Traditional grammar


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    Piyar Ali Sagi Hunzai, columnist
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  • The most common and effective type of grammar is the Traditional Grammar. TG is simply a prescriptive-Every other focus of instruction examined in this review is stronger. Taught in certain ways, grammar and mechanics instruction has a deleterious effect on student writing. In some studies a heavy emphasis on mechanics and usage (e.g., marking every error) resulted in significant losses in overall quality. School boards, administrators, and teachers who impose the systematic study of traditional school grammar on their students over lengthy periods of time in the name of teaching writing do them a gross disservice that should not be tolerated by anyone concerned with the effective teaching of good writing. We need to learn how to teach standard usage and mechanics after careful analysis and with minimal grammar.'
    (George Hillocks, Research on Written Composition: New Directions for Teaching. National Council of Teachers, 1986)
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  • Traditional Grammar is a prescriptive kind of grammar. It deals with the correctness and accurateness of sentences formed. With TG, the syntax is given more attention than semantics. When using this kind of grammar, there is a need to know all the grammar rules and on how to apply them correctly in sentence construction.
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  • Traditional Grammar is a term used to summarize the range of methods found in the pre-linguistic era of grammatical study. The whole approach of this method emphasizes on correctness, linguistic purism, literary excellence, the priority of the written mode of language and the use of Latin models.Traditional grammarians considered Latin as their model because English is a part of their Indo-European family of languages and to which Latin and Greek also belong. It did had the same grammatical elements. Studying the form of traditional grammar, the rules of classical languages were followed considering that English did not have grammar of its own.And English grammar followed Latin grammar. Besides the parts of speech, traditional grammar analysis also make use of numerous other categories, just like 'number','gender', 'person', 'tense', and voice.Traditional grammar also known as school grammar, is based on the principles of Latin grammar. These are the collection of prescriptive rules and concepts about the structure of language commonly taught in schools.It is prescriptive because it focuses on the distinction on what people do and ought to do with the language. Therefore, the prescribe rules on how sentences were formed is the emphasis of TG. It is structure focus rather than meaning.
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Traditional grammar

  1. 1. Traditional Grammar Presented by: Rogelyn A. Castaῇeto MED - EnglishEnglish
  2. 2. Traditional Grammar isapplied to summarize therange of methods found in thepre-linguistic era ofgrammatical study. The wholeapproach of this methodemphasizes on correctness,linguistic purism, literaryexcellence, the priority of thewritten mode of language andthe use of Latin models.
  3. 3. Besides the Traditional grammarians parts of speech, considered Latin as their traditionalmodel because English is a grammatical part of the Indo-Europeanfamily of languages, and to analysis alsowhich Latin and Greek also makes use of belong. It did have similar grammatical elements. numerous other If you study the form of categories, just traditional grammar, the like number,rules of classical languageswere followed considering gender, that English did not have person, tense grammar of its own. And and voice. English followed Latin grammar.
  4. 4. The collection of prescriptive rules and conceptsabout the structure of language that is commonlytaught in schools. Traditional English grammar(also known as schoolgrammar) is largely based on the principles of Latingrammar, not on current linguistic research in English.
  5. 5. "We say that traditional grammar is prescriptive because it focuses on the distinction between what some people do with language and what they oughtto do with it, according to a pre-established standard.. . . The chief goal of traditional grammar, therefore, is perpetuating a historical model of what supposedly constitutes proper language." (James D. Williams, The Teachers Grammar Book. Routledge, 2005)
  6. 6. "Why do the media cling to traditional grammar and its sometimesout-dated rules? Mainly because they like the prescriptive approachof traditional grammar rather than the descriptive approach ofstructural and transformational grammar. . . ."Why? Inconsistencies in the style of a newspaper, online news site,magazine or book draw attention to themselves when readers shouldinstead be concentrating on the content. . . ."But the prescriptive rules have to be amended occasionally toreflect not only changes in the language but also research that provestraditional advice may have been inaccurate. The work of linguists isessential for making such calls on the best evidence available."(Brian Brooks, James Pinson, and Jean Gaddy Wilson, Working withWords. Macmillan, 2005)
  7. 7. What is the difference between traditionalgrammar and modern linguistics?Firstly, modern linguistic is descriptive(to describe theway people speak) , while traditional grammar isprescriptive(to prescribe the way people speak, or simply,to tell people how to speak and let people know thecorrect way of their speaking )*Secondly, traditional grammar pays more attention tothe written form of language, while linguistics attachesmore importance to speaking than writing.*Thirdly, traditional grammar has been restricted mainlyto SYNTAX, that is, the way of words making patterns toform sentences, while linguistics has a boarder scope forresearching, ex. Pragmatics, psycholinguistics,sociolinguistics.
  8. 8. Best Answer by WIKIThere is no difference. All grammar is traditional. There is adifference between formal or written grammar, which insists oncertain distinctions, as between who and whom, theappropriate use of subjunctive and the indicative moods andagreement of subject and verb, and informal or colloquialgrammar which does not. Modern English grammar, as thedescription of modern English usage characteristic of peopleunder the age of forty, certainly suffers from the reduction ofdistinctions, the loss of refinement and the tongue-tiedconfusion of tenses and moods which is the inevitable result ofhaving its standards set by the most careless speakers ratherthan by the most careful.Traditional grammar doesnt let you write like you talk. Itdoesnt, among other things, let you end a sentence with apreposition or start a sentence with the word "and." SomeEnglish teachers still insist that people comply with each andevery one of those archaic rules, but many writers haveaccepted and even recommended the use of modern grammarinstead.
  9. 9. Traditionalgrammar is aframework forthe descriptionof the structureof language.Conceptstreated in Subj ecttraditionalgrammarsinclude:
  10. 10. • The subject (abbreviated SUB or SU) is one of the two main constitutes of a clause, according to a tradition that can be tracked back to Aristotle and that is associated with phrase structure grammar; the other constituent is the predicate. According to another tradition, i.e. the one associated with predicate logic and dependency grammars, the subject is the most prominent overt argument of the predicate. Both traditions see the subject in English governing agreement on the verb or auxiliary verb that carries the main tense of the sentence, as exemplified by the difference in verb forms between he eats and they eat.
  11. 11. The predicate in traditional grammar is inspired bypropositional logic of antiquity .A predicate is seen as aproperty that a subject has or is characterized by. Apredicate is therefore an expression that can be true ofsomething. Thus, the expression "is moving" is true ofthose things that are moving. This classicalunderstanding of predicates was adopted more or lessdirectly into Latin and Greek grammars and from there itmade its way into English grammars, where it is applieddirectly to the analysis of sentence structure. Thepredicate is one of the two main parts of a sentence (theother being the subject, which the predicate modifies).The predicate must contain a verb, and the verb requires,permits, or precludes other sentence elements tocomplete the predicate.
  12. 12. An object in grammar ispart of a sentence, andoften part of the predicate.It denotes somebody orsomething involved in thesubjects "performance" ofthe verb. Basically, it iswhat or whom the verb isacting upon. As an example,the following sentence isgiven:"Bobby scored a goal", "agoal" is the object.
  13. 13. A sentence is a grammatical unit consisting ofone or more words that bear minimalsyntactic relation to the words that precedeor follow it. A sentence can include wordsgrouped meaningfully to express astatement, question, exclamation, request,command, or suggestion.
  14. 14. In grammar an adverbial is a word (an adverd)or a group of words (an adverbisl phrase or anadverbial clause) that modifies or tells ussomething about the sentence or the verb.The word adverbial is also used as anadjective, meaning having the same functionas an adverb. Look at the examples below:Danny speaks fluently. (telling us more aboutthe verb)
  15. 15. A clause typically contains at least asubject noun phrase and a finiteverb. While the subject is usually anoun phrase, other kinds ofphrases(such as gerund phrases)work as well, and some languagesallow subjects to be omitted. Thereare two types of clauses:independent and subordinate(dependent). An independentclause demonstrates a completethought; it is a complete sentence:for example, I am sad. Asubordinate clause is not acomplete sentence: for example,because I have no friends.
  16. 16. A noun is a part of An adjective is a describing word; thespeech typically main syntactic role ofdenoting a person, which is to qualify athing, place or idea. noun or noun phrase,In linguistics, a noun giving moreis a member of a information about thelarge, open lexical object signified.category whose Adjectives are one ofmembers can occur as the traditional eightthe main word in the English parts ofsubject of a clause, speech, althoughthe object, of a verb, linguists today distinguish adjectivesor the object of a from words such aspreposition. determinerst hatThe syntactic rules for formerly werenouns differ from considered to belanguage to language. adjectives
  17. 17. A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntaxconveys an action (bring, read, walk, run, learn), an occurrence(happen, become), or a state of being (be, exist, stand). In the usualdescription of English the basic form, with or without the participle to,is the infinitives. In many languages, verbs are inflected (modified inform) to encode tense, aspect, mood and voice. A verb may also agreewith the person, gender and/or number of some of its arguments,such as its subject, or object. In many languages, verbs have a presenttense, to indicate that an action is being carried out; a past tense, toindicate that an action has been done; and a future tense, to indicatethat an action will be done.
  18. 18. A conjunction (abbreviated CONJ orCNJ) is a part of speech that connectstwo words, sentences, phrase,clauses together. A discourseconnective is a conjunction joiningsentences. The definition may also beextended to idiomatic phrases thatbehave as a unit with the samesingle-word conjunction (as well as,provided that, etc.).
  19. 19. Despite the fact that traditional grammaris informal, unscientific full ofcontradictions and inconsistencies,inexplicit, inadequate, and prescriptiveuneconomical and unwholesome and itignores spoken language, languagechange, contemporary usage and all thevarieties of language. It is still crucial unitof English language. It is not in so muchwhat traditional grammar actually tells usabout language that is the real worryingfactor as what it does not tell us. Thusthere is no need for whole scale change, itsurely needs to be mended rather thanended.
  20. 20. Salamat!!!