Motivation

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Organizational Behavior -Motivation

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Motivation

  1. 1. MOTIVATION Tactics of motivation for effective individual and group behavior
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ Motivation is what gets you started. Habit is what keeps you going.” </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Rohn </li></ul>
  3. 3. Motivation <ul><li>Motivation means “to move” in a </li></ul><ul><li>direction of our choosing path </li></ul>
  4. 4. Motivation is … <ul><li>Complex </li></ul><ul><li>Physical & psychological </li></ul><ul><li>Unique to each and every person </li></ul><ul><li>Context-sensitive </li></ul><ul><li>Not fully understood </li></ul>
  5. 5. Motivation- Basic Concept <ul><li>Motivation is the INNER NEED that DRIVES the individual toward GOAL ORIENTED ACTION </li></ul><ul><li>Inner Need – Energizes & Activates behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Drive – propels behavior in a particular direction </li></ul><ul><li>Goal – Incentive that gives satisfaction & reinforces perpetuation of needs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Motivation -Basic Concept (cont.) <ul><li>Defined as the psychological forces within a person that determine: </li></ul><ul><li>Direction of behavior in an organization; </li></ul><ul><li>The effort or how hard people work; </li></ul><ul><li>The persistence displayed in meeting goals. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Qualities of Motivation <ul><li>Energizes behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Directs behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Enables persistence towards a goal </li></ul><ul><li>Exists in varying strengths </li></ul><ul><li>Retained Motivation is the key to finishing your race with success </li></ul>
  8. 8. Traditional Approach to Motivation <ul><li>Carrot & Stick Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Money is the only Motivator </li></ul><ul><li>For a PRICE, workers would tolerate the everything unfair on their jobs </li></ul>
  9. 9. Positive & Negative Motivation <ul><li>Positive Motivation: </li></ul><ul><li>Tend to move towards or motivated </li></ul><ul><li>in the direction where person has positive association </li></ul><ul><li>Negative Motivation: </li></ul><ul><li>Move away from that where person has negative association </li></ul>
  10. 10. Work & Motivation <ul><li>Why people work? </li></ul><ul><li>Monetary & Non-monetary benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Power, Pride, Love, Affection, Achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Material Income & Psychic Income </li></ul>
  11. 11. Important Motivators <ul><li>Work itself </li></ul><ul><li>Clear achievable goals </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciation for good work </li></ul><ul><li>Giving adequate responsibilities to employees </li></ul><ul><li>Career growth </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>“ Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work.” </li></ul><ul><li>Aristotle </li></ul>
  13. 13. Tactics of Motivation <ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Positive feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Expert input </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing the wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a team </li></ul>
  14. 14. Flexibility <ul><li>Flexible timings </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible work environment </li></ul><ul><li>Empowerment </li></ul>
  15. 15. Positive Feedback <ul><li>Talk with employees one-on-one weekly </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledge jobs well done publicly in person </li></ul><ul><li>In monthly staff meeting </li></ul><ul><li>In company newsletter </li></ul>
  16. 16. Expert Input <ul><li>Solicit input from employees who understand company procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for ways to improve processes </li></ul><ul><li>Reward ideas </li></ul>
  17. 17. Share the wealth <ul><li>Incentives to perform better </li></ul><ul><li>Guaranteed bonuses when profits rise </li></ul>
  18. 18. Be part of the team <ul><li>Promote from within </li></ul><ul><li>Provide skills training </li></ul>
  19. 19. Effects of Motivation in Organization <ul><li>Makes individual more energetic & enthusiastic </li></ul><ul><li>Makes individual hard worker & persistent </li></ul><ul><li>Increase employee satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Increase individual’s performance </li></ul><ul><li>Increase communication between people </li></ul><ul><li>Increase efficiency of team work </li></ul>
  20. 20. Motivation Leads to an Effective Group Behavior Motivation Effective Individual Behavior Effective Group Behavior Process of Motivation
  21. 21. Conclusion <ul><li>To motivate a person’s individual behavior: </li></ul><ul><li>Managers must determine what needs </li></ul><ul><li>worker wants satisfied. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure that a person receives the outcomes when performing well. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually makes group behavior effective too </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><ul><li>Q&A </li></ul></ul>

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