Lesotho - maine Permaculture


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A Description of permaculture at the Bethel Business and Community Development Centre and at Newforest Institute.

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Lesotho - maine Permaculture

  1. 1. Permaculture:Southern Africa and Northeast U.S. Featuring Bethel Business andCommunity Development Centre New Forest InstituteApplications in Mid-Coast Maine Andrew Watkins, July 29, 2009
  2. 2. Contents ContextAvailable ResourcesConnecting the Dots with Permaculture
  3. 3. Themes Water HarvestingNatural Building Technologies Appropriate Technology Food Cycles
  4. 4. Context: Lesotho, S. Africa Year 2000 – 2001: Peace Corps Site: Bethel Business and Community Development Centre School for Rural Development Demonstrations of Permaculture Appropriate Technology
  5. 5. Where Are We?
  6. 6. Lesotho: The Mountain Kingdom
  7. 7. Context: Maine - 2008/2009 Brooks, ME New Forest Institute Summer Volunteer Permaculture Certification
  8. 8. OverviewLesotho – Bethel Business and Community Development Centre (BBCDC)
  9. 9. The Bethel Region Heavily eroded Minimal Vegetation Mountainous Note the Plateau
  10. 10. BBCDC and Village of BethelEucalyptus GroveScorched earthAspen GroveDongas (Gullies)
  11. 11. Brooks, MEYoung forestsMany fieldsNear the coastClear CutsGravel pits
  12. 12. Connecting the Dots with PermaculturePermaculture is an ecological design system for sustainability in all aspects of human endeavor www.permaculture.orgPermacultural systems tend toward creation of forest ecosystems that sustain humans in a multiplicity of ways
  13. 13. Principles to look at1) Design elements are put in the right place2) Each element serves many functions3) Each function is served by many elements4) Put often-managed elements near the house5) Put rarely-managed elements farther away6) Pay attention to sun, wind, and fire directions7) Stack plants vertically8) Use time stacking
  14. 14. Primary Tenets1)Earth Care – Earth as home – its the only one we have2)People Care – Helping each other in a way that develops healthy societies3)Fair Share – Limit consumption so that others have their share
  15. 15. Resources: Lesotho Water Stone South Africa Sunshine
  16. 16. Home away from Home The Rondavel Northern Exposure Plenty of Daylighting Batch Water Heater Photovoltaics Solar Oven and...
  17. 17. ...from the SouthMetal Roof vs. ThatchQuite the ViewMy own Peach Tree (2)Stone Masonry and...
  18. 18. To build the round walls...• A BBCDC-designed andbuilt form• Lay the stone andconcrete inside• Similar to CobConstruction
  19. 19. A closeup of the peach tree ...And to provide it water...
  20. 20. A Swaling System With other water systems such as... (3)
  21. 21. Spring-Fed Cisterns using... Photovoltaic Systems and A Hydraulic Ram Pump Supplying Water to...
  22. 22. Ivans House with Integrated Cistern Solar Oven Private Garden Mechanics Shop Guest Quarters and...
  23. 23. The Campus Center withStone workSolar TechnologyLandscapingFood Production (7)
  24. 24. The Restaurant and Office Complex withDiscrete CisternsPV DC systemThermo-siphoning waterheaterSolar exhaust ventAnd seating for 24
  25. 25. The Machining and Carpentry Workshop with2003 – PV array addedArc welding powered bygeneratorsFurniture buildingand School kitchen on therightAnd all these buildingsinclude...
  26. 26. Solar Technology Which also powers... (3)
  27. 27. A Commercial Food Dryer Used for drying fruits and vegetables Solar powered using flat- plate technology Air exhausted through the Turbine Ventilator
  28. 28. A Bread Oven PrototypeUsing an anodizedaluminum shell andhaving parabolic frameDual Orientation and10-loaf capacity
  29. 29. Commercial Solar OvensAble to cook enough foodfor school populationFormed with square tube,sheet metal, andanodized aluminum
  30. 30. Batch Solar Water Heaters Storage and heating integrated in one unit Will only heat up limited amount of water is simple to construct Not usable in freezing conditions Allowing humans the time to...
  31. 31. Produce Food Sources such as
  32. 32. Seedlings and Saplings forregional farmersShadingValue Added Business
  33. 33. For cooking food, Solar-powered CookersOf Commercial and...
  34. 34. Household size capable of cooking...
  35. 35. The Following FoodstuffsA Pot of BeansA Thanksgiving TurkeyLoaves of BreadMany PotatoesA pan of Lasagna made with food from...
  36. 36. The market gardens Interspersed around the campus and Growing a wide variety of vegetables And now for a little trip...
  37. 37. To The Shores of Maine and ... Permaculture in Waldo County where...
  38. 38. Resources in Maine includeTimberSlateStoneWaterSeaweed and...
  39. 39. Clearcuts become Forest Gardens (2,3) With Fruit Trees Nut Trees Fruit-bearing shrubs Soil builders Herbaceous plants and...
  40. 40. Ponds are discovered Providing water for flora and fauna Sources of irrigation Opportunity for water management and...
  41. 41. In winter become Places to Skate and Frolic Part of a snow field
  42. 42. Where yards become gardens (8) Full of food for body and spirit and minimal weeding and...
  43. 43. More Ponds (2) Feed water plants Birds and insects while...
  44. 44. Small Dimensional Timber Can be used for building hobbit houses, Can use unusual pieces, and Create a cozy nook for living in and then...
  45. 45. Greenhouses Provide early season vegetables such as radishes and lettuces and...
  46. 46. Where Seaweed is used as fertilizer Adding many nutrients Enriching the ecosystem Enhancing vegetable growth so that...
  47. 47. A Cob Oven Can be used to make pizzas with those vegetables which...
  48. 48. Can be Eaten with Friends!
  49. 49. And the Results Deposited in... A Mouldering Toilet from whence...
  50. 50. Nutrients for the Forest Garden are depositedIn a never endingcycle of use and reuse
  51. 51. Thank YouResources: BooksIntroduction to Permaculture; Mollison & SlayPermaculture: A Designers Manual; MollisonGaias Garden...; HemenwayResources: MagazinesPermaculture ActivistPermaculture Magazine