ul><li>1. One of the 25 poorest countries </li></ul><ul><li>2. Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>3. Low Literacy Rate </li></ul><ul><li>4. Poor Health and Medical Care </li></ul><ul><li>5. Lack of Human Rights </li></ul><ul><li>6. High Inflation Rate </li></ul><ul><li>7. Underdeveloped Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>8. Lack of Rule of Law </li></ul><ul><li>9. Lack of Proper Irrigation system </li></ul><ul><li>10. Non-availability of Safe Water </li></ul>
  17. 17. SWOT ANALYSIS: <ul><li>Opportunities: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Attracting Foreign Investment </li></ul><ul><li>2. Tourism (Red Sea resorts, developing Ancient Nubian ruins, wild life parks etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Cheap Labour can work abroad </li></ul><ul><li>2. Increase in the demand of oil in world market </li></ul><ul><li>3. Increase in the demand of cotton in world market </li></ul><ul><li>4. Increase in exports of agricultural products </li></ul><ul><li>5. Bridging Africa and the Arab World </li></ul>
  18. 18. SWOT ANALYSIS: <ul><li>Threats: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Increase in the price of food items in world market as it is the major importer of food items </li></ul><ul><li>2. Increase in the price of Industrial Products in world market. </li></ul><ul><li>3. China hindering democratic progress </li></ul><ul><li>4. Sharing endless border with 9 countries </li></ul><ul><li>5. Al-Qaeda </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>ANY QUERIES? </li></ul>
  20. 20. GOOD LUCK

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