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Pgc course-outline-2nd-sem-10-11 (1) (1)



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  • 1. COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS ESPAÑA, MANILA PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT AND CONSTITUTION Course Outline 2nd Semester 2010 – 2011 COURSE OBJECTIVES:     To provide the students citizenship education through the study of Philippine government and constitution To study the dynamics of the Philippines as a democratic and republican government To help students to understand and appreciate the 1987 Constitution as the fundamental charter of the land To enable the students formulate their own perspectives and responses to the pressing issues of the times COURSE EXPECTATIONS: To maximize the benefits of and to, hopefully, pass the course, students, at the very outset, are expected:        To have an average familiarity with Philippine history To possess an updated awareness of current events To have made, at least, an initial reading of the text of the Philippine Constitution To be willing to share their insights on issues during small group and plenary class discussions To be ready to accomplish and turn in their requirements on time To be prepared to comply with the reading assignments To be capable of exercising independence in thinking and of engaging in meaningful discussion of the issues to be taken up in the class TEACHING / LEARNING PARAMETERS:         The class shall treat the Constitution as a living text, that is, open to both questions and answers. Consistent with our advocacy of democracy, the class shall also adopt a “democratic” approach to learning through the use of small group and plenary discussions. At the outset, the class will be divided into permanent discussion groups. Each discussion group is responsible for “nursing” the topic/s assigned to / chosen by them. Oral and written, individual and group exercises shall be employed as tools of assessment. There will be a short written quiz and/or oral recitation each meeting to ensure readiness for the day’s discussion. Each meeting, the class shall commence with a brief oral presentation from the group/s of the day. The class shall promote problem-posing and problem-solving approaches to learning. Independent research/study for groups and individuals is highly encouraged. The study of the constitution will be issue-oriented and infused with both local and global perspectives. CLASROOM PROTOCOLS: Basic classroom decorum (see Student Handbook) Absences beyond 7 mean WP. Three counts of tardiness are equal to one absence. 1
  • 2. Special quiz or recitation is given only on exceptional cases. REQUIREMENTS: Recitation Group activities Quizzes Major exams Paper GRADING SYSTEM: Class standing Major exams (prelim / final) Major paper 50% 30% 20% (10% oral + 10% written) COURSE OUTLINE: Prelim Grading Period Day 1 Orientation To provide an overview of the course. Week 1 PGC and Citizenship Education OBJECTIVES: To make a cursory mapping of Philippine political landscape To identify key political issues affecting Philippine state To introduce the concept of citizenship education as a paradigm of understanding Philippine politics and constitution QUESTION: How do we understand the statement, “What is personal is also political.”? TOPICS: General definition of citizenship education Citizenship education according to the constitution Philosophical underpinnings of citizenship The strict legal meaning of citizenship The broader meaning of citizenship REFERENCE: Art. II, Sec. 3-5, Sec. 9 –28; Art. III; Art. IV; Art. XIII; Art. XIV; Art. XV READING: Citizenship Education for the 21st Century in ppendix.htm Week 2 Research Break Things to do: Watch “Batas Militar” in Youtube (11 parts) Read the 1987 Constitution Plan / consolidate preliminary work for research Checking out, gathering, browsing of readings Week 3 Historical Background of the 1987 Constitution OBJECTIVES: To trace the key historical events which led to the creation of the 1987 Constitution To deepen the students’ understanding of constitution 2
  • 3. To highlight the significance of the constitution in the political life of modern state QUESTION: Is the state of Philippine politics reflective of a leadership crisis or citizenship crisis? TOPICS: Meaning of constitution The relation between the constitution and the modern political state The different previous Philippine constitutions and their impact on the development Philippine government Historical precedents of the 1987 Constitution (key players, key events) The distinction between “nation”, “state” and “government” in the light of Philippine history Watersheds in the history of Philippine government Different forms of government in the context of Philippine history REFERENCE: Preamble of 1987 Constitution; Art. II, Sec. 1-2, 7-8 READINGS: 1899, 1935, 1943, 1973, 1986 Constitutions in Week 4 Democracy, Government and Constitution (Part I) OBJECTIVES: To discuss the proper understanding of democracy To trace the development of democratic tradition in the Philippines To study democracy Philippine-style as reflected in the constitution QUESTION: How do we describe democracy Philippine style? What are its features, strengths and weaknesses? TOPICS: Meaning of democracy Major stages of the evolution of democracy in the Philippines Key features of democracy in the Philippines Military and democracy The role of media Other democratic institutions REFERENCE: Art. III; Art. V; Art. VI, Sec. 16, par. 5, Sec. 19, Sec. 23, par. 1, Sec. 27, par. 1, Sec. 32; Art. VIII, Sec.4, par. 2-3; Art. X. Sec. 3, 10, 11, 18; Art. IX; Art. XI; Art. XIII, Sec. 15-19; Art. XVI, Sec. 11; Art. XVI, Sec. 4-3; Art. XVII, Sec. 1-2 READING: Philippine Democracy: Alive but is it well? in Week 5 Democracy, Government and Constitution (Part II) OBJECTIVES: To discuss the form of government in the Philippines To discuss the relationship of governance and public accountability To identify key issues of governance / government in the Philippines QUESTION: What is the key to a corruption-free government? TOPICS: The features of presidential form of government The role of the different branches of government Governance and bureaucracy Public accountability 3
  • 4. The issue of regional autonomy Devolution of local government People power and Philippine government REFERENCE: Art. II, Sec.1,4; Art VI-VIII; Art. X; Art. XI READING: RP up a bit in corruption index in PRELIM EXAM Week 6 The Constitution and the Economy OBJECTIVES: To conduct a cursory mapping of the state of the economy of the country To identify key economic provisions of the Constitution To identify key problems and how we, as citizens, can contribute to their solutions QUESTION: What ails our economy? TOPICS: Agrarian economy The role of the private sector Social and human development Labor Foreign investment The population and economy REFERENCE: Preamble; Art. II, Sec. 7-28; Art. XII; Art. XIII; Art. XIV, Art. XVI, Sec. 9-11 READINGS: Philippines slips in global prosperity index in Low human development reflects MDG failure in link=news&news_id=417&fa=1 2010 Human Development Report analyses long-term development trends in Summary of 2010 Human Development Report in Week 7 Constitution, Education and Culture OBJECTIVES: To examine key provisions of the Constitution on education and culture To identify issues related to education and culture To determine the importance of education and culture in the democratic growth of Philippine nation QUESTION: What is the role of education and culture in promoting democracy and nation-building? TOPICS: 4
  • 5. The relation between education, culture and citizenship Problems related with education and culture Language Youth and family Sustainable development REFERENCE: Art. II, Sec. 11-14; Art. XIII; Art. XIV; Art. XV READINGS: RP far behind goals to lift plight of children, mothers in The Crisis of Public Education in the Philippines in Education crisis looms in 521top1.html Department of Education: When reforms don’t transform in The Labor Exporting State: Migration and Higher Education in the Philippines in pages197380/p197380-1.php Week 8 Global Perspectives on Philippine Politics OBJECTIVES: To examine how the Philippines situates itself vis a vis the current trends of global politics To see how the Philippine government directs itself in relation with its global counterparts To understand the future of Philippine politics in the age of globalization QUESTION: How do we describe the Philippines’ position in global politics? (How does the country view itself in relation with other states? How do they view us?) TOPICS: Sovereignty and Globalization Terrorism Environment Economy and democracy Philippines’ foreign relations / policies REFERENCE: Art. I; Art. II, Sec.1-2, 8,18,24,27; Art. III; Art. VII, Sec. 21; Art. XII; Art. XIII, Sec. 1-3 READING: PNP, DND, intel agency notified of the terror info in Week 9 Constitution: Cure or Problem? OBJECTIVES: To take a look at the on-going debate on the issue of constitutional change To see the previous attempts to change the constitution To formulate informed perspective on the issue QUESTION: Is there a genuine need to change the Constitution? 5
  • 6. TOPICS: Strengths and weaknesses of the constitution Past efforts to the change the constitution; their merits and demerits Key reasons behind the campaign for constitutional change Prospects and alternatives REFERENCE: Art. XVII READINGS: Philippine Constitution and Charter Change in The Philippines’ Foreign Relations: Threats and Opportunities in Week 10 Synthesis FINAL EXAM GUIDELINES FOR GROUP WORK: 1. Each group shall select a topic or issue related with a topic. The issue or topic must be based on the text of the Constitution. The group is expected to be able to do this during research break. 2. At the beginning of each lecture, one or two groups shall give an overview of their report (from Abstract to Justification). 3. For the prelim grading period, each group is expected to complete the initial part of its report (from Abstract to Justification). Prelim exam consists of the oral defense of the said part. 4. For the final grading period, the group is expected to complete the entire report. Final exam consists of the oral defense of the entire paper. 5. Structure of the report: Abstract Objectives Question Justification or Background of the Study Discussion Conclusion Recommendations REFERENCES: Books Abinales, Patricio and Donna J. Amoroso. State and Government in the Philippines. New York: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2005. Adams, Ian. Fifty Major Political Thinkers. London: Routledge, 2003. Agoncillo, Teodoro. History of the Filipino People. Manila: Garotech Publishing, 1990. Anvil Law Books Series. The Constitutions of the Philippines. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing Inc., 2005 Busto, Arellano S. (Comp.) Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines. Manila: AVB Printing Press, 2005. David, Randolf. Nation, Self and Citizenship. Quezon City: University of the Philippines, 2002. De Leon, Hector S. Textbook on Philippine Constitution. Quezon City: Rex Publishing Co., Inc., 2005. Morada, Noel et al. Philippine Politics and Governance: An Introduction. Quezon City: University of the Philippines, 2006. Online Articles (see above) 6
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