Eveleigh ihr-2012


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IHR Archives & Society Seminar, March 2012

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Eveleigh ihr-2012

  1. 1. “Success is down to the Participants” The Online Participatory Archive Alexandra Eveleigh IHR Archives & Society Seminar Stewart House, London 20 March 2012http://xkcd.com/386/ (CC BY-NC)
  2. 2. 2007 - 2008 Emergence of the‘Participatory Archive’
  3. 3. Trends to 2012
  4. 4. The Triumphal Rhetoric of Archives 2.0 • Active engagement of archives users • Co-creation of new historical meaning • Liberation from hierarchically structured description • Democratisation of professional archival practiceLibrary of Congress, flickr Commons: http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2179137913/ No known copyright restrictions
  5. 5. Traditions: Serious Leisure & Volunteering
  6. 6. Online Community “I suppose everybody likes to belong to something”Mike Rybinski at http://ccit300-f06.wikispaces.com/Online+communities (CC BY-SA)
  7. 7. Feedback Loop • How does user participation fit into the research workflow? • What benefits do participants derive from their contributions? • “Success is down to the participants”>>Untiteld<<, 2005 by Joe Koelewijn http://www.vvork.com/?p=4224 (via Alexander Bohn http://www.flickr.com/people/fish2000/)
  8. 8. Crystallisation: Mobilising Participation • Evolution - replicating traditional engagement practice online • Building bridges to pre- existing knowledge-sharing networks • Attracting “seasoned researchers” & “preaching to the converted”(?)Linarite Crystals from Esgairhir Mine by Amgueddfa Cymru - National Museum Wales http://www.flickr.com/photos/museumwales/3883613059/ (CC BY-NC)
  9. 9. Gatekeeping • Enticing newcomers through the gates: • Identifying “peripheral yet productive” tasks (e.g. error correction) • Valuing both content and process contributions • Encouraging participant involvement in managing the community (e.g. Old Weather forum moderators) • Involving participants in ‘tidying’ activity and quality control (e.g. Velehanden indexing control system)Buckingham Palace Gate by Wally Gobetz http://www.flickr.com/photos/wallyg/301059760/ (CC BY-NC-ND)
  10. 10. Challenging Archival Authority? Provenance DateFrédéric Bisson http://www.flickr.com/photos/zigazou76/4297491287 (CC BY)
  11. 11. Participation Machines “What they are looking to do is to make it easy for them to do the work. They want it so that we give them proper structures or guidelines to work to, because they don’t want to create rubbish. So they want that – and they want some feedback” Interview P6ralphbijker http://www.flickr.com/photos/17258892@N05/2588347668 (CC BY)
  12. 12. Crowds: The Community Viewed Upside Down • Open membership, low barriers to entry • Dip-in, dip-out participation • Granular task, predefined by external authority • Anonymous • Game-like motivational tools (leader boards, badges) measuring quantity of input • Statistical mechanisms of quality control • Core community at the heart uphold regulationCrowd by James Cridland http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/ (CC BY)
  13. 13. ParticipantsResearchers ArchivistsThe Participatory Archive
  14. 14. Spectrum of Participation (1) Community Crowd Motivation Intrinsic, Social Extrinsic, Individual Sharing memories, Analysis, Entering Activity Type Interpretation data Knowledge Tacit Explicit TransferRainbow by Bryant Olsen http://www.flickr.com/photos/bryanto/3501253227/ (CC BY-NC)
  15. 15. Spectrum of Participation (2) Community Crowd Architecture Extrinsic, Motivation Intrinsic, Social Individual Unconscious Sharing memories, Analysis, Incidental / Activity Type Interpretation Entering data Serendipitous Knowledge Tacit Explicit ?Implicit TransferRainbow by Bryant Olsen http://www.flickr.com/photos/bryanto/3501253227/ (CC BY-NC)
  16. 16. alexandra.eveleigh.09@ucl.ac.uk@ammeveleigh