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Rhetorical analysis essay example

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Rhetorical analysis of the Kennedy speech about a trip to the moon written by writersperhour.com

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Rhetorical analysis essay example

  1. 1. RHETORICALANALYSIS OF KENNEDY MOON SPEECH https://writersperhour.com
  2. 2. Running Head: Rhetorical Analysis Of Kennedy Moon Speech Table of Contents Introduction 3................................................................................................... Audience 4...................................................................................................... Ethos 4........................................................................................................... Pathos/ Logos 6................................................................................................. Conclusion 7.................................................................................................... Works Cited 9................................................................................................... | P a g e2
  3. 3. Running Head: Rhetorical Analysis Of Kennedy Moon Speech Introduction The United States occupies leading position in providing this world with the latest discoveries and inventions. In his speech, John F. Kennedy addresses to his audience which includes a vast majority of government officials, congressmen, scientists and other students and faculty members of the university. Kennedy appeals his audience to understand how the United States of America had been able to achieve great success in the fields of science and technology and why the nation needs to maintain this pace in order to maintain this leadership position in the space. On the September 12th, 1962 at the Rice University at Houston, Texas President John F Kennedy gave the speech that played a major role in shaping the efforts of United States of America in the space and technology field, his speech is considered to be a mark on start of a new era of exploration and innovation in outer space. This speech addressed its audience to explain them that the budget that was spend on air and space exploration had been tripled. The reason why the budget increased so rapidly was due to the fact that the United States of America was having a race against the Soviet Union in respect of the technological advancements and from the conditions at that time it was looking that the Soviet Union was winning this race because it was a Russian who became the first person who entered the space, this resulted in a competition for supremacy in technological fields like space. Therefore the President John F Kennedy sets a target of reaching the moon and he says that it should be an American who will makes a first visit to the moon. | P a g e3
  4. 4. Running Head: Rhetorical Analysis Of Kennedy Moon Speech The overall rhetoric or appeal of this speech seems likely high because the President John F Kennedy was able to persuade the audience to feel the emotions of patriotism and that the situation demanded for some action to be taken at that point. Audience The primary audience now is the congressman and the government officials who will be passing the bill regarding the increase in budget for space exploration programs and the way in which president explained the need of competition for the American would have surely influenced these people in developing a positive response for this bill. The remaining audience that was available in the stadium are the professors and student of the University of Rice in Houston. This group of audience is much more influenced by the speech of the President John F Kennedy because of his ethos he had and even before the president started his speech these people already believed that the speaker is a knowledgeable person and therefore are surely influenced. Ethos President John F Kennedy is a well reputed congressman and person. He has been honored with several medals from the government. The president has a high rating of public approval during his tenure. His tenure was after the Second World War and he has been considered as the most popular public figure after the Second World War. The approval ratings of the president is enough to show the credibility of the president during the speech. | P a g e4
  5. 5. Running Head: Rhetorical Analysis Of Kennedy Moon Speech The president increased his credibility by saying “In the last 24 hours we have seen facilities now being created for the greatest and most complex exploration in man's history”, this statement of the president shows that he is an informed person regarding the subject he is speaking at. The NASA is one of the agencies of USA which is under the leadership of the president and to become a president, one must have vast knowledge of these departments and agencies therefore all these factors add power to the arguments and statements set forth by the president. The most attractive appeal by the president in his speech was to show to the audience that the United States of America is a nation of patriots and all thorough the speech the president defines United States of America as an example for nation of free men and women while portraying the Soviet Union as the nation facing tyranny in the following quote; He quotes “Within these last 19 months at least 45 satellites have circled the earth. Some 40 of them were "made in the United States of America" and they were far more sophisticated and supplied far more knowledge to the people of the world than those of the Soviet Union.” In addition to this, the speaker used words like “exploit” or “head-start” to define the rule of Soviet Union to depict the image of an enemy against the freedom of United States. This allows the president to appeal to the American audience who are having patriotism feeling increased for their country, which drastically increases the support for the president in his speech (Vincent A. Manzo, 2011). | P a g e5
  6. 6. Running Head: Rhetorical Analysis Of Kennedy Moon Speech Pathos/ Logos The president tries to develop a sense of urgency by quoting that “now if America's new spacecraft succeeds in reaching Venus, we will have literally reached the stars before midnight tonight.” The president says this although US has still not managed to send a man to even the space where as the president stated that we should be the first to go onto the moon. The urgency, created by the president, fires the emotion of patriotism in the audience and they provide more support for the program to outrun the Soviet Union in this competition. The above statement also shows the great deal of confidence in the Unites States, this confidence in the nation allow the audience to let go the previous failures seen by the nation and focus on the target that is waiting ahead (Wall, 2012). The other feelings that the speaker tries to engage in his audience are the feeling of adventure or excitement, as it can be seen in his quote that is following “Many years ago the great British explorer George Mallory, who was to die on Mount Everest, was asked why did he want to climb it. He said, "Because it is there."”, the speaker here make use of the sayings of a British explorer to excite his audience and pump some adventure in them. Aim of the quote is to explain the concept of challenges to the audience that when a challenge arises they must try to overcome it. The president was able to engage the audience in this adventure as the audience seems overwhelmed after this saying and the president ended his speech with his final words. | P a g e6
  7. 7. Running Head: Rhetorical Analysis Of Kennedy Moon Speech Logical arguments have also been used by the president John F Kennedy to convince his audience which includes the congressman and the general public. He tries to explain that the high costs of research, that are required to develop new technologies which will allow them to reach the moon, will provide new benefits to the nation and he also gives several examples of the benefits of the space programs that provides the nation with different advantages. He quotes “The space effort itself, while still in its infancy, has already created a great number of new companies, and tens of thousands of new jobs. Space and related industries are generating new demands in investment and skilled personnel, and this city and this State, and this region, will share greatly in this growth”. The president has referred to some of the benefits that were received due to some previous voyages that the American had made, and then the president explains that the future voyages will also be able to reap similar benefits and perhaps even more. Conclusion The speech given by the President John F Kennedy, regarding the space exploration program or the plans for journey to the moon, was made to the congressman for passing the bill on increasing budget for these space exploration program. This speech makes an excellent use of the rhetorical appeals to influence the audience. The declaration that has been made in the statement carries a lot of importance as the American president was about to officially start a competition with the Soviet Union, although the race was already on but not officially. But the fact that John F Kennedy is an extremely successful and | P a g e7
  8. 8. Running Head: Rhetorical Analysis Of Kennedy Moon Speech popular president provided his wider audience, which included congressman and the general public of the United States of America, to be more inclined and influenced by his speech (Podelco, 2016). The president increase his efficiency of influencing his audience by appealing to the patriotic feeling of the audience and showing the competition of space exploration between Soviet Union and United States of America as a battle between two nations, one having tyrannical ideals which is Soviet Union against a nation which has a very virtuous determinations. The president demonstrates high confidence in the abilities of nation of United States of America to send a human being on to the moon and allow him to get back safely to the earth, which shows that the president certainly made strong appeals to emotional side of the audience. At the end, the president tries to justify the increased cost, which will be required to finance these space explorations, by explaining the future benefits that can be gained by these exploration and the current benefits that these space voyages have reaped which includes weather forecasting, flood warnings and etc. this shows the logical explanations given by the president to proof that these space exploration programs will add value to the nation’s wealth and increase prosperity. The president efficiently use all the rhetorical appeals to successfully convince the congressman to provide finances for building a spaceship and sending a man to the moon on this spaceships. This speech is considered highly successful because later on the congress passed the bill for increasing the budget and later on America was actually able to build a spaceship that went on to the moon and the first human being that stepped on the moon was an American. This successful | P a g e8
  9. 9. Running Head: Rhetorical Analysis Of Kennedy Moon Speech mission allowed the United States of America to regain its leadership position in the space exploration and also achieve world domination. Works Cited Podelco, G. (2016, april 8). Kennedy's Famous 'Moon' Speech Still Stirs. Retrieved from http:// www.rferl.org/: http://www.rferl.org/content/kennedy-moon-speech-rice-university-50th- anniversary/24706222.html Vincent A. Manzo, L. M. (2011). Toward a Theory of Spacepower: Selected Essays. Wall, M. (2012, 9 12). JFK's 'Moon Speech' Still Resonates 50 Years Later. Retrieved from www.space.com: http://www.space.com/17547-jfk-moon-speech-50years- anniversary.html Completed by: https://writersperhour.com Order paper: https://writersperhour.com/order | P a g e9

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