White grammar lesson


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White grammar lesson

  1. 1. Present-Perfect Tense<br />Ashley E. White<br />ESL 502<br />
  2. 2. What Is The Same? <br /><ul><li>I have ridden a pony.
  3. 3. I have not ridden an elephant.
  4. 4. I have run a marathon.
  5. 5. I have not run a marathon.
  6. 6. All of the sentences use the phrase “I have” to describe an event that did or did not happen in the past.</li></li></ul><li>What’s The Same?<br /><ul><li>I rode a pony yesterday.
  7. 7. I did not ride an elephant last weekend.
  8. 8. I ran a marathon on Thursday.
  9. 9. I did not run in a marathon this year.
  10. 10. These sentences all describe a past event and provide a specified time (yesterday, last weekend, Thursday, this year).</li></li></ul><li>Compare Each Group!<br />Group 1<br />Group 2<br />I have ridden a pony.<br />I have not ridden a elephant.<br />I have run a marathon.<br />I have not run a marathon. <br />I rode a pony yesterday.<br />I did not ride an elephant last weekend.<br />I ran a marathon on Thursday.<br />I did not run in a marathon this year.<br />
  11. 11. Interesting Differences!<br />Group 2 Simple Past<br />Group 1 Present Perfect<br /><ul><li>The sentences in group 2 do not include the phrase “I have.”
  12. 12. The sentences discuss past experiences and memories that are over & will NOT continue in the future.
  13. 13. Specific dates and times are given.</li></ul>The sentences in group 1 all use the phrase “I have.”<br />The sentences all discuss experiences or memories from the past.<br />Specific dates and times of events are not given.<br />
  14. 14. When To Use The Present-Perfect Tense<br /><ul><li>To tell about an event or memory that does not include a specific time or date.
  15. 15. I have been stung by a bee.
  16. 16. To tell about an event that repeats.
  17. 17. I have been to Africa three times.
  18. 18. To tell about an event or activity that started in the past but may continue.
  19. 19. I have a headache.</li></li></ul><li>Think-Pair-Share!<br />Read the sentences below. Discuss each sentence with a partner. Is the word “have” used correctly? Is the sentence present-perfect tense or past tense?<br />1. I have a dog when I was 2.<br />2. I have seen the Eiffel tower four times.<br />3. I have not broken a bone before.<br />
  20. 20. Asking Questions<br /><ul><li>You can use the present-perfect tense to ask a question such as: Have you ever seen an alien?
  21. 21. Notice that the above question does not include a specified date/time.
  22. 22. How might you respond to this question? (Think-Pair-Share)
  23. 23. Appropriate answer: No, I have not seen an alien.</li></li></ul><li>More Questions!<br /><ul><li>When you make statements, ask, and answer questions in the present-perfect tense, the word order in a sentence changes. For example:
  24. 24. Statement: I have seen a shooting star.
  25. 25. Question: Have you seen a shooting star?
  26. 26. What words have been rearranged in the sentences?</li></li></ul><li>Playful Practice<br />On your whiteboard, turn the following statement into a question: I have eaten crab.<br />Answer this question in the present-perfect tense: Have you ever flown on an airplane?<br />For independent practice, please visit: Present Perfect Game<br />