Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

White grammar lesson

398 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
  • very useful forour poorstudent at nethra foundation english class o/l-dhanuka
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

White grammar lesson

  1. 1. Present-Perfect Tense Ashley E. White ESL 502
  2. 2. What Is The Same? <ul><li>I have ridden a pony. </li></ul><ul><li>I have not ridden an elephant. </li></ul><ul><li>I have run a marathon. </li></ul><ul><li>I have not run a marathon. </li></ul><ul><li>All of the sentences use the phrase “I have” to describe an event that did or did not happen in the past. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What’s The Same? <ul><li>I rode a pony yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>I did not ride an elephant last weekend. </li></ul><ul><li>I ran a marathon on Thursday. </li></ul><ul><li>I did not run in a marathon this year. </li></ul><ul><li>These sentences all describe a past event and provide a specified time (yesterday, last weekend, Thursday, this year). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Compare Each Group! <ul><li>Group 1 </li></ul><ul><li>I have ridden a pony. </li></ul><ul><li>I have not ridden a elephant. </li></ul><ul><li>I have run a marathon. </li></ul><ul><li>I have not run a marathon. </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2 </li></ul><ul><li>I rode a pony yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>I did not ride an elephant last weekend. </li></ul><ul><li>I ran a marathon on Thursday. </li></ul><ul><li>I did not run in a marathon this year. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Interesting Differences! <ul><li>Group 1  Present Perfect </li></ul><ul><li>The sentences in group 1 all use the phrase “I have.” </li></ul><ul><li>The sentences all discuss experiences or memories from the past. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific dates and times of events are not given. </li></ul><ul><li>Group 2  Simple Past </li></ul><ul><li>The sentences in group 2 do not include the phrase “I have.” </li></ul><ul><li>The sentences discuss past experiences and memories that are over & will NOT continue in the future. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific dates and times are given. </li></ul>
  6. 6. When To Use The Present-Perfect Tense <ul><li>To tell about an event or memory that does not include a specific time or date. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I have been stung by a bee. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To tell about an event that repeats. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I have been to Africa three times. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To tell about an event or activity that started in the past but may continue. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I have a headache. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Think-Pair-Share! <ul><li>Read the sentences below. Discuss each sentence with a partner. Is the word “have” used correctly? Is the sentence present-perfect tense or past tense? </li></ul><ul><li>1. I have a dog when I was 2. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I have seen the Eiffel tower four times. </li></ul><ul><li>3. I have not broken a bone before. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Asking Questions <ul><li>You can use the present-perfect tense to ask a question such as: Have you ever seen an alien? </li></ul><ul><li>Notice that the above question does not include a specified date/time. </li></ul><ul><li>How might you respond to this question? (Think-Pair-Share) </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate answer: No, I have not seen an alien. </li></ul>
  9. 9. More Questions! <ul><li>When you make statements, ask, and answer questions in the present-perfect tense, the word order in a sentence changes. For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Statement: I have seen a shooting star. </li></ul><ul><li>Question: Have you seen a shooting star? </li></ul><ul><li>What words have been rearranged in the sentences? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Playful Practice <ul><li>On your whiteboard, turn the following statement into a question: I have eaten crab. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer this question in the present-perfect tense: Have you ever flown on an airplane? </li></ul><ul><li>For independent practice, please visit: Present Perfect Game </li></ul>

×