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Present simple

Present simple

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Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point
AFFIRMATIVE
THIRD PERSON SPELLING RULES
NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
USAGE
TIME EXPRESSIONS
ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY
Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point
The Present Simple
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
I
YOU
WE
YOU
THEY
PLAY
Verbs don’t change for 1st
, 2nd
person singular and
plural. And for 3rd
person PLURAL.
THE GUITAR
SWIM IN THE BEACH
WASH THE DISHES
ENGLISHSTUDY
Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point
BUT BE CAREFUL!!!!
AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES
• 3rd
person singular: SHE, HE, IT
SHE
HE
IT
MY MOTHER
MY FRIEND
ANNE
ROBERT
MY DOG
PLAYS
SWIMS
GOES
READS
LISTENS TO
RUNS
JUMPS
HIDES
THE PIANO
IN THE BEACH
TO THE CINEMA
A NEWSPAPER
THE RADIO
IN THE GARDEN
INTO THE POOL
IN THE HOUSE
We add S to the verb
Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point
1. EXAMPLE
They watch basketball
every weekend.
(watch)
Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point
1. EXAMPLE
Bush (he) watches
basketball every
weekend.
(watch)
Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point
The Present Simple
THIRD PERSON SPELLING RULES
SHE
HE
IT
We add S to the verb in the 3rd
person
PLAY PLAYS
COME COMES
EAT EATS
DRINK DRINKS
KNOW KNOWS
RUN RUNS
MEET MEETS
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Present simple

  • 1. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point AFFIRMATIVE THIRD PERSON SPELLING RULES NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE USAGE TIME EXPRESSIONS ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY
  • 2. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point The Present Simple AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES I YOU WE YOU THEY PLAY Verbs don’t change for 1st , 2nd person singular and plural. And for 3rd person PLURAL. THE GUITAR SWIM IN THE BEACH WASH THE DISHES ENGLISHSTUDY
  • 3. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point BUT BE CAREFUL!!!! AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES • 3rd person singular: SHE, HE, IT SHE HE IT MY MOTHER MY FRIEND ANNE ROBERT MY DOG PLAYS SWIMS GOES READS LISTENS TO RUNS JUMPS HIDES THE PIANO IN THE BEACH TO THE CINEMA A NEWSPAPER THE RADIO IN THE GARDEN INTO THE POOL IN THE HOUSE We add S to the verb
  • 4. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point 1. EXAMPLE They watch basketball every weekend. (watch)
  • 5. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point 1. EXAMPLE Bush (he) watches basketball every weekend. (watch)
  • 6. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point The Present Simple THIRD PERSON SPELLING RULES SHE HE IT We add S to the verb in the 3rd person PLAY PLAYS COME COMES EAT EATS DRINK DRINKS KNOW KNOWS RUN RUNS MEET MEETS
  • 7. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point The Present Simple THIRD PERSON SPELLING RULES SHE HE IT When the verb finishes with consonant+y ies STUDY STUDIES TIDY TIDIES FLY FLIES CARRY CARRIES BUY BUYS SAY SAYS
  • 8. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point The Present Simple THIRD PERSON SPELLING RULES SHE HE IT When the verb finishes with ch, sh, ss, x, o es WATCH WATCHES WASH WASHES GO GOES PASS PASSES DO DOES FIX FIXES
  • 9. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point The Present Simple NEGATIVE SENTENCES I YOU WE YOU THEY PLAY WE NEED AN AUXILIAR TO MAKE NEGATIVES THE AUXILIAR DO/DOES. THE GUITAR SWIM IN THE BEACH WASH THE DISHES ENGLISHSTUDY SHE HE IT DO N’T D O ESN ’T
  • 10. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point 3. EXAMPLE. • He doesn’t play the piano. He plays the guitar (not/play)
  • 11. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point 3. EXAMPLE. • They don’t study. They do gymnastics (not/study)
  • 12. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point The Present Simple INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES We have to change the order of the sentence DO/DOES+ SUBJ + VERB+ COMPLEMENTS? DO THE PIANO? IN THE BEACH? THE DISHES? FRENCH? DOES I YOU WE YOU THEY PLAY SWIM WASH STUDY SHE HE IT
  • 13. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point 3. EXAMPLE. • Does he play golf? Yes, he does. (play tennis)? (play golf)? • Does he play tennis? No, he doesn’t.
  • 14. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point 3. EXAMPLE. • Do they dance? Yes, they do. (watch tv)? (dance)? • Do they watch TV? No, they don’t.
  • 15. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point The Present Simple Answer these SENTENCES We have to use YES or NO: YES, SUBJ+(DO/DOES) // NO, SUBJ+ DON’T(DOESN’T) DO you PLAY the flute? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. DOES she PLAY the flute? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.
  • 16. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point The Present Simple USAGE  We use the present simple to talk about habits and routines. Things that we normally do.  We ALWAYS need a subject.
  • 17. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point The Present Simple TIME EXPRESSIONS AT+time At the weekend, at night, at one o’clock. ON+day On Monday, on Tuesdays …. IN+part of the day In the morning, in the evening …. EVERY Week, Thursday, month, day, year, night ….
  • 18. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point The Present Simple ADVERBS OF FREQuENCY We use ADVERBS of frequency to say how often we do something. They usually go before the verb They go after verb TO BE Eg. I OFTEN study with my friends. Eg. Our teacher is NEVER late. Adverbs: NEVER, SOMETIMES, OFTEN, USUALLY, ALWAYS
  • 19. Col·legi Maristes Montserrat 1st ESO grammar point AFFIRMATIVE THIRD PERSON SPELLING RULES NEGATIVE INTERROGATIVE USAGE TIME EXPRESSIONS ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY