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- Meaning
- Definition
- Nature and characteristics
- Importance
- Types
MEANING
• The term ‘MOTIVATION’ has been
derived from the latin word ‘MOVERE’
which means ‘TO MOVE’.
• Motive is the urge, need, want or desire
that includes a person to work.
• Motivation is the process of including and
instigating the subordinates to put in their
best.
DEFINITION
• Motivation means a process of stimulating people
to action to accomplish desired goals.
W.G.Scott
• Motivation is a general inspirational process
which gets the members of the team to pull their
weight effectively to give their loyalty to the group
to carry out properly the tasks that they accepted
and generally to play an effective part in the job
that the group has undertaken.
E.F.L. Brech
NATURE AND CHARACTERISTICS
OF MOTIVATION
• Component of directing
• Psychological aspect
• Goals directed
• Continuous process
• Integrated
• Positive or negative
• Complex and Dynamic process
• Financial or non-financial
 Component of directing
• Responsibility of managers to
motivate their subordinates
 Psychological aspect
• It is the internal feeling.
• It generates with in an individual.
EXAMPLE:
• A word of appreciation.
 Goals directed
• It generates goal-directed behaviour.
 Continuous process
• It is an unending process.
• If one need is satisfied another will appear
 Integrated
• A person is either to be motivated or not.
• A person cannot be partly motivated.
 Positive or negative
POSITIVE
EXAMPLES:
• Higher pay
• Greater authority
• Better designation
• Providing rewards and incentives
NEGATIVE
EXAMPLES:
• Issue of memo by showing negligence
• Pay –cut
• suspension
 Financial or non-financial
IMPORTANCE OF MOTIVATON
 Puts human resources into action
• Maximum utilization of human resources
• By building willingness
• To accomplish the organisational goals
 Improves level of efficiency of
employees
• Increase in productivity,
• Reducing cost of operations,
• Improving overall efficiency.
 Leads to achievement of organizational
goals
• There is best possible utilization of resources
• There is a co-operative work environment
• The employees are goal- directed and they act in a
purposive
 Builds friendly relationship
 Leads to stability of work force
 Reduction in labour turnover
• Effective co-operation
• Inter -personal relationships
• Employees will remain loyal to
the enterprise
• Here the management will fulfil
all the genuine needs of the
employees
IMPORTANCE TO AN INDIVIDUAL
• Motivation will help him to achieve his
personal goals.
• If an individual is motivated, he will
have job satisfaction.
• Motivation will help in self-
development of individual.
• An individual would always gain by
working with a dynamic team.
Extrinsic Motivation
 Extrinsic motivation means that the individual's
motivational stimuli are coming from outside.
 Extrinsic motivation is external in nature.
Examples
• Employee of the month award
• Benefit package
• Bonuses
• Organized activities
Intrinsic Motivation
 Intrinsic motivation means that the individual's
motivational stimuli are coming from within.
Examples
• Acceptance
• Curiosity
• Honor
• Independence
• Social status
• Social contact
Intrinsic Vs. extrinsic
Intrinsic Motivation
 comes from within a
person
 Feels more responsibility
 Feels a need to achieve
something for its own sake
 Connect the activity with
their self-esteem
 Enjoys working on the
assignment
 Tries to achieve the growth
of an individual
Extrinsic Motivation
 Comes from outside forces
 Tries to achieve a higher
position, pay or status
 Feels it will ensure their
position or status
 Work for recognition from
supervisor or from superior
 Values, rewards or award
for completing the work
 Outside forces controls life
 Luck
MOTIVATION
Motivation
Motivation
Motivation

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Motivation

  • 1.
  • 2. - Meaning - Definition - Nature and characteristics - Importance - Types
  • 3. MEANING • The term ‘MOTIVATION’ has been derived from the latin word ‘MOVERE’ which means ‘TO MOVE’. • Motive is the urge, need, want or desire that includes a person to work. • Motivation is the process of including and instigating the subordinates to put in their best.
  • 4. DEFINITION • Motivation means a process of stimulating people to action to accomplish desired goals. W.G.Scott • Motivation is a general inspirational process which gets the members of the team to pull their weight effectively to give their loyalty to the group to carry out properly the tasks that they accepted and generally to play an effective part in the job that the group has undertaken. E.F.L. Brech
  • 5. NATURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF MOTIVATION • Component of directing • Psychological aspect • Goals directed • Continuous process • Integrated • Positive or negative • Complex and Dynamic process • Financial or non-financial
  • 6.  Component of directing • Responsibility of managers to motivate their subordinates
  • 7.  Psychological aspect • It is the internal feeling. • It generates with in an individual. EXAMPLE: • A word of appreciation.
  • 8.  Goals directed • It generates goal-directed behaviour.
  • 9.  Continuous process • It is an unending process. • If one need is satisfied another will appear
  • 10.  Integrated • A person is either to be motivated or not. • A person cannot be partly motivated.
  • 11.  Positive or negative POSITIVE EXAMPLES: • Higher pay • Greater authority • Better designation • Providing rewards and incentives NEGATIVE EXAMPLES: • Issue of memo by showing negligence • Pay –cut • suspension
  • 12.  Financial or non-financial
  • 13. IMPORTANCE OF MOTIVATON  Puts human resources into action • Maximum utilization of human resources • By building willingness • To accomplish the organisational goals
  • 14.  Improves level of efficiency of employees • Increase in productivity, • Reducing cost of operations, • Improving overall efficiency.
  • 15.  Leads to achievement of organizational goals • There is best possible utilization of resources • There is a co-operative work environment • The employees are goal- directed and they act in a purposive
  • 16.  Builds friendly relationship  Leads to stability of work force  Reduction in labour turnover • Effective co-operation • Inter -personal relationships • Employees will remain loyal to the enterprise • Here the management will fulfil all the genuine needs of the employees
  • 17. IMPORTANCE TO AN INDIVIDUAL • Motivation will help him to achieve his personal goals. • If an individual is motivated, he will have job satisfaction.
  • 18. • Motivation will help in self- development of individual. • An individual would always gain by working with a dynamic team.
  • 19.
  • 20. Extrinsic Motivation  Extrinsic motivation means that the individual's motivational stimuli are coming from outside.  Extrinsic motivation is external in nature. Examples • Employee of the month award • Benefit package • Bonuses • Organized activities
  • 21. Intrinsic Motivation  Intrinsic motivation means that the individual's motivational stimuli are coming from within. Examples • Acceptance • Curiosity • Honor • Independence • Social status • Social contact
  • 22. Intrinsic Vs. extrinsic Intrinsic Motivation  comes from within a person  Feels more responsibility  Feels a need to achieve something for its own sake  Connect the activity with their self-esteem  Enjoys working on the assignment  Tries to achieve the growth of an individual Extrinsic Motivation  Comes from outside forces  Tries to achieve a higher position, pay or status  Feels it will ensure their position or status  Work for recognition from supervisor or from superior  Values, rewards or award for completing the work  Outside forces controls life  Luck
  • 23.