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Overview of somali history and culture 2.22.13

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Overview of somali history and culture 2.22.13

  1. 1. Taariikhda iyo DhaqankaSoomaalida ¡  Presented by: Marian Hassan February 22, 2013 1
  2. 2. Aqoon La aan waa Iftiin La aan Ignorance is darkness2/27/13 2
  3. 3. 2/27/13 3
  4. 4. 2/27/13 4
  5. 5. Objectives: §  Provide Historical Overview of the Somali Culture §  Share Insights about the Heart of the Somali Culture §  Understand the Somali Experience in Minnesota §  Offer culturally sensitive strategies to working with English language learners in your classrooms.2/27/13 5
  6. 6. Somalial  Pop: Approx. 10 millionl  Located in Horn of Africal  Government: Newly formed Central governmentl  Regional and local governing bodies exist and control various regions of the country. –  Republic of Somaliland –  State of Puntland
  7. 7. Historical Overview: ¡  The Development of the Somali people dates back to the 6th Century ¡  Intermix of indigenous Cushitic people and Arab/ Persians. ¡  Somali Culture is based on Pastoral Nomadism ¡  1880s-1960 Colonial Presence in Somalia ¡  1960 Somalia became independent Republic ¡  1969-1991 Military Government ¡  1991-Present—No Central Government2/27/13 7
  8. 8. Colonial History 1869-19602/27/13 8
  9. 9. 1960 Somalia Gained Independency-2/27/13 9
  10. 10. Somalia before the war..2/27/13 10
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  14. 14. At the moment…1.4 Million IDPs in Somalia
  15. 15. 570,000 Somalis live as refugees in neighboring countries2/27/13 15
  16. 16. Waiting in-line for food ration2/27/13 16
  17. 17. Hager deer refugee camp Newly Arrived Somali Refugees waiting inline for settlement office to open for registration2/27/13 17
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  21. 21. ½ A million Somalis live the Diaspora
  22. 22. The Heart of the Somali Culture: 1.  Religion 2.  Family 3.  Oral Language2/27/13 22
  23. 23. Religion2/27/13 23
  24. 24. Family Structure ¡  Historian Charles Gesheter notes when Somalis meet they don t ask where are you from? —but rather tol maad tahay (What is your Lineage?) . So genealogy is to Somalis what an address is to Americans!2/27/13 24
  25. 25. Oral Language ¡  Somali people speak one language. ¡  Nation of poets---- ¡  Oral language until 1972 when the Somali language was first written2/27/13 25
  26. 26. The Somali Experience in Minnesota ¡  Displacement- forced leave, long separations, post war trauma and culture shock ¡  Mental Illness ¡  Language Barrier ¡  Role Changes -parent/child, male/ female, etc. ¡  Race/Ethnicity issues ¡  Post 9/11 backlash and concern for personal safety2/27/13 26
  27. 27. Trauma and PTSD¡  Refugee children often suffer from severe post-trauma and stress disorders, unlikely to learn well in traditional school environment¡  Trauma Exposure¡  Post-settlement¡  Discrimination
  28. 28. Different kind of education… q  Religious school (Koran or Dugsi) q  Formal schooling q  Informal learning and role modeling (waano, wax sheeg, gabay, geeraar, iyo sheeko)2/27/13 28
  29. 29. Who is responsible for educating the young? q  Mothers are caretakers and educators of the children. q  Fathers are breadwinners and navigators of the outside realm, schools included. q  Extended family members such as aunts, uncles, grandparents, older siblings, neighbors, and clan members.2/27/13 29
  30. 30. Culturally Responsive TeachingStrategies1. Involving the Parents2. Communicating High Expectations3. Involving and Valuing the First Language and Culture4. Examining The Effects of Cultural Differences5. Are Student-centred and ConstructivistAdapted from: (Principles for Culturally Responsive Teaching, 2006)
  31. 31. Questions? Contact: Marian Hassan Educational Consultant (651) 214-2603 mhassan1@yahoo.com2/27/13 31

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