Sudan is full of cultures , such as henna , Ramadan , women atwork , Religious schools – (khalwa ) , .., … , etc . we are going to talk about some of them . Henna :Henna is an ancient form of decoration going back thousands of years in much of the Middle East and Indian sub-continentBasically . henna leaves are dried and crushed to a powder, then made into a paste which is applied to the hands and feet Boys and girls have henna applied at circumcision. Brides haveelaborate designs applied before the wedding day, and then as a married woman henna is applied on a regular basis. Themethods of applying it and the designs vary from place to place and follow fashions Men apply henna without any decoration when they get married In the Sudan. the leaves are mixed withwater and sometimes nashader, a kind of ammonia, which will make it a dark color or even black when dry
RamadanRamadan is the month when Muslims refrain from eating , drinking and smoking from sunrise to sunset. Licking stamps, taking medicine; in fact anything entering the mouth is forbidden . Also vomiting or bringing upfood will invalidate the fast. Sexual thoughts and actions are not allowed until after the fast is broken. They should also refrain from having bad thoughts or showing anger. In some countries the break-fast is the only meal, in others there will be another meal in the late evening and a snack in the hours before sunrise. The type of food varies too. In Sudan the main dish is usually aseeda with a sauce made of dried meat or mince and dry okra sauce [wayka]. In addition can be served: Soup. Salad . A meat dish- fried meat, kufta, chicken or fish. Yoghurt with cucumber. Boiled eggs. Samboksa.There will also be jugs of juice : lemon, grapefruit, mango, kerkadeh, and tamarind. Men in Sudan usually have breakfast together out their houses .
Women :Women in Muslim countries are thought to be restricted and protected,but in Sudan they have a lot of freedom. They even had the vote earlierthan some European women, and have always been paid equal wages. However, in the rural areas life is hard. Women used to have to collect water from the river or well; collect wood for cooking; as well as help with the farming. All this in addition to their role as wife and mother, head cook and bottle washer! The equipment they use is still fairly primitive . Many things are beaten by women using a wooden pestle and mortar. Grain, spices and other dried goods especially. The rhythmic pounding can be heard particularly if a wedding is being prepared for. The traditional perfumes include in their ingredients sandalwood, cloves, cinnamon and duffer [a material like finger nails]. All these have to be pounded to a powder that will form the base of the perfumes .
Religious schools - khalwa Although the Sudan adopted sharia in the late 20th century, there hasalways been a strong Moslem influence for centuries. Originally learning was obtained from the khalwas, the religious schools where the youth learned the Quraan by heart Many of the influential people of recent times have been graduates of such schools . One of the famous institutions of this type is at Umm Dowamban , which lies on the eastern bank of the Nile beyond Geraif East and El Elafon . An eternal flame burns in the place, as was customary in all khalwas . It is a symbol also of the light that is gained through education
Eating Sudanese style - the innards of a sheep Sudanese eat large amounts of meat, especially from the sheep. Nothing iswasted. The skin is tanned, the head is cooked and eaten , as are the intestines [komoniya].The intestines are carefully washed to remove all the contents. Water is repeatedly poured through the tubes and air is blown into them to facilitate the cleaning. At the Eid el Dahiya or if a sheep has been killed for a birth or wedding, raw liver, lungs and stomach are produced as a delicacy. However, it is acceptedthat foreigners may turn up their noses when a plate of merara is served. So, dont feel obliged to eat if you dont want to. The meat is slaughtered according to Islamic tradition, and eaten the same day, so some people may find it too fresh for their taste; though I think it is very good whether fried,boiled or roasted- but not raw..In general people eat communally from a large round tray
In Sudan, if you are an important guest, a sheep will be slaughtered in your honor. Many dishes will then be prepared, each more delicious than the last. Favorite meats are lamb and chicken. Rice is the staple starch. Breads are the Arabian Khubz, but the Sudanese also make Kisra, an omelets- like pancake which is part of the Sudanese dinner. Vegetables, fresh and cooked, are of infinite variety. The okra, is animportant ingredient in a (Bamia dish)- Bamia is an okra lamb stew. Youmust try Maschi, a triple tomato dish stuffed with beef, as it is such fun to make. As in most Arabic countries, fruits are peeled and cut in small slices for dessert, but the Sudanese also love sweets and every housewife knows how to make Creme Caramela Custard. You will liketheir unusual teas which can be made quite simply. But if you prefer to serve coffee, make it a demitasse.
Jebana : The ritual of hospitality is as important in the Sudan as it is in other Arab and African countries. And while there is a measure of similarity in all the Arab and African countries, each has its unique characteristics. For example, no other country prepares coffee as the Sudanese do, and if this country acquired culinary fame, it is for its Sudanese Jebena (Special made Sudanese Coffee). The Sudanese fry their coffee beans in a special pot over charcoal and then grind it with cloves and certain spices. Theysteep it in hot water and serve it lovingly in tiny coffee cups after straining it through a special grass sieve.
Many visitors to the Sudan have commented onthe genuine friendship and hospitality offered by the Sudanese.
That was a little bit of cultures and customs in Sudan . IN THE END We thank our sweet teacher for the idea and support. and our leader for organizing the group