Chapter 6SELECTING METHODS, MEDIA, AND MATERIALS
Members in our group 1. Miss Thawanrach Souyarom ID 523050529-4 2. Miss Wasita Neerapan ID 543050470-3 3. Miss Jutamas Ninlawan ID 543050 - 4. Miss Patsachon Srisoipraw ID 543050464-8
IntroductionThis chapter focuses on how to selectmethods and media andacquire the specific instructionalmaterials you will use to achieve your plan. Selecting existing materialsYou may acquire instructional materials by: Modifying available materials Creating a new materials
Methods, Media, and Materials There are several methods to help them learning in the class such as.. 1.Motivation 5.Evaluation 2.Application 4.Information 3.Orientation
Which Methods Should I choose? THE METHODS SELECTION CHECKLIST
Selecting Instructional MediaA second decision you much make iswhich instructional medium or mediato use. There are six types ofInstructional methods that we learnin chapter 5. There are multimedia,video, graphics, audio, text, and realobjects and models. As with Checklistinstructional methods, we have Picturecompiled the advantages of thevarious media into a checklist, that
The third decision you must make is which specificinstructional materials to use. Locating andselecting instructional materials involve the 1. Determinefollowing steps: needs. 2. Check a variety of sources such as a computer database. Instructional materials publish catalogs listing materials you can buy and, in some cases, rent. To talk with vendors and other teachers to find out what is available.
3. Obtain and 4. Try the 5. Compare preview the materials out any competing materials. with students. materials. 7. Keep 6. Make your accurate selection. records. If the content of the instructional materials you fine doesn’t match the objectives of your instructional plan, you have two alternatives: 1 modify the materials so they do meet your objectives, or 2 create new instructional
Modifying AvailableInstructional Materials•It is more efficient to modifyavailable materials than tocreate new materials. It isalso an opportunity for youto be creative.You can modify almost anytype of instructional material.You can adapt the material to
Classroom are usually filled with a variety of teaching materials, from concrete objects to posters, bulletin boards, and printed material of every kind. Photocopying machine are now standard equipment in the school. Computer-based tools make it much easier to produce high-quality, professional-looking materials.
How do I create effective materials? - Creative materials allows you opportunity toreflect on what is needed, use experience from thepast, synthesize new materials, and creativelybring together an effective learning experience.
Here is a general procedure that may 1. Refer help you in this process repeatedly toyour instructional 5. Select the 6. Outline plan. The plan appropriate your contains the 4. Putand media. method yourself activities. direction and in theactivities that you materials.have determined What would 7. Construct your students you want to a draft set need. experience in of the 2. Look closely at order to the overall materials . effectively 8. Review thelearning objectives materials to and the key learn this 3. Reflect materials? ensure thatactivities that need on what to occur so that you make all students meet you already neededthem. Ask yourself know or changes."What needs to be have seen. Chat constructed so conversation that the activities end are successful?"
Formative Evaluation is evaluation done during the planning or production of instructional materials to determine what, if any, revisions should be made to make them more useful. - Modifying existing materials or creating materials.
Copyright Issues Copyright refer to the legal right to an original work.
What are copyrighted materials? - Copyrighted materials are original works of authorship that are fixed in any tangible medium of expression.
• - for the life of author + 70How long years. does • - Works for hire are protectedcopyright for 95 years from the date of publication or 120 years from last? the date of creation, which ever come first.
• - They have right to reproduce work, What create derivativerights does works, sell or the law distribute work, and perform or give display the work in copyright public. owner?
Are there any limitations or exceptions to copyright owners’ rights? - The law spell out several specific exceptions to the exclusive rights of copyright owners. That means students or teacher can use things without special permission. There are exceptions related to software backup, face to face teaching,
Software Backup.• - School must purchase network licenses or multiple copies of the software to run multiple copies on network, and the network must monitor use to prevent violation if the license is restricted to a specific number of copies.
Face to Face Teaching Face to Face Teaching -Teacher can use copyrighted materials in case of face to face teaching mean that using copyrightrd material to teach only in class at a nonprofit educational institution. In distance education is permitted, but only when transmission is into classrooms or similar education
Fare use Fare use - Fair use can apply to education. For example, students or teachers can make single copy of articles from the library journals as part 1.The purpose and of a published review of the of character work. the use 4.The effect of the use on Fair use the potential 2.The nature market for in of copyrighted work education work 3.The amount of the work used in relation to the whole
Fare useFair use guideline 2.It is 1.The excerpt spontaneous is used less use than 1000 ( the decision words or less in the class it than 10% occur at that moment) 4.Other rules 3.There is no you can cumulative consult with effect ( it isn’t specialist foe repeat) specific guidelines.
Fare useEstablished fair use guideline (copyrighted material in digital format: text, graphics, audio, or video). Teacher can use it to teach in classroom however, use beyond the classroom is problem.TEACHER AND STUDENTS CAN AVOID the problem with copyrighted material. One solution is to request permission to use them. Another is to
Applications in the learner centered classroom Teacher’s point of view. “ What can the teacher do to effectively select materials, methods, and media?” Perhaps the question that should be asked is, “what can the teacher do to help students learn to develop and use selection criteria of their own?”
Applications in the learner centered classroom Learning higher-order thinking skills is an important element of the learner-centered classroom. How to think about one’s own thinking and learning? Identify what they need to be able to effectively learn.
Applications in the learner centered classroom What can you do within your classroom to help learners gain experience with selecting methods, media, and material? First, help students understand and to make all sorts of selections. Second, model the process to make the final selection. Students need to know that obstacles. Finally, students need to know that they should reflect on their selection process. Did it work? What was successful? What could have been improved?. Students should ask themselves about their selected criteria.
The goal of developing higher-order thinking skills is to help learners understand their own learning process.
Selecting instructional methods, media, and materials that will match your students, objectives, learning environment, and instructional activities.