Human machine interfacing

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Human machine interfacing

  1. 1. ZEESHAN HASAN S 1RV09IT060DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE BANGALORE 12/17/2012 1 59
  2. 2.  Introduction Terminology Usability Types History Consistency Modalities and Modes DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 2 BANGALORE 59
  3. 3.  The user interface, in the industrial design field of human–machine interaction, is the space where interaction between humans and machines occurs. The goal of interaction between a human and a machine at the user interface is effective operation and control of the machine, Feedback from the machine which aids the operator in making operational decisions DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 3 BANGALORE 59
  4. 4.  A user interface is the system by which people (users) interact with a machine. The user interface includes hardware (physical) and software (logical) components. Other terms for user interface include human–computer interface (HCI) and man– machine interface (MMI). DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 4 BANGALORE 59
  5. 5.  The term "user interface" is often used in the context of (personal) computer systems and electronic devices An HMI is typically local to one machine or piece of equipment, and is the interface method between the human and the equipment/machine The system may expose several user interfaces to serve different kinds of users. DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 5 BANGALORE 59
  6. 6.  The user interface of a mechanical system, a vehicle or an industrial installation is sometimes referred to as the human–machine interface In some circumstance computers might observe the user, and react according to their actions without specific commands. A means of tracking parts of the body is required, and sensors noting the position of the head, Or direction of gaze and so on have been used experimentally. This is particularly relevant to immersive interfaces DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE BANGALORE 12/17/2012 6 59
  7. 7.  Usability is the degree to which the design of a particular user interface takes into account the human psychology and physiology of the users User interfaces are considered by some authors to be a prime ingredient of Computer user satisfaction. The design of a user interface affects the amount of effort the user must expend to provide input for the system and to interpret the output of the system DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 7 BANGALORE 59
  8. 8.  In computer science and human– computer interaction, the user interface (of a computer program) refers to the graphical, textual and auditory information the program presents to the user And the control sequences (such as keystrokes with the computer keyboard, movements of the computer mouse DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 8 BANGALORE 59
  9. 9.  Direct manipulation interface is the name of a general class of user interfaces that allow users to manipulate objects presented to them Graphical user interfaces (GUI) accept input via devices such as computer keyboard and mouse and provide articulated graphical output on the computer monitor Web-based user interfaces or web user interfaces (WUI) that accept input and provide output by generating web pages which are transmitted via the Internet and viewed by the user using a web browser DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 9 BANGALORE 59
  10. 10.  Touchscreens are displays that accept input by touch of fingers or a stylus. Used in a growing amount of mobile devices and many types of point of sale, industrial processes and machines, self-service machines etc. Command line interfaces, where the user provides the input by typing a command string with the computer keyboard and the system provides output by printing text on the computer monitor. DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 10 BANGALORE 59
  11. 11.  Touch user interface are graphical user interfaces using a touchpad or touchscreen display as a combined input and output device Attentive user interfaces manage the user attention deciding when to interrupt the user, the kind of warnings, and the level of detail of the messages presented to the user. Gesture interfaces are graphical user interfaces which accept input in a form of hand gestures, or mouse gestures sketched with a computer mouse or a stylus. DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 11 BANGALORE 59
  12. 12.  Voice user interfaces, which accept input and provide output by generating voice prompts. The user input is made by pressing keys or buttons, or responding verbally to the interface. DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 12 BANGALORE 59
  13. 13.  The history of user interfaces can be divided into the following phases according to the dominant type of user interface: Batch interface, 1945–1968 Command-line user interface, 1969 to present Graphical user interface, 1981 to present DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE BANGALORE 12/17/2012 13 59
  14. 14.  A property of a good user interface is consistency. Good user interface design is about getting a user to have a consistent set of expectations Consistency can be bad if not used for a purpose and when it serves no benefit for the end user DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 14 BANGALORE 59
  15. 15.  There are three aspects identified as relevant to consistency First, the controls for different features should be presented in a consistent manner so that users can find the controls easily Second, there is the "principle of least astonishment“ Various features should work in similar way Third, consistency counsels against user interface changes version-to- version. Change should be minimized, and forward-compatibility should be maintained. DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 15 BANGALORE 59
  16. 16.  Two words are used in UI design to describe the different ways in which a user can utilize a product Modality refers to several alternate interfaces to the same product, while mode describes different states of the same interface. A mode is a distinct method of operation within a computer program, in which the same input can produce different perceived results depending of the state of the computer program DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE 12/17/2012 16 BANGALORE 59
  17. 17.  www.wikipedia.com www.abb.in/hmi2109 www.schneider.com/hmi098#.asp DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE BANGALORE 59 12/17/2012 17
  18. 18. DEPARTMENT OF INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGY, RVCE BANGALORE 59 12/17/2012 18

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