Philippine Constitution Revised


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Philippine Constitution Revised

  1. 1. PhilippineConstitution<br />An Introduction<br />
  2. 2. Why is it necessary to study the Constitution?<br />Education for citizenship<br />Essential part of liberal education<br />Knowledge and understanding of government<br />
  3. 3. Concept of State and Government<br />State – a community of persons more or less numerous permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, having a government of its own to which the great body of inhabitants renders obedience, and and enjoying freedom from external control<br />
  4. 4. 1. People – mass of population living within the state<br />Elements of the State<br />
  5. 5. Elements of the State<br />2. Territory – fixed portion of the surface of the earth inhabited by the people of the state<br />
  6. 6. Elements of the State<br />3. Government – agency through which the will of the state is formulated, expressed and carried out<br />
  7. 7. 4. Sovereignty – the supreme power of the state to command and enforce obedience<br /> 2 Manifestations<br /><ul><li>External sovereignty
  8. 8. Internal sovereignty</li></ul>Elements of the State<br />
  9. 9. 1. Divine Right Theory – holds that the state is of divine <br /> creation and the ruler is <br /> ordained by God to govern <br /> the people<br />Origin of the State<br />
  10. 10. 2. Necessity or force theory – maintains that states <br /> must have been created <br /> through force<br />Origin of the State<br />
  11. 11. 3. Paternalistic theory – attributes the origin of states to the enlargement of the family<br />Origin of the State<br />
  12. 12. Origin of the State<br />4. Social Contract theory – asserts that the early states must have been formed by deliberate and voluntary compact among people to form a government of their own<br />
  13. 13. As to the number of the persons exercising sovereign power:<br /> a. Monarchy – the supreme and final authority is in the hands of a single person. It is further classified into: absolute monarchy and limited monarchy.<br /> b. Aristocracy – the political power is exercised by the few priviledged class<br /> c. Democracy – the political power is exercised by the majority of people. It is futher classified into two: direct or pure democracy and indirect or representative democracy<br />Forms of Government<br />
  14. 14. As to extent of powers exercised by the central or national government<br /> a. Unitary Government – the control of national and local affairs is exercised by the central or national government<br /> b. Federal Government – the powers of government are divided between two sets of organs, one for national affairs and the other for local affairs<br />
  15. 15. As to the relationship between the executive and the legislative branches of government<br /> a. Parliamentary – the state confers upon the legislature the power to terminate the tenure of office of the real executive<br /> b. Presidential – the state makes the executive constituionally independent of the legislative<br />