Sentences: Fragments, Run-ons & Combining

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Sentences: Fragments, Run-ons & Combining

  1. 1. Complete Sentences A Project LA Activity Complete Sentences Fragments Run-On Sentences Compound Sentences
  2. 2. Complete Sentences <ul><li>A complete sentence has a subject and a predicate that work together to make a complete thought. </li></ul>Bobby smiled until he thought his face would crack.
  3. 3. Sentence Fragments <ul><li>A SENTENCE FRAGMENT fails to be a sentence in the sense that it cannot stand by itself. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Sentence Fragments <ul><li>may locate something in time and place, but lack a subject-verb relationship. </li></ul>Last Saturday after the ballgame at the ice cream shop.
  5. 5. Sentence Fragments <ul><li>may describe something, but have no subject-verb relationship. </li></ul>Shooting just before the buzzer rang and hoping to score the winning point.
  6. 6. Sentence Fragments <ul><li>may have most of the makings of a sentence but still be missing an important part of a verb string. </li></ul>Some of the girls going together to the mall.
  7. 7. Sentence Fragments <ul><li>may have a subject-verb relationship, but cannot stand by itself. </li></ul>Even though she was the prettiest girl and had a great talent presentation.
  8. 8. Run-On Sentences <ul><li>A RUN-ON SENTENCE (sometimes called a fused sentence) has at least two parts, either one of which can stand by itself, but the two parts have been connected together with one or two words instead of becoming two sentences. The run-on could be corrected with a semi-colon. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Run-On Sentences <ul><li>Remember : The length of a sentence really has nothing to do with whether a sentence is a run-on or not; even a very short sentence could be a run-on. </li></ul>The books are heavy don’t carry them. The books are heavy. Don’t carry them.
  10. 10. Run-On Sentences <ul><li>When two clauses are connected by only a comma, they are a run-on sentence that is called a comma-splice . </li></ul>The books are heavy, don’t carry them.
  11. 11. Run-On Sentences happen <ul><li>when an independent clause gives an order or directive based on what was said in the prior independent clause. </li></ul>The game is going to be very close you have to play your best.
  12. 12. Run-On Sentences happen <ul><li>when two clauses are connected by words such as however, moreover, nevertheless . </li></ul>Mother packed my lunch today however she forgot to put in my desert.
  13. 13. Ready for a drill? <ul><li>Is it a complete sentence, run-on, or a fragment? Read each of the following and click your choice! </li></ul>
  14. 14. Walking through the dark forest. <ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On </li></ul>
  15. 15. Walking through the dark forest. Fragment
  16. 16. Bob was running in the yard. <ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run -On </li></ul>
  17. 17. Bob was running in the yard. Complete Sentence
  18. 18. This is my first ball game but I think we will win. <ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On </li></ul>
  19. 19. This is my first ball game, but I think we will win. Complete Sentence
  20. 20. All of the other girls at the mall. <ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On </li></ul>
  21. 21. All of the other girls at the mall. Fragment
  22. 22. I have walked to school everyday. <ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On </li></ul>
  23. 23. I have walked to school everyday. Complete Sentence
  24. 24. My arm hurts a little. <ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On </li></ul>
  25. 25. My arm hurts a little. Complete Sentence
  26. 26. A big crowd of people have arrived. <ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On </li></ul>
  27. 27. A big crowd of people have arrived. Complete Sentence
  28. 28. Mother washed the clothes she waxed the floor. <ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On </li></ul>
  29. 29. Mother washed the clothes she waxed the floor. Run -On
  30. 30. What a day for a party! <ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On </li></ul>
  31. 31. What a day for a party! Complete Sentence
  32. 32. Even though it was late and very dark. <ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On </li></ul>
  33. 33. Even though it was late and very dark. Fragment
  34. 34. The babies are crying they are sleepy. <ul><li>Complete Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Fragment </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On </li></ul>
  35. 35. The babies are crying they are sleepy. Run -On
  36. 36. Combining Sentences <ul><li>Sentences have to be combined to avoid the boredom that would happen if all sentences were the same length. </li></ul>
  37. 37. A Compound Sentence <ul><li>contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so . (Helpful hint: The first letter of each of the coordinators spells FANBOYS .) </li></ul>
  38. 38. Ready for practice? <ul><li>On your paper combine each pair of sentences. A suggested answer will be supplied. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Danny ran a mile. John fell down and dropped out.
  40. 40. Danny ran a mile, but John fell down and dropped out . Compound sentence:
  41. 41. Susan ate dinner. Mother fixed the dessert.
  42. 42. Susan ate dinner, and mother fixed the dessert. Compound sentence:
  43. 43. I went to the game. Joey went skating.
  44. 44. I went to the game, so Joey went skating. Compound sentence:
  45. 45. You can come with us. We are leaving early.
  46. 46. You can come with us, but we are leaving early. Compound sentence:
  47. 47. He studied late. Father told him it was time for bed.
  48. 48. He studied late, so Father told him it was time for bed. Compound sentence:
  49. 49. The boys got into a fight. The teacher sent them to the office.
  50. 50. The boys got into a fight, thus the teacher sent them to the office. Compound sentence:

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