White grammar lesson

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  • very useful forour poorstudent at nethra foundation english class o/l-dhanuka
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White grammar lesson

  1. 1. Present-Perfect Tense Ashley E. White ESL 502
  2. 2. What Is The Same? <ul><li>I have ridden a pony. </li></ul><ul><li>I have not ridden an elephant. </li></ul><ul><li>I have run a marathon. </li></ul><ul><li>I have not run a marathon. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the sentences use the phrase “I have” to describe an event that did or did not happen in the past. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What’s The Same? <ul><li>I rode a pony yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>I did not ride an elephant last weekend. </li></ul><ul><li>I ran a marathon on Thursday. </li></ul><ul><li>I did not run in a marathon this year. </li></ul><ul><li>These sentences all describe a past event and provide a specified time (yesterday, last weekend, Thursday, this year). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Compare Each Group! <ul><li>Group 1 </li></ul><ul><li>I have ridden a pony. </li></ul><ul><li>I have not ridden a elephant. </li></ul><ul><li>I have run a marathon. </li></ul><ul><li>I have not run a marathon. </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2 </li></ul><ul><li>I rode a pony yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>I did not ride an elephant last weekend. </li></ul><ul><li>I ran a marathon on Thursday. </li></ul><ul><li>I did not run in a marathon this year. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Interesting Differences! <ul><li>Group 1  Present Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>The sentences in group 1 all use the phrase “I have.” </li></ul><ul><li>The sentences all discuss experiences or memories from the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific dates and times of events are not given. </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2  Simple Past </li></ul><ul><li>The sentences in group 2 do not include the phrase “I have.” </li></ul><ul><li>The sentences discuss past experiences and memories that are over & will NOT continue in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific dates and times are given. </li></ul>
  6. 6. When To Use The Present-Perfect Tense <ul><li>To tell about an event or memory that does not include a specific time or date. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I have been stung by a bee. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To tell about an event that repeats. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I have been to Africa three times. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To tell about an event or activity that started in the past but may continue. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I have a headache. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Think-Pair-Share! <ul><li>Read the sentences below. Discuss each sentence with a partner. Is the word “have” used correctly? Is the sentence present-perfect tense or past tense? </li></ul><ul><li>1. I have a dog when I was 2. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I have seen the Eiffel tower four times. </li></ul><ul><li>3. I have not broken a bone before. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Asking Questions <ul><li>You can use the present-perfect tense to ask a question such as: Have you ever seen an alien? </li></ul><ul><li>Notice that the above question does not include a specified date/time. </li></ul><ul><li>How might you respond to this question? (Think-Pair-Share) </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate answer: No, I have not seen an alien. </li></ul>
  9. 9. More Questions! <ul><li>When you make statements, ask, and answer questions in the present-perfect tense, the word order in a sentence changes. For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Statement: I have seen a shooting star. </li></ul><ul><li>Question: Have you seen a shooting star? </li></ul><ul><li>What words have been rearranged in the sentences? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Playful Practice <ul><li>On your whiteboard, turn the following statement into a question: I have eaten crab. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer this question in the present-perfect tense: Have you ever flown on an airplane? </li></ul><ul><li>For independent practice, please visit: Present Perfect Game </li></ul>
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